SPÖ Vienna

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SPÖ Vienna
Logo of the SPÖ Vienna
Party leader Michael Ludwig
Michael Ludwig - Book Fair Vienna 2018.JPG
Club chairman Josef Divers
Country manager Barbara Novak
Seats in state parliaments

( LTW 2015 / MPs )
Number of members 70,000
Alignment Social democracy
Website https://www.spoe.wien/

The SPÖ Vienna is the local and regional organization of the Social Democratic Party of Austria in Vienna . Since 1945 it has consistently provided the mayor and lost the absolute majority of seats in the state parliament three times ( 1996 , 2010 and 2015 ). In addition, it appointed the district head at least once in each district. Acting state party chairman of the SPÖ Vienna has been Michael Ludwig since January 27, 2018 , who has also held the office of mayor and governor of Vienna since May 24, 2018 .

State party secretary has been Barbara Novak since 2018 .

Content profile

In the business sector, the SPÖ advocates financial support for business relocations in order to position Vienna as an attractive location. They also want to strengthen biotechnology through investments. With Wien Holding as a subsidiary, the City of Vienna's investments rose to 73 companies in 2007. In terms of content, the Viennese SPÖ is against neoliberalism and thus rejects the privatization of public property in companies. Socio-politically, the SPÖ rejects any form of discrimination and advocates solidarity among the urban population. In family policy, it stands for the relief of low-income people, such as in the area of ​​childcare. The SPÖ Vienna also wants to eliminate the disadvantages of single parents and immigrants in terms of social assistance .

For the development of the city, good relations are maintained in the Centrope region and with Pressburg as a twin city . The aim is to promote the infrastructure with the expansion of the rail infrastructure. Despite the failed sale of the Bratislava airport to the Vienna-Schwechat airport, the SPÖ Vienna wants to stick to the cooperation. Sankt Marx , where the Media Quarter Marx will be built by 2010, is to serve as Vienna's technology location . In the course of the construction of new train stations, for example, the Wien-Mitte train station is also to become a new office center.


Revolution 1848 and workers' associations (1848–1918)

In Vienna, long before the Social Democratic Workers 'Party was founded, at the time of the German Revolution in 1848/49 , the First General Vienna Workers' Association was established in the Landstrasse district. Mariahilf was also considered the center of the labor movement . The First Vienna Consuming Association was founded in 1862. Five years later, workers' education associations were founded , the first in Mariahilf. All district groups of these associations had one or more reading rooms in guest houses available. Towards the end of the 19th century, several voter associations and surrounding organizations ( Association of Young Workers , Child Friends , Friends of Nature ) emerged from the clubs , some of which still exist today. In the election to the Reichsrat in 1901, the social democratic electoral associations were able to send.

Interwar period and Austrofascism (1919–1938)

In the interwar period, the Social Democratic Labor Party won a majority in Vienna. In federal politics, this was part of the government between 1918 and 1920. As the capital of the country, Vienna was thus an important stronghold of the Social Democrats ( Red Vienna ) . Particularly in the area of social housing and finance, important innovations were created, such as community buildings or a luxury tax . The Christian Social Party was a major opponent of this policy . In the 1920s, paramilitary organizations related to the parties developed, on the part of the Social Democrats this was the Republican Protection Association for the Christian Socials, the Home Guard .

After parliament was eliminated and the corporate state was established in 1933, the Austrian civil war broke out in February 1934 . In Vienna, the community buildings erected by the Social Democrats were considered the center of resistance against the forces of the Heimwehr. However, one lost against them and had to continue working illegally because of the prohibition of the labor movement. Important centers of the Social Democrats were, for example, the law firm Paul Schick in the inner city and the Café Meteor in the Landstrasse district . In Leopoldstadt, a group of social democrats in hiding also colored the water in Dianabad's red to show that the labor movement still existed. A large part of the movement ( Austrian Revolutionary Socialists ) fled abroad.

Second republic to date

After the Second World War , most of the former district secretariats were badly damaged, so that the individual organizations had to relocate. The Social Democratic Labor Party was renamed the Socialist Party of Austria . In November 1945 the first municipal council election took place in Vienna, which the Socialist Party won with an absolute majority, since then it has consistently appointed the mayor. In almost every election the SPÖ (from 1991 Social Democratic Party of Austria ) achieved an absolute majority in the mandate and was able to govern alone. Only in 1996, after losses to the FPÖ, had to form a coalition with the Austrian People's Party .

In the municipal council elections in 2005 it was possible to achieve slight profits, but the result was below the forecasts of the opinion research institutes. In the municipal council elections in 2010 , the Vienna SPÖ lost an absolute majority in the state parliament with 44% and entered into a coalition with the Greens under Maria Vassilakou .

Cooperation with the Greens in 2005

Although the SPÖ was able to defend an absolute majority after the municipal council elections in 2005, an agreement was reached with the Greens in the same year on a factual collaboration that includes 33 projects. The focus is on integration, work, the economy and the environment.

These are the key issues:

  • Social policy: Integration in districts with a high proportion of disadvantaged groups and migrant backgrounds through language and family support; Establishment support for new immigrants
  • Education policy: equal opportunities in access to education; Creation of suitable school locations; Involvement of politics in school; Strengthening awareness-raising; Oppose homophobia
  • Labor market policy: Protection of one-man companies through social assistance; Expansion of the Vienna-Bratislava employment strategy; Creation of an advice center for those affected by bullying
  • Economic policy: improving the financial instruments of the creative industries; Support of technical universities
  • Environmental policy: implementation of solar air conditioning in office projects; Construction of passive buildings; Use of solar water heating
  • Urban development: Securing and expanding the quality of life and economic power on three streets; Improvement of the right bank of the Danube

State party conference 2018 for Häupl's successor

The state party conference on January 27, 2018 was followed with particularly high publicity, particularly because of the follow-up discussion about Michael Häupl. The majority of 965 delegates (nominated by the district organizations and various sub-organizations of the SPÖ Vienna) elected Michael Ludwig to succeed the state party chairman and mayor who has been in office since 1993. He was u. a. supported by Doris Bures , incumbent Second President of the National Council , Hans Peter Doskozil , incumbent financial councilor of Burgenland, former Federal Minister for Defense and Sport, and Christian Meidlinger , chairman of the union of municipal employees. He prevailed in a fight vote with 551: 414 votes as mayor-designate against his challenger Andreas Schieder . This is considered a “split result” with the task of Ludwig having to reconcile the party again.

Mayors and regional party leaders

First republic

Second republic

State party secretaries


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. club Bureau> Social Democratic Party - the party of Vienna. Accessed April 15, 2020 (German).
  2. ^ Barbara Novak ›SPÖ - the Vienna Party. Accessed April 15, 2020 (German).
  3. http://www.wien.spoe.at/sites/default/files/informationen_trägerbefragung.pdf
  4. http://www.news.at/articles/1139/11/307965/spoe-wien-rote-basis
  5. Bures for Ludwig as Häupl successor: "Excellent replacement". Die Presse, local editorial office Vienna (Panorama), undated, accessed on February 3, 2018
  6. Doskozil: "Ludwig should become mayor". oe24.at, January 3, 2018
  7. Union chief: "Will elect Ludwig". Courier, January 8, 2018, accessed on February 3, 2018
  8. Josef Gebhard: Michael Ludwig is the new SPÖ boss in Vienna. Courier, January 27, 2018
  9. Novak new SPÖ Vienna party manager - wien.ORF.at. Retrieved February 19, 2018 .