Franz Xaver Wolfgang von Orsini-Rosenberg
becomes First Minister
in the Grand Duchy of Tuscany .
Louis Antoine de Bougainville sets out on a circumnavigation of the world
with the frigate
La Boudeuse .
|hat riot breaks out in Madrid .|
|1766 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1214/15 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1758/59 (turn of the year 10/11 September)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1171/72 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2309/10 (southern Buddhism); 2308/09 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||74th (75th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1128/29 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||4099/4100 (October 2/3)|
|Iranian calendar||1144/45 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||1179/80 (June 8/9)|
|Jewish calendar||5526/27 (September 3-4)|
|Coptic calendar||1482/83 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 2076/77 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 2077/78 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1822/23 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Madrid hat riot
The Spanish government in Madrid under Prime Minister Jerónimo Grimaldi and his closest advisor Leopoldo de Gregorio, Marqués de Esquilache , banned its citizens from wearing the round broad-brimmed hat ( sombrero redondo ) and long coat on March 10 as part of a radical reform program . Anger in the population triggers the Madrid hat riot ( Motín de Esquilache ) 13 days later on Palm Sunday , which spreads rapidly across the country from Madrid. King Carlos III flees to Aranjuez and leaves the government to the moderate reform minister Pedro Pablo Abarca de Bolea, conde de Aranda . The latter orders that the uprising be put down by military means, but the troops cannot restore the authority of state power. It is only thanks to the intervention of two Jesuits that the rebels give in to minor concessions and the dismissal of de Esquilache. The Marqués leaves the country via Cartagena and embarks for Naples. The Jesuit order , which made a significant contribution to the containment of the uprising, is subsequently suspected of being the mastermind against any evidence .
The Duchy of Lorraine , formerly part of the Holy Roman Empire is, after the death of Duke Stanisław I on February 23, according to the provisions of the Treaty of Vienna from 1738 as a province of France annexed.
Friedrich V , who died on January 14, is followed by his almost 17-year-old son Christian VII as King of Denmark and Norway , who also becomes Duke of Schleswig and Holstein . Government affairs leads first, when it belonged to his father, the secret council called the Cabinet , in particular, Count Johann Hartwig Ernst von Bernstorff , chairman of the German firm . But after just a few days, the new king dismisses the long-serving court marshal Adam Gottlob von Moltke . At the age of seventeen he married his fifteen-year-old cousin Caroline Mathilde of Great Britain on November 8th at Christiansborg Palace , to whom he was engaged two years ago, but to whom he publicly declares that he does not love her.
In Austria is Codex Theresianus developed. This civil law code is still strongly Romanistic, casuistic and very extensive and, on the advice of Wenzel Anton von Kaunitz-Rietberg, never receives legal status.
Great Britain and its colonies
The British Parliament raises the declaratory act of March 18, the Stamp Act on which the North American colonies has triggered resistance. At the same time, however, it states that it naturally and in principle has the right to enact laws for the American colonies in every respect .
Due to internal differences within the Whig Party, Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham , resigns as Prime Minister of Great Britain in June . King George III then instructs his party colleague William Pitt to form a government. He takes over the post of Lord Seal Keeper and enters the House of Lords with the newly created title of Earl of Chatham , which costs him numerous sympathies from his voters. The previous Foreign Secretary Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton , becomes First Lord of the Treasury .
In the Siamese-Burmese War , the siege of the Siamese capital Ayutthaya by the Burmese ruler Hsinbyushin from the Konbaung dynasty begins with around 50,000 men . King Ekathat offers to surrender, but Hsinbyushin wants the total destruction of the Ayutthaya kingdom . On January 20, the Siamese made a sortie with roughly the same troop strength, but their vanguard was so panicked by a volley of muskets that they flee back into their own ranks. Thousands of Siamese are killed by the pursuing Burmese. Siam tries to provide relief with around 10,000 men, but the Burmese hold their positions.
In December, the Siamese make one final effort to break the Burmese siege by using gunboats to attack the Burman’s underwater entrenchments. They are repulsed again with great losses. Phaya Taksin withdraws from the capital with around 500 soldiers in order to build up a new force in the east of the country.
Franz Xaver Wolfgang von Orsini-Rosenberg , first minister in the Grand Duchy of Tuscany since February 9 , begins implementing economic reforms on behalf of Grand Duke Peter Leopold . The previously regulated trade in grain, flour and bread will be released by law. The Tuscan administration will also undergo extensive reform over the next few years.
science and technology
Circumnavigated the world
Great Britain: Wallis and Carteret
The British naval officer Samuel Wallis , who was put on half pay in 1763 after the end of the Seven Years' War , will be recalled to active duty in February and will be given command of the frigate Dolphin , which on May 9th after a two-year circumnavigation of the world under John Byron has returned. He is given the task of sailing with the Swallow under the command of Philip Carteret into the Strait of Magellan and then circumnavigating the world and using this opportunity to find, measure and map land or islands in the South Pacific. Tobias Furneaux serves as the second lieutenant under Valais . The ships set sail from Plymouth on August 26 and reach the Strait of Magellan on December 17, where they will have to contend with adverse winds until the end of the year.
France: de Bougainville
The officer Louis Antoine de Bougainville was commissioned by the French government to be the first Frenchman to sail around the world and set sail from Brest on December 15 with the frigate La Boudeuse , accompanied by naturalists such as the botanist Philibert Commerson and his husband disguised assistant Jeanne Baret , the astronomer Pierre-Antoine Véron and the adventurer Karl Heinrich von Nassau-Siegen .
The sports and temple facilities at Olympia are being rediscovered.
- The Swiss-Alsatian mathematician Johann Heinrich Lambert proves the irrationality of the number Pi .
- The British chemist Henry Cavendish discovered when experimenting with mercury and acids to hydrogen .
- The chemist Geneviève Thiroux d'Arconville publishes an essay on the history of putrefaction .
Teaching and Research
- November 10: Rutgers University in New Brunswick , New Jersey , is founded under the name Queen's College .
- The Electoral Palatinate Academy of Sciences , founded in 1763, publishes the Acta Academiae Theodoro-Palatinae , the Electoral Palatinate's first scientific journal .
- Jens Juel paints the self-portrait on the easel .
- In his work Laokoon or Beyond the Boundaries of Mahlerey and Poetry , Gotthold Ephraim Lessing tries to work out the fundamental artistic differences between visual art and poetry . The treatise gained an extraordinary influence on the visual arts and art theory .
- The first volume of the two-volume novel Geschichte des Agathon by Christoph Martin Wieland appears. He is considered the first major education and educational novel in German literature and a precursor of the modern psychological novel .
Music and theater
- February 11: The world premiere of the opera Vologeso by Niccolò Jommelli takes place at the Schlosstheater in Ludwigsburg. The libretto is by Apostolo Zeno .
- March: After the death of Gregor Joseph Werner , Joseph Haydn is promoted to the first Kapellmeister in the Esterházy family .
- April 7th: The opera La Nitteti by Anton Cajetan Adlgasser based on the libretto by Pietro Metastasio has its world premiere at the Residenztheater in Salzburg.
- April 23: The comic opera Les Pêcheurs ( The Fishermen ) by François-Joseph Gossec has its world premiere at the Comédie Italienne in Paris.
- November 25th: The world premiere of the romantic and comic opera Lisuart and Dariolette or The Question and Answer by Johann Adam Hiller takes place in Leipzig.
- April 7th: The Vienna Prater , until then the hunting ground of the imperial court, is opened to the general public by Joseph II as Maria Theresa's co-regent . This decree will be announced in the Wienerisches Diarium . Joseph II also approves the settlement of coffee makers and hosts, the cornerstone for the creation of the Wurstelprater amusement park .
- April 8th: Duke Albert Casimir von Sachsen-Teschen marries Maria Christina of Austria in the chapel of Schloss Hof, east of Vienna .
- July 1: The French nobleman Jean-François Lefèbvre, chevalier de la Barre , is tortured and executed after being convicted of blasphemy for failing to take off his hat during a Corpus Christi procession. Voltaire's dictionary is burned at the stake.
