Yale University

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Yale University
motto אורים ותומים
Lux et veritas

("Light and Truth")
founding 1701
Sponsorship Private
place New Haven (Connecticut) , United States
president Peter Salovey
Students 11,390
Employee 3,619
Foundation assets $ 29.4 billion
University sports Bulldogs ( Ivy League )
Networks Association of American Universities
Website www.yale.edu

The Yale University in New Haven (Connecticut) is one of the most prestigious universities in the world and the third oldest University of the United States . It was named after one of its first sponsors, the merchant Elihu Yale . In 2018, the university had around 29.4 billion US dollars, after Harvard University , the second largest foundation capital of an educational institution worldwide. She is a member of the so-called Ivy League , a group of eight top universities in the northeastern United States, and a founding member of the Association of American Universities , an association of leading research-intensive North American universities that has existed since 1900. In addition, Yale belongs to the University network International Alliance of Research Universities in. With Harvard and Princeton , Yale is perceived in media and society worldwide as one of the three most influential, renowned and high-performance Ivy League universities in the USA.

Yale University has a library system that included over 12.5 million books in multiple locations in 2009. A total of 49  Nobel Prize winners have studied, taught or worked at Yale. The university's graduates include five US presidents , 19 US Supreme Court justices, and various foreign heads of state. The Yale Law School is the most selective law school in the United States.


Yale University is the third oldest American higher education institution after Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts and the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia . Yale's beginnings lie in the decision of the General Court of the Connecticut Colony's An Act for Liberty to Erect a Collegiate School on October 9, 1701, according to which a college school is to be established. Soon after, a group of ten Congregationalists donated the materials they had received as Harvard students to the institution as the foundation for the library. Years earlier, Harvard University was the only university in North America. Yale was founded to train leaders. The institution originally called Collegiate School opened its teaching in the house of its first rector Abraham Pierson (1646-1707) in Killingworth , today Clinton (Connecticut) .

1716 Collegiate School moved to New Haven and became in 1718 due to a large donation from Elihu Yale in Yale College renamed.

Sterling Memorial Library
Yale Old Campus

In the 19th century the college was expanded to include a number of secondary institutions, such as the Yale Medical School (1810), the Yale Divinity School (1822), the Yale Law School (1843), the Yale Graduate School of Arts and Sciences (1847) , the Sheffield Scientific School (1861), and the Yale School of Fine Arts (1869).

In 1887 the entire complex of these institutions was renamed Yale University , with Yale College becoming the official name for the so-called undergraduate area of ​​the university.

Other graduate schools that have since been established or affiliated with the university are the Yale School of Music (1894), the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies (1901), the Yale School of Public Health (1915), and the Yale School of Nursing (1923), and the Yale School of Management (1976). Due to a donation from John William Sterling , who died in 1918 , significant extensions were made.

While the graduate schools long accepted students of both sexes, Yale College was reserved for male students until 1969.

Yale University is home to the beincke Rare Book and Manuscript Library , which has a papyