Rockefeller University

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Rockefeller University
Rockefeller University
motto Scientia pro bono humani generis ( lat. )
"Science for the benefit of the human race" (German)
founding 1901
Sponsorship Private
place New York City , New York , USA
president Richard P. Lifton
Students 200
Development of the founders hall
Rockefeller University: Founders Hall

The Rockefeller University is a university in New York City . It is located there between 63rd and 68th Streets on York Avenue on the Upper East Side of Manhattan Island. Rockefeller University focuses on research and teaching in the biomedical field. Students can complete a professional doctorate in medicine or a Ph.D. acquire. There are also research centers for post-doctoral students .


The beginnings of the university lie partly in a personal tragedy. After John D. Rockefeller Sr.'s grandson died of scarlet fever in January 1901, Frederick T. Gates and John D. Rockefeller Jr.'s three-year plans for the establishment of a research institute were quickly realized. Research centers in Europe such as the Robert Koch and Pasteur Institutes served as models. At the time the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research was founded in 1901 , infectious diseases such as scarlet fever, measles, tuberculosis, diphtheria, and typhoid were considered to be the greatest known threats to human health. Initially, the institute was commissioned to a. To investigate public health problems such as bacterial contamination of milk in New York City.

After two years in the alternative quarters, the laboratories opened in 1906 on the site of the former Schermerhorn Farm on York Avenue (then Avenue A ) and 66th Street. From the beginning, Rockefeller scientists made important contributions to the understanding and healing of disease. Simon Flexner , the institute's first director, developed an innovative delivery system for an anti-meningitis serum; Hideyo Noguchi studied the syphilis microbe and looked for the cause of yellow fever; Louise Pearce developed a drug for African sleeping sickness and Peyton Rous discovered that cancer was caused by a virus.

In 1910, Rockefeller Hospital was founded as the first hospital in the United States to be exclusively dedicated to clinical research. Convinced that medical advances through both laboratory and hospital disease research would benefit patients, they recruited the best minds - including doctors, chemists, microbiologists, virologists, immunologists, and neurologists. The Rockefeller Institute Hospital was vital to the work of the institute. As the first clinical research center in the United States, it remains a place where researchers can combine laboratory tests with bedside observations to provide a scientific basis for the disease, prevention and treatment. Among other diseases, the researchers examined polio, heart disease and diabetes early on in the hospital. A new breed of scientist emerged from this pioneering model of the research hospital: the clinical researcher, who serves as the link between the practicing physician and the fundamental scientist.

Some other important contributions include the development of the oxygen chamber, influenza vaccination, blood chemistry analysis with the Van Slyke manometric apparatus, methods of blood transfusion and storage of blood, diagnostic tests for lead poisoning, new therapies to treat psoriasis, and several drug therapies for HIV Infection, as well as the detailed characterization of the numerous diseases, etc. a. of poliomyelitis, Wilson's disease, and porphyria.

After the start of teaching, the institute was renamed Rockefeller University in 1965 . On October 7, 2010, the university celebrated the centenary of its hospital.

In the course of its history, the facility has produced 25 Nobel Prize winners.





Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Richard P. Lifton. Rockefeller University, accessed May 30, 2020 .
  2. The Rockefeller University Quick Facts accessed December 31, 2009
  3. ^ Rockefeller University - History
  4. 100 Years of Rockefeller University Hospital
  5. Centennial Celebration October 7, 2010 at The Rockefeller University in New York City. In: Panache Privée. October 2010, archived from the original on January 9, 201 ; accessed on July 19, 2020 (English).

Coordinates: 40 ° 45 ′ 45.4 "  N , 73 ° 57 ′ 19.6"  W.