- The student Johann Wolfgang Goethe met the landlord's daughter Anna Katharina Schönkopf in Leipzig . The relationship with "Käthchen" influenced his writing style considerably over the next few years.
- November 25th: In the encyclical Christianae reipublicae Pope Clement XIII expresses himself . about the dangers of anti-Christian documents and describes their editors as snakes.
- June 18: The river Tarn in Occitania has the highest flood to date . Proof of this is the high water mark in Albi .
- The city of Cumaná in what is now Venezuela is destroyed by an earthquake.
Historical maps and views
January to April
- Antoine-Vincent Arnault , French playwright and poet († 1834) January 1:
- José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia , dictator of Paraguay († 1840) January 6:
- January 16: Christoph Ammon , German Protestant theologian († 1850)
- January 21: Vinzenz Hauschka , Bohemian composer († 1840)
- January 31: Caroline Beck , German actress († 1784)
- William Townsend Aiton , English botanist († 1849) February 2:
- Alexander Fjodorowitsch Labsin , Russian writer, mystic, Freemason, translator and editor († 1825) February 7:
- Frederick North, 5th Earl of Guilford , British politician and colonial administrator († 1827) February 7:
- John Roane , American politician († 1838) February 9:
- February 10: Benjamin Smith Barton , American botanist, doctor and pharmacist († 1815)
- February 10: Henry Smith , American politician, governor of Rhode Island († 1818)
- February 13: Thomas Robert Malthus , British economist († 1834)
- February 19: William Dunlap , American painter, art historian and writer († 1839)
- February 23: Franz Xaver Christoph Arentz , German Benedictine and scientist († 1851)
- February 23: Carolina Friederica von Dacheröden , Prussian patrician daughter, wife of Wilhelm von Humboldt († 1829)
- February 24: Friedrich Wilhelm von Ketelhodt , German lawyer, diplomat and Chancellor of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt († 1836)
- February 25: George Jones , American politician, Mayor of Savannah († 1838)
- February 28: John Clark , American politician, Governor of Georgia († 1832)
- George Spencer-Churchill, 5th Duke of Marlborough , British nobleman and politician († 1840) March 6:
- March 15: Thomas W. Thompson , American politician († 1821)
- March 16: Johann Friedrich von Waldeck , French antiquarian, cartographer, painter and explorer († 1875)
- March 28: Joseph Weigl , Austrian composer and conductor († 1846)
- François-Xavier Fabre , French painter, draftsman, etcher and art collector († 1837) April 1:
- Wilhelm von Kobell , German painter († 1853) April 6:
- Joseph Schweinacher , German organ builder († 1851) April 7th:
- Albertine Necker de Saussure , Swiss writer, educator and women's rights activist († 1841) April 9:
- April 13: Michael Rosenberger , Viennese piano maker († 1832)
- April 15: Friedrich Ludewig Bouterweck , German philosopher and writer († 1828)
- April 16: Johann Wilhelm von Anns , German businessman and politician († 1842)
- April 21: Hermann Friedrich Becker , German forester († 1852)
- April 22: Obadiah German , American politician († 1842)
- April 22: Anne Germaine de Staël , French writer († 1817)
- April 23: Carsten Tank , Norwegian businessman and politician († 1832)
- April 24th: Franjo Vlašić , Croatian nobleman, general and ban (viceroy) of Croatia († 1840)
- April 29: Nicholas Vansittart , British politician and statesman († 1851)
May to August
- Jean-Joseph Girard , Swiss Roman Catholic clergyman († 1831) May 2:
- Henriette-Félicité Tassaert , Franco-German pastel painter and mezzotint artist († 1818) May 4th:
- Christian Gottlieb Röckner , German Lutheran field provost († 1828) May 5:
- Gottfried Tauber , German instrument dealer and optician († 1825) May 6:
- May 23: Joseph von Zerboni di Sposetti , Prussian civil servant, publicist, poet and Freemason († 1831)
- May 31: Johann Philipp Beck , German clergyman and teacher († 1840)
- Anton Hasenhut , Austrian actor and comedian († 1841) June 1:
- William Edward Miller , British violinist, composer and Methodist clergyman († 1839) June 1:
- June 14: Johann Georg Ferdinand Jacobi , lawyer and mayor of Dresden († 1848)
- June 19: Edward Tiffin , American politician, governor of Ohio († 1829)
- June 19: Edmund von Weber , German composer, singer, actor and theater director († 1830)
- June 22nd: John Drayton , American politician, governor of South Carolina († 1822)
- June 29: Carl Friedrich Ludwig Moritz von Isenburg-Birstein , Prince of Isenburg and Büdingen († 1820)
- June 29: Johann Nepomuk Sauter , German surgeon († 1840)
- Samuel Dinsmoor , American politician, governor of New Hampshire († 1835) July 1:
- Karoline von Schlotheim , mistress of Elector Wilhelm I of Hesse-Kassel († 1847) July 6:
- Alexander Wilson , Scottish-American ornithologist, painter and writer († 1813) July 6:
- Guillaume Philibert Duhesme , French general († 1815) July 7th:
- Johanna Schopenhauer , German writer and salonnière († 1838) July 9:
- July 10: Édouard Jean-Baptiste Milhaud , French general († 1833)
- July 10: Mathieu de Montmorency-Laval , French general, diplomat and minister († 1826)
- July 15: Ferdinand Schazmann , German lawyer († 1845)
- July 19: Georg Scheiblein , Roman Catholic clergyman († 1840)
- July 20: Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin , British nobleman, diplomat, archaeologist and art thief († 1841)
- July 24: Julie von Voss , Countess von Ingenheim, lady-in-waiting and later morganatic wife of the Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm II. († 1789)
- July 30th: Carlo Ignazio Pozzi , German architect and builder († 1842)
- Philipp von der Leyen , Prince von der Leyen († 1829) August 1:
- Hanzo Njepila , Sorbian folk writer († 1856) August 1:
- Aaron Chorin , Hungarian rabbi († 1844) August 3:
- William Hyde Wollaston , English doctor, physicist and chemist († 1828) August 6:
- August 18: Franz Johann Joseph von Reilly , Austrian publisher, cartographer and writer († 1820)
- August 23: Johann Centurius von Hoffmannsegg , German botanist, entomologist and ornithologist († 1849)
- August 24: Jacob Friedrich Georg Emmrich , German lawyer and university professor († 1839)
September to December
- Hermann von Fels , Swiss businessman and politician († 1838) September 3:
- Maurice-Jean-Magdalène de Broglie , French bishop († 1821) September 5:
- John Dalton , English naturalist and teacher († 1844) September 6:
- Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Ziegenbein , German educator and Protestant clergyman († 1824) September 6th:
- September 11: James Brown , American politician († 1835)
- September 18: Daniel Avery , American politician († 1842)
- September 23: Philipp Albert Stapfer , Swiss politician, diplomat and theologian, Minister of Education of the Helvetic Republic († 1840)
- September 25: Armand Emmanuel du Plessis, duc de Richelieu , French and Russian statesman, governor of Odessa († 1822)
- September 28: Archibald McBryde , American politician († 1816)
- September 29: Charlotte Auguste of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover , Queen of Württemberg († 1828)
- September 29: Louise Humann , friend of the founder of the Congregation Sisters of Our Lady of Sion († 1836)
- Rafael Barroeta y Castilla , President of Costa Rica († 1826) October 5:
- Friedrich Dionys Weber , Bohemian composer and music teacher († 1842) October 9:
- October 10: Leopold Maximilian von Firmian , Prince Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Vienna († 1831)
- October 11: Poul Poulsen Nolsøe , Faroese seaman, trader and poet, national hero of the Faroe Islands († 1809)
