Kingston (Ontario)

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Kingston City Hall illuminated at night
Kingston City Hall illuminated at night
Motto : Where history and innovation thrive
Location in Ontario
Kingston (Ontario)
State : CanadaCanada Canada
Province : Ontario
County : Frontenac County
Coordinates : 44 ° 14 ′  N , 76 ° 29 ′  W Coordinates: 44 ° 14 ′  N , 76 ° 29 ′  W
Height : 70  m ( 70  m - 110  m )
Area : 451.17 km²
Residents : 123,363 (as of 2011)
Population density : 273.4 inhabitants / km²
Time zone : Eastern Time ( UTC − 5 )
Postal code : K7K-K7P
Foundation : 1673
Mayor : Harvey Rosen
Website :

Kingston [ ˌkɪŋstən ] in the Canadian province of Ontario has a population of over 120,000 and is located at the northeastern end of Lake Ontario , where the lake merges into the St. Lawrence River and the Thousand Islands begin. Kingston is also known as the " Limestone City " because of its numerous historical buildings made of limestone .


Kingston Coat of Arms

On the face of Mississauga - Indian village called Cataraqui - for him the most important cemetery of the city, the Cataraqui Cemetery is named - was established in 1673 as the first settlement of Europeans, the French Fort Frontenac . In 1758 the fort was taken by British and Iroquois soldiers under the leadership of Colonel Bradstreet. In 1784 the first loyalists came to the city, who had to leave the newly formed United States because of their loyalty to the colonial power Great Britain. They named the place in honor of the British King George III. King's Town (City of the King). From 1788 the current name Kingston emerged.

Fort Henry was built during the war between the United States and Great Britain from 1812 to 1814, when Kingston again became a reception center for refugees . It initially served to protect trade on Lake Ontario, when the Rideau Canal was created from 1832, it covered this trade route between Ottawa and Kingston. Even before Toronto, the first bank in Upper Canada was established in Kingston in 1819, the Bank of Upper Canada , which, however, was recognized too late and was therefore declared illegal and closed in 1822.

From 1841 to 1844, the city was the capital of the largest British colonies in North America, more precisely the two colonies of Upper and Lower Canada , which were temporarily united from 1841 , but was replaced by Montreal , later by Toronto and Ottawa . In 1841 the Parliament of the United Colonies met in Kingston for its founding session. In the same year one of the oldest universities in Canada, Queen's University, was founded by royal decree under the name Queen's College . From 1912 the renowned institution was called Queen's University . The city has retained its British appearance from the late 19th century.

Towards the end of the 19th century and into the early 20th century, Kingston was an important port city on the Great Lakes with significant shipbuilding and locomotive production . Today this heavy industry largely no longer exists .

Economy and Infrastructure

Kingston's economy is largely shaped by state and urban corporations. The most important economic sectors are health, education, military , logistics as well as tourism and other services. Production and research play a smaller role in Kingston than they used to be.

The largest employers in the city are:

  • Canadian Forces Base Kingston (including the Royal Military College of Canada ) 8,000
  • Queen's University 4,200
  • Kingston General Hospital 3,400
  • Limestone District School Board 2,720
  • Invista Canada (DuPont Canada Inc.): 1,200
  • Hotel Dieu Hospital 1,000
  • Ontario Ministry of Health 940
  • Assurant Solutions 500
  • Empire Life Insurance Company 500
  • JE Agnew Food Services 500
  • Novelis (Alcan) (Rolled Products and R&D Center) 366
  • Ontario Ministry of Transportation 310
  • Bell Canada 250
  • DuPont Canada Inc. Research and Development Center 200


In addition to the numerous shopping opportunities in the city center, Kingston also has two major shopping centers. The largest mall is the Cataraqui Town Center with over 140 shops, restaurants and cafes. The mall is located at 945 Gardiners Road . The Frontenac Mall is located on 300 Bath Road and has several shops, restaurants and cafes.

Education and Research

Kingston is now home to two universities, the Royal Military College of Canada and Queen's University . At Queen's University, around 16,000 students are enrolled in 18 subject areas in bachelor's and master's degrees. Approx. 6000 students in five departments are enrolled at the Royal Military College. Another university is St. Lawrence College , which offers study programs in cooperation with Laurentian University .

