Jérôme-Joseph de Momigny

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Jérôme-Joseph de Momigny

Jérôme-Joseph de Momigny (born January 20, 1762 in Philippeville , Belgium , † August 25, 1842 in the asylum of Charenton, today Saint-Maurice , France) was a composer and music theorist .


Jérôme-Joseph de Momigny lived and worked in France, at the age of twelve he did the organ service in Saint Omer . In 1785 he came to the Saint Pierre Abbey in Lyon as organist ; After its dissolution in 1792, he ran a grocery store and took part in the counter-revolutionary uprising in Lyon in 1793. In 1800 he founded a music publisher and a music shop in Paris to publish his compositions and writings.

In 1806 he published his most famous work, Cours complet d'harmonie et de composition d'après une théorie neuve et générale de la musique (in 3 volumes). In it he developed, among other things, a theory about the meaning of the prelude , which was not accepted by the Academy, but was later taken up again by Hugo Riemann . Accordingly, the prelude, as leading to the main bar, should be emphasized more than the latter. Such phrasing is typical for jazz , but is also occasionally used by classical interpreters.

In 1840 he came a second time to the asylum de Charenton, where he died two years later, mentally confused.

His son Georges-Joseph de Momigny (1812 until after 1875) studied with Antonin Reicha and Pierre Zimmermann , he became organist in the church of Saint-Denis de la Chapelle. He left behind piano works and church music.

Works (selection)

Of his proven 188 works, around 120 are considered lost.

  • 3 operas: Le Baron de Felsheim, La nouvelle laitière and Arlequin Cendrillon
  • 5 cantatas and staged concerts, 137 romances, airas, couplets, stances and polonaises.
  • 3 sonatas for piano and violin Op. 2
  • 3 piano sonatas Op. 7 (1801-1805)
  • 3 sonatas for piano, violin and bass Op. 14th
  • 3 sonatas for piano and violin Op. 18th

Fonts (selection)

  • Cours complet d'harmonie et de composition. 3 volumes. l'Auteur, Paris 1806, ( digitized volume 1 , digitized volume 2 , digitized panel volume ).
  • La seule vraie théorie de la musique. l'Auteur, Paris 1821.
  • A l'Académie des beaux-arts, et particulièrement à sa section de musique, en réponse aux sept questions adressées par celle-ci à M. de Momigny, le 25 avril de cette année 1831. Decourchant, Paris 1831.


  • Alfred Baumgartner: Propylaea world of music - the composers. A lexicon in 5 volumes. Volume 4: Mendelsohn - Sarti. Edited edition. Propylaen-Verlag, Berlin et al. 1989, ISBN 3-549-07834-X , pp. 64-65.
  • Glenn G. Caldwell: Harmonic Tonality in the Music Theories of Jérôme-Joseph Momigny, 1762-1842 (= Studies in the History and Interpretation of Music. 79). Edwin Mellen Press, Lewiston NY 2001, ISBN 0-7734-7433-1 .
  • Albert Palm: Jérôme-Joseph de Momigny. Life and work. A contribution to the history of music theory in the 19th century. Volk, Cologne 1969.

Individual evidence

  1. Thierry Levaux: Le Dictionnaire des Compositeurs de Belgique du Moyen Âge à nos jours. Editions "Art in Belgium", Ohain-Lasne 2006, ISBN 2-930338-37-7 , pp. 445-446.