- October 14: Friedrich Carl Gröger , German portrait painter and lithographer († 1838)
- October 22: David Brydie Mitchell , American politician, Governor of Georgia († 1837)
- October 23: Emmanuel de Grouchy , French general and Marshal of France († 1847)
- October 26: Konrad Heinrich Wolf , German clergyman († 1848)
- October 27: Carl Lang , German writer, educator and engraver († 1822)
- October 28: Myawaddy Mingyi U Sa , Burmese poet, composer, musician and general († 1853)
- Josef Wenzel Radetzky von Radetz , Bohemian nobleman and Austrian military leader († 1858) November 2:
- John Adams , British navigator and mutineer on the Bounty († 1829) November 4th:
- November 10: Samuel Friedrich Sauter , German village school teacher and folk poet († 1846)
- November 11: Carl Heinrich Wilhelm Anthing , German officer in the Dutch service († 1823)
- November 16: Rodolphe Kreutzer , French violinist, conductor and composer († 1831)
- before November 22nd: Andreas Moser , Bavarian writer and educator († 1806)
- November 22nd: Charlotte Luise Antoinette von Lengefeld , Saxon nobleman, wife of Friedrich Schiller († 1826)
- November 23: Johann Anton Ludwig Seidensticker , German legal scholar († 1817)
- November 24th: Friedrich Weinbrenner , Baden architect, urban planner and master builder († 1826)
- November 28: Heinrich Friedrich Pfannkuche , German Protestant theologian and classical philologist († 1833)
- Johann Gottfried Kneschke , German educator († 1825) December 2:
- December 20: James Turner , American politician, governor of North Carolina († 1824)
- December 21: Juliane Giovane , German writer and lady-in-waiting († 1805)
- December 22nd: Johann Samuel Arnhold , German porcelain painter († 1828)
- December 23: Conrad Karl Friedrich von Andlau-Birseck , Baden politician, Minister of State of Baden († 1839)
- December 29: Peter Plett , German teacher and pioneer of smallpox vaccination († 1823)
Exact date of birth unknown
- Faustino Anderloni , Italian engraver († 1847)
- Johann Protasius von Anstett , Russian diplomat († 1835)
- Juan de la Cruz Mourgeon y Achet , Spanish officer and colonial administrator, captain general of New Granada († 1822)
- Charles Duvernoy , French clarinetist, music teacher and composer († 1845)
- Anastassios Karatassos , Armatol of South Macedonia and Greek freedom fighter († 1830)
- Hugh McVay , American politician, Governor of Alabama († 1851)
- Franz Xaver Süßmayr , Austrian composer († 1803)
- James Francis Edward Stuart ( The Old Petender ), pretender to the throne of Scotland and England (* 1688) January 1:
- Thomas Birch , English historian and writer (* 1705) January 9:
- Ernst Christoph Böttcher , German businessman, founder of the Royal Evangelical School Teachers' Seminar and patron (* 1697) January 9:
- January 14th: Frederick V , King of Denmark and Norway, Duke of Schleswig and Holstein and Count of Oldenburg and Delmenhorst (* 1723)
- January 17th: Francis Godolphin, 2nd Earl of Godolphin , English nobleman and politician (* 1678)
- January 23: William Caslon , British engraver and type designer (* 1692)
- January 29th: Johann Friedrich Mögling , German lawyer (* 1690)
- Leopold Joseph von Daun , Austrian field marshal (* 1705) February 5:
- February 10: Andrea Gallasini , Italian-German plasterer and architect (* 1681)
- February 15: Jean Hellot , French chemist (* 1685)
- February 16: Johann August Landvoigt , German lawyer and flautist (* 1715)
- February 22nd: Friedrich August von Finck , Prussian general (* 1718)
- February 23: François Louis Dubois , Alsatian organ builder of Swiss origin (* 1726)
- February 23: Stanislaus I. Leszczyński , King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, Duke of Lorraine and Bar (* 1677)
- Gregor Joseph Werner , Austrian composer, conductor in the Esterházy family (* 1693) March 3:
