1846

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1846
Pope Pius IX
Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti is named
Pius IX. Pope.
Neptune in natural colors, taken in 2005 by the Hubble Space Telescope
Johann Gottfried Galle and Heinrich Louis d'Arrest discover the planet Neptune based on mathematical calculations .
Map of the Republic of Krakow
After an uprising which is the Republic of Krakow
as a Grand Duchy of Cracow from the Empire of Austria was annexed.
1846 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1294/95 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1838/39 (September 10-11)
Baha'i calendar 02/03 (turn of the year 20/21 March)
Bengali solar calendar 1251/52 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2389/90 (southern Buddhism); 2388/89 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 75th (76th) cycle

Year of the fire horse丙午 ( at the beginning of the year wood snake乙巳)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1208/09 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4179/80 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1224/25
Islamic calendar 1262/63 (turn of the year 19/20 December)
Jewish calendar 5606/07 (September 20/21)
Coptic calendar 1562/63 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 1021/22
Rumi Calendar (Ottoman Empire) 1261/62 (March 1)
Seleucid era Babylon: 2156/57 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2157/58 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1902/03 (April)

events

Politics and world events

Asia

British cavalry attack at the Battle of Aliwal
  • January 28th: The Battle of Aliwal takes place during the First Sikh War .
  • February 10th: The First Sikh War ends in India with the Battle of Sobraon . British troops defeat units of the Sikh army of the state of Punjab in battle .
  • March 10: After the death of his father, Emperor Kōmei becomes the new ruler of Japan.
  • March 11th: In the Treaty of Amritsar , the British transfer Kashmir to Gulab Singh as an independent principality for a payment of 750,000 pounds sterling, while the prince simultaneously becomes a vassal to the British crown and has to pay annual dues.
  • September 15: In a bloody coup, the pro-British officer Jang Bahadur Rana seizes power in Nepal. His family has been Prime Minister for over 100 years.

Republic of Krakow

Edward Dembowski during the uprising, contemporary representation

Portugal

The revolt of Maria da Fonte

France / Spain

Other events in Europe

  • July 8th: The "open letter" from the Danish king Christian VIII stating that Schleswig and Lauenburg belonged to the crown of Denmark triggers a wave of indignation among the inhabitants of Holstein .
  • July 13: Wedding of King Karl I and Olga von Württemberg
  • June 30th: Bavaria new official spelling instead of the previous "Baiern".
  • Prime Minister Robert Peel abolishes the Corn Laws at the insistence of the Manchester Liberals; the conservative faction is split.
  • November 30th: In the Austrian Empire , the oath of Jews , which Jews had to take in legal disputes with non-Jews in a often discriminatory form prescribed by the Christian side, is abolished.

Mexican-American War and California Independence Movement

Map of the war zone in the Mexican-American War
John C. Frémont sets the US flag in the Rocky Mountains
Depiction of the fighting for Monterrey

Other events in North America

  • January 31: Three places in the US state of Wisconsin merge to form the city of Milwaukee .
United States after the Oregon Compromise
  • June 15: The Oregon Compromise between Great Britain and the United States establishes the border line in the west of the American continent and ends years of border disputes. It states that the 49th  parallel marks the border between the United States and the United Kingdom on the American mainland. Vancouver Island is an exception as it is fully assigned to the British, although it extends south over the 49th parallel. The area south of the 49th parallel becomes part of the United States in 1848 as the Oregon Territory .
  • August 8: The Wilmot Proviso is introduced in the US Congress .
  • December 28th: ​​The southern part of the Iowa Territory becomes the 29th state of the United States under the name of Iowa . The northern part remains disorganized after a first attempt to establish a Minnesota territory fails in the United States Senate.

South America

  • August 25: The first German emigrants arrive in the South American country of Chile on the sailing ship Catalina .

Africa

  • Sudanese rebels attack British colonial posts in Khartoum .

Oceania

business

Patents

Business start-ups

science and technology

Expeditions

The Galathea before the Nicobars (1846)

The Danish Galathea expedition, which left Copenhagen the previous year, spends January on the northern Nicobar Islands and February on the southern Nicobar Islands. She then continues her journey to Southeast Asia, calling at Penang , Singapore , Batavia and Manila before visiting the Chinese coast and Hong Kong , Macau , Canton , Amoy and Shanghai . Attempts to anchor in Japan are rejected by the authorities there. The ship crosses the Pacific Ocean , visits the Hawaiian Islands on October 5th and then Tahiti , Valparaíso , Callao and Lima .

astronomy

medicine

The dentist William TG Morton using ether as an anesthetic

traffic

(Not realized) draft of the Göltzschtal bridge by Wilhelm F. Götze
  • May 31: The foundation stone for the Göltzschtalbrücke , the world's largest brick bridge , designed by Johann Andreas Schubert , is laid in Vogtland . After the start of construction, the planning has to be changed because some technical difficulties arise. Among other things, the found ground in the valley is not as firm as previously assumed, which is why the originally planned even arches based on a design by chief engineer Robert Wilke are replaced by a central and much larger arch.
  • The Belozersk Canal in Northern Russia is completed.

Others

Culture

Visual arts

Friedrich Wilhelm IV. In his study

Music and theater

Attila, title page of the libretto, Venice 1845
Title page of the libretto

company

  • October 21: Foundation of the Sorbian student association Serbowka

religion

  • June 16: Cardinal Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti is elected Pope after a two-day conclave and takes the name of Pius IX. on. The election marks the beginning of the longest pontificate in papacy history.
  • August 19: The founding meeting of the World Evangelical Alliance begins in London. By September 1, 921 Christians from twelve nations and 52 Reformation churches are working to create an international network of national and regional alliances of Protestant Christians.

Disasters

Sports

Born

January February

  • 0January 3: Saturnin Arloing , French veterinarian, infectiologist and professor of anatomy and physiology († 1911)
  • 0January 3: Franklin Murphy , American politician († 1920)
  • 0January 4th: Jan Karafiát , Czech pastor of the Bohemian Evangelical Brother Church and writer († 1929)
  • 0January 5: Mirjam von Abellin , Palestinian Discalced Carmelite, mystic and saint († 1878)
Rudolf Eucken
Wilhelm Maybach, around 1900

March April

  • 0March 1: Josef Aigner , German businessman and politician († 1907)
Emil Pfeiffer

May June

Carl Peter Fabergé

July August

September October

November December

Exact date of birth unknown

Died

January to April

Otto von Kotzebue
Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel

May to August

Adam Johann von Krusenstern

September to December

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

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