Calendar overview 1841
Battle of Ingavi ends
the Peruvian-Bolivian War with a victory for Bolivia .
|John Tyler becomes President of the United States after William Henry Harrison dies as the first President in office.||Marie Lafarge is convicted of the murder on the basis of toxicological and chemical evidence.|
|1841 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1289/90 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1833/34 (September 10-11)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1246/47 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2384/85 (southern Buddhism); 2383/84 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||75th (76th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1203/04 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||4174/75 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||1256/1257 (turn of the year 22/23 February)|
|Jewish calendar||5601/02 (September 15/16)|
|Coptic calendar||1557/58 (September 10-11)|
|Rumi Calendar (Ottoman Empire)||1256/57 (March 1)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 2151/52 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 2152/53 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1897/98 (April)|
Politics and world events
- January 10: The arrest of the members of the Catholic-Conservative Bünzer Committee leads to an armed uprising in Freiamt in the Swiss canton of Aargau .
- January 13: The abolition of all monasteries in the Swiss canton of Aargau leads to the Aargau monastery dispute .
Other events in Europe
- July 13: The Dardanelles Treaty between the major European powers and the Ottoman Empire prohibits the passage of warships through the Dardanelles , with the exception of Turkish warships and - in the event of war - ships of the Sultan's allies .
- October 2: After Honoré V's childless death , his brother Florestan becomes Prince of Monaco from the House of Grimaldi .
- December 20: The quintuple treaty is signed in London , which aims to suppress the slave trade . While Great Britain, Austria, Prussia and Russia subsequently ratify the treaty , this does not happen in France.
First opium war in China
- January 7th: In the Battle of Chuenpi , British ships and ground troops attack the Chinese coastal defense in the Bocca Tigris in front of the city of Canton . British forces inflict heavy losses on Chinese defenders. As a result, the Chinese Commander-in-Chief Qishan agrees to negotiations with the British, which, however, fail due to the rejection of Emperor Daoguang .
- January 20th: Great Britain occupies the Chinese city of Hong Kong . Henry Pottinger becomes the first governor . This also conquered the cities of Xiamen , Ningbo and Zhoushan in August .
- February 23 to 26: In the Battle of the Humen , the British expedition fleet under Charles Elliot succeeds in taking control of the coastal fortifications on the shipping route to the southern Chinese city of Canton .
- March 18: In the First Battle of Canton , the British expedition fleet conquers the thirteen factories in Canton, which served as an export port for European merchants until the interruption of trade. At the time of the battle, 90% of the population had already left the city against the orders of the Qing military. After the battle, Elliot turns to Yang Fang and tells him to allow canton trade again, otherwise the British troops would not leave the city again. Contrary to the emperor's orders, Yang Fang will resume trading on March 21.
- May 21-26: In the Second Battle of Canton , British troops crush the organized resistance of Chinese troops near Canton after a failed attack by the Qing military. The military situation is forcing the Chinese commander to sign a ceasefire with the British. After this has been fulfilled, the British will vacate the immediate vicinity of the city in return for diplomatic concessions.
- 30./31. May: Sanyuanli incident
- 26./27. August: Battle of Amoy
- September 29th to October 1st: Conquest of Chusan
- October 10: Battle of Zhenhai
First Anglo-Afghan War
- Spring: William George Keith Elphinstone takes over command of the British troops in Kabul from Willoughby Cotton . William Nott is in command of the entire Sindh area and southern Afghanistan . He has had his headquarters in Kandahar since January .
- August: The British government under Robert Peel reduces payments to the Afghan tribal leaders, thereby withdrawing their support for the British occupation. In the course of the year the unrest increased, fed by tax increases by King Shah Shuja and the dissolute life of some British officers, especially Alexander Burnes .
- On October 9th, soldiers of the 35th Native Infantry under Colonel Monteath are attacked at the Khoord Kabul Pass. A brigade under Robert Henry Sale was then transferred to Jalalabad and marched off on October 12th.
- November 2: In Kabul, a crowd gathered in front of Alexander Burnes' house and killed him trying to escape. The inactivity shown by the British encouraged the locals to a general uprising and to siege the British garrison.
- November 12th: The brigade under Robert Henry Sale arrives in Jalalabad and begins the siege of the city .
