|region||Corsica ( prefecture )|
|Canton||Ajaccio-1 , Ajaccio-2 , Ajaccio-3 , Ajaccio-4 , Ajaccio-5|
|Community association||Pays Ajaccien|
|surface||82.03 km 2|
|Residents||70,659 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||861 inhabitants / km 2|
City view from a hill west of downtown
Ajaccio ( French [ aʒakˈsjo ], Italian [ aˈjattʃo ], Corsican Aiacciu [ aˈjaʧːu ]) is a French commune with 70,659 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) and the capital of the Mediterranean island of Corsica . Within the structure of France , Ajaccio is the capital of the Corse region (Corsica) and the seat of the prefecture of the Corse-du-Sud (southern Corsica) department.
Ajaccio is located on the north bank of the gulf of the same name on the southern west coast of Corsica . About ten kilometers to the west, on the Gulf of Ajaccio, is the Îles Sanguinaires archipelago .
Ajaccio has the largest airport on the island, Ajaccio Napoléon Bonaparte International Airport, also known as Campo dell'Oro .
The commercial port is the second largest on the island after Bastia . Ferries connect Ajaccio with Marseille , Toulon and Nice all year round . During the season there are also inner-Corsican ferry connections to Calvi and Propriano . Ships from numerous cruise lines call at Ajaccio.
At the port is the Corsican Railway Station ( Chemins de fer de la Corse ). Corsica's rail network is 230.6 km long and connects the port cities of Bastia and Ajaccio. From Ponte-Leccia there is a route to Calvi .
The public bus transport in the city is operated by the company Muvistrada . The standard ticket costs € 1 per journey and person (as of May 2018). For example, the bus line 5 runs from the centrally located Place Charles de Gaulle along the coast 10 km in a westerly direction to the excursion destination Pointe de la Parata at the end of the Route des Sanguinaires.
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Ajaccio
- 1553: The French seize the city and build the citadel.
- 1559: The King of France surrenders Corsica to the Genoese , due to the execution and observance of the Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis.
- 1575: The Ligurian Republic grants Ajaccio a coat of arms: Azure blue, with a silver column in the center, surmounted by the coat of arms of the Republic of Genoa, framed by a silver dog on each rope with the inscription in Latin: These are the citizens of Ajaccio and their relationship to the Republic of Genoa.
- 1656: The city lords of Ajaccio place the city under the protection of the Blessed Virgin of Savona, who is supposed to save the city from the plague. She has been the patron saint since then and is celebrated annually on March 18th.
- 1729: During the 40 Years War, Pasquale Paoli establishes democratic institutions in the kingdom of Corsica.
- 1739: Lucas von Ornano tries to seize the city, but without success.
- 1763: Paoli tries to come to power at his own risk, but his heroic attempt was prevented by the insolence of Masseria.
- 1768: The French take Corsica. The island was placed under the crown of France and its history has been closely linked to that of France ever since.
- 1769: Birth of Napoleon Bonaparte in Ajaccio
- 1793: Ajaccio becomes the seat of the Liamone department. 1811 the seat of the Corse department (Corsica).
- 1801: The city walls of Ajaccio are torn down and new quarters are formed around the improved port. At that time the city had 5000 inhabitants, which grew to over 60,000 within two centuries.
- 1811: Seat of the Corse department (Corsica)
The Corsican regional parliament ( Assemblée de Corse ) has been based here since it was founded in 1982. This parliament was founded in the course of the regionalization of France under President François Mitterrand .
|Sources: Cassini and INSEE|
coat of arms
Blazon : In blue a silver column standing on a green shield base with a three-pointed silver crown hovering over it, held on both sides by two upright facing golden lions, the rear foot resting on the column base.
Until 1768 Corsica belonged to the Republic of Genoa in what is now Italy. That is why the coat of arms of Ajaccio shows references to Italy: The column with the crown comes from the coat of arms of the Roman family Colonna , the original heraldic animals - dogs - have been replaced by lions.
The inner city is characterized by narrow, shady streets with multi-storey old houses. In the surrounding quarters there are spacious boulevards with magnificent villas. The facades of the houses are mostly kept in warm red, orange and yellow tones.
The west side of the city is characterized by harbors: the Gare Maritime is located between two yachting harbors, with piers for large ferries and cruise ships. The citadel Ajaccio at the southwest tip is a distinctive landmark that separates the city's western and southern seashore. This southern bank is characterized by a boulevard that stretches 10 km beyond the city to the Pointe de la Parata headland. The entire southern bank is lined with sandy beaches.
The Genoese old town with its narrow streets is heavily touristy. It extends with a diameter of around 250 m northwest of the citadel. In front of the citadel lies the most elegant marina, the Port de Plaisance Tino Rossi . Within this marina, the fishing port of Port Abri lies in the shadow of the citadel. The top of the Jetée de la Citadelle on the outer pier of the marina offers a view of the port, city and the bay of Ajaccio. The citadel itself can only be visited as part of an organized tour of the tourist office.
To the north of the old town is Place Maréchal Foch, also known as Place des Palmiers, with the monument to Napoléon Bonaparte adorned with four lions . The city hall is located on the avenue Serafini, which borders the north side of the square. Several times a week there is a market on the square selling Corsican products, especially Corsican sausages and Corsican cheese. Every Thursday in July and August, the Association du 2e Regiment des chasseurs à pied de la garde organizes a parade in the original uniforms of the Napoleonic period. To the north of the square is the lively shopping district around the pedestrianized Rue du Cardinal Fesch.