There are 68 state schools in Kingston that serve 23,000 children and teenagers. These schools are under government supervision, the Limestone District School Board . Of the 68 schools, 56 are kindergartens and elementary schools, the rest are secondary schools ( high schools ) up to grade 12.


Three newspapers appear in Kingston. The Kingston Whig Standard is Canada's first daily newspaper and has been printed since 1834. It has an average print run of 22,000 copies. Other newspapers include Kingston This Week , which appears once a week, and The Heritage . There are several radio broadcasters in town, including 98.3 FlyFM and 98.9 The Drive , as well as some local TV channels that may include a operated by CTV , Global TV and CBC .


Kingston is the seat of the Anglican Diocese of Ontario (St. George's Cathedral) and the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Kingston ( Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception ) .

Culture and sights

Lemoine Point Conservation Area

There are several theaters in Kingston that show national and international plays, including the Grand Theater and Wellington Street Theater. The K-Rock Center is a 5800-seat recreational and ice rink that opened in February 2008. Kingston is home to a variety of media, literature, art and drama artists. In the city center there are therefore several art museums, such as the Agnes Etherington Art Center, which opened in 1957 and the more modern Fuel Artist-Run Center, which opened in 1977. There are annual exhibitions of Canadian and foreign artists. These are mainly exhibited in The Union Gallery (also: Queen's University's student art gallery ), Verb Gallery , Open Studio 22 , Kingston Arts Council Gallery and Artel: Arts Accommodations and Venue .

Chalmer's Church in Kingston in 2007

The Kingston WritersFest is held annually. In addition, several smaller events are held at the Kingston Frontenac Public Library and local bookstores throughout the year. Writers who live or have lived in Kingston include: E.g .: Steven Heighton, Bronwen Wallace , Helen Humphreys, Michael Ondaatje , Joanne Page, Diane Schoemperlen, Eric Folsom, Michael Crummey, Melanie Dugan, Mark Sinnett, Mary Alice Downie, Robertson Davies , Douglas Fetherling, Wayne Grady, Merilyn Simonds, Ellen Stafford, Alec Ross, Jamie Swift, Carolyn Smart, and Alexander Scala.

Comedian and actor Dan Aykroyd owns property in the northern area of ​​Kingston and is a common downtown man. From 1994 to 1995 he ran his own restaurant, Aykroyd's Ghetto House Café , on Princess Street.

Several festivals take place in Kingston throughout the year: These include the Limestone City Blues Festival, the Kingston Canadian Film Festival, the Fanfayr, the Kingston Buskers' Rendezvous, the Kingston Jazz Festival, the Reelout Film Festival, the Feb Fest and the Wolfe Island Music Festival.


In 1922 the 10th Gray Cup took place in Kingston. The city is also home to a well-known sailing area and was the venue for the sailing competitions of the 1976 Summer Olympics . The Kingston Frontenacs play ice hockey in the Ontario Hockey League .


Kingston is about halfway between Toronto and Montreal on three major arteries: the Saint Lawrence River , the main Canadian National Railway , and Highway 401 . The Highway 15 provides an alternative connection in the Ottawa region.

The city is located at the southern end of the Rideau Canal , which originally served to connect Lake Ontario with the Ottawa River in order to guarantee an independent traffic route at some distance from the US border. A seasonal ferry operates between Cape Vincent , New York, via Wolfe Island , to downtown Kingston. This is an alternative route to and from the United States.

VIA Rail Canada operates a main rail link between Windsor , Kingston and Québec . The Kingston IATA train station code is XEG .

Flight connections

Kingston has a regional airport. The Norman Rogers Airport is used by Air Canada Jazz with scheduled flights to Toronto operated.

bus connections

Kingston Transit Bus

Megabus ( Coach Canada ) and Greyhound Canada have regular connections from the Kingston Bus Terminal to Toronto , Ottawa and Montreal . Public transportation is operated by Kingston Transit .

Twin cities

sons and daughters of the town

Web links

Commons : Kingston, Ontario  - Album containing pictures, videos, and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Kingston Community Profile Census 2011. Statistics Canada , accessed September 26, 2012 .
  2. ^ Kingston's Major Employer . City of Kingston, (Ontario). Archived from the original on October 6, 2011. Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved October 3, 2011. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  3. The King of ... Kingston. National Post , accessed January 15, 2013 .
  4. XEG - Railway Station., accessed January 27, 2019 .