- On November 23, the British garrison made a sortie in Kabul to destroy two Afghan guns. In a subsequent attack on a nearby settlement, it suffers heavy losses and retreats. The arrival of Mohammed Akbar , a son of Dost Mohammed , with 6,000 men in Kabul worsens the situation. There are now around 30,000 Afghan fighters facing around 4,500 British-Indian troops.
- December 23: Colonial official William Macnaghten is shot dead during negotiations with Mohammed Akbar . Again the British commander Elphinstone does not react. Eldred Pottinger becomes the new UK negotiator and accepts the surrender. Some British officers are said to remain hostage in Kabul after the garrison has withdrawn.
- 26./27. August: During the Rufus River massacre , white settlers and sheep farmers murder 35 Aborigines as part of a “punitive expedition”.
- March 4: William Henry Harrison takes office as the ninth US President. He replaces President Martin Van Buren , who has been in office since 1837 .
- April 4: With William H. Harrison, the first US President dies in office and in the shortest term of office to date. The cause of death is pneumonia , which Harrison got during his inauguration speech because he was not wearing a coat as protection against the cold. John Tyler succeeds him as the tenth US President. With his stance that he is a full President and not, as some have assumed, only assuming presidential powers as Vice President, he is setting a precedent for the succession plan for the President of the United States.
- After arriving in California , the Swiss adventurer Johann August Sutter founds the private colony of New Helvetia on land that he received from the Mexican governor for agricultural use . To do this, he expelled the natives from the country and bought the Russian colony of Fort Ross for 30,000 piastres .
- November 18: In the Battle of Ingavi , the Bolivians under General José Ballivián Segurola defeat the Peruvian army that had invaded the country and headed by President Agustín Gamarra . After 50 minutes the Peruvian-Bolivian War is over.
- April 10: The New York Tribune is founded by Horace Greeley .
- June 24th: The Berlin heavy machinery factory August Borsig delivers its first locomotive.
- July 5th: Tourism pioneer Thomas Cook organizes the first trip together in England for 570 followers of the abstinence movement .
- September 1: With the railway line Cologne-Düren-Aachen the be Königendorfer tunnel and Burtscheider viaduct commissioned.
- September 11th: The painter John Rand receives a US patent for the tube he invented , which was originally intended to be filled with paint.
- October 9: The first steamship in South America , named after the Guayas River , goes into operation on the west coast of the continent. The designer Vicente Rocafuerte was President of Ecuador until 1839 . The ship is immortalized in the country's coat of arms .
- PT Barnum takes over the American Museum and expands it into one of the largest entertainment groups of the 19th century .
science and technology
- October 16: In Canada Kingston (Ontario) is the Queen's University established.
- The waterworks of the Kaiser-Ferdinands-Wasserleitung for Vienna's water supply starts operating.
- The Murders in the Rue Morgue by Edgar Allan Poe appears in the April issue of Graham's Magazine in Philadelphia.
- July 17th: The satirical magazine Punch appears for the first time in London.
- James Fenimore Cooper publishes The Wildslayer, the fifth and final novel in his leather stocking cycle. In the chronological plot of the series, it forms the first part.
- Georg Herwegh publishes the satirical poem Lullaby .
- The first issue of the scientific and literary journal Moskvityanin appears in Moscow.
Music and theater
- January 21: World premiere of the comic opera Le Guittarero by Jacques Fromental Halévy at the Opéra-Comique in Paris
- February 11: The world premiere of the opera Adelia by Gaetano Donizetti takes place at the Teatro Apollo in Rome. The libretto was written by Felice Romani and Girolamo Maria Marini . Giuseppina Strepponi sings the title role . There are tumultuous scenes as the tickets sold on the black market far exceed the number of seats.
- March 6: The opera Les diamants de la couronne (The Crown Diamonds) by Daniel-François-Esprit Auber with a libretto by Eugène Scribe and Jules Henri Vernoy Marquis de Saint-Georges premieres at the Opéra-Comique in Paris. It becomes one of the composer's most successful works.
- March 13: The world premiere of the opera Il proscritto by Otto Nicolai takes place at the Teatro alla Scala di Milano in Milan. The libretto is by Gaetano Rossi based on the literary model by Frédéric Soulié . Together with Siegfried Kapper, the composer will almost completely rework the opera over the next few years.
- March 31: The first performance of the 1st symphony ("Spring Symphony") by Robert Schumann by the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra is very well received by the audience, conductor is Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy .
- April 13: The Royal Court Theater in Dresden , built by Gottfried Semper as a successor to the previous Morettian Court Theater , opens with Carl Maria von Weber's jubilee overture and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's drama Torquato Tasso .
- April 22nd: The Dommusikverein und Mozarteum association is founded in Salzburg , the roots of today's Mozarteum and the Mozarteum Orchestra Salzburg .
- June 28: The romantic ballet Giselle is premiered at the Paris Opera in a choreography by Jean Coralli and Jules Perrot . The title role is danced by Carlotta Grisi .
- August 26th: August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben writes the text of the Deutschlandlied on Heligoland .
- October 17: 13 years after the composer's death, the first public performance of Franz Schubert's 5th Symphony takes place in Vienna under the direction of Michael Leitermayer . In addition to the 5th symphony, a shepherd's choir from the Singspiel Die Zwillingsbrüder , a vocal quartet for male voices, an aria from the opera Fierrabras as well as a hymn and an alleluia will also be heard in the same setting . The performance is generally well received.
- November 24th: The farce with singing Das Mädl aus der Vorstadt by Johann Nestroy has its world premiere at the Theater an der Wien near Vienna. The music comes from Adolf Müller senior . The piece ran successfully until 1862.
- December 3rd: World premiere of the tragic opera Catarina Cornaro, Queen of Cyprus by Franz Lachner in Munich
- December 22nd: The premiere of the opera La rein de Chypre by Jacques Fromental Halévy takes place in the Salle Le Peletier of the Paris Opera . The conductor is François-Antoine habeneck . Rosine Stoltz sings the title role . The work becomes one of the composer's most successful stage works.
- December 26th: The world premiere of the opera Maria Padilla by Gaetano Donizetti based on a libretto by Gaetano Rossi takes place at the Teatro alla Scala di Milano in Milan. Sophie Löwe , Luigia Abbadia , Domenico Donzelli and Giorgio Ronconi will sing . The end of the opera had to be changed during the rehearsal period because the censors did not want to allow suicide on the open stage.
- The Braunschweig trade association founds the drawing institute .
- MARCH 27: For his successful mediation in the Damascus Affair is Moses Montefiore as an honorary gift a table centerpiece presented.
- July 17th: With the Meißen fire brigade, Germany's first volunteer fire brigade is founded according to today's understanding.
- September 19: Marie Lafarge is sentenced to life in forced labor in Tulle, France, for the murder of her husband Charles Lafarge. It is the world's first judgment based on toxicological- chemical evidence.
- Venice has its own house number system , which is still valid today.
- April 30th: With the encyclical Quas vestro with the subtitle On mixed marriages , Pope Gregory XVI turns . to the prelates of Hungary.
- March 11: The paddle steamer President , the largest steamship of its time, disappears without a trace on the North Atlantic after casting off in New York on March 11, 1841 with 109 people on board.
- September 24: In the Sonning railway accident in England, nine people are killed and 16 others are seriously injured.
- September 3rd: First ascent of the Großvenediger , the fourth highest mountain in Austria , by a group led by Josef Schwab.
- Emil Ritter von Guttenberg , Austrian Lieutenant Marshal and Minister of Railways († 1941) January 4th:
- Henryk Dobrzycki , Polish doctor, philanthropist and composer († 1914) January 5:
- Hermann Heinrich Howaldt , German sculptor, ore caster and copper driver († 1891) January 5:
- January 11: Otto von Gierke , German lawyer, legal historian and social politician († 1921)
- January 14: Berthe Morisot , French impressionist painter († 1895)
- January 15: Frederick Arthur Stanley , Governor General of Canada († 1908)
- January 17: Albrecht von Arnim , Prussian nobleman and politician († 1903)
- January 18: Emmanuel Chabrier , French composer and pianist († 1894)
- January 18: Paul Mendelssohn Bartholdy , German chemist († 1880)
