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Clement XIV.
Lorenzo Ganganelli becomes Pope as Clement XIV .
Charles Messier around 1770
Charles Messier discovers
comet Messier in 1769 .
Nicholas Cugnot's steam car in the famous collision with the barracks wall
Nicholas Cugnot presents his steam car in Paris.
The first trip ends at a wall.
1769 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1217/18 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1761/62 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1175/76 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2312/13 (southern Buddhism); 2311/12 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 74th (75th) cycle

Year of the Earth- Ox 己丑 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Rat戊子)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1131/32 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4102/03 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1147/48 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1182/83 (May 6/7)
Jewish calendar 5529/30 (October 1-2)
Coptic calendar 1485/86 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 944/945
Seleucid era Babylon: 2079/80 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2080/81 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1825/26 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events


Madame du Barry 1769

Central Europe

Poland / Russia / Ottoman Empire

Confederation of Bar 1768–1772



James Cook's first South Seas voyage

Route of the Endeavor on Cook's first circumnavigation of the world

More circumnavigations

American colonies

Viceroyalty of New Spain
Gaspar de Portolà
British colonies
Samuel Hearne
  • November 6th : Samuel Hearne undertakes an overland expedition on behalf of the Hudson's Bay Company with the aim of providing evidence of the Northwest Passage , investigating the copper mines on the Coppermine River , exploring the tracts of land it has roamed, and establishing trade relations with the Hudson's Bay Company to move. The size of the expedition and the carrying of too much equipment lead to the desertion of his Indian companions and the failure of the expedition.
Falklands crisis
  • November: The Falklands crisis begins between Great Britain and Spain when the Spanish ship San Felipe under captain Angel Santos meets the British sloop Tamar between West and East Falklands. Their commander, Anthony Hunt, invites Santos to join him, but he detains him briefly before dismissing him with the request to leave the Falkland Islands with his ship. As a result, both nations claim ownership rights to the islands .


science and technology


the appearance of Venus at the edge of the sun observed by James Cook and Charles Green in Tahiti
  • June 3 : The transit of Venus in 1769 is observed by numerous expeditions around the world. A total of 77 stations provide usable observation data. The results are significantly better than 1761 , but different evaluators still receive noticeably different results due to different calculation methods and different ways of combining the data.
The Great Comet over Nuremberg on the morning of September 9, 1769

Technical inventions

Teaching and Research


Mozart (at the piano) makes music with Thomas Linley junior (violin) of the same age , Florence 1770


Engraving of the "Chess Turk" by Racknitz


The coat of arms of Clement XIV.


First quarter

Second quarter

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

Third quarter

Napoleon Bonaparte, 1812
Georges Cuvier
Alexander von Humboldt, 1843

Fourth Quarter

Exact date of birth unknown


First quarter

Second quarter

Third quarter

Fourth Quarter

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1769  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files