|Bibliographical Institute GmbH
|legal form||Company with limited liability|
|Seat||Berlin , Germany|
The Bibliographisches Institut is a German publisher based in Berlin , part of the Cornelsen group of companies. He was best known through lexicons such as Meyer's Konversations-Lexikon and standard works on the German language such as the Duden . In the course of the division of Germany , two publishers of the same name operated at times.
The publishing house was founded on August 1, 1826 by the businessman, translator and publicist Joseph Meyer (1796-1856) as a publishing bookstore (as "an institute dedicated to literary purposes") in Gotha and later moved to Hildburghausen . The original purpose of the foundation was probably the establishment of a Allgemeine Bibliographische Zeitung (as a weekly directory initially of all books, music, maps and works of art published in Germany, Switzerland, England, France, the Netherlands and Italy), which (parallel to the one not by Meyer published, but not self-published correspondence sheet for merchants. Weekly report from London, Amsterdam, Hamburg, Paris, Berlin etc. on trade in goods, state paper, money and bills of exchange. ) Should appear from January 1, 1827, but not realized has been. The publishing company was actually founded on the successful implementation of Meyer's next plan, a “library of German classics” in 150 volumes. Through the publication of inexpensive classic editions from May 1827 and through new advertising and sales methods, Meyer won new groups of buyers and readers. In addition to the 52-volume Large Conversations Lexicon for the educated stands. In connection with statesmen, scholars, artists and technicians (1839-1856) and Meyers Konversationslexikon further series such as Meyer's Universum , Meyer's travel books , Meyer's atlases , Meyer's classic editions , Meyer's local and traffic lexicon , Sievers' Allgemeine Länderkunde and Brehm's animal life appeared . Under the management of his son Herrmann Julius Meyer , the company created by Joseph Meyer moved to Reudnitz (from 1889 a district of Leipzig ) in 1874 .
The " Orthographic Dictionary " published by Konrad Duden in 1880 formed the basis for uniform German spelling . In 1915 the publishing house was converted into a stock corporation. The chairman of the supervisory board was Justice Councilor Curt Hillig until 1939 .
Bibliographical Institute in the German Democratic Republic
After the expropriation in 1946, the publisher was as VEB Bibliographical Institute Leipzig continued officially nationalized on July 1, 1948, into a state-owned enterprise converted, the production area was spun off. Travel literature became more and more popular among the classic business fields of the publishing house; In the 1950s the Bibliographisches Institut Leipzig developed into the most important publisher of travel guides and hiking maps in the GDR. The publication series Our small hiking booklet and The good hiking map achieved great popularity ; In addition, street maps, home and hiking books, city maps of Leipzig and a car atlas of Germany were published.
In the course of profiling the GDR publishers, the production of the hiking maps was transferred to VEB Landkartenverlag Berlin in 1960 and the publishing house for other travel literature to VEB FA Brockhaus Verlag Leipzig in 1963 . In 1964 the Enzyklopädie publishing house was organizationally affiliated with the Bibliographical Institute, but remained legally independent.
The lexicon editors of the VEB Bibliographisches Institut continued to publish the Meyers Lexicon series, including Meyers Konversations-Lexikon , Meyers Kleines Lexikon (3 volumes and supplement, 1967 ff.), Meyers Neues Lexikon (18 volumes, 1971 ff.), Meyers Universallexikon ( 4 volumes, 1978 ff.) And Meyers Handlexikon .
Bibliographical Institute in the Federal Republic of Germany
In 1953, the former owners decided to move the headquarters of the stock corporation to Mannheim in the Federal Republic of Germany , which was tantamount to re-establishing the company. In 1984 the two West German lexicon publishers merged: "FA Brockhaus" and "Bibliographisches Institut AG" to form the Bibliographisches Institut & FA Brockhaus AG .
