Pius IX. Pope.
|Johann Gottfried Galle and Heinrich Louis d'Arrest discover the planet Neptune based on mathematical calculations .|
uprising which is the Republic of Krakow
as a Grand Duchy of Cracow from the Empire of Austria was annexed.
|1846 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1294/95 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1838/39 (September 10-11)|
|Baha'i calendar||02/03 (turn of the year 20/21 March)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1251/52 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2389/90 (southern Buddhism); 2388/89 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||75th (76th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1208/09 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||4179/80 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||1262/63 (turn of the year 19/20 December)|
|Jewish calendar||5606/07 (September 20/21)|
|Coptic calendar||1562/63 (September 10-11)|
|Rumi Calendar (Ottoman Empire)||1261/62 (March 1)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 2156/57 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 2157/58 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1902/03 (April)|
Politics and world events
- January 28th: The Battle of Aliwal takes place during the First Sikh War .
- February 10th: The First Sikh War ends in India with the Battle of Sobraon . British troops defeat units of the Sikh army of the state of Punjab in battle .
- March 10: After the death of his father, Emperor Kōmei becomes the new ruler of Japan.
- March 11th: In the Treaty of Amritsar , the British transfer Kashmir to Gulab Singh as an independent principality for a payment of 750,000 pounds sterling, while the prince simultaneously becomes a vassal to the British crown and has to pay annual dues.
- September 15: In a bloody coup, the pro-British officer Jang Bahadur Rana seizes power in Nepal. His family has been Prime Minister for over 100 years.
Republic of Krakow
- January: The planning of the Polish uprising in the Prussian province of Posen fails because the plans are betrayed to the Prussian police.
- February 18: An uprising takes place in the Republic of Krakow aimed at self-government of its affairs. The Austrian army puts down the rebellion of the Poles .
- November 6th: The Republic of Krakow is dissolved in a treaty between the Polish protective powers Russia, Prussia and Austria and its territory is added to the Austrian possession of Galicia .
- November 16: The Republic of Krakow is annexed as the Grand Duchy of Krakow by the Austrian Empire.
- May 20: Forced by the uprising of Maria da Fonte , the Portuguese Queen Maria II dismisses her dictatorial Prime Minister, the Margrave of Tomar, and replaces him with the liberal Duke of Palmela .
- October 6: Portugal , Queen Maria II. Instantly dismisses her liberal Prime Minister, the Duke of Palmela and replaces him with the conservative Duke of Saldanha . The result is a civil war that lasted until 1847.
France / Spain
- April 16: The former Forest keeper Pierre Lecomte committed with a shotgun an attack on France's Citizen King Louis Philippe I. at Fontainebleau Castle . The royal family returning home in a carriage remains unharmed. The assassin will be executed on June 8th.
- On July 29th, the steel goods manufacturer H. Henry aimed two shots from a pistol at the king found in the Tuileries garden , which missed their target.
- October 10: A double wedding is celebrated in Spain : Queen Isabella II marries her cousin Francisco de Asís de Borbón . Her sister Maria Luisa is married to the Duke of Montpensier and son of the French citizen-king Louis-Philippe , Antoine d'Orléans, duc de Montpensier .
Other events in Europe
- July 8th: The "open letter" from the Danish king Christian VIII stating that Schleswig and Lauenburg belonged to the crown of Denmark triggers a wave of indignation among the inhabitants of Holstein .
- July 13: Wedding of King Karl I and Olga von Württemberg
- June 30th: Bavaria new official spelling instead of the previous "Baiern".
- Prime Minister Robert Peel abolishes the Corn Laws at the insistence of the Manchester Liberals; the conservative faction is split.
- November 30th: In the Austrian Empire , the oath of Jews , which Jews had to take in legal disputes with non-Jews in a often discriminatory form prescribed by the Christian side, is abolished.
Mexican-American War and California Independence Movement
- January 13: US President James Knox Polk orders General Zachary Taylor again to move closer to the Rio Grande . Taylor delayed the march and did not reach the Rio Grande until March 28th. The Mexican general Pedro de Ampudia demands that Taylor retreat to the Nueces River . Taylor refuses and begins to build a fort across from Matamoros and seal off the Rio Grande.
