Middle section of Kabul in the area of Jalalabad, Chaiber Pass and Peshawar
|location||Afghanistan , Pakistan|
|Drain over||Indus → Indian Ocean|
34 ° 19 '7 " N , 68 ° 28' 55" O
|Source height||approx. 3800 m|
Indus coordinates: 33 ° 53 '59 " N , 72 ° 14' 4" E 33 ° 53 '59 " N , 72 ° 14' 4" E
|Mouth height||284 m|
|Height difference||approx. 3516 m|
|Bottom slope||approx. 7.6 ‰|
| Discharge at Tang-i-Gharu
A Eo gauge: 12,850 km²
|15.4 m³ / s
1.2 l / (s km²)
| Discharge at the Daronta
A Eo gauge : 34,375 km²
|202 m³ / s
5.9 l / (s km²)
| Discharge at the Dakah
A Eo gauge: 67,370 km²
|614 m³ / s
9.1 l / (s km²)
|Left tributaries||Paghman , Punjjir , Alingar , Tagab , Kunar , Swat|
|Right tributaries||Lugar , Surkhrud , Bara|
|Reservoirs flowed through||
Kabul River in Kabul (December 2005)
Kabul river just before its confluence with the Indus
The Kabul ( Old Indian. Kubhā, ancient Greek Κωφήν Kōphēn , Arabic نهر كابل Nahr Kabul 'Kabul River'; Pashtun کابل سيند Kabul Sindh ) is a right (western) tributary of the Indus about 460 kilometers in length.
It supplies the Kabul basin with water as well as the area around Jalalabad and Peshawar . Major tributaries are Punjjir and Kunar . The Kabul and its tributaries are among the few rivers in Afghanistan that ultimately flow into the sea.
Its source is in Afghanistan in the Sanglach Mountains not far from the Unai Pass west of Kabul in Koh-e Paghman in the Jalrez district of Wardak province . It flows south in Kabul past the Kabul Zoo . After crossing the state border with Pakistan north of the Chaiber Pass , it flows into the Sindh (= Indus) at historic Attock , today's Attock Kurd . He is mentioned in the Rig Veda.
There are several reservoirs with connected hydroelectric power stations along the Kabul river. The Mahipar hydropower plant is 40 km downstream from the capital Kabul and has three 22 MW Francis turbines. The Naghlu hydropower plant has four 25 MW Francis turbines. Both power plants have been in operation since 1967. The Daronta hydropower plant has three vertical Kaplan turbines of 3.85 MW each.
Average monthly discharge of the Kabul (in m³ / s) at the Dakah gauge
measured from 1968–1980
- Kabul (river) . In: Ehsan Yarshater (Ed.): Encyclopædia Iranica (English, including references)
- Eastern Kabul River basin . FAO
- ^ Eastern Kabul River basin. FAO
- ↑ geonames.org
- ↑ Article Kabul in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (BSE) , 3rd edition 1969–1978 (Russian)http: //vorlage_gse.test/1%3D057317~2a%3DKabul~2b%3DKabul
- ↑ a b c d Streamflow Characteristics at Streamgages in Northern Afghanistan and Selected Locations (PDF; 5.6 MB) USGS.
- ↑ Warsak Dam. ( Memento of the original from November 9, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Pakistan Water Gateway
- ^ Mahipar Hydro Electric Plant. AEIC
- ↑ Naghlu Hydroelectric Plant. AEIC
- ^ Sarobi Hydro Electric Plant. AEIC
- ↑ Darunta Hydro-Electric Power Plant. AEIC
- ↑ Attock Kurd = Little Attock is the historical place at the foot of the Attock Fortress on the banks of the Indus. After the construction of the railway, the British founded a town of Campbellpur about 20 km southwest of it . After Pakistan's independence in 1947, the name Campbellpur was changed to Attok (cf. Pervaiz Munir Alvi: When Kabul comes to Attock . Article of January 24, 2007 on All Things Pakistan. )
- ↑ a b c industcards.com ( Memento of the original dated December 6, 2012 in the web archive archive.today ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.