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Heads of State · necrology · Literature Year · Music Year

The three partitions of Poland in 1772, 1793 and 1795
The neighboring great powers Russia , Prussia and Austria
agree on the first partition of Poland .
Gustav III  of Sweden
Gustav III of Sweden is a coup against the nobility
in his country.
Jens Juel: Johann Friedrich Struensee (1771);  Bomann Museum, Celle
The Danish cabinet minister Johann Friedrich Struensee
is arrested and executed.
1772 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1220/21 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1764/65 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1177/78 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2315/16 (southern Buddhism); 2314/15 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 74th (75th) cycle

Year of the water dragon壬辰 ( at the beginning of the year metal rabbit辛卯)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1134/35 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4105/06 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1150/51 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1185/86 (April 3-4)
Jewish calendar 5532/33 (September 27-28)
Coptic calendar 1488/89 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 947/948
Seleucid era Babylon: 2082/83 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2083/84 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1828/29 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events


Arrest of Count Struensee (contemporary woodcut)
Struensee's execution


Central and Eastern Europe

Great Britain and its colonies

  • April 1 : King George III. signs the Royal Marriages Act 1772 . This declares any marriage invalid that members of the British royal family enter into before the age of 25 without the consent of the monarch. The provision applies to all descendants of George II with the exception of the descendants of the princesses who were married into other families. Members of the royal families who are older than 25 years of age can marry even after their request for marriage has been rejected, provided they have reported this to the Privy Council one year in advance and Parliament does not prohibit it. The Royal Marriage Act also makes it a criminal offense to assist in any form with an illegal marriage of a member of the royal family.
  • June 22nd : British land chief William Murray, Earl of Mansfield , declares slavery unlawful in Great Britain in a landmark judgment on a lawsuit brought by the slave James Somerset .


Voyages of discovery


science and technology

Portrait of James Cook (painted by William Hodges ) ca.1775–76



Music and theater

Emilia Galotti , title page of the first edition from 1772


Title page


First quarter

Second quarter

Novalis, 1845
Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus

Third quarter

Fourth Quarter

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1772  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files