1762

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Peace of St. Petersburg
1762
Du contrat social ou Principes du droit politique, cover sheet of the first Amsterdam edition
Jean-Jacques Rousseau's work Du Contract Social ou Principes du Droit Politique appears.
Peter III., Catherine II. And their son Paul
Catherine the Great is killed by a coup against her husband Peter III. Empress of Russia .
Battle of Reichenbach
Prussia under Frederick the Great wins the Battle of Reichenbach against Austria under Leopold Joseph von Daun .
1762 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1210/11 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1754/55 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1167/68 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2305/06 (southern Buddhism); 2304/05 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 74th (75th) cycle

Year of the water horse壬午 ( at the beginning of the year metal snake 辛巳)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1124/25 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4095/96 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1140/41 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1175/76 (July 22-23)
Jewish calendar 5522/23 (September 17/18)
Coptic calendar 1478/79 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 937/938
Seleucid era Babylon: 2072/73 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2073/74 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1818/19 (turn of the year April)

The year 1762 marked a turning point in the war that had been going on in Europe since 1756 . After the death of the Russian Tsarina Elisabeth , her nephew Peter III arrives . , an admirer of Frederick the Great , to power. Although the new tsar was overthrown by supporters of his wife Katharina after six months and murdered a little later, during his short reign, Russia made the peace treaty of St. Petersburg with Prussia and thus left the anti-Prussian coalition. Friedrich then succeeds in making peace with Sweden too . The coronation of Catherine II as emperor on October 3rd does not change anything in the new situation in Europe, which is favorable for Prussia. The Battle of Freiberg on October 29th finally becomes the last battle of the Seven Years' War.

In the colonies, too, the war only flickered once more. The French attack on Newfoundland was finally repulsed by the British after just under three months.

The French philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau published his state-theoretical work Du Contract Social ou Principes du Droit Politique , which was immediately banned in several states and earned him an arrest warrant in Paris and Geneva.

In Rome , the Trevi Fountain was completed after several years of construction, and Salzburg's Leopold Mozart arranged a first concert tour through Europe for his six-year-old son Wolfgang and his four-year-old sister Nannerl .

Events

Politics and world events

Russia

Emperor Peter III, painting by Alexei Petrovich Antropov , 1762
Catherine II 1762 (painting by Ivan Argunov )

The Seven Years War in Europe

Joshua Reynolds: John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute
Oldest depiction of the battle near Döbeln (SB Jochai around 1763)
  • May 12 : In the battle near Döbeln , Prussian troops under Prince Heinrich of Prussia defeat an Austrian corps. The Austrian commander von Zedtwitz is taken prisoner. With the victorious advance, the main Prussian goal of preventing the unification of the Imperial Army and the Austrians is achieved. The military action also successfully opened the Prussian campaign in Saxony.
  • May 22 : Sweden and Prussia conclude the Peace of Hamburg , which restores the situation before the war between the two countries.
Map of the Battle of Wilhelmsthal
Battle of Burkersdorf
  • July 21 : The Prussians under Frederick the Great win the Battle of Burkersdorf because he succeeds in engaging the Austrians under Leopold Joseph Daun with withdrawing Russian units and thereby weakening their combat strength.
  • August 15 : Frederick the Great also wins the battle of Reichenbach , but refrains from pursuing the Austrians, as he sees his main task in the conquest of Schweidnitz , which falls on October 9th.
  • September 21 : At the Brücker mill, a stone road bridge over the Ohm near Amöneburg , the allies of Prussia and France meet in a battle. After 14 hours, more than 500 dead and 1,300 wounded, the battle remained without a clear winner. On November 15th, an armistice was signed by those involved in the mill.
Map of the Battle of Freiberg
Hubertusburg is chosen as a peace act , illustration from the
newly opened historical picture room

The war in the colonies

North America and the Caribbean
  • Beginning of the year: Strong British fleet contingents are relocated from Canada to the Caribbean.
The French attack on St. John's
Philippines
Map showing the deployment plan of the British troops

Holy Roman Empire / Italy

Joseph Wenzel zu Fürstenberg
Marco Foscarini

Great Britain

South America

Asia

economy

Wiener Stadt Banco note for 25 guilders from July 1, 1762

science and technology

astronomy

medicine

Title page of the second expanded edition

Philosophy and pedagogy

  • In April, Jean-Jacques Rousseau's political science work Du Contract Social ou Principes du Droit Politique ( On the Social Contract or Principles of Constitutional Law ) is published in Amsterdam and is immediately banned in France, the Netherlands, Geneva and Bern. An arrest warrant is issued against him in Paris and Geneva. His educational work Emile or Education , which appeared in the same year, is also banned.

Teaching and Research

Culture

Culture

architecture

The Trevi Fountain
Michaelis Church around 1762

Visual arts

Whistlejacket , oil on canvas
  • The British painter George Stubbs made his most famous painting Whistlejacket around 1762 . Stubbs is best known for the scientifically accurate reproduction of his animal motifs.

Music and theater

Text sheet of the oratorio for the inauguration of the Michaeliskirche

society

John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich
Benjamin Franklin 1762, portrait by Mason Chamberlin

religion

Sports

Historical maps and views

Madrid 1762

Born

January to April

Constanze Mozart
Gia Long
Ludovike Simanowiz : Portrait of Eberhard von Wächter , around 1791

00.February: Eberhard von Wächter , German painter († 1852 )

May to September

Johann Gottlieb Fichte
George IV as Prince of Wales

October to December

Sultan Selim III.

Exact date of birth unknown

Died

First half of the year

Empress Elisabeth of Russia
Francesco Loredan
Dorothea Christiane Erxleben

Second half of the year

Gizziello - Gioacchino Conti

00.October: Gizziello , Italian castrato (* 1714 )

0November 7th : Georg Besenbeck , German Protestant clergyman and educator (* 1731 )

00.December: Mary Collyer , British writer and translator (* around 1716 / 17 )

Sarcophagus Johanna Gabriele, Imperial Crypt , Vienna

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

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