Giovanni Salucci

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Giovanni Battista Salucci (born July 1, 1769 in Florence , † July 18, 1845 in Florence) was an Italian architect .

life and work

In 1783 Giovanni Salucci began to study architecture at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Florence. He got his first commissions during study trips to Rome and Veneto .

In 1797, during a stay in Bologna , he visited circles politically close to the ideas of the French Revolution . Salucci aroused the suspicion of the government of the Habsburg Grand Duchy of Tuscany and was sentenced to death in absentia in 1798. He then joined the French Army of Italy .

In 1801 he was hired as a topographer for the Cisalpine Republic , a subsidiary republic under Napoleon on the territory of Italy, and in 1802 he worked on the fortifications of Alessandria , Mantua and Verona .

Then he took part in Napoleon's Russian campaign. He survived this and was able to save himself to Danzig. After the Battle of Waterloo , he was taken prisoner by the English, from which he was released in 1816.

Now he first worked for the Geneva banker Jean Gabriel Eynard , from whom he received a recommendation for King Wilhelm I of Württemberg . He appointed him court architect in 1818.

In Württemberg , the royal pavilion in Weil bei Esslingen was initially built in collaboration with the architecture enthusiast Queen Katharina von Württemberg . In 1819 after her death he built her burial chapel on the Württemberg . From 1823 to 1829 Rosenstein Castle was built according to Salucci's plans. Other buildings designed by him are the Wilhelmspalais and the Königliche Reithaus in Neckarstrasse .

Since the planned costs for the royal pavilion in Weil were exceeded, he soon had to get everything approved by the building and gardening authorities. In 1828, after a dispute with an officer in charge of him, he applied for his dismissal. But four days later he asked to be reinstated. In 1839 dry rot was discovered in Rosenstein Castle , which he was charged with and which led to his final dismissal.

In 1840 Salucci returned to Florence almost penniless. He died there in 1845. He was buried in the cloister of the San Marco monastery .


Works in public collections


  • Georg Leisten: The timelessly beautiful survives. Exhibition: The Stuttgart photographer Rotraud Harling pays homage to the work of the architect Giovanni Salucci. In: Stuttgarter Zeitung No. 289 of December 13, 2013, page 29.
  • Giuseppe Ponsi: Memorie della vita e delle opere di Giovanni Salucci Fiorentino / Memories, life and work of Giovanni Salucci Fiorentino. Florence 1850.
  • Giuseppe Ponsi; Bruno Zoratto (editor): Giovanni Salucci in the descriptions of a friend / Giovanni Salucci nelle descrizioni di un amico. Stuttgart 1998. Reprint of #Ponsi 1850 .

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