Jalalabad


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جلال‌ آباد
Jalalabad
Jalalabad (Afghanistan)
Red pog.svg
Coordinates 34 ° 26 '  N , 70 ° 27'  E Coordinates: 34 ° 26 '  N , 70 ° 27'  E
Basic data
Country Afghanistan

province

Nangarhar
District Jalalabad
height 600 m
Residents 263,312 (2020 [1] )
founding 1570
Post Code 2601

Jalalabad , also Jellalabad ( Persian جلال‌ آباد, DMG Ǧalāl-Ābād ; Pashtun جلالکوټ Dschalalkot , DMG Ǧalālkoť ), which is about 240,000 inhabitants, capital of the province of Nangarhar in Afghanistan .

location

Jalalabad is located about 160 kilometers east of Kabul on the Kabul River near the Khyber Pass at an altitude of about 600  m . The city ​​of Peshawar in Pakistan is only about 130 km to the south-east.

Infrastructure

Street scene in Jalalabad (2004)

The airfield is located five kilometers southeast ( 34 ° 24 ′ 10 ″  N , 70 ° 29 ′ 53 ″  E ). The United States maintains an important base there with FOB Fenty (Forward Operation Base). From here, among other things, drones take off for their missions in Afghanistan , but also in neighboring Pakistan .

history

The city was called Adīnapūr before it was renamed in the late 16th century. It was a center of the Gandhara culture. Here was the famous garden of Bāgh-i-wafā, which Babur described in his autobiography Baburnama. The ground was covered with clover, in the garden there were pomegranates and orange trees. Babur imported plantains from India for the garden in 1523 .

Mughal mogul Akbar, drawing around 1605

Jalalabad was founded in 1570 by the Indian mogul Akbar I. It was previously the winter residence of the emir of Afghanistan as well as a garrison town and an important trading center.

In the First Anglo-Afghan War General Robert Henry Sale was able to withstand a siege of Jalalabad by 5,000 Afghans from November 12, 1841 to April 8, 1842 in Jalalabad with 1,500 men . After learning of the forthcoming relief from General George Pollock , Sale made a sortie on April 7th and drove out the besiegers.

On February 19, 2011, several suicide bombers killed more than 38 people in a branch of the Kabul Bank in Jalalabad. More than half of the victims were members of the Afghan security forces.

On February 27, 2012, a suicide bomber blew himself up at the airport. Nine people died and eight were injured. According to the Taliban , who claimed responsibility for the attack, it was carried out as revenge for the Koran burnings at the Bagram US base .

On April 18, 2015, there was a suicide attack, which resulted in at least 33 deaths and over 100 injuries. Afghan President Ashraf Ghani blamed the Islamic State for this, even after the Taliban denied their involvement. On May 17, 2017, armed attackers stormed the Radio Television Afghanistan building . According to the spokesman for the governor of Nangarhar Province, Attaullah Khogyani, there were a total of four armed attackers. Two of the attackers blew themselves up. At least two civilians were killed in the attack and another 14 injured.

Surroundings

About 11 km west of Jalalabad, the ruins of two Buddhist stupas were discovered and examined near the village of Bimaran in the 19th century ; the important bimaran reliquary was found , which has since been kept in the British Museum .

See also

Web links

Commons : Jalalabad  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Afghanistan: Provinces & Cities - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather, and Web Information. Retrieved February 6, 2018 .
  2. Jalalabad (OAJL). (No longer available online.) Ministry of Transport, Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, archived from original on November 27, 2018 ; accessed on November 27, 2018 (English). Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / mot.gov.af
  3. Annette Susanne Beveridge, Babur-nama (Memoirs of Babur). Translated from the original Turki text of Zahiru'd-din Muhammad Babur Padsha Ghazo. Delhi 1921 (Reprint Low Price Publications 1989 in one volume, ISBN 81-85395-07-1 ), 414
  4. Annette Susanne Beveridge, Babur-nama (Memoirs of Babur). Translated from the original Turki text of Zahiru'd-din Muhammad Babur Padsha Ghazo. Delhi 1921 (Reprint Low Price Publications 1989 in one volume, ISBN 81-85395-07-1 ), 443
  5. Over 25 dead in suicide attack in Kunduz. In: ORF . February 21, 2011, accessed February 21, 2011 .
  6. Suicide attack on Kabul airport. In: Frankfurter Rundschau . February 27, 2012, accessed February 27, 2012 .
  7. Explosion in eastern Afghanistan: many dead in suicide attack. tagesschau.de , April 18, 2014, archived from the original on April 18, 2015 ; Retrieved April 18, 2014 .
  8. President Ghani accuses terrorist militia: First major IS attack in Afghanistan? tagesschau.de , April 18, 2014, archived from the original on April 18, 2015 ; Retrieved April 18, 2014 .
  9. Gunbattle Under Way At Afghan State Television Building. RadioFreeEurope, May 17, 2017, accessed on May 17, 2017 .
  10. Shots on television station in Afghanistan. Deutsche Welle, May 17, 2017, accessed on May 17, 2017 .
  11. ^ Suicide bombers storm Afghan state broadcaster. The Peninsula Qatar - Newspaper, May 17, 2017, accessed May 17, 2017 .