Fusion and the present
After the fall of the Wall , the East German publishing house was transformed into the Bibliographisches Institut & Verlag Enzyklopädie GmbH in 1990 , and in 1991 the Bibliographisches Institut & FA Brockhaus AG took over the same . In 2003, the publishing group took part in PAETEC Schulbuchverlag , which has been operating as Duden Schulbuchverlag since 2009 . In 2004 the Harenberg calendar and lexicon publishing house was taken over. At the end of 2008, the Bibliographical Institute withdrew from the area of lexical reference works with the Duden and Meyers brands and parted with FA Brockhaus AG . The Brockhaus publishing house became the property of Wissenmedia GmbH . The Brockhaus trademark rights were sold. In the spring of 2009, the Cornelsen publishing group acquired the majority shares in the Bibliographisches Institut publishing house from Langenscheidt KG and the Brockhaus family.
After the last small shareholders had been settled, the company was converted into a limited liability company (GmbH) in 2010 . The remaining part of the company continues to this day as Bibliographisches Institut GmbH . In 2011 the publisher bundled the Duden , Meyers , Artemis & Winkler Verlag and Sauerländer brands .
The archives of the Bibliographisches Institut (before 1946), the VEB Bibliographisches Institut (1946–1990) and the Bibliographisches Institut & FA Brockhaus AG (Leipzig location, 1991–2009) are located in the Leipzig State Archives .
The children's and youth book division was sold to S. Fischer Verlag in Frankfurt am Main at the beginning of 2013 . After the extensive relocation to the Berlin location in the spring of 2013, which involved job cuts, only the 20 jobs in the language technology division remained in Mannheim out of the original 190 jobs. In August 2013 it was announced that the language technology division will also be closed. The Mannheim archive with publishing products since 1848 was donated to the Mannheim University Library on May 16, 2013 .
On January 1, 2016, the Bibliographisches Institut GmbH with its brands Duden, Cornelsen Scriptor, Meyers and Artemis & Winkler started selling the Cornelsen school publishers (Cornelsen early and school pedagogy, Lextra, Verlag an der Ruhr, Oldenbourg-Brigg pedagogy) amalgamated under the umbrella of Cornelsen Verlag GmbH.
- Johannes Hohlfeld : The Bibliographical Institute. Festschrift for its centenary. Bibliographical Institute, Leipzig 1926.
- Armin Human: Carl Joseph Meyer and the Bibliographical Institute of Hildburghausen - Leipzig. A cultural-historical sketch. In: Writings of the Association for Saxony-Meiningen History and Regional Studies. 23rd issue. Kesselring'sche Hofbuchhandlung, Hildburghausen 1896, pp. 59-136 ( digitized version ).
- Christoph Links : The fate of the GDR publishers - privatization and its consequences. edition berolina, Berlin 2016, ISBN 978-3-95841-051-0 , pp. 106–110.
- Heinz Sarkowski : The Bibliographical Institute - Publishing History and Bibliography 1826-1976. Bibliographical Institute Mannheim / Vienna / Zurich 1976, ISBN 978-3-411-01368-5 .
- The Bibliographical Institute . In: Leipzig-Lexikon.de
- Rolf Engelsing: A bibliographical plan from the year 1826. In: Börsenblatt for the German book trade - Frankfurter edition. No. 89, November 5, 1968 (= Archive for the History of Books. Volume 62), p. 2869 f., Here: p. 2869 f.
- Rolf Engelsing: A bibliographical plan from the year 1826. 1968, p. 2869 f.
- http://www.ad-hoc-news.de/bertelsmann-t 20371312
- Publishing history (as of January 13, 2012)
- Social plan for Bibliographical Institute is in place . boersenblatt.net. February 5, 2013. Retrieved July 1, 2013.
- Final end for Duden headquarters . boersenblatt.net. August 14, 2013. Retrieved September 7, 2013.
- Informationsdienst Wissenschaft (idw): Mannheim University Library receives a donation from the Mannheim publishing archive . May 16, 2013. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
- Julia Reinking is the new publishing director . boersenblatt.net. June 28, 2013. Retrieved July 1, 2013.
- Imprint . In: bi-media.de .
- Trade. Duden.de, accessed on March 7, 2017 .