- Jacques-André-Joseph Camelot Aved , French portrait painter, art collector and art dealer (* 1702) March 4:
- Philipp Pfaff , court dentist of Frederick the Great and revolutionary thought leader and pioneer of German dentistry (* 1713) March 4:
- Peter Thumb , master builder from Vorarlberg (* 1681) March 4:
- Gottfried Tollmann , German Protestant pastor and hymn poet (* 1680) March 6:
- Robert Gardelle , Swiss painter, engraver and etcher (* 1682) March 7th:
- March 12: Friedrich Franz Ernst von Plotho , Prussian officer (* 1698)
- March 13: Christian Gottlob KÄNDER , Rector of the city school in Sangerhausen and academic journalist (* 1703)
- March 20: Giovanni Pescetti , Venetian composer (* 1704)
- March 21: Hierotheus Confluentinus , Catholic priest from the Principality of Trier, Capuchin, spiritual writer and chronicler (* 1682)
- Johann Leonhard Dober , German bishop and missionary of the Moravian Brethren (* 1706) April 1:
- Tiberius Hemsterhuis , Dutch philologist (* 1685) April 7th:
- April 12: Johann Jakob Zehender , Swiss Protestant clergyman and local researcher (* 1687)
- April 13: Friedrich Wilhelm Beelen , aldermen and mayor of the imperial city of Aachen (* 1707)
- April 15: Robert Whytt , British physician and neuroscientist (* 1714)
- April 21: Alexei Petrovich Bestuschew-Ryumin , Russian field marshal and Chancellor (* 1693)
- April 23: Sebastián de la Cuadra y Llarena , Spanish Prime Minister (* 1687)
- April 27: Lorenz Pasch the Elder , Swedish painter (* 1702)
- April 29: Johann Bernhard Wiedeburg , German mathematician and astronomer (* 1687)
- Johann Friedrich Schaevius , lawyer and councilor of the Hanseatic City of Lübeck (* 1715) May 3:
- Jean Astruc , French physician, professor of medicine, natural scientist and founder of the modern criticism of the Bible by the Pentateuch (* 1684) May 5th:
- Johann Michael Fischer , German builder (* 1692) May 6:
- Nikolaus Barward Mentze , Lübeck merchant and councilor (* 1719) May 6:
- Thomas Arthur de Lally-Tollendal , French general (* 1702) May 7th:
- Johann Daniel Silbermann , German organ builder (* 1717) May 9th:
- May 12: Michael Christoph Brandenburg , German Evangelical Lutheran clergyman, poet and librettist (* 1694)
- May 13: Martin Hannibal , German coin die cutter and medalist (* around 1704)
- May 24th: Franz Andreas von Borcke , Royal Prussian Lieutenant General (* 1693)
- May 26: Elias Hayum , court and militia factor in Mannheim (* 1709)
- May 27: Iwan Iwanowitsch Polsunow , Russian inventor (* 1728)
- Giuseppe Nogari , Venetian painter (* 1699) June 3:
- Paul von Colindres , Spanish Capuchin and Minister General (Superior General) of the Order (* 1696) June 7th:
- June 20: Gustav Bogislav von Münchow , royal Prussian general and advisor to Frederick II (* 1686)
- June 23: Thomas Roseingrave , English composer, organist and harpsichordist (* 1690)
- June 24th: Adrien-Maurice de Noailles , Marshal of France (* 1678)
- June 29th: Arnold Franz von Tornaco , imperial-royal officer, governor of the princes of Mömpelgard and von Dendermonde and envoy in Paris (* 1696)
- Jean-François Lefèbvre, chevalier de la Barre , French nobleman and victim of a religiously motivated judicial murder (* 1745) July 1:
- Sophie Caroline von Camas , German nobleman and confidante of Frederick the Great (* 1686) July 2:
- Jonathan Mayhew , British-North American Unitarian theologian and political writer (born 1720) July 9:
- July 11: Johann Gottfried Biedermann , genealogist for the Franconian region (* 1705)
- July 11th: Elisabetta Farnese , Queen of Spain (* 1692)
- July 14: Franz Maximilian Kaňka , Bohemian architect (* 1674)
- July 17th: Giuseppe Castiglione , Italian Jesuit, missionary and painter in China (* 1688)
- July 17th: Barthold Fritze , German inventor, keyboard instrument maker and music theorist (* 1697)