- April 25: Mexican troops cross the Rio Grande and defeat two American dragoon companies.
- May 3rd to 9th: The siege of Fort Texas by Mexican troops ends after the arrival of relief units with the withdrawal of the besiegers.
- May 8: In the Battle of Palo Alto in the Mexican-American War , the US Army under General Zachary Taylor defeated the Mexican armed forces north of the Rio Grande .
- MAY 13: The United States declare Mexico the war , after the first Battle of Palo Alto is already over.
- June 14: John Charles Fremont , the leader of a US expedition, declares California's independence from Mexico.
- June 14: 33 US settlers, ignorant of the Mexican-American War, found the Republic of California in Sonoma . The uprising, known as the Bear Flag Revolt , takes its name from the planned national flag . The state is annexed by the United States a short time later .
- July 7th: An American frigate arrives in Monterey in support of the Californian independence movement .
- September 21st: During the Mexican-American War , the Battle of Monterrey begins, which lasts until September 24th . The Mexican commander Pedro de Ampudia finally hands over the city and fortress of Monterrey to General Zachary Taylor .
Other events in North America
- June 15: The Oregon Compromise between Great Britain and the United States establishes the border line in the west of the American continent and ends years of border disputes. It states that the 49th parallel marks the border between the United States and the United Kingdom on the American mainland. Vancouver Island is an exception as it is fully assigned to the British, although it extends south over the 49th parallel. The area south of the 49th parallel becomes part of the United States in 1848 as the Oregon Territory .
- August 8: The Wilmot Proviso is introduced in the US Congress .
- December 28th: The southern part of the Iowa Territory becomes the 29th state of the United States under the name of Iowa . The northern part remains disorganized after a first attempt to establish a Minnesota territory fails in the United States Senate.
- August 25: The first German emigrants arrive in the South American country of Chile on the sailing ship Catalina .
- Sudanese rebels attack British colonial posts in Khartoum .
- March 21: The Belgian Adolphe Sax receives the patent for the saxophone in France .
- September 10: Elias Howe receives a patent on his sewing machine in the United States .
- March 11th: Emil Keßler founds the Esslingen machine factory in Stuttgart .
- November 17: Carl Zeiss opens its first optical workshop at 7 Neugasse in Jena .
science and technology
The Danish Galathea expedition, which left Copenhagen the previous year, spends January on the northern Nicobar Islands and February on the southern Nicobar Islands. She then continues her journey to Southeast Asia, calling at Penang , Singapore , Batavia and Manila before visiting the Chinese coast and Hong Kong , Macau , Canton , Amoy and Shanghai . Attempts to anchor in Japan are rejected by the authorities there. The ship crosses the Pacific Ocean , visits the Hawaiian Islands on October 5th and then Tahiti , Valparaíso , Callao and Lima .
- February 26th: The Dane Theodor Brorsen discovers a comet with a short orbital period in our solar system that is named after it. The comet was last observed in 1879.
- September 23: The planet Neptune is discovered by the German Johann Gottfried Galle , assisted by Heinrich Louis d'Arrest . It is the first planet that is detected on the basis of mathematical calculations - here by Urbain Le Verrier . The Berlin Observatory obtained by the discovery of worldwide fame.
- October 10: William Lassell discovers Triton , the largest moon on the planet Neptune .
- September 30th: William Thomas Green Morton succeeds in the first pain-free tooth extraction under anesthesia on his patient Eben Frost.
- October 16: First successful public anesthesia in surgery by William Thomas Green Morton , birth of anesthesia
- May 31: The foundation stone for the Göltzschtalbrücke , the world's largest brick bridge , designed by Johann Andreas Schubert , is laid in Vogtland . After the start of construction, the planning has to be changed because some technical difficulties arise. Among other things, the found ground in the valley is not as firm as previously assumed, which is why the originally planned even arches based on a design by chief engineer Robert Wilke are replaced by a central and much larger arch.
- The Belozersk Canal in Northern Russia is completed.
- May 16: Founding day of the Akademischer Verein Hütte e. V. in Berlin
- July 27th: August Kramer presents a pointer telegraph he developed on a test track in Nordhausen .
- September: Foundation of the École française d'Athènes in Athens
- The gun cotton is discovered by Christian Friedrich Schönbein .
Music and theater
- February 3: The world premiere of the comic opera Les Mousquetaires de la reine by Jacques Fromental Halévy takes place at the Opéra-Comique in Paris.
- March 13: The tragedy Maria Magdalena by Friedrich Hebbel is premiered at the Königsberg City Theater. The work is considered the last civil tragedy .
- March 17th: The world premiere of the opera Attila by Giuseppe Verdi takes place at the Teatro La Fenice in Venice and increases the popularity of the composer. The libretto by Temistocle Solera , completed by Francesco Maria Piave , is based on the romantic tragedy Attila, King of the Huns by Zacharias Werner .
- March 28: The world premiere of the opera Ljubav i zloba ( Love and Malice ), the first opera by Vatroslav Lisinski and at the same time the first Croatian opera ever, takes place in Zagreb.
- May 15: World premiere of the opera Le Trompette de M. le Prince by François Bazin at the Opéra-Comique in Paris
- June 29th: World premiere of the opera L'Âme en peine by Friedrich von Flotow at the Grand Opéra Paris
- August 26: World premiere of the opera Lichtenstein by Peter Joseph von Lindpaintner in Stuttgart
- November 10th: The successful premiere of the opera Orazi e Curiazi by Saverio Mercadante takes place at the Teatro San Carlo in Naples . The libretto is by Salvadore Cammarano and is based on the tragedy Horace by Pierre Corneille .
- November 16: World premiere of the romantic opera Die Hochländerin am Caucasus by Conradin Kreutzer in Hamburg
- December 6th: The concert premiere of the “dramatic legend” La damnation de Faust (Faust's damnation) by Hector Berlioz based on Goethe's Faust I takes place at the Opéra-Comique in Paris . The scenic premiere did not take place until 1893.
- December 26th: The English artist family Hanlon Brothers makes their debut at the Adelphi Theater in London with the play The Celebrated Entortilationists .
- October 21: Foundation of the Sorbian student association Serbowka
- June 16: Cardinal Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti is elected Pope after a two-day conclave and takes the name of Pius IX. on. The election marks the beginning of the longest pontificate in papacy history.
- August 19: The founding meeting of the World Evangelical Alliance begins in London. By September 1, 921 Christians from twelve nations and 52 Reformation churches are working to create an international network of national and regional alliances of Protestant Christians.
- Great famine in Ireland : In Ireland the second poor harvest of potatoes and also of oats and wheat plunges large parts of the population into hardship and misery.
- 4th January: Founding meeting "Invitation to all gymnastics friends Mannheim's" for the establishment of the gymnastics and sports club Mannheim today TSV Mannheim v. 1846 e. V.
- June 19: The first baseball game is played in Hoboken according to the rules that were developed shortly before and are mostly still valid today .
- August 14: Foundation of the Heidenheim gymnastics community, from which today's Heidenheimer SB and 1. FC Heidenheim, which split off in 2007, emerge.
- October 1st: Barmer TV 1846 Wuppertal is founded.
