The Rockefeller Foundation ( English Rockefeller Foundation ) is a New York City- based organization. It was founded by John D. Rockefeller with the purpose of promoting "the good of mankind around the world".
- Founding Members: John D. Rockefeller , John D. Rockefeller, Jr. , Frederick Taylor Gates , Harry Pratt Judson , Simon Flexner , Starr J. Murphy , Jerome D. Greene , Wickliffe Rose, and Charles 0. Heydt .
- Board of Directors: Chairman: John D. Rockefeller, Jr .; President: George E. Vincent ; Secretary: Edwin R. Embree ; Treasurer: LG Myers ; Auditor: Robert H. Kirk ; assistant treasurer: Landon Minor Dashiell ;
- Members: Wallace Buttrick , Simon Flexner , Harry E. Fosdick , Frederick T. Gates, A. Burton Hepburn , Charles E. Hughes , Harry Pratt Judson, Starr J. Murphy, John D. Rockefeller, John D. Rockefeller, Jr., Wickliffe Rose, Julius Rosenwald , Martin A. Ryerson , Frederick Strauss , George E. Vincent .
The foundation works in the following areas
- Institute of Medical Research (RIMR) to research the causes, prevention and cures of disease. Today: The Rockefeller University
- natural Science
- Peace and conflict
- Social sciences
Over the years the organization has contributed to the advancement of public health and medical education, scientific advancement and social research, advocacy for increased food production, arts and culture, and many other areas of public life around the globe.
At the end of 2001, the foundation's assets were estimated at approximately $ 3.1 billion.
An important sub-organization for Germany was the Abraham Lincoln Foundation (ALS), which during the Weimar period counted many outstanding scientists among its members, awarded scholarships to talented young professionals and generally wanted to promote democratic thought in education. There were also serious mistakes. From 1932 to 1935, the foundation financed, among other things, the twin research of Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics in Berlin. The National Socialist journalist Giselher Wirsing received an ALS scholarship for a longer stay in America when he was young. After his return he developed into one of the most aggressive anti-American in Nazi journalism, where he acted as an expert due to his trip. He kept this line for life, also later with Christ and the world .
The Bellagio Center
The foundation also owns and operates the Rockefeller Foundation Bellagio Center at Villa Serbelloni in Bellagio , Italy. The property was bequeathed to the foundation in 1950. This includes the main building with one and two-room apartments, a library with an adjoining lounge, a breakfast room and dining room with a spacious outdoor terrace on a plot of approx. 200,000 m² on the tip of the peninsula on Lake Como . Small buildings in the forest with internet access are set up as research rooms for guests. In a second building complex directly on the lake, which was opened in September 2001, apartments and conference rooms are available to guests.
Both a conference and residency program will be conducted at the Bellagio Center. Humanities and natural scientists, artists, writers, musicians and politicians from all over the world can apply to the foundation for a stay of two to six weeks.
- Malcolm Richardson, Jürgen Reulecke , Frank Trommler (eds.): Weimar's transatlantic patron. The Lincoln Foundation 1927 to 1934. An attempt to promote the democratic elite in the Weimar Republic. Klartext-Verlag, Essen 2008, ISBN 978-3-89861-882-3
- Inderjeet Parmar: Foundations of the American century. The Ford, Carnegie, and Rockefeller Foundations in the rise of American power. Columbia University Press, New York 2012, ISBN 978-0-231-14628-9
- Official website (English)
- List of the members of the ALS trust group, the names of the persons who applied for grants (with or without success) and the proposers (1927–1930) .
- The charter of the Rockefeller Foundation (English)
- Securities in bonds, notes and stocks Information furnished by the Rockefeller Foundation in response to questionnaires submitted by the United States Commission on Industrial Relations (1915).
- Wolfgang Burgmer: May 14th, 1913 - The founding of the Rockefeller Foundation ZeitZeichen , WDR (podcast).
- Benno Müller-Hill : The blood of Auschwitz and the silence of the scholars. In: Doris Kaufmann (Ed.): History of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society in National Socialism. Volume 1: History of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society under National Socialism. Inventory and prospects for research. Volume 1. Wallstein, Göttingen, ISBN 3-89244-423-4 , pp. 189–227, here p. 190.