- January 25: John Arbuthnot Fisher , British sea lord and admiral († 1920)
- January 28: Martin Joseph Schlimbach , German organ builder († 1914)
- January 28: Henry Morton Stanley , British-American journalist, African explorer and author († 1904)
- January 28: Victor Ernst Nessler , German composer († 1890)
- January 30: Ernst Formes , German theater actor († 1898)
- January 30: Félix Faure , French President († 1899)
- January 30th: Samuel Loyd , American game inventor and puzzle specialist († 1911)
- January 31: Paul von Collas , German infantry general, governor of Mainz († 1910)
- François-Alphonse Forel , Swiss doctor, naturalist and founder of limnology († 1912) February 2:
- Hermann Quantity , German author of the Quantity Bible († 1939) February 7th:
- José Sebastião Neto , Patriarch of Lisbon († 1920) February 8:
- Quintin Steinbart , German headmaster († 1912) February 9:
- February 10: Walter Parratt , English organist, music teacher, church musician and composer († 1924)
- February 11: Malachia Ormanian , Armenian Archbishop and Patriarch of Constantinople of the Armenian Apostolic Church († 1918)
- February 16: John Emory Andrus , American politician († 1934)
- February 16: Ferdinand von Droste zu Hülshoff , German ornithologist and writer († 1874)
- February 18: Samuel Prowse Warren , Canadian organist and composer († 1915)
- February 19: Elfrida Andrée , Swedish organist and composer († 1929)
- February 19: Frieda Amerlan , German writer († 1924)
- February 21: Hugo Licht , German architect and urban planning officer in Leipzig († 1923)
- February 21: Georg Christian Wilhelm Meyer , German legal scholar and politician († 1900 )
- February 24: Levi K. Fuller , American politician († 1896)
- February 25: Pierre-Auguste Renoir , French impressionist painter († 1919)
- February 26: Evelyn Baring, Earl of Cromer , Consul General of Egypt († 1917)
- Blanche Bruce , American politician († 1898) March 1:
- Romualdo Marenco , Italian musician and composer († 1907) March 1:
- Karl Ackermann , German teacher and naturalist († 1903) March 2:
- John Murray , British oceanographer († 1914) March 3:
- Alfred Cornu , French physicist († 1902) March 6:
- March 11: Franz Misteli , Swiss classical philologist and linguist († 1903)
- March 13: Karl Ernst Schrod , German auxiliary bishop († 1914)
- March 15: Friedrich Krafft von Crailsheim , Bavarian politician († 1926)
- March 19: Georg von Hauberrisser , German-Austrian architect († 1922)
- March 22: Anastasios Christomanos , Greek chemist and rector of the University of Athens († 1906)
- March 24th: Georg Howaldt , German engineer and councilor († 1909)
- Ahmed Urabi Pasha , Egyptian officer and politician, leader of the Urabi movement († 1911) April 1:
- Clément Ader , French aviation pioneer († 1925) April 2:
- Julius Ehrentraut , German painter († 1923) April 3:
- Hermann Carl Vogel , German astrophysicist († 1907) April 3:
- Johann Traugott Sterzel , German paleontologist († 1914) April 4:
- William George Aston , British consular officer († 1911) April 9:
- April 15: Henry Harrison Aplin , American politician († 1910)
- April 16: Louis Evans Atkinson , American politician († 1910)
- April 20: John A. Mead , American politician († 1920)
- April 24: Johann Rudolf Rahn , Swiss monument conservator and art researcher († 1912)
- April 25: Franz Fauth , German educator († 1905)
- April 26: Wilhelm Scherer , Austrian Germanist († 1886)
- April 27: Friedrich Adolph Gumpert , German horn player and professor († 1906)
- April 28: Carl Göring , German philosopher and chess player († 1879)
- April 29: Francis Grenfell, 1st Baron Grenfell , British Field Marshal († 1925)
- Achille Bizzoni , Italian journalist, translator and writer († 1903) May 5:
- Ernst Ziel , German writer and editor († 1921) May 5:
- Georg Schleusner , German Protestant clergyman († 1911) May 6:
- Gustave Le Bon , French doctor and sociologist († 1931) May 7:
- May 11: Ernst von Possart , German actor († 1921)
- May 16: Hermann Joseph Schmitz , auxiliary bishop in Cologne († 1899)
- May 19: Adolf Ferdinand Weinhold , German chemist and physicist († 1917)
- May 25: Louis Aronstein , German physicist and chemist († 1913)