- Saturnin Arloing , French veterinarian, infectiologist and professor of anatomy and physiology († 1911) January 3:
- Franklin Murphy , American politician († 1920) January 3:
- Jan Karafiát , Czech pastor of the Bohemian Evangelical Brother Church and writer († 1929) January 4th:
- Mirjam von Abellin , Palestinian Discalced Carmelite, mystic and saint († 1878) January 5:
- Rudolf Eucken , German philosopher and Nobel Prize for Literature († 1926) January 5:
- William Wallace Gilchrist senior , American composer († 1916) January 8:
- January 12: Louis Billot , French theologian and cardinal († 1931)
- January 12: Hermann Meyer , German spirits manufacturer († 1913)
- January 13: Emil Hundrieser , German sculptor († 1911)
- January 14: William Henry Andrews , American politician († 1919)
- January 15: Karl Rudolf Karrasz , Romanian-German composer, pianist and music teacher († 1912)
- January 17: Donald M. Dickinson , American politician († 1917)
- January 17: Ottmar von Mohl , German diplomat and government advisor in Japan († 1922)
- January 21: Nathaniel Harris , American politician, Governor of Georgia († 1929)
- January 21: Albert Lavignac , French musicologist and composer († 1916)
- January 22nd: Oscar Oldberg , American pharmacologist († 1913)
- January 23: Theodor Alt , German painter († 1937)
- January 30th: Ángela de la Cruz , founder of the Spanish order († 1932)
- January 30: Francis Herbert Bradley , English philosopher († 1924)
- January 30th: Max Fürbringer , German anatomist, ornithologist and physician († 1920)
- Granville Stanley Hall , American psychologist († 1924) February 1:
- Wilhelm Steinhausen , German painter († 1924) February 2:
- Judson Harmon , American politician († 1927) February 3:
- Johann Most , German politician, later anarchist († 1906) February 5:
- Julius von Soden , German politician and governor of Cameroon († 1921) February 5:
- Karl Haider , German painter († 1912) February 6:
- Leopold von Bayern , German Field Marshal General († 1930) February 9:
- Wilhelm Maybach , German car designer and entrepreneur († 1929) February 9:
- February 10: Charles William de la Poer Beresford , British Admiral († 1919)
- February 11: Otto Hetzer , German inventor and entrepreneur, founder of glued wood construction († 1911)
- February 12: Giuseppe Buonamici , Italian composer († 1914)
- February 13: Fritz Schider , German painter and etcher († 1907)
- February 13: Konrad Koch , German educator and football pioneer († 1911)
- February 14: Cecil De Vere , English chess master († 1875)
- February 19: Franz Adickes , German politician († 1915)
- February 21: Svatopluk Čech , Czech journalist, writer and poet († 1908)
- February 22: Ella Adaïewsky , Russian pianist and composer († 1926)
- February 22nd: Erwin von Bary , German doctor and Africa traveler († 1877)
- February 25: Ange Flégier , French composer, music critic, painter and writer († 1927)
- February 26: William Frederick Cody , American buffalo hunter and showman († 1917)
- February 27: Franz Mehring , German publicist, politician and historian († 1919)
- February 27: Simon Bamberger , German-American entrepreneur and politician († 1926)
- Josef Aigner , German businessman and politician († 1907) March 1:
- Emil Pfeiffer : German doctor, description of Pfeiffer glandular fever († 1921) March 1:
- Teresa Manetti , Catholic founder of the order († 1910) March 2:
- Marie Roze , French opera singer († 1926) March 2:
- Karl Verner , Danish linguist († 1896) March 7:
- Anna Magdalena Appel , German ballet dancer and Grand Duchess († 1917) March 8:
- Emil Warburg , German physicist († 1931) March 9:
- March 10: Alfred Philippe Roll , French painter († 1919)
- March 14: Bertha von Brukenthal , Austrian composer († 1908)
- March 16: Magnus Gösta Mittag-Leffler , Swedish mathematician († 1927)
- March 17: Kate Greenaway , English watercolor painter and illustrator of children's books († 1901)
- March 18: Kicking Bear , Indian chief and medicine man of the Oglala- (Minneconjou) -Lakota-Sioux († 1904)
- March 19: Albert Mauritz Atterberg , Swedish chemist and soil mechanic († 1916)
- March 20: Augusta Bender , German women's rights activist, writer († 1924)
