|Residents||2,682,431 (2012 calculation)|
|Metropolitan area||8,363,915 (2007)|
|governor||Abdul Halim al Mutafi|
View of the traffic in downtown Khartoum
Khartoum has almost 2.7 million inhabitants in the actual city and 8,363,915 inhabitants (2007 calculation) in the agglomeration with Omdurman and al-Chartum Bahri . This makes Khartoum the fifth largest agglomeration in Africa . According to calculations in 2012, the administrative unit of Khartoum alone had 5,827,729 inhabitants.
|1907 (n / a)||69,349||k. A.|
|1956 (n / a)||93,100||245,800|
Due to the rural exodus and the generally high population growth in the country, the agglomeration of Khartoum is swelling rapidly. For 2050 a population of 16 million inhabitants is expected in the metropolitan area and for 2100 even 57 million inhabitants.
Khartoum was founded in 1820 by the Egyptians under Mehemed Ali as a military camp. Soon afterwards, locals settled in to intensify trade with the Egyptians. After the fall of the old trade center of Shandi , Sudan's trade was concentrated in Khartoum, which now brokered the entire trade in ivory , rubber , tamarind , ostrich feathers and slaves from Central Africa with the Red Sea .
At the end of the 19th century, Khartoum was described as mostly made up of miserable mud houses with narrow, crooked and dirty streets. Only the large house of the governor , which had a wide forecourt adorned with date palms , the Austrian Apostolic Mission founded in 1847, the only mosque , the Coptic Church and some houses of the trading Greeks and other Europeans , Levantines and Arabs were built of bricks . Austria-Hungary and Great Britain maintained consulates in the city and the population is estimated at around 50,000, the majority of whom consisted of Arabs - as well as slaves of African descent, Levantines, Greeks, Italians, French and British.
From March 1884 on, the siege of Khartoum took place in the wake of the Mahdi uprising . Two days before the British relief troops arrived, the Mahdi attacked Khartoum on January 26, 1885. In the morning 50,000 Mahdists attacked, stormed the city and killed Gordon Pasha, presumably in the governor's palace. The Mahdi founded a new capital opposite Khartoum, on the western bank of the Nile, in Omdurman . Under his successor Abdallahi ibn Muhammad , Khartoum was finally abandoned and turned into a ghost town . The city was not rebuilt until 1898, after the Mahdi revolt was put down by the British Sirdar Kitchener .
In November 1924, during the Sudan crisis between Great Britain and the Kingdom of Egypt, which had been independent since 1922, revolving Egyptian-Sudanese army battalions brought parts of the city under their control. The revolt was put down by the British.
In the 1970s and 1980s, Khartoum was the target of hundreds of thousands of refugees seeking protection from the conflicts in Chad , Ethiopia and Uganda . These settled in large slums on the outskirts of the city. Since 1983, many displaced people from Sudan have also been added as a result of the newly flared civil war in South Sudan and the Darfur conflict .
On August 20, 1998 by the Clinton - Government of the United States bombing of the Al-Shifa pharmaceutical factory in the district of the city of al-Khartoum Bahri causes, as was suspected, there would be produced for chemical weapons components.
On September 14, 2012, the German embassy in "53 Baladia Street" was stormed, set on fire and partially destroyed. The nearby British embassy was also attacked.
- Khartoum airport
- Bridges: Al-Mak-Nimr Bridge , Old Omdurman Bridge , An-Nil-al-Azraq Bridge , Kubir Bridge , Tuti Bridge
- Railway station ( Wadi Halfa and to the south-west via Kusti to al-Ubayyid ) with railway lines to the north to
- Khartoum Stadium
Al-Mogran Development Project
This is a non-exhaustive list of colleges and universities in Khartoum:
- Alzaiem Al Azhari University
- International University of Africa
- Catholic University of Sudan
- Nile Valley University
- Open University of Sudan
- The Future University
- University of Khartoum
- University of Medicine Science and Technology
- Sudan University of Science and Technology
This is a non-exhaustive list of secondary schools in Khartoum
- Great Mosque of Khartoum , Faruq Mosque , Ash Shahid Mosque
- Khartoum Presidential Palace
- Burj al-Fateh hotel
- Roman Catholic Cathedral of Khartoum
- All Saints Cathedral of Khartoum
- Botanical Garden
- National Museum of Sudan , with relics from the Nubian Empire of Kush , a temple of Hatshepsut and early Christian wall paintings
- Museum of the Old All Saints Cathedral of Khartoum
In a ranking of cities according to their quality of life, Khartoum took 227th place out of 231 cities worldwide in 2018.
sons and daughters of the town
- Muhammad Nagib (1901–1984), Egyptian officer and politician
- Andréas Voutsinas (1932–2010), Greek actor and director
- Fatima Ahmed Ibrahim (1934-2017), Sudanese women's rights activist
- Macram Max Gassis (* 1938), Sudanese Roman Catholic clergyman and Bishop of El Obeid
- Christopher Hawkesworth (* 1947), British geochemist and geologist
- Nahid Toubia (* 1951), Egyptian doctor and women's rights activist
- Intisar el-Zein Soughayroun (* 1958), Sudanese archaeologist and politician
- Leila Aboulela (* 1964), Sudanese author
- Aamir Ageeb (1968–1999), Sudanese refugee, who died while being deported on board a Lufthansa plane as a result of willful bodily harm by police officers
- Sami Al-Haj (* 1969), Sudanese cameraman who was detained for six years without charge or trial in the prison camp of the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base in Cuba
- Richard Justin (* 1979), South Sudanese football player
- Ismail Ahmed Ismail (* 1984), Sudanese middle-distance runner
- Nawal El Jack (* 1988), Sudanese sprinter
- Eddy Sidra (* 1989), Canadian soccer player
- Peter Bol (* 1994), Australian athlete
- Marco Arop (* 1998), Canadian athlete
- Ankara , Turkey since 1992
- Amman , Jordan since 1993
- Wuhan , China since 1995
- Istanbul , Turkey since 2001
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Khartoum
Source: Sudan Meteorological Authority, data: 1971–2000; wetterkontor.de
- Jörg Gertel: Khartoum hot spot. History and structure of the housing problem in the Sudanese capital . Breitenbach publishing house, Saarbrücken / Fort Lauderdale 1993, ISBN 3-88156-599-X .
- Population 2012 Khartoum ( Memento of the original dated December 29, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Population the administrative unit Khartoum 2012 ( Memento of the original from December 29, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- bevoelkerungsstatistik.de. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007 ; Retrieved November 12, 2013 .
- Khartoum . In: Encyclopædia Britannica . 11th edition. tape 15 : Italy - Kyshtym . London 1911, p. 773 (English, full text [ Wikisource ]).
- World 101 largest Cities. Retrieved July 23, 2018 .
- Hatred of Germany . Spiegel Online , September 14, 2012
- Education. ( Memento of the original from February 7, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Sudan.net (List of colleges and universities in Khartoum)
- Mercer's 2018 Quality of Living Rankings. Retrieved July 30, 2018 .
- Ankara Büyükşehir Belediyesi Kardeş - Ankaranın Şehirleri
- Amman's Relations with Other Cities ( Memento from December 26, 2008 in the Internet Archive )
- Website of the Chinese city of Wuhan on the city partnership
- Mirzaoglu Receives Khartoum Governor . Turkish Press Review, October 12, 2001
- Sudan Meteorological Authority: Klimeinformationen Khartoum. World Meteorological Organization, accessed November 12, 2013 .