École française d'Athènes

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Front of the École Française d'Athènes building

The École française d'Athènes (EFA) ( German French School Athens , Greek Γαλλική Σχολή Αθηνών ) is the archaeological institute of France in Athens .


The École française d'Athènes was founded in Athens in September 1846, making it the oldest foreign institute in Greece . The institute was set up to conduct the study of language, history and Greek antiquity. Two more sections were added a little later: Beaux-Arts (1859) and Étrangère (1900). The reform of 1850 puts the École française d'Athènes under the direction of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres . In the 1870s, the École française d'Athènes finally became a scientific institute. In 1873, the École française de Rome was founded as a counterpart .

The first undertakings in the archaeological field were excavations at the foot of the Acropolis by Ernest Beule and in Delphi by Paul Foucart. Léon Heuzey and Honore Daumet were active in Macedonia in 1861 . The Louvre was first considered from Greece with a number of finds. It was not until 1874 that the École française d'Athènes received competition when the Athens branch of the German Archaeological Institute was founded. The Institut de Correspondance Hellénique , affiliated with the École française d'Athènes, was established in 1875 as an important institution , which from 1877 publishes the annual Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique with the publications of its members.

At the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century, the special interests of the École française d'Athènes focused on the shrines on Delos (from 1873) and in Delphi (1892–1903), as well as on the ancient cities of Delos, Argos ( 1902–1913), Thasos (from 1911) and Philippi (1914). The First World War interrupted activities from 1916 to 1922. With a decree of 1928, the institute was named École française d'Archéologie d'Athènes . After a financially and organizationally difficult period and a long break as a result of the Second World War, the excavations followed in Philippi (from 1944), in Argos (from 1952), Dikili Tash , and 1961–1975 and after 1986 in Macedonia in collaboration with the Ephorie von Kavala . Another significant result was the discovery of the Mu quarter near Malia (1966–1991), the excavations of Gortyn on Crete (1951–1955) and the northern quarter of Delos (1963–1968). The continuation of the work on Thasos in the Tor des Silen district (1971-1980) and several smaller enterprises ( Lato on Crete 1967, Tenos 1973) followed. A major activity arose in 1975 in Cyprus with the excavations in Amathous .

In the course of the structural and administrative reform of 1985, the École was expanded to include an administrative and an economic council and the new fundamental task was to expand Greek and Byzantine antiquity research to all disciplines, including the various aspects of Hellenistic, medieval and modern Capture the world.

The current director is Veronique Chankowski



General Secretaries


For the scholarship holders (“members”) of the École française d'Athènes see category: Member of the École française d'Athènes .


  • Georges Radet : L'histoire et l'œuvre de l'École française d'Athènes. Paris 1901 ( full text ).
  • Roland Étienne u. a .: L'espace grec. Cent cinquante ans de fouilles de l'École française d'Athènes. Fayard, Paris 1996.

Web links

Coordinates: 37 ° 58 ′ 56 ″  N , 23 ° 44 ′ 16 ″  E