Historical buildings and monuments
For a list of historical buildings and monuments, see List of Monuments historiques in Ajaccio .
Napoleon Bonaparte is omnipresent in his hometown of Ajaccio. In addition to the aforementioned monument on the Place Maréchal Foch, a monumental statue stands above the city on the Place d`Austerlitz. Key data of his résumé are engraved on the slope below. From the statue one has a line of sight through the Cours Général Leclerc and the Cours Grandval through the newer part of the city center to the port. In the old town is the house where Napoleon was born, Maison Bonaparte .
A statue of Napoleon in the form of a Roman consul, the Monument à Napoléon Ier et ses frères , stands on the large free Place Charles de Gaulle immediately west of the old town. Statues of his brothers Joseph , Lucien , Louis and Jérôme are grouped around the statue of Napoleon . A war memorial reminiscent of the world wars stands on the southeast side of the square . With the bust of Napoleon II, there is also a small monument to Napoleon II in the city. In front of the Palais Fesch , the Fesch monument commemorates Cardinal Fesch.
A bust of the freedom fighter, democratic constitution-maker and Bonaparte opponent Pasquale Paoli , the Paoli monument , is erected on Boulevard Danielle Casanova between the old town and the citadel.
Ajaccio is home to several historic churches, including the Notre-Dame-de-l'Assomption Cathedral , the Oratoire Saint-Jean-Baptiste built in 1565 , the Oratoire Saint-Roch built in 1599 , the Saint-Erasme built in 1622, and the church built in 1885 Saint-Roch . Particularly noteworthy is the Ajaccio city library founded by Lucien Bonaparte in 1801 . The seat of the regional government is in the Palais Lantivy .
The Cimetière d`Ajaccio with many, partly monumentally designed family burial chapels is located on the southern bank boulevard on the edge of the inner city area . There is also a smaller burial chapel for the local born singer Tino Rossi . Outside the cemetery is a series of particularly large chapels, the Sept Chapelles .
Pointe de la Parata
The western headland of Pointe de la Parata is dominated by a Genoese watchtower. The tower itself cannot be entered. Its hill and the headland below offer a panoramic view of the extended bay of Ajaccio, of the mountain and coastal landscape south of it, over to the island chain of the Îles Sanguinaires , out to the open sea and over to the northern coastline. You can take a boat to get to the islands. A hiking path leads over the cliffs and through the macchia to the north to secluded beaches and to Capo di Feno with its lighthouse.
- Journées Napoléoniennes d'Ajaccio from August 12th to 15th. Parades, concerts, plays and exhibitions.
- Les Régates Imperiales - At the end of May / beginning of June, classic sailing cars gather in the Gulf of Ajaccio
- Spring in the Ajaccio region - mid-April to early May. The rich program ranges from sporting events, culture and leisure activities to festive and culinary rendezvous in the villages around Ajaccio.
- Pascal Antoine Fiorella (1752-1818), infantry general
- Joseph Fesch (1763–1839), cardinal
- Philippe-Antoine d'Ornano (1784–1863), General
- Irène Bordoni (1885–1953), French-American actress and singer
- Tino Rossi (1907–1983), singer and actor
- Danielle Casanova (1909–1943), communist and member of the Resistance
- Achille Peretti (1911–1983), member of the Resistance, Mayor of Neuilly-sur-Seine
- François-Xavier Ortoli (1925–2007), politician, President of the European Commission
- Michel Giacometti (1929–1990), ethnologist
- Paul Vecchiali (* 1930), film director
- Michel Ferracci-Porri (* 1949), writer
- Salim Sdiri (* 1978), long jumper
- Alizée (* 1984), singer
- Rémy Cabella (* 1990), football player
- Claude Gonçalves (* 1994), Portuguese-French football player
- Adama Diakhaby (* 1996), French football player
- M.−C. Bartoli: Ajaccio . In: Lexicon of the Middle Ages (LexMA). Volume 1, Artemis & Winkler, Munich / Zurich 1980, ISBN 3-7608-8901-8 , Sp. 248.
- Office Municipal du Tourisme d'Ajaccio - official tourist information (French / English / German / Italian)
- Ajaccio at korsika.fr (German)
- France-South municipalities in France
- Muvistrada, les transports en commun du Pays Ajaccien. In: Website of the transport company. Retrieved May 12, 2018 (fr-fr).
- Hans-Jürgen Siemsen: Corsica . In: DuMont travel paperback . 5th edition. DuMont Reiseverlag, Ostfildern 2017, ISBN 978-3-7701-7498-0 , p. 169 .
- Hans-Jürgen Siemsen: Corsica . In: DuMont travel paperback . 5th edition. DuMont Reiseverlag, Ostfildern 2017, ISBN 978-3-7701-7498-0 , p. 170 .
- Ajaccio - Place du Maréchal-Foch (ou des Palmiers). In: Le Guide Vert Michelin. Retrieved May 11, 2018 (fr-fr).
- Place Foch à Ajaccio . In: Corse Matin . July 6, 2012 (French, corsematin.com [accessed May 11, 2018]).
- Hans-Jürgen Siemsen: Corsica . In: DuMont travel paperback . 5th edition. DuMont Reiseverlag, Ostfildern 2017, ISBN 978-3-7701-7498-0 , p. 176 .