École des hautes études en sciences sociales

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École des hautes études en sciences sociales
College of Social Sciences
founding 1947
Sponsorship state
place Paris
country FranceFrance France
director Christophe Prochasson
Students 2800
Employee 750
including professors 250
Annual budget 60 million euros
Networks Université de recherche Paris Sciences et Lettres , DFH
Website www.ehess.fr

The École des hautes études en sciences sociales ( EHESS for short ) is an elite French university for social sciences in Paris . As a grand établissement, the university enjoys the highest prestige of all scientific institutions in France. As part of the Université de recherche Paris Sciences et Lettres (including the École normal supérieure and the Collège de France ), it is also one of the best universities in France.

Since its inception, the institution has been recognized as the most important and prestigious research institution in the humanities and social sciences in France and is therefore associated with a number of the country's leading intellectuals. These include the two Nobel Prize winners for Economics Esther Duflo and Jean Tirole , the sociologists Pierre Bourdieu , Claude Lévi-Strauss and Eva Illouz , the philosophers Raymond Aron , Roland Barthes and Jacques Derrida as well as the historians Fernand Braudel , Jacques Le Goff and Emma Rothschild .


The university's headquarters are in the Saint-Germain-des-Prés district in Paris .

Beginnings and influence of the Annales school

EHESS was founded in 1947 as the sixth department of the École libre des hautes études (ELHE) in Paris after the university returned to France from exile in New York City . The ELHE was founded in 1942 in New York City by Claude Lévi-Strauss , Gustave Cohen , Henri Focillon , Jacques Maritain and Jean Perrin with the aim of bringing together researchers and intellectuals who had fled from Nazi Germany- occupied France to unite a common university institute. With the logistical and financial support of the American government under Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Rockefeller Foundation , the school became the French branch of the New School for Social Research in New York City.

After the Second World War, the school was given an institutional framework in the sixth department of the École pratique des hautes études (EPHE) in Paris, founded in 1947 . In the period that followed, it became the most influential movement in French historical studies through its work, now known as the Annales School, and developed a great international impact. Many important chairs (e.g. at the Sorbonne or the Collège de France ) were filled by representatives of EHESS. The Annales historians of EHESS also played a dominant role in the presentation of history to the French public.

Autonomy and status as an elite university

In 1975 the department finally emancipated itself under the aegis of Jacques Le Goff (founder) and developed into an independent university institute devoted exclusively to doctoral studies. In 1984 the institute was finally named a grande école , making it one of the most prestigious research and higher education institutions in France ever since. The selection of students is selective and only students who have completed a Bachelor of Arts degree are admitted. There are no Bachelor courses at EHESS. Together with the ENS Ulm , the École des Mines and the Collège de France , it forms the Paris Science et Lettres , which is a research university made up of 13 institutions within the framework of the French Excellence Initiative and is considered the best French university in the current international rankings.

Annales Journal

The Annales-Zeitschrift , founded in 1929 by Marc Bloch and Lucien Febvre , which set itself the task of publishing works in which various human science disciplines could be made fruitful for historical studies, is now being marketed by the university. From the methodological approach to the science of history, including other disciplines, the Annales School , named after the journal , developed and is still published in the Annales today. Today, the magazine is one of the most widely distributed specialist historical publications in French. The English edition of the magazine has been edited and distributed in collaboration with the University of Cambridge since 2016 .

Student numbers and professors

At 2800 students, the number of students is quite small compared to other Parisian universities. The University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne has 14 times as many students or Sciences Po four times as many students as EHESS. The lecturer-student ratio is also exceptional; At EHESS, there is only one university lecturer for every six students (almost 3,000 students and 500 lecturers). Half of the almost 3,000 students are doctoral candidates and more than half of all students are from abroad.

Fields of activity

The task of EHESS is research in the social sciences and humanities , history , sociology , economics , anthropology , demography , geography , archeology , psychology , linguistics , philosophy , law and mathematics . For a number of years, EHESS has also been offering a few Master’s programs, although traditionally it was mainly active at doctoral level.


There are important partnerships in particular with the Center national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) in the field of social sciences and humanities (whose most important partner is EHESS), the New School for Social Research in New York City and the University of Chicago . In history, both Yale University and Columbia University in France have exchange programs and partnership agreements only with EHESS and ENS. In 2008, the Franco-German Master of Excellence in History was also established in cooperation with the University of Heidelberg .


The university has been located in the Saint-Germain-des-Prés district in the 6th arrondissement of Paris since it was founded . Since the original main building on Boulevard Raspail ( 6th arrondissement ) was completely renovated due to asbestos, lecturers and administrative staff had to temporarily vacate the traditional building in December 2010, but have since been able to partially return. The university's headquarters are now back in the original building at 54 Boulevard Raspail.

Professors and lecturers

Its professors and lecturers included and still include the leading intellectuals of the French intellectual life of the 20th and 21st centuries, including (alphabetically):

Web links

Commons : École des hautes études en sciences sociales  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ World University Rankings. August 18, 2017, accessed October 13, 2019 .
  2. Wikiwix's cache. Retrieved March 28, 2020 .
  3. Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales: Dates clefs de l'histoire de l'EHESS. December 10, 2015, accessed October 13, 2019 (French).
  4. École des hautes études en sciences sociales. Retrieved March 28, 2020 (French).
  5. Olivier Godechot: How Did the Neoclassical Paradigm Conquer a Multi-disciplinary Research Institution ?. Economists at the EHESS from 1948 to 2005 . In: Revue de la regulation. Capitalism, institutions, pouvoirs . No. 10 , November 17, 2011, ISSN  1957-7796 , doi : 10.4000 / regulation.9429 ( openedition.org [accessed March 28, 2020]).
  6. ^ Historical seminar, Jürgen Miethke: History in Heidelberg: 100 years historical seminar 50 years institute for Franconian-Palatinate history and regional studies . Springer-Verlag, 2013, ISBN 978-3-642-76669-5 ( google.ch [accessed on March 28, 2020]).
  7. Sommaire: Les Annales. Retrieved March 25, 2020 (French).
  8. Annales HSS. Retrieved March 25, 2020 (French).
  9. L'EHESS, une grande école ouverte aux réfugiés . In: Le Monde.fr . March 26, 2016 ( lemonde.fr [accessed March 28, 2020]).
  10. École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) Exchange Fellowship in Paris, France - UChicagoGRAD | The University of Chicago. Retrieved March 28, 2020 .
  11. ^ Columbia University: The Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales. Retrieved April 8, 2020 .
  12. ^ Columbia University: Courses at French Universities. Retrieved April 8, 2020 .
  13. International Exchanges | The Center for Historical Inquiry and the Social Sciences. Retrieved May 7, 2020 .
  14. ^ Inauguration du siège de la Fondation Maison des Sciences de l'Homme et de l'Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales. Retrieved March 28, 2020 (French).

Coordinates: 48 ° 50 ′ 9.5 ″  N , 2 ° 22 ′ 20.1 ″  E