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Peace of St. Petersburg
Du contrat social ou Principes du droit politique, cover sheet of the first Amsterdam edition
Jean-Jacques Rousseau's work Du Contract Social ou Principes du Droit Politique
Peter III., Catherine II. And their son Paul
Catherine the Great
is defeated by a coup
against her husband Peter III.
Empress of Russia .
Battle of Reichenbach
Prussia under Frederick the Great wins the Battle of Reichenbach against Austria under Leopold Joseph von Daun .
1762 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1210/11 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1754/55 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1167/68 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2305/06 (southern Buddhism); 2304/05 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 74th (75th) cycle

Year of the water horse壬午 ( at the beginning of the year metal snake 辛巳)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1124/25 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4095/96 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1140/41 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1175/76 (July 22-23)
Jewish calendar 5522/23 (September 17/18)
Coptic Calendar 1478/79 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 937/938
Seleucid era Babylon: 2072/73 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2073/74 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1818/19 (turn of the year April)

The year 1762 marked a turning point in the war that had been going on in Europe since 1756 . After the death of the Russian Tsarina Elisabeth , her nephew Peter III arrives . , an admirer of Frederick the Great , to power. Although the new tsar was overthrown by supporters of his wife Katharina after six months and murdered a little later, during his short reign Russia made the peace treaty of St. Petersburg with Prussia and thus left the anti-Prussian coalition. Friedrich then succeeds in making peace with Sweden as well . The coronation of Catherine II as emperor on October 3rd does not change anything in the new situation in Europe, which is favorable for Prussia. The Battle of Freiberg on October 29th ultimately becomes the final battle of the Seven Years' War.

In the colonies, too, the war only flared up once more. The French attack on Newfoundland was finally repulsed by the British after just under three months.

The French philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau published his state-theoretical work Du Contract Social ou Principes du Droit Politique , which was immediately banned in several states and earned him an arrest warrant in Paris and Geneva.

In Rome , the Trevi Fountain was completed after several years of construction, and Leopold Mozart from Salzburg arranged a first concert tour through Europe for his six-year-old son Wolfgang and his four-year-old sister Nannerl .


Politics and world events


Emperor Peter III, painting by Alexei Petrovich Antropov , 1762
Catherine II 1762 (painting by Ivan Argunov )

The Seven Years War in Europe

Joshua Reynolds: John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute
Oldest depiction of the battle near Döbeln (SB Jochai around 1763)
  • May 12: In the battle near Döbeln , Prussian troops under Prince Heinrich of Prussia defeat an Austrian corps. The Austrian commander von Zedtwitz is captured. With the victorious advance, the main Prussian goal of preventing the unification of the Imperial Army and the Austrians is achieved. The military action also successfully opened the Prussian campaign in Saxony.
  • May 22: Sweden and Prussia conclude the Treaty of Hamburg , which restores the situation before the war between the two countries.
Map of the battle of Wilhelmsthal
Battle of Burkersdorf
  • July 21: In the Battle of Burkersdorf , the Prussians under Frederick the Great win because he succeeds in engaging the Austrians under Leopold Joseph Daun with withdrawing Russian units and thereby weakening their combat strength.
  • August 15: Frederick the Great also wins the battle of Reichenbach , but refrains from pursuing the Austrians, as he sees his main task in the conquest of Schweidnitz , which falls on October 9th.
  • September 21: The allies of Prussia and France meet in a battle at the Brücker mill, a stone road bridge over the Ohm near Amöneburg . After 14 hours, more than 500 dead and 1,300 wounded, the battle remained without a clear winner. On November 15th, an armistice was signed by those involved in the mill.
Map of the Battle of Freiberg
Hubertusburg is chosen as an act of peace , illustration from the
newly opened historical picture room
  • December 30th: Peace negotiations begin at Hubertusburg Castle in Saxony.

The war in the colonies

North America and the Caribbean
  • Beginning of the year: Strong British fleet contingents are relocated from Canada to the Caribbean.
The French attack on St. John's
Map showing the deployment plan of the British troops
  • September 23: The British East India Company's navy, sent from Madras, India, to invade the Spanish-ruled Philippines in August , reaches Manila Bay with 14 ships . The Spaniards are completely surprised by the appearance of the British. Only 565 soldiers are stationed in the outdated fortress of Intramuros . Other defense forces consist of militias that were briefly organized by monks of the Augustinian order, but have no military training.
  • October 6: British troops capture Manila , the capital of the Spanish- ruled Philippines , after only two days of bombardment . The city is then plundered because it can only raise part of the ransom demanded by the conquerors. However, the British can only occupy parts of the present-day provinces of Bulacan, Cavite, Rizal and Laguna, so that in large parts of the Philippines the old Spanish colonial administration remains intact and functional.
  • November 3: The Palaris uprising of peasants against Spanish colonial rule breaks out in the province of Pangasinan . The uprising spread very quickly in the communities of Paniqui , Malasiqui , Bayambang , Manaoag , Santa Barbara , San Jacinto , Dagupan , Calasiao , and Mangaldan .

