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coat of arms Map of Spain
Palma coat of arms
Palma (Spain)
Finland road sign 311 (1994-2020) .svg
Basic data
Autonomous Community : Balearic Islands
Island: Mallorca
Comarca : Palma city region
Coordinates 39 ° 34 '  N , 2 ° 39'  E Coordinates: 39 ° 34 '  N , 2 ° 39'  E
Height : 15  msnm
Area : 208.7 km²
Residents : 416,065 (Jan. 1, 2019)
Population density : 1,993.6 inhabitants / km²
Postal code : 07000-07099
Municipality number  ( INE ): 07040
Nearest airport : Palma Airport (8 km from the city center)
Official language : Catalan , Spanish
Mayor : Antoni Noguera Ortega (MÉS per Mallorca)
Address of the municipal administration: Plaça de Cort, 1
07001 Palma
Website :
Location of the city
Mallorca and Cabrera
Location of the municipality of Palma
Port and city center

Palma , also Ciutat (de Mallorques) or Palma de Mallorca , is the capital of the Spanish Mediterranean island of Mallorca and the seat of the government of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands .

Palma is the supply center of the Balearic Islands, where the government is also the largest port , the largest airport and most of the infrastructure. In addition, the city is a tourist magnet, as excursions are mainly offered here from the hotels scattered around the island.

At the beginning of October 2008 the addition “de Mallorca” in the name of the city and municipality of Palma was deleted from the Spanish municipal register. An application dating from 1998 was thus implemented. This was initially reversed by the city government on November 16, 2011. Since January 28, 2016 the name has been Palma again.


Palma extends along the Bay of Palma on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the west of the island. The city's agglomeration is about 30 kilometers long and stretches along the coast from Magaluf in the west to S'Arenal in the east. With around 500,000 inhabitants, more than half of Mallorca's inhabitants live here.

To the north-west of the city lies the Serra de Tramuntana and to the north-east a few smaller ranges of hills that separate Palma from the central plains of Mallorca. To the east, the sandy beach of Platja de Palma extends over about ten kilometers to S'Arenal . To the west is the bay of Cala Major .

The center of the city is the historic old town within the city fortifications, which were demolished in 1902 and whose course is now followed by the urban ring road. This is followed by an approximately one to two kilometer wide belt of dense urban development, which includes the port in the southwest and is enclosed by the motorway ring. Outside the motorway ring ( Ma-20 ) are the suburbs and industrial areas, which are partly incorporated and partly form separate communities such as Marratxí .

In addition, the island of Cabrera , located south of Mallorca, belongs administratively to the municipality of Palma.

City and port (from Castell de Bellver)

City structure

The City Hall of Palma
Gardens in the center of Palma
Lake view at night

In addition to the core city of Palma, there are about 30 other localities of different sizes within the municipality. The following places and districts belong to the city:

  • Can Pastilla (5133/5175 inhabitants)
  • Es Coll de'n Rabassa (10.208 / 10.273 inhabitants)
  • Es Pil lari (859/1218 inhabitants)
  • Es Secar de la Real (2998/5011 inhabitants)
    • Can Moreno (no residents)
    • Son Serra Perera (742 inhabitants)
  • Establiments Vell (1266/2852 inhabitants)
    • Establiments Nou (158 inhabitants)
    • Son Espanyol (621 inhabitants)
  • Gènova (3412/3689 inhabitants)
  • Palma (298,776 / 299,078 inhabitants)
  • Platja de Palma (- / 11.040 inhabitants)
    • Las Maravillas (4179 inhabitants)
    • S'Arenal (6257 inhabitants)
    • Ses Cadenes (342 inhabitants)
  • Sa Casa Blanca (130/1214 inhabitants)
    • El Pinaret (94 inhabitants)
  • Sa Creu Vermella (- / 8383 inhabitants)
    • El Turo (255 inhabitants)
    • L'Hostalot (464 inhabitants)
    • Son Ferriol (6169 inhabitants)
    • Son Riera (371 inhabitants)
  • Sa Indioteria (3387/4946 inhabitants)
    • Poligon Industrial de Son Castel (66 inhabitants)
  • Sant Agustí (14,530 / 14,554 inhabitants)
  • Sant Jordi (2147/2466 inhabitants)
    • Son Gual (200 inhabitants)
  • S'Aranjassa (463/909 inhabitants)
  • Sa Vileta - Son Rapinya (17,341 / 22,902 inhabitants)
    • Poligon Industrial de Can Valero (33 residents)
    • Son Roca - Son Ximelis (4532 inhabitants)
    • Son Vida (435 inhabitants)
  • Son Cladera (6841 inhabitants)
  • Son Sant Joan (129/129 inhabitants)
  • Son Sardina (1591/2731 inhabitants)
    • La Garriga (383 inhabitants)
    • Son Besso (210 inhabitants)

