Samuel Friedrich Sauter
Sauter was the son of the sun host and master baker Philipp Jakob Sauter. He learned the school system from his brother-in-law Ulmer in Unteröwisheim and was then provisional in Bissingen . From 1786 he was a village school teacher in Flehingen, where he founded an educational reading community around 1800, which existed until 1816. In 1811 his collection of folk songs and other rhymes was published in Heidelberg . From 1789 he was married to Susanna Katharina Schickart from Unteröwisheim, with whom he had seven children. His wife died in 1824. Sauter never remarried.
From 1816 until his retirement in 1841, Sauter taught in Zaisenhausen . There he was also very active in local affairs and played a decisive role in the construction of a new schoolhouse and in the new construction of the Protestant parish church "To our dear lady" according to plans by Heinrich Hübsch . After his retirement he returned to his birthplace, where he died in 1846.
All his life Sauter was a champion for the social upgrading of his profession, for which he demanded "bread and honor". In particular, he campaigned for a higher minimum salary, the creation of a widow's fund and the official status of the Baden teaching staff. His address of thanks to the estates of the Grand Duchy (Second Chamber) in 1819 should be emphasized. His demand for a joint school for Protestant and Catholic children was very progressive in terms of school policy, although this was only realized a few years after his death.
Sauter wrote about 350 poems, rhymes and short stories, including commissioned poetry. The best known are The Song of Chandler Michel , Song of the poor little village school teacher , the quail and the praises of the potato . Some of the poems were printed in the Lahrer Bote . The quail beat was set to music by Franz Schubert and Ludwig van Beethoven .
While Sauter's poems were popular, they were also criticized for being quirky and full of involuntary comedy. One of Sauter's critics was Adolf Kussmaul . Together with his friend Ludwig Eichrodt , he wrote ironic poems in Sauter, using the name Weiland Gottlieb Biedermeier as a pseudonym. In 1853 her volume of Poems in All Kinds of Humours was published . Even Joseph Victor von Scheffel has with Biedermann Abendgemütlichkeit and stroll Meiers action parodied style Sauter. So Sauter involuntarily coined the name of an entire style.
A primary school in Flehingen is named after Sauter.
- Peter Lingenfelser: Samuel Friedrich Sauter - schoolmaster and poet (1766-1846) . Alte Uni, Eppingen 2016, ISBN 978-3-926315-50-2 .
- Karl Banghard: Singer of Everyday Life - Samuel Friedrich Sauter (1766–1846). In: Five snowballs, twelve centuries. Flehingen-Sickingen 779 to 1979 . Baddruck, Karlsruhe 1979, OCLC 658158474 , pp. 78-111.
- Helmut Bender: Samuel Friedrich Sauter. Village schoolmaster and poet too. In: Badische Heimat , 61, 1981, , pp. 239-247.
- Michael Ertz: Samuel Friedrich Sauter (1766–1846), the Kraichgau poet. In: Kraichgau. Contributions to landscape and local research , 14, 1995, , pp. 239-251.
- Heiko Günther: Samuel Friedrich Sauter. Life and work of the Baden village schoolmaster and folk poet from Flehingen im Kraichgau . Duda, Stegen 2013, ISBN 978-3-86028-881-8 .
- Literature by and about Samuel Friedrich Sauter in the catalog of the German National Library
- The song of the poor village schoolmaster
|SURNAME||Sauter, Samuel Friedrich|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German village school teacher and folk poet|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 10, 1766|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Supplication|
|DATE OF DEATH||July 14, 1846|
|Place of death||Supplication|