A district ( borrowed from the English district ) is an element of a spatial or administrative structure.
The word district was borrowed from the English district from the Latin districtus (for "area around the city") . Moreover, it was probably this from the Latin distringere ( "hinder" among others "claim" and in the legal sense or "arrest") derived , and originally referred to one with special jurisdiction standing area in the sense of a Sperrbezirkes and later also in the sense of " Special administrative area “outside the regular administrative division . It is in this spirit today; however, still as a general translation of a foreign language name of a province or administrative unit (see also the Federal District District of Columbia in Washington, DC ).
- Administrative structure, especially in countries with English or French as an official language, see the list of official languages , mostly below the federal states ( states ) and provinces
- in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg the upper administrative structure (above the cantons), see administrative structure of Luxembourg
- in France in the 1790s a subdivision of a department , see France> Administrative Structure
- also in the Helvetic Republic (1798 to 1803)
- also in the Kingdom of Westphalia (December 1807 to October 1813)
- also in the Grand Duchy of Frankfurt (1810 to 1813)
- in India a subdivision of the states and union territories, see District (India)
- in East Timor the 1st (districts) and 2nd (sub-districts) administrative division until 2014, see administrative division of East Timor
- unsystematic, e.g. B. In the time of the Polish partitions, the network district in the Prussian province of West Prussia
- in some areas of Germany part of a forest in the forestry enterprise, synonymous with department or hunting
- geographical breakdown of some companies and private organizations, especially in service clubs
- synonymous with landscape, e.g. B. the Lake District in Great Britain
- in the city of Saarbrücken the lowest level of the city structure , see list of city districts
- in the SPD until the 1970s the designation of the subdivisions of the metropolitan sub-districts (comparable to the local associations in the rural sub-districts)
- ↑ a b District - Duden , Bibliographisches Institut ; 2016
- ↑ district ( Memento from September 22, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) (English-German) - Duden , Langenscheidt ; 2015
- ^ Ralf Schumacher: The political integration of the Principality of Hanau into the Grand Duchy of Frankfurt. In: Hanauer Geschichtsverein 1844 e. V .: Hanau in the Napoleonic era (= Hanauer Geschichtsblätter. 47). Hanau, approx. 2015, ISBN 978-3-935395-21-3 , p. 159.