- May 28: Josiah Grout , American politician († 1925)
- May 29: Robert Anderson , Scotland Yard official and theologian († 1918)
- May 31: William Rockefeller , American business tycoon († 1922)
- Otto Wartmann-Kägi , Swiss merchant in the Orient († 1882) June 3:
- Karl Binding , German professor of criminal law († 1920) June 4:
- June 11: William B. Shattuc , American politician († 1911)
- June 18: Katharina Brandis , German painter († 1928)
- June 18: Lester Frank Ward , American sociologist († 1913)
- June 21: Hermann Philipp Adolf Karl von Arnswaldt , German officer, farmer and politician († 1910)
- June 26: Paul Wallot , German architect († 1912)
- William Thierry Preyer , English physiologist († 1897) July 4th:
- Ernst Matthias von Köller , German politician of the imperial era († 1928) July 8:
- Johann Carl Weck , German producer of Weck glasses († 1914) July 8:
- July 13: Otto Wagner , Austrian architect († 1918)
- July 15: Tjalling Halbertsma , Dutch gynecologist and obstetrician († 1898)
- July 18: Henriette Johanne Marie Müller , Hamburg original († 1916)
- July 22nd: Henriette Auegg , Austrian writer, educator and carer († 1912)
- July 24th: Francisco António da Veiga Beirão , Portuguese politician († 1916)
- July 28, Anna Stainer-Knittel , Austrian portrait and flower painter, model for the novel Die Geier-Wally († 1915)
- July 31: Fritz Schaper , German sculptor († 1919)
- Eduard Herzog , first Christian Catholic bishop in Switzerland († 1924) August 1:
- William Henry Hudson , Argentine-British ornithologist and writer († 1922) August 4:
- Eduard Orel , Austrian explorer, polar explorer and scientist († 1892 ) August 5:
- August 12: Franz Schwechten , German architect († 1924)
- August 18: Lothar Anton Alfred Pernice , Professor of Roman Law († 1901)
- August 25: Theodor Kocher , Swiss surgeon and Nobel Prize winner († 1917)
- August 28: Bernhard Listemann , German-American violinist and music teacher († 1917)
- August 28: Julius Stinde , German chemist, journalist and writer († 1905)
- August 28: John Ferguson Weir , American painter, sculptor and author († 1926)
- August 31: Carl Rasmussen , Danish painter († 1893)
- Hermann Laurent , French mathematician († 1908) September 2:
- Julius Payer , Austro-Hungarian polar and alpine researcher († 1915) September 2:
- Antonín Dvořák , Czech composer († 1904) September 8:
- September 23: Konrad Fiedler , German theorist of fine arts († 1895)
- September 28: Georges Clemenceau , French politician († 1929)
- Hermann Credner , German geoscientist († 1913) October 1:
- Stephen Albert Emery , American composer and music teacher († 1891) October 4:
- Marie , Bavarian Duchess, Queen of the Two Sicilies and Naples († 1925) October 4th:
- John Philo Hoyt , American politician († 1926) October 6:
- October 10: Lamar Fontaine , American writer († 1921)
- October 11: Friedrich Hegar , Swiss composer and conductor († 1927)
- October 12: Léon Herpin , French painter († 1880)
- October 15: Sawwa Mamontow , Russian industrialist and patron († 1918)
- October 16: Itō Hirobumi , Japanese politician and statesman; 1st, 5th, 7th and 10th Prime Ministers († 1909)
- October 18: Bishop W. Perkins , American politician († 1894)
- October 26: Theodor Oppolzer , Austrian astronomer of Bohemian origin († 1886)
- October 29: William A. Harris , American politician († 1909)
- October 29: Rudolph Sohm , German legal scholar († 1917)
- October 30th: Arnold Woldemar von Frege-Weltzien , German manor owner and politician († 1916)
- Charles Anne Laisant , French politician and mathematician († 1920) November 1:
- Minna Cauer , German educator and women's rights activist († 1922) November 1:
- Conrad Willgerodt , German chemist († 1930) November 2:
- Carl Tausig , Polish pianist, composer and music teacher († 1871) November 4:
- Giuseppe Callegari , Bishop of Padua and Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church († 1906) November 4:
- Armand Fallières , French statesman and politician († 1931) November 6:
- Jan Otto , Czech publisher († 1916) November 8:
- Edward VII , British King († 1910) November 9:
- November 12: Preston Lea , American politician († 1916)
