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The three partitions of Poland in 1772, 1793 and 1795
The neighboring great powers Russia , Prussia and Austria
agree on the first division of Poland .
Gustavus III  from Sweden
Gustavus III of Sweden putsch against the nobility
in his country.
Jens Juel: Johann Friedrich Struensee (1771);  Bomann Museum, Celle
The Danish cabinet minister Johann Friedrich Struensee
is arrested and executed.
1772 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1220/21 (July turn of the year)
Ethiopian calendar 1764/65 (change of the year September 10th/11th)
Bengali solar calendar 1177/78 (beginning of the year April 14 or 15)
Buddhist calendar 2315/16 (Southern Buddhism); 2314/15 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 74th (75th) cycle

Year of the Water Dragon壬辰 ( at the beginning of the year Metal Rabbit辛卯)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1134/35 (April turn of the year)
Dangun era (Korea) 4105/06 (October 2nd/3rd)
Iranian calendar 1150/51 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1185/86 (3/4 April)
Jewish calendar 5532/33 (27/28 September)
Coptic calendar 1488/89 (September 10/11)
Malayalam calendar 947/948
Seleucid era Babylon: 2082/83 (April turn of the year)

Syria: 2083/84 (October turn of the year)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese calendar) 1828/29 (April turn of the year)


politics and world affairs


Arrest of Count Struensee (contemporary woodcut)
Struensee's execution


Central and Eastern Europe

Great Britain and its colonies

  • April 1: King George III. signs the Royal Marriages Act 1772 . This invalidates any marriage entered into by members of the British royal family before the age of 25 without the consent of the monarch. The provision applies to all descendants of George II, with the exception of the descendants of princesses who intermarried into other families. Members of the royal family over the age of 25 can still marry after declining to marry, provided they notify the Privy Council a year beforehand and Parliament does not prohibit it. The Royal Marriage Act also criminalizes any form of support for the illegal marriage of a member of the royal family.
  • June 22: In a landmark judgment on a lawsuit filed by slave James Somerset , British land magistrate William Murray, Earl of Mansfield , outlaws slavery in Britain .


voyages of discovery


science and technology

Portrait of James Cook (painted by William Hodges ) ca. 1775–76



music and theatre

Emilia Galotti , title page of the 1772 first edition


title page


First quarter

Second quarter

Novalis, 1845
  • 0May 2: Novalis , German poet of the early Romantic period († 1801)
Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus

Third quarter

Fourth Quarter

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

web links

Commons : 1772  - Collection of images, videos and audio files