- March 20: Rudolf Hirzel , German classical philologist († 1917)
- March 22nd: Randolph Caldecott , British illustrator († 1886)
- March 24: George Theodore Werts , American politician († 1910)
- March 25: Helen Zimmer , English writer († 1934)
- March 27: Otto Heinrich Gustav von Wendt , German legal scholar († 1911)
- March 29: Otto Mayer , German lawyer and administrative law scholar († 1924)
- Benjamin Daydon Jackson , English botanist († 1927) April 3:
- Comte de Lautréamont , French writer († 1870) April 4:
- Raoul Pictet , Swiss physicist († 1929) April 4:
- Michael Georg Conrad , German naturalist writer († 1927) April 5:
- Henry Wellesley, 3rd Duke of Wellington , British nobleman and officer († 1900) April 5:
- Franz Ries , German violinist, composer and music dealer († 1932) April 7:
- April 13: Poul La Cour , Danish meteorologist and wind turbine pioneer († 1908)
- April 14: Friedrich Carl Andreas , German Iranist and Orientalist († 1930)
- April 18: Wilhelm Fischer , Austrian writer († 1932)
- April 19: Ignaz Auer , German politician († 1907)
- April 19: Luis Jorge Fontana , Argentine military, politician, naturalist and writer († 1920)
- April 20: Alexandre Alberto da Rocha de Serpa Pinto , Portuguese explorer of Africa († 1900)
- April 22nd: Ernest Combe , French-Swiss clergyman and university professor († 1900)
- April 24: Marcus Clarke , Australian writer († 1881)
- April 25: Max Buchner , German explorer († 1921)
- April 28: Oskar Backlund , Swedish-Russian astronomer († 1916)
- April 28: Frank Hatton , American politician († 1894)
- April 29: Henry Schradieck , German composer, violinist and music teacher († 1918)
- April 30: Karl Piutti , German composer († 1902)
- Louis Leitz , German inventor and entrepreneur († 1918) May 2:
- Zygmunt Noskowski , Polish composer († 1909) May 2:
- Viktor Holtz , German educator († 1919) May 3:
- Émile Gallé , artisan and designer († 1904) May 4:
- Henryk Sienkiewicz , Polish writer and Nobel Prize winner († 1916) May 5:
- Lars Magnus Ericsson , Swedish inventor and founder of the Ericsson company († 1926) May 5th:
- Hermann Arnold , German painter († 1896) May 6:
- Nikolai Feopemptowitsch Solowjow , Russian composer and music teacher († 1916) May 9:
- May 14: Ernst Herter , German sculptor and medalist († 1917)
- May 16: Ottomar Anschütz , German photographer, pioneer of photo technology († 1907)
- May 17: Amand von Schweiger-Lerchenfeld , Austrian traveler, writer and officer († 1910)
- May 18: Laura von Oelbermann , German founder and donor († 1929)
- May 18: Max von Krosigk , Prussian major general († 1919)
- May 20: Carl Börger , German organ builder († 1917)
- May 20: Alexander von Kluck , Prussian infantry general and commander in chief († 1934)
- May 25: Naim Frashëri , Albanian writer († 1900)
- May 29: Albert Apponyi von Nagy-Apponyi , Hungarian aristocrat and politician († 1933)
- May 30: Carl Peter Fabergé , Russian goldsmith and jeweler († 1920)
- May 30: Paul Ziller , German architect († 1931)
- Heinrich von Salisch , German forester, landlord and politician († 1920) June 1:
- Josef Sittard , German music teacher and musicologist († 1903) June 4:
- Lucien Baker , American politician († 1907) June 8:
- June 10: Henry B. Quinby , American politician († 1924)
- June 11: Karl Wegener , German railway engineer, master builder, architect and entrepreneur as well as club and association official († 1914)
- June 13: Frederic Woodman Root , American composer and music teacher († 1916)
- June 19: Antonio Abetti , Italian astronomer († 1928)
- June 25: LeBaron Bradford Colt , American politician and lawyer († 1924)
- June 27: Charles Stewart Parnell , Irish politician († 1891)
- June 27: Martin Philippson , German historian († 1916)
- June 28: Otto Piltz , German painter († 1910)
- Ludwig von Sybel , German classical philologist, archaeologist and art historian († 1929) July 1:
- Ferdinand Becker , German painter of portraits of saints and fairy tale scenes († 1877) July 2:
- Paul von Bruns , German surgeon († 1916) July 2:
- Joseph B. Foraker , American politician († 1917) July 5:
- Eduard Gustav Adolf von Bonin , landowner and Prussian politician († 1934) July 6:
