Haldan Keffer Hartline

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Haldan Keffer Hartline

Haldan Keffer Hartline (born December 22, 1903 in Bloomsburg , Pennsylvania , USA ; † March 17, 1983 in Fallston , Maryland , USA) was an American physician, physiologist , biochemist and biophysicist .

Hartline examined the individual functions of the retinal cells of the eye . He did essential work on the metabolism of nerve cells .


In 1923 Hartline graduated from Lafayette College with a Bachelor of Science . In 1927 he received his doctorate in medicine from the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine and then studied physics and mathematics at Johns Hopkins University on a two-year scholarship. From the spring of 1931 he was a lecturer at the Johnson Foundation for Medical Physics at the University of Pennsylvania .

In 1948 Hartline was elected to the National Academy of Sciences , 1952 to the American Philosophical Society, and 1957 to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences . In 1967, together with Ragnar Granit and George Wald, he received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine “for their discovery in the field of primary physiological and chemical visual processes in the eye”.


  • Studies on Exication and Inhibition in the Retina. New York 1974.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Member History: Haldan Keffer Hartline. American Philosophical Society, accessed September 23, 2018 .