- August 12: Gustav Friedrich Gebser , Electoral Saxon civil servant (* 1694)
- August 24th: Friedrich Wilhelm Otte , Eckernförder wholesale merchant, shipowner, entrepreneur, politician and diplomat (* 1715)
- August 27: Heinrich Andreas Koch , Braunschweig lawyer and historian (* 1707)
- Peter Anich , Tyrolean geodesist, cartographer and astronomer and designer of sundials and globes (* 1723) September 1st:
- Markus Hansiz , Austrian Jesuit and historian (* 1683) September 5:
- Archibald Bower , Scottish Jesuit, Protestant, historian and philosopher (* 1686) September 6th:
- September 20: Justina Catharina Steffan von Cronstetten , Frankfurt patrician and founder (* 1677)
- September 20: Franz Ignaz Albert von Werdenstein , Catholic clergyman, canon as well as vicar general and auxiliary bishop in Freising (* 1697)
- September 24th: Johann Hencke , Austrian organ builder (* 1697)
- September 25: Michael Christoph Emanuel Hagelgans , German painter (* 1725)
- September 26th: Giulio Carlo Fagnano dei Toschi , Italian mathematician (* 1682)
- September 29: Caspar Bernet , Mayor of St. Gallen (* 1698)
- September 30th: Marie-Victoire de Noailles , French noblewoman (* 1688)
- Jacques Hardion , French historian, translator and royal librarian (* 1686) October 2:
- Jean Desgrouais , French Romance scholar , language purist and lexicographer (* 1703) October 6:
- André Chéron , French composer, harpsichordist, organist and conductor (* 1695) October 7th:
- Carl Friedrich Richter , Berlin builder and architect (* 1701) October 8:
- October 27: Johann Georg Wolcker , German painter (* 1700)
- October 31: Franz von Som , Hamburg lawyer and archivist (* 1688)
- Matthäus Vogel , German Jesuit priest, people's missionary and religious writer (* 1695) November 2:
- Thomas Abbt , German writer and philosopher (* 1738) November 3:
- Christian Ernst von Windheim , Prussian Protestant theologian and orientalist (* 1722) November 5:
- Unico Wilhelm van Wassenaer , Dutch nobleman, diplomat and composer (* 1692) November 6th:
- Jean-Marc Nattier , French painter (* 1685) November 7th:
- November 11th: Peter Joseph von Buschmann , Canon and Chapter Chapter in Cologne (* 1704)
- November 11th: Friedrich von Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg , royal Danish general (* 1701)
- November 12th: Lukas Anton van der Auwera , Franconian sculptor (* 1710)
- November 13: Nikolaus Friedrich Stöhr , German educator and Lutheran theologian (* 1706)
- November 16: Dominikus Zimmermann , Bavarian plasterer and master builder (* 1685)
- November 17th: Christian Carl Reinhard von Leiningen-Dagsburg , German nobleman, Herr von Broich (* 1695)
- November 24th: Thomas Chilcot , English composer and organist (* probably 1707)
- November 25th: Johann Maria Farina , Italian perfumer and creator of the original Eau de Cologne (* 1685)
- November 27: Juan Francisco de Güemes y Horcasitas , Spanish officer, colonial administrator, governor of Cuba and viceroy of New Spain (* 1681)
- December 12th: Johann Christoph Gottsched , German writer, dramaturge, linguist and literary theorist (* 1700)
- December 15: Adam Stanislaus Grabowski , Prince-Bishop of Warmia (* 1698)
- December 15: Carlo Tessarini , Italian violinist and composer (* 1690)
- December 20: Giorgio Massari , Venetian architect (* 1687)
- December 24th: Elisabeth von Sachsen-Meiningen , abbess of the imperial free secular monastery of Gandersheim (* 1681)
Exact date of death unknown
- Felix Joseph de Abreu y Bertodano , Spanish ambassador to Great Britain (* 1721)
- Pierre-Antoine-Joseph Du Monchaux , French doctor and writer (* 1733)
- Francesco Ferrigno , Sicilian architect (* 1686)
- Hazin Lahiji , Iranian poet and scholar (* 1692)
- Franz Anton Palko , Silesian-Austrian painter (* 1717)
- Johann Philipp Praetorius , German librettist (* 1696)