- Percival W. Clement , American politician († 1927) July 7:
- Clotilde of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha , Archduchess of Austria († 1927) July 8th:
- Augusto Silj , Roman Catholic Cardinal († 1926) July 9:
- July 10: Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche , sister of the philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche († 1935)
- July 11: Léon Bloy , French writer († 1917)
- July 12: Hermann Baisch , German painter († 1894)
- July 16: Friedrich Paulsen , German educator and Kant researcher († 1908)
- July 17: Nicolai Miklouho-Maclay , Russian artist, humanist, anthropologist and biologist († 1888)
- July 17: Tokugawa Iemochi , 14th Shogun of the Edo period in Japan († 1866)
- July 19: Edward Charles Pickering , American astronomer and physicist († 1919)
- July 22nd: Alexander von Wurzbach , Austrian civil servant and historian († 1915)
- July 22nd: Anton Ohorn , German poet and writer († 1924)
- July 23: Giuseppe Francica-Nava de Bontifè , Archbishop of Catania and Cardinal († 1928)
- July 24: Rudolf Hirth du Frênes , German painter († 1916)
- July 26: Hermann Bamberg , German businessman and politician († 1928)
- July 26: Texas Jack Omohundro , American cowboy, scout and actor († 1880)
- July 29: Isabella of Brazil , last Crown Princess of Brazil († 1921)
- July 29: Sophie Menter , German pianist († 1918)
- July 29: Samuel Oettli , Swiss Protestant clergyman and university professor († 1911)
- Brasílio Itiberê da Cunha , Brazilian composer and diplomat († 1913) August 1:
- Max Wiese , German sculptor and professor († 1925) August 1:
- George P. Wetmore , American politician († 1921) August 2:
- João Gomez de Araújo , Brazilian composer († 1943) August 5:
- Hermann Paul , German philologist and linguist († 1921) August 7th:
- Frank Brown , American politician († 1920) August 8:
- Hans Leo von Oppell , Saxon Chamberlain, Rittmeister and landowner († 1915) August 8:
- August 11: Oscar Wilhelm Stübel , German diplomat († 1921)
- August 12: Ludwig Jeep , German classical philologist († 1911)
- August 15: Albert J. Hopkins , American politician († 1922)
- August 19: Luis Martín García , Spanish religious, 24th general of the Jesuit order († 1906)
- August 21: Étienne Bazeries , French officer († 1931)
- August 21: Jakob Heilmann , German building contractor († 1927)
- August 24th: Antoine Taudou , French music teacher, violinist and composer († 1925)
- August 25: John Randolph Thornton , American politician († 1917)
- August 27: Bruno Adam , German architect and builder († 1918)
- Paul Déroulède , French author and politician († 1914) September 2:
- Daniel Hudson Burnham , American urban planner and architect († 1912) September 4:
- Hans Zötl , regional judge, is considered the father of the Upper Austrian national anthem († 1938) September 4:
- Wilhelm Küchler , German politician († 1900) September 4:
- September 13: Richard Kiepert , German geographer and cartographer († 1915)
- September 15: Georg Oskar Immanuel von Hase , German publisher and bookseller († 1921)
- September 16: Seth Carlo Chandler , American astronomer († 1913)
- September 18: Richard With , Norwegian captain and founder of the Hurtigruten mail line († 1930)
- September 22: Karl Liebhardt , Württemberg court photographer († 1916)
- September 23: Eugen Brandeis , German engineer and colonial official († 1930)
- September 24: Carl Ruge , German pathologist († 1926)
- September 27: Ambros Opitz , Austrian Catholic theologian († 1907)
- September 30: Carl Schuch , Austrian painter († 1903)
- Albert Mosse , German lawyer and legal advisor to the Meiji government in Japan († 1925) October 1:
- Francis Aidan Gasquet , British Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church († 1929) October 5:
- George Westinghouse , American inventor, engineer and industrialist († 1914) October 6:
- Wladimir Peter Köppen , German meteorologist, climatologist and botanist († 1940) October 7:
- Charles W. Lippitt , American politician († 1924) October 8:
- Holger Drachmann , Danish poet († 1908) October 9:
- October 11: Carlos Enrique José Pellegrini Bevans , Argentine President († 1906)
- October 14: Kasimir Felix Badeni , Austrian politician († 1909)
