Vienna library in the town hall
|Vienna library in the town hall|
Spiral staircase in the Vienna Library
|Library type||Regional library|
|Visitor address||Rathaus, entrance at Felderstrasse|
As the state library for the federal state of Vienna, which is territorially identical to the city of Vienna, it receives mandatory copies of the publications appearing in Vienna. As a research library on the history and culture of the City of Vienna, it also collects manuscripts, letters, printed music, music manuscripts as well as posters and entire estates in addition to printed publications. Organizationally, the Vienna Library in the City Hall is Municipal Department 9 (MA 9) and is part of the Culture Business Group of the City of Vienna.
The Vienna Library in the City Hall also operates the Vienna Digital Library ( wienbibliothek digital ), whereby this sees itself as a kind of digital open access library which, in addition to the Vienna address books and Lehmann, is the first project to contain the basic literature on Viennese history and cultural history as well as the digitized official publications.
The first surviving mention of the library in the City Hall of Vienna comes from the year 1466. In 1632 the important library of the St. Stephan Citizens School was transferred to the former City Hall in Wipplingerstraße and merged with the City Library. In 1780 this old city library was dissolved and the holdings were transferred to the court library (today the Austrian National Library ) for 6,000 guilders .
On April 28, 1856, the Vienna City Library was re-established by resolution of the Vienna City Council as a legal library for the needs of the Vienna City Administration. At that time, its seat was again in what is now the Old Town Hall at Wipplingerstraße 8.
In 1886 the library moved to the premises on the first floor of the new Vienna City Hall, which are still in use today . From 1889 to 1939 the library and the Historical Museum, founded in 1887, formed the municipal collections . After the death of the Austrian national poet Franz Grillparzer , his estate came into the possession of the City of Vienna and was given to the municipal collections. The handover of this estate is considered to be the founding act of the manuscript collection.
With the gift of part of Franz Schubert's manuscripts , which the Viennese industrialist and patron Nikolaus Dumba had compiled, to the municipal collections, a music collection was created in 1900. From this donation, an extensive collection of manuscripts and letters by Franz Schubert developed, which was included in the UNESCO program Memory of the World ( World Document Heritage ) in 2001. In 1923, on the initiative of the then Finance City Councilor Hugo Breitner, a poster collection was created that is one of the most important in Europe today.
Thanks to outsourcing, the library survived the Second World War largely unscathed. Since 1977 the city library has been officially called the Vienna City and State Library . Legal deposit has been in effect for works published in Vienna since 1982 . For the 150th anniversary in 2006, the library was renamed the Vienna Library in the City Hall and received a new corporate design .
The library's use rooms and magazines are located in the Vienna City Hall , while the music collection and documentation are not far from it in Bartensteingasse . There is also a salon furnished by Adolf Loos .
- Print collection: The print collection is the largest department of the Vienna Library. It stores around 500,000 printed works - in addition to books, newspapers and magazines, as well as flyers, brochures, party slips , theater programs and theater slips. The core of the collection is Viennensia, i.e. publications related to Vienna from various scientific fields. Important special collections are Turcica (Turkish sieges of Vienna 1529 and 1683), Josephinica (brochures from the time of Emperor Joseph II ) and revolutionary pamphlets from 1848 .
- Documentation: The documentation, which has existed since October 1, 1930, evaluates the most important Viennese newspapers since 1900 (newspaper index) . The articles were recorded in the form of a card catalog with the title, newspaper, date and page, and have been recorded in the online catalog since 2007. Reports on cultural, social, communal and political events relating to Vienna are recorded, as are reports on Viennese personalities who are in the public eye: artists, scientists, politicians. The documentation is also responsible for background research on street names by people and honors. The Tagblatt archive , which comprises several hundred thousand personal and material folders, also belongs to this department.
- Manuscript collection: The manuscript collection manages extensive and important holdings of Austrian cultural history from the late 18th century. The focus is on the collection of personal papers and individual autographs from Austrian literature from the 19th and 20th centuries.
- Music collection: The music collection has autographs of music and printed sheet music on the history of music from the past two hundred years, with a focus on Vienna, and holds a number of bequests.
- Poster collection: The poster collection currently comprises around 300,000 posters and pamphlets (sometimes in several copies), making it one of the largest comparable collections in Europe. Film and theater posters, tourism advertising, exhibition announcements are represented as well as product advertising and political posters.
Important individual collections:
- The Schubert Collection , which was declared World Document Heritage in 2001, arose from the donation of autographs by the art patron and collector Nikolaus Dumba .
- In 2016, the Karl Kraus Archive of the Vienna Library was included in the national UNESCO Memory of the World Register.
Directorates and well-known employees (selection)
- Carl Glossy , director 1891–1904
- Gustav Gugitz
- Franz Patzer , director 1974–1988
- Fritz Racek
- Herwig Würtz (1937–2005), director 1988–1999
- Ernst Hilmar
- Otto Brusatti
- Walter Obermaier , director 1999–2004
- Alfred Pfoser
- Gerhard Renner
- Sylvia Mattl-Wurm , director 2004–2018
- Thomas Aigner
- Marcel Atze
- Anita Eichinger, director since 2019
- Sylvia Mattl-Wurm, Alfred Pfoser (ed.): A dream among the libraries, the Dorado of all those looking for material. 10 years Vienna library in the town hall. Metroverlag, Vienna 2016, ISBN 978-3-99300-284-8
- Julia Danielczyk, Sylvia Mattl-Wurm, Christian Mertens (eds.): The memory of the city. 150 years of the Vienna Library in the City Hall . Publishing house for history and politics, Vienna 2006, ISBN 3-486-58080-9
- Johanna Pisa, Ludwig Neunlinger, Konstanze Mittendorfer: Vienna City and State Library. In: Austrian National Library (Ed.): Handbook of historical book collections in Austria , Volume 1, Hildesheim 1994, pp. 159–170 ( online )
- Austrian builder award 2006 for the extension of the underground storage facility
- Official website of the library
- wienbibliothek digital - digital collections of the Vienna library in the town hall
- The library's digitized Schubert manuscripts
- Entry in the handbook of historical book collections
- 150 Years of the Vienna Library: Chronology of an Institution. October 17, 2006, accessed March 21, 2018 .
- Holdings and collections. 2018, accessed March 21, 2018 .
- Lehmann online in vienna library digital. This is Adolph Lehmann's general apartment gazette , which was published under changing names between 1859 and 1942 as the Vienna address book.
- Karl Kraus Archive: Vienna Library in the City Hall, included in 2016. In: unesco.at . Retrieved July 2, 2020.