The population figures in brackets are from January 1, 2008. The first number indicates the residents of the built-up areas, the second number the residents of the towns, including the “scattered” population outside the actual settlements. (Source: INE )

The municipal structure of the city comprises five districts, independently of them seven barriadas , as well as 89 units at the lowest level (85 barris and four other zones).


Palma, port (3 m)
Climate diagram
J F. M. A. M. J J A. S. O N D.
Temperature in ° Cprecipitation in mm
Source: Valores climatológicos normales: Palma, Puerto, 1981-2010. (AEMet) ; Water temperature
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Palma, port (3 m)
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature ( ° C ) 15.4 15.5 17.2 19.2 22.5 26.5 29.4 29.8 27.1 23.7 19.3 16.5 O 21.9
Min. Temperature (° C) 8.3 8.4 9.6 11.7 15.1 18.9 21.9 22.5 19.9 16.6 12.3 9.7 O 14.6
Temperature (° C) 11.9 11.9 13.4 15.5 18.8 22.7 25.7 26.2 23.5 20.2 15.8 13.1 O 18.3
Precipitation ( mm ) 42 37 28 39 36 11 6th 22nd 52 69 59 48 Σ 449
Hours of sunshine ( h / d ) 5.4 6.0 6.6 7.7 9.2 10.5 11.2 10.2 7.5 6.6 5.4 4.9 O 7.6
Rainy days ( d ) 5.8 5.6 4.5 5.1 3.6 1.7 0.7 1.9 4.7 6.7 6.4 6.5 Σ 53.2
Water temperature (° C) 14th 13 14th 15th 17th 21st 24 25th 24 21st 18th 15th O 18.4
Humidity ( % ) 73 72 70 68 69 69 68 70 72 74 74 74 O 71.1
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Annual mean temperatures have fluctuated between 16 ° C and 19 ° C since the beginning of the 20th century.



With 416,065 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2019), Palma is the largest municipality in terms of population, with 208.7 km², after Llucmajor and Manacor, the third largest municipality in Mallorca. The core city has 298,776 inhabitants (as of 2008).

The annual population growth of 2.5% (2001–2008 average) is mainly due to the strong immigration of foreigners. As a result, the proportion of local residents has declined, especially in recent years. Today 52.1% of the inhabitants are still native to the Balearic Islands, 45.2% of them from Palma. 25.7% of the population were born in the rest of Spain and 22.2% abroad.

A resident of Palma is called in Catalan palmesà / palmesana (or locally ciutadà / ciutadana ) and in Spanish palmesano / palmesana .

Development of the population:

Between 1910 and 1920 the population increased due to the incorporation of Establiments.


origin according to
according to
country of birth
EuropeEurope EU citizens 87.6% 84.4%
SpainSpain Spaniards 80.5% 77.8%
BulgariaBulgaria Bulgarians 1.3% 1.3%
ItalyItaly Italian 1.3% 0.4%
GermanyGermany German 1.2% 1.2%
RomaniaRomania Romanians 0.8% 0.8%
United KingdomUnited Kingdom British 0.6% 0.6%
FranceFrance French people 0.4% 0.7%
PolandPoland Poland 0.4% 0.4%
other Europeans 0.5% 0.7%
North and South Americans 8.4% 11.3%
EcuadorEcuador Ecuadorians 1.7% 1.8%
ArgentinaArgentina Argentinians 1.4% 2.8%
BoliviaBolivia Bolivians 1.4% 1.4%
ColombiaColombia Colombians 1.3% 1.5%
African 2.5% 2.6%
MoroccoMorocco Moroccan 0.9% 1.0%
NigeriaNigeria Nigerians 0.6% 0.5%
Asians 1.0% 1.1%
China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China Chinese 0.5% 0.5%

The proportion of foreigners is 19.5% (2008, only main residence) and is growing rapidly. Between 2000 and 2008 alone, the number of foreigners increased sixfold. The proportion of foreign-born people is 22.2%, most of them from Latin America (11.3%).

Development of the proportion of foreigners:


Population development since 1900

In 123 BC BC Quintus Caecilius Metellus conquered with his fleet which had been in existence since 5000 BC. BC ( Talayot ​​culture ) populated island of Mallorca. As one of his first official acts, the Roman consul founded the city of Palma (then under the name Palmaria Palmensis). After the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 4th century, the city began to decline, which was only stopped with the conquest by the Arabs in 903. They built up an Arab-Islamic culture in Palma and were expelled from the island by the Aragonese in 1229 . The Kingdom of Mallorca was then founded (1276), but in 1343 it fell back to the House of Aragon after the line of rulers died out. The Aragonese expanded the city, including the construction of the La Seu cathedral and the city fortifications, so that at its heyday in the 16th century it had around 40,000 inhabitants. Together with Aragon, Mallorca later came to Spain , to which it still belongs to this day. A renewed upswing set in at the beginning of the 20th century, when many buildings were built in the style of Modernism . After the Second World War, mass tourism began on Mallorca, which has provided the city with a good economic base ever since.



View from the cathedral in Palma
La Seu Cathedral

The main attraction of the city is the Gothic cathedral La Seu in the south of the old town not far from the coast. In addition, there are 31 other, mostly Gothic churches in the old town, such as the Basilica of Sant Francesc and the Church of Santa Eulàlia . Next to the cathedral is the palace, which the King of Spain uses as his residence when visiting the Balearic Islands.

An alley in the Pueblo Español
Platja de Palma
Plaça Major in Palma
Plaça de Cort in Palma
Bullfight in Palma (1966)

The old town of Palma is a stylistic mixture of Spanish-Catalan and Arabic influences. It is known for its numerous narrow streets, some of which are only connected by stairs. As a result, the old town is largely car-free, apart from a few through streets. Its center is the Plaça Major . At the Plaça de Cort by the town hall there is a specially protected olive tree that is several centuries old.

The Castell de Bellver , a medieval castle complex , rises to the southwest and outside the old town above the harbor .

Llotja de Palma is not far from the port and the cathedral. It is another masterpiece of bourgeois Gothic architecture from Palma and was the former seat of the maritime trade exchange. It was built by the architect Guillem Sagrera from Felanitx , who was also involved in the construction of the Gothic cathedral La Seu.

The Catalan painter Joan Miró worked and died in Palma's suburb of Cala Major . In the house of his studio, where selected works can be viewed in addition to the studio, is now the headquarters of the Foundation Fundació Pilar i Joan Miró a Mallorca . In Palma there is also a contemporary art museum, the Es Baluard .

The municipality of Palma has a total of 15 controlled and monitored beaches, which have been designated as Balneario No 1 to 15. The beaches are located east of the city center in the district of Platja de Palma in the area of ​​the locality of S'Arenal . There are many hotel complexes, restaurants, bars and discos in the vicinity . The Balneario No 6, known as Ballermann 6, is particularly well known in Germany .


Two major marathon events take place in Palma every year. The Ciutat Marathon (half marathon) starts in March and the big TUI Marathon Mallorca Marathon takes place every October . Well-known sports clubs from the city are the volleyball club Portol Drac Palma Mallorca , the basketball club Palma Air Europa, the futsal club Futsal Palma and the football club RCD Mallorca , whose home stadium is the Iberostar Estadi . In addition, there are weekly trotting races on the Son Pardo harness racing track in Palma.

Economy and Infrastructure

Palma is a service city. The dominant economic sectors are tourism, trade (marketing of local agricultural products), administration and transport (port and airport). Since the 1970s, no industrial companies have been allowed to settle in the area of ​​the municipality of Palma, which is why they migrated to the municipalities of the north-eastern hinterland.

power supply


Palma is the transport hub of the Balearic Islands. Roads connect the city with all places in Mallorca. Motorways lead to Peguera in the west ( Ma-1 ), Alcúdia in the northeast ( Ma-13 ), Llucmajor in the southeast ( Ma-19 ) and as an urban highway around Palma ( Ma-20 ). There is an expressway to Manacor in the east (Ma-15).

Public transport on the island consists of a bus network and some railway lines , which are currently being expanded again. The city has a dense network of city buses and the Metro de Palma, which opened in 2007 . From 1891 there was a tram in Palma operated by the Sociedad Mallorquina de Tranvías . From 1916 it was operated electrically, but the lines were shut down in 1959 due to unprofitability. Around 50 years later, a new tram route was planned: The Tram Badia (“Bay Tram”) was to connect the center of the city at Plaça d'Espanya via Portitxol and Coll d'en Rabassa with the airport . The project has been budgeted for 207 million euros. Construction of the 10.8 km long route should start at the end of 2011 at the earliest. However, this project was not implemented.

Palma is connected to the European mainland by ferry connections to the cities of the Spanish Mediterranean coast and Palma Airport , from which almost all airports in Europe are served. In 2016, Spain's third-largest airport after Madrid and Barcelona had 26.2 million passengers, which in the German-speaking region is between Zurich (2016: 27.6 million) and Düsseldorf (2016: 23.5 million) airports.


Several Spanish print media appear in Palma, including the daily newspapers Ultima Hora (largest circulation), El Mundo Balear , Diario de Mallorca , as well as a daily newspaper in Catalan: dBalears - Diari de Balears . The English newspaper Majorca Daily Bulletin is also published daily . The two German-language weekly newspapers Mallorca Magazin and Mallorca Zeitung provide residents, vacationers and travelers with current and important information.

Also the German-speaking island radio Mallorca 95.8 The island radio is based in Palma. More than 15 Spanish and Catalan radio stations offer an extensive music and radio program in Palma, on the island of Mallorca and the Balearic Islands.

Resident institutions

In addition to the island government of the Balearic Islands, Palma is the seat of the Bishop of Mallorca and the University of the Balearic Islands . There is also a German school in Palma .


sons and daughters of the town

Personalities who have worked in the city

Ceramic wall Mirós (1983) in Palma, near the cathedral

Individual evidence

  1. Cifras oficiales de población resultantes de la revisión del Padrón municipal a 1 de enero . Population statistics from the Instituto Nacional de Estadística (population update).
  2. Josep Capó: Palma ya no es ´de Mallorca´. Diario de Mallorca of October 8, 2008
  3. Cort aprova recuperar el nom de Palma by a la ciutat. Ara Balears January 28, 2016
  4. Comparison of Sectors and Districts. ( Memento of the original from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  5. [1] [2] (PDF; 2.2 MB) Population statistics ( Memento of the original from November 1, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 37 kB) @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  6. GISS Surface Temperature Analysis, Station Data: Palma de Mallorca. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Goddard Institute for Space Studies (English).;
  7. GISS Surface Temperature Analysis (v4), Station Data: Palma. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Goddard Institute for Space Studies (English).;
  8. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadística: Alterations to the municipalities in the Population Censuses since 1842.
  9. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadística: Population by sex, municipalities and nationality
  10. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadística: Population by sex, municipalities and place of birth
  11. 7th International TUI Marathon “Ciutat de Palma”., accessed December 19, 2010 .
  12. Mallorca relies on the rails. In: Mallorca Magazin issue 460/2009, pages 4/5  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Dead Link /  
  13. 100 years of trams in Palma: Progress at a rapid pace. Mallorca Newspaper, July 1st 2016
  14. Aviation in Spain, Statistics 2016 , Aena, accessed on August 28, 2017

Web links

Commons : Palma de Mallorca  - Collection of images, videos and audio files