- October 15: Platon Porezki , Russian mathematician, astronomer, logician and philosopher († 1907)
- October 18: Sigmund Schuckert , German electrical engineer and founder of the Schuckertwerke († 1895)
- October 20: Wilhelm Hübbe-Schleiden , German explorer, theosophist and writer († 1916)
- October 21: Edmondo De Amicis , Italian author († 1908)
- October 21: Coelestin Vivell , German Benedictine and music researcher († 1923)
- October 23: Christian August Peicke , German homeland researcher († 1939)
- October 28: Auguste Escoffier , French master chef († 1935)
- October 28: Louis E. McComas , American politician († 1907)
- October 30: Louis-Alphonse-Victor de Broglie , French aristocrat († 1906)
- Gaston Serpette , French composer († 1904) November 4:
- Joaquim Pimenta de Castro , Portuguese general, putschist and head of government († 1918) November 5:
- Edward Singleton Holden , American astronomer († 1914) November 5:
- Ignaz Brüll , Austrian composer and pianist († 1907) November 7th:
- November 11: Theodor Haarbeck , German Protestant theologian († 1923)
- November 11: Anna Katharine Rohlfs , American writer († 1935)
- November 13: Karl von Arnim-Züsedom , German politician († 1913)
- November 17: Georg von Schuh , German lawyer and politician († 1918)
- November 18: Aloys von Liechtenstein , Austrian politician and social reformer († 1920)
- November 22nd: Ludwig Doll , German Protestant pastor, founder of an orphanage and the Neukirchen Mission († 1883)
- November 22: Alfred Stern (historian) , German-Jewish historian († 1936)
- November 23: Wilhelm Bader sen. , German organ builder († 1927)
- November 23: Ernst von Schuch , German conductor († 1914)
- Henryk Jarecki , Polish composer, conductor and music teacher († 1918) December 6:
- December 13: Ernst von Mendelssohn-Bartholdy , German private banker († 1909)
- December 14: Emanuel Friedli , Swiss writer († 1939)
- December 17th: Max von Hausen , Saxon officer († 1922)
- December 21: Hermann Ahlwardt , German elementary school teacher and anti-Semitic agitator († 1914)
- December 21: Ferdinand Gustav Hans von Arnim , Prussian general († 1922)
- December 27: David Marston Clough , American politician († 1924)
- December 31: Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis , Dutch politician († 1919)
Exact date of birth unknown
- Abdallahi ibn Muhammad , Caliph of Omdurman († 1899)
- Franz Arnfelser , Austrian composer († 1898)
- August Einwald , German traveler to Africa († 1933)
- Edward Farley , Australian singer († 1916)
- Boutros Ghali , Egyptian politician († 1910)
- Maurice Vignaux , French world billiards champion and specialist book author († 1916)
January to April
- August Heinrich Andreae , German architect, city architect, painter and etcher (* 1804) January 6th:
- Georg Friedrich Puchta , German lawyer (* 1798) January 8:
- January 13: Hans Conrad Stadler , Swiss architect (* 1788)
- January 17th: Hermann Ernst Endemann , German lawyer (* 1796)
- January 25: Charles Cutts , American politician (* 1769)
- January 28: Johann Friedrich Erdmann , German medic (* 1778)
- Christiane Amalie , Hereditary Princess of Anhalt-Dessau (* 1774) February 3:
- February 10: Robert Henry Dick , British major general (* 1785)
- February 15: Otto von Kotzebue , Russian naval officer and explorer (* 1787)
- February 20: Friedrich August Unger , German Protestant clergyman (* 1758)
- February 21: Ninkō , Japanese Emperor (* 1800)
- February 23: Dudley Chase , American politician (* 1771)
- February 27: Edward Dembowski , Polish philosopher, publicist and revolutionary (* 1822)
- Thomas Stockton , American politician (* 1781) March 2:
- François de Beauharnais , nobleman (* 1756) March 3:
- March 15: Elisabeth von Adlerflycht , inventor of the Rhine panorama (* 1775)
- March 17: Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel , German astronomer, mathematician and geodesist (* 1784)
- March 18: John Miller , American politician (* 1781)
- April 16: Domenico Carlo Maria Dragonetti , Italian double bass player and composer (* 1763)
- April 17: James Fenner , American politician (* 1771)
- April 24th: Girolamo Crescentini , Italian singer (castrato) and composer (* 1762)
