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Memorial to the Famine Victims in Dublin
After a bad harvest caused by the potato rot
, the great famine begins in Ireland .
James Knox Polk
James Knox Polk
becomes the eleventh President of the United States .
Joseph Tichatschek as Tannhäuser and Wilhelmine Schröder-Devrient as Venus in the premiere of Tannhäuser
Richard Wagner's opera Tannhäuser will be premiered in Dresden with Joseph Tichatschek in the title role.
1845 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1293/94 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1837/38 (September 10-11)
Baha'i calendar 01/02 (turn of the year 20/21 March)
Bengali solar calendar 1250/51 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2388/89 (southern Buddhism); 2387/88 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 75th (76th) cycle

Year of the wood snake乙巳 ( at the beginning of the year wood dragon 甲辰)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1207/08 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4178/79 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1223/24
Islamic calendar 1260/ 1261 /62 (Year 9-10 January. // 30-31. December)
Jewish calendar 5605/06 (October 1-2)
Coptic calendar 1561/62 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 1020/21
Rumi Calendar (Ottoman Empire) 1260/61 (March 1)
Seleucid era Babylon: 2155/56 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2156/57 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1901/02 (April)


Politics and world events

North America

United States after the admission of Florida
United States after the admission of Texas
  • December 29 : The already tightly organized Texas is without going as territory 28 US state. This ends the term of office of the last Texas President Anson Jones , who tried to postpone the annexation with Mexican help.



Map of the First Sikh War
Contemporary depiction of the Battle of Mudki


South America

Juan José Flores



Business start-ups



Basel pigeon

science and technology


Erebus and Terror
  • May 19 : With great public sympathy in Victorian England, Sir John Franklin sets out on an expedition to the Canadian Arctic with the ships Erebus and Terror . The aim of the trip is to be the first to drive through the Northwest Passage and collect geographic data about the polar region. The supply ship HMS Baretto Junior accompanies the expedition to Davis Strait on the western coast of Greenland , where the last provisions including the meat from the fresh slaughter of ten oxen are transferred to Erebus and Terror . On July 12, the supply ship leaves the formation to return to Great Britain with letters from the crew and crew members who do not want to or cannot continue the voyage. None of the remaining 129 expedition participants will return alive. On July 26, the two ships anchored in front of an iceberg encounter the whaling boats Prince of Wales and Enterprise . It is the last contact of the expedition members with the European outside world. Erebus and Terror to sail westwards and cross between Devonian and Cornwallis Island northward into the Wellingtonkanal, she to the 77th latitude up sailing - probably seek the expedition members, from the then popular open polar sea influenced the passage in the Pacific first in the north. Towards the end of the short summer, however, the two ships head south past the west coast of Cornwallis Island and hibernate off Beechey Island .

Learned societies


Cerveteri spouses sarcophagus from the Louvre

Science and medicine

Traffic engineering

Steamship Great Britain
  • The Prospect Park Incline Railway at Niagara Falls, believed to be the world's oldest water ballast railway, opens.

Social research / economics


Visual arts

Beethoven Monument on Münsterplatz in Bonn


Edgar Allan Poe about 1845

Music and theater

Title page of the text book in the year of the premiere


  • June 27 : Christiane Ruthardt, who was convicted at the end of the previous year, is executed as a murderer in Stuttgart , followed by the "Ruthardt affair" about the desecration of her body.




The Great Famine in Ireland

  • After a bad harvest caused by the potato rot , the great famine begins in Ireland . Around one million people died by 1849, about 12% of the Irish population. Two million people emigrate. UK Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel first took countermeasures in November by ordering the purchase of corn from the United States without cabinet approval . The prices initially correspond to the prime costs.

flood in Germany

Flood in 1845 in the Triebisch suburb in Meißen

More disasters

  • July 16 : A fire breaks out in a whale oil factory in New York City and quickly spreads to large parts of downtown, which has not yet recovered from a fire in 1835 . Numerous blocks burn to the ground, 30 people are killed in the disaster.
Stranding of the Cataraqui

Minor accidents are listed in the sub-articles of Catastrophe .


The New York Knickerbockers Baseball Club, circa 1847, Cartwright center above


January February

Andreas Flocken, 1910

March April

Georg Cantor
Emperor Alexander III from Russia
Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen

May June

July August

Hermann Fol
Ludwig's birth room at Nymphenburg Palace

September October

November December

Sámuel Teleki
Wilhelm von Bode, 1904

Exact date of birth unknown


January to April

Self-portrait by Louis-Léopold Boilly
Portrait of Constance zu Salm-Reifferscheidt-Dyck, 1797

May to August

Andrew Jackson
Heinrich Count Bellegarde

September to December

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1845  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files