- November 13: Paul Aeby , Swiss politician († 1898)
- November 13: Lucius FC Garvin , American politician († 1922)
- November 20: Carl Berner , Norwegian politician († 1918)
- November 20: Victor D'Hondt , Belgian lawyer († 1901)
- November 20: Wilfrid Laurier , Canadian politician and Prime Minister († 1919)
- November 22: Gustav Haensel , head of the city council and honorary citizen of Pirna († 1923)
- November 25: Ernst Schröder , German mathematician and logician († 1902)
- November 26: Giovanni Battista Piamarta , Blessed, Italian priest and founder of the order († 1913)
- November 28th: Chrétien Waydelich , French croquet player and Olympic champion
- Leon Pohle , German painter († 1908) December 1:
- Frédéric Bazille , French painter († 1870) December 6:
- Carl August von der Meden , first President of the German Tennis Federation († 1911) December 6th:
- December 10: Agnes Wabnitz , German women's rights activist († 1894)
- December 10: Joseph Henry Blackburne , British chess grandmaster († 1924)
- December 11th: Carl Spindler , German entrepreneur († 1902)
- December 12th: Hans Karl Georg Otto Heinrich Felix von Arnim , Prussian politician († 1914)
- December 14: Louis Pio , Danish socialist leader († 1894)
- December 14: Louise Héritte-Viardot , French composer, pianist and singer († 1918)
- December 16: Anders Andersen-Lundby , Danish painter († 1923)
- December 20: Ferdinand Buisson , French educator († 1932)
- December 22nd: Otto Piper , German lawyer, art historian, mayor († 1921)
- November 22: Karl Marbach , Catholic auxiliary bishop in Strasbourg († 1916)
- December 23: Ignacio Agramonte Loynaz , Cuban politician and revolutionary († 1873)
- December 24: Julian Treumann , German chemist († 1910)
- December 26th: Anton Abt , German theologian and narrator († 1895)
- December 27: Philipp Spitta , German musicologist and Bach biographer († 1894)
Exact date of birth unknown
- Diego Dublé Almeida , Chilean general and politician († 1922)
- Michael Arzt , German entrepreneur († 1911)
- Julie von Asten , Austrian-German pianist and piano teacher († 1923)
January to March
- Andreas Stanislaus von Hatten , Bishop of Warmia (* 1763) January 3:
- Thomas Rickman , British architect (* 1776) January 4th:
- Benedikt Arnstein , Austrian writer (* 1758) January 6th:
- Tani Bunchō , Japanese painter and poet (* 1763) January 6th:
- January 20: Minh Mạng , second emperor of the Vietnamese Nguyễn dynasty (* 1791)
- Johann Friedemann Greiner , German glassworks owner, porcelain manufacturer and member of the state parliament (* 1761) February 1:
- Anton Hasenhut , Austrian actor and comedian (* 1766) February 6:
- Chrystian Piotr Aigner , Polish architect (* 1756) February 9:
- February 10: Josef Alois Gleich , Austrian civil servant and theater poet (* 1772)
- February 11: Ferdinand Johann von Olivier , German painter (* 1785)
- February 13th: Thomas Ainsworth , English engineer (* 1795)
- February 14: Joseph Anderwert , Swiss politician (* 1767)
- February 14: Antun Sorkočević , Croatian composer, writer and diplomat (* 1775)
- February 17th: Ferdinando Carulli , Italian composer and guitarist (* 1770)
- February 19: Amalie , Princess of Anhalt-Bernburg (* 1776)
- February 19: Christine Friederike Auguste , Electress of Hesse (* 1780)
- February 19: Sebastian Fahrländer , Swiss doctor and politician (* 1768)
- February 20: Friedrich Wilhelm Adam Sertürner , German pharmacist and discoverer of morphine (* 1783)
- February 21: Dorothea Tieck , German Shakespeare translator (* 1799)
- February 25: Philip Pendleton Barbour , American politician (* 1783)
- February 28: Claude François Chauveau-Lagarde , French lawyer (* 1756)
- Claude-Victor Perrin called Victor , Marshal of France (* 1764) March 1:
- Christoph August Tiedge , German poet (* 1752) March 8:
- March 11: Giovanni Antonio Antolini , Italian builder, architect and engineer (* 1753)
- March 11th: Wilhelmine Halberstadt , German educator and writer (* 1776)
- March 16: Félix Savart , French doctor and physicist (* 1791)
- March 22nd: Tokugawa Ienari , 11th Shogun of the Edo period in Japan (* 1773)
- March 25: Karl von Einsiedel , German diplomat (* 1770)
- March 31: Eduard Gurk , Austrian painter (* 1801)
April to August
- Gustav von Rauch , Prussian general and minister of war (* 1774) April 2:
- Christian Gottlieb Konopack , German legal scholar (* 1767) April 3:
- William Henry Harrison , American general and 9th President of the USA (* 1773) April 4:
- April 18: Peter Heinrich Althöfer , German clergyman (* 1775)
- April 22nd: Carl Gottlob Abela , German musician (* 1803)
- April 28: Johann Christian Wilhelm Augusti , German theologian, archaeologist and orientalist (* 1771)
- April 28: Pierre Chanel , French Catholic missionary and martyr (* 1803)
- April 29: Aloysius Bertrand , French poet (* 1807)
- April 30: Peter Andreas Heiberg , Danish satirist (* 1758)
- May 23: Franz von Baader , German doctor, mining engineer and philosopher (* 1765)
- May 27: Ernst-Wilhelm Arnoldi , German businessman (* 1778)
- May 31: George Green , British mathematician and physicist (* 1793)
- Nicolas Appert , French pastry chef and inventor (* 1749) June 1:
- David Wilkie , British painter (* 1785) June 1:
- June 27: William Austin , American lawyer, politician and writer (* 1778)
- June 29th: Friederike zu Mecklenburg [-Strelitz], daughter of Duke Karl II. Zu Mecklenburg [-Strelitz] (* 1778)
- Humphrey Marshall , American politician (* 1760) July 3:
- July 27: Mikhail Lermontow , Russian poet (* 1814)
- James Lanman , American politician (* 1767) August 7th:
- August 13: Bernhard Heinrich Romberg , German cellist and composer (* 1767)
- August 14: Johann Friedrich Herbart , German philosopher, psychologist and educator (* 1776)
- August 15: Elizabeth Gould , British illustrator (* 1804)
- August 18: Jonathan Friedrich Bahnmaier , German theologian and hymn poet (* 1774)
- August 26th: Ignaz von Seyfried , Austrian composer (* 1776)
- August 31: Johann Georg Christian Apel , German organist and composer (* 1775)
September to December
- September 14th: Alessandro Rolla , Italian violin player and composer (* 1757)
- September 16: Newton Cannon , American politician, governor of Tennessee (* 1781)
- September 24th: Karl Stülpner , Erzgebirge folk hero (* 1762)
- September 28: Johann Georg von Dillis , German painter (* 1759)
- September 30th: Johann Baptist Türk , Austrian freedom fighter (* 1775)
- Honoré V , Prince of Monaco (* 1778) October 2:
- Karl Friedrich Schinkel , Prussian architect and painter (* 1781) October 9:
- October 17th: Amalie Zephyrine von Salm-Kyrburg , Princess of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (* 1760)
- October 18: Eberhard Gottlieb Graff , German linguist (* 1780)
- October 20: Manuel Montes de Oca , Spanish military and politician (* 1804)
- October 21: John Forsyth , American politician (* 1780)
- October 23: Leonid von Optina , monk, pastor and saint of the Russian Orthodox Church (* 1768)
- October 27th: Johann Georg Bürgy , German organ builder (* 1771)
- October 28: Johan August Arfwedson , Swedish chemist (* 1792)
- October: Starez Leonid , Russian monk and pastor (* 1768)
- Alexander Burnes , British traveler and explorer (* 1805) November 2:
- Michel Gaudin , French finance minister (* 1756) 5th November:
- Jean Victor Audouin , French naturalist, entomologist and ornithologist (* 1797) November 9th:
- November 14th: Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin , British diplomat (* 1788)
- November 16: Emmanuel Théaulon , French playwright and librettist (* 1787)
- November 18: Agustín Gamarra , Peruvian President (* 1785)
- November 25: Francis Leggatt Chantrey , British sculptor, painter and draftsman (* 1781)
- Johann Heinrich Dannecker , German sculptor (* 1758) December 8th:
- December 14th: Samuel McKean , American politician (* 1787)
- December 18: Josef Derossi , Austrian actor (* 1768)
- December 22nd: Daniil Kashin , Russian composer (* 1769)
- December 23: William Macnaghten , British civil servant and diplomat (* 1793)
- December 27: Joseph Leonhard Knoll , Bohemian pedagogue (* 1775)
- December 31: Georg Anton Friedrich Ast , German classical philologist and philosopher (* 1778)
Exact date of death unknown
- Christoph Franz Dangel , German lawyer and politician (* 1769)