- April 25: Magdalena Margaretha Tischbein , German flower painter (* 1763)
- April 28: Friedrich von Schmauß , Bavarian fortress builder (* 1792)
May to August
- Joseph Maull , American politician (* 1781) May 3:
- May 10: Anton Wilhelm Möller , German Protestant clergyman (* 1762)
- May 30th: Étienne Charles de Damas , French Chevalier, later Duke of Damas-Crux (* 1754)
- May 31: Philipp Konrad Marheineke , German theologian (* 1780)
- Gregory XVI. Pope (* 1765) June 1st: Bartolomeo Alberto Cappellari, under the name
- Julius von den Brinken , German forester and Polish general forest master (* 1789) June 2:
- Friedrich Bernhard Gottfried Nicolai , German astronomer (* 1793) June 4:
- Rodolphe Töpffer , Swiss draftsman and novelist (* 1799) June 8:
- June 13: Karl Ferdinand Friedrich von Nagler , General Post Director of the North German Confederation (* 1770)
- June 14: Ernst Wilhelm Ackermann , German theologian and poet (* 1821)
- June 17th: Jean-Gaspard Deburau , French pantomime (* 1796)
- July 4th: Julius Albert , Hanoverian mining captain and inventor of the wire rope (* 1787)
- July 25th: Louis Bonaparte , brother of Emperor Napoleon I (* 1778)
- July 26th: Paul Ackermann , French linguist and writer (* 1812)
- July 31: Bernhard Heine , German physician, bone specialist and inventor of the osteotome (* 1800)
- Peter Ritter , German composer, conductor and cellist (* 1763) August 1st:
- George Howard , American politician (* 1789) August 2:
- Kaspar Maximilian von Droste-Vischering , German Roman Catholic bishop (* 1770) August 3:
- Mirza Abolhasan Khan Ilchi , Persian writer, ambassador and foreign minister (* 1776) August 4th:
- Christian Heinrich Rinck , German composer (* 1770) August 7th:
- August 16: Sylvain-Charles Valée , General and Marshal of France (* 1773)
- August 22nd: Ernst Wilhelm Bernhard Eiselen , German teacher and writer (* 1793)
- August 23: Elias P. Seeley , American politician (* 1791)
- August 24th: Adam Johann von Krusenstern , first Russian circumnavigator (* 1770)
- August 25: Giuseppe Acerbi , Italian traveler and naturalist (* 1773)
- August 25: Gabriel Lory the Younger , Swiss landscape painter, etcher and watercolorist (* 1784)
September to December
- Daniel Rodney , American politician (* 1764) September 2:
- Friederike Leisching , German painter and draftsman (* 1767) September 8th:
- September 14th: Jacques Dupré , American politician (* 1773)
- September 15: Samuel Foot , American politician (* 1780)
- September 16: Heinrich Menu von Minutoli , Swiss explorer and archaeologist (* 1772)
- September 17th: Antonio Dall'Occa , Italian double bass player (* 1763)
- September 26: Franz Theremin , German Protestant theologian (* 1780)
- September 30th: Wilhelm Adolf Becker , German archaeologist and historian (* 1796)
- October 19: Niels Peter Jensen , Danish composer and flute virtuoso (* 1802)
- October 27: Louis-Auguste-Victor de Ghaisnes de Bourmont , French general, Marshal of France (* 1773)
- October 29: Daniel-Alexandre Chavannes , Swiss Protestant clergyman, politician and natural scientist (* 1765)
- Franz Anton Ries , German violinist (* 1755) November 1:
- Johann Philipp Bach , German musician and painter (* 1752) November 2:
- Esaias Tegnér , Swedish poet (* 1782) November 2:
- Fyodor Ivanovich Tolstoy , Russian army officer, notorious adventurer and duelist (* 1782) November 5: Count
- November 12: William Findlay , American politician (* 1768)
- November 19: Karl Kajetan von Gaisruck , Archbishop of Milan, Cardinal (* 1769)
- November 20: Matthias Ludwig Leithoff , German doctor (* 1778)
- November 23: James Evans , Canadian Methodist and Linguist (* 1801)
- November 29th: Johann Clarisse , Dutch Reformed theologian (* 1770)
- November 30th: Friedrich List , German economist and politician (* 1789)
- Johann Ernst Carl Friedrich Avenarius , Prussian District Administrator (* 1777) December 6th:
- December 22nd: Pierce Mason Butler , American politician (* 1798)
- December 29: Alexander Barrow , American politician (* 1801)
Exact date of death unknown
- Francis Vyvyan Jago Arundell , British clergyman and explorer (* 1780)
- Alexis Roger , French composer (* 1814)