Holy Roman Empire / Italy

Joseph Wenzel zu Fürstenberg
Marco Foscarini

Great Britain

King George III recalled Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne , as Prime Minister for personal reasons in May, replacing him with John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute .

South America



Wiener Stadt Banco note for 25 guilders dated July 1, 1762

science and technology


In his book Introduction a la Philosophie naturelle , the Dutch natural scientist Pieter van Musschenbroek describes the Perseids for the first time as an annually recurring event.


Title page of the second expanded edition

Giovanni Battista Morgagni , Professor of Anatomy at the University of Padua , has published an expanded edition of his six-part Adversaria Anatomica Omnia .

Philosophy and pedagogy

In April, Jean-Jacques Rousseau's political science work Du Contract Social ou Principes du Droit Politique ( On the Social Contract or Principles of Constitutional Law ) is published in Amsterdam and is immediately banned in France, the Netherlands, Geneva and Bern. An arrest warrant is issued against him in Paris and Geneva. His educational work Émile ou De l'éducation ( Émile or About Education ), published in the same year, is also banned. The Paris Archbishop Christophe de Beaumont attacks the work sharply.

Teaching and Research




The Trevi Fountain

The Fontana di Trevi in Rome , built according to the plans of Nicola Salvi , who died in 1751, will be completed after 30 years of construction.

Michaeliskirche around 1762

The second, baroque building of the St. Michaelis Church, which burned down in 1750 , one of Hamburg's five main churches , based on a design by Johann Leonhard Prey and Ernst Georg Sonnin , will be consecrated on October 19th.

Visual arts

Whistlejacket , oil on canvas

The British painter George Stubbs made his most famous painting Whistlejacket around 1762 . Stubbs is best known for the scientifically accurate reproduction of his animal motifs.

Music and theater

Text sheet of the oratorio for the inauguration of the Michaeliskirche


John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich

John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich , plays cards for several hours and therefore supplies himself with sandwiches . Since then the dish has been called " sandwich ".

Benjamin Franklin 1762, portrait by Mason Chamberlin

After five years as a Pennsylvania envoy in London, where he was unable to resolve the conflict between the colony and the Penn family, Benjamin Franklin returned to Philadelphia in the summer .


Caroline von Satzenhofen is elected abbess of the noble women's monastery in Vilich . At this point she is already the lover of the first minister of the Electorate of Cologne, Caspar Anton von Belderbusch . In the same year she was confirmed in her new office by the Archbishop of Cologne , Maximilian Friedrich von Königsegg-Rothenfels .


The Romanian ball sport Oină is first described in Diaetaetica .

Historical maps and views

Madrid 1762


First quarter

Constanze Mozart
Gia Long
  • 0February 8: Gia Long , Vietnamese emperor of the Nguyễn dynasty († 1820)
  • February 18: Peter Jochims , German civil servant († 1844)
  • February 23: Johanna Antoni , German writer († 1843)
Ludovike Simanowiz : Portrait of Eberhard von Wächter , around 1791

Second quarter

Johann Gottlieb Fichte

Third quarter

George IV as Prince of Wales

Fourth Quarter

Sultan Selim III.

Exact date of birth unknown


January to April

Empress Elisabeth of Russia
  • 0April 3: Ernst Friedrich Arendt , Prussian civil servant (* 1709)
  • 0April 6: Hermann Werner von Bossart , Prussian priest, diplomat and canon in Cologne (* 1695)
  • April 29: Joseph , Prince of Fürstenberg, Imperial Principal Commissioner at the Reichstag in Regensburg (* 1699)

May to August

Francesco Loredan
Dorothea Christiane Erxleben

September to December

Gizziello - Gioacchino Conti
  • October: Gizziello , Italian castrato (* 1714)
  • 0November 7th: Georg Besenbeck , German Protestant clergyman and educator (* 1731)
  • December 13: Jonathan Krause , German Protestant theologian and hymn poet (* 1701)
Sarcophagus Johanna Gabriele, Imperial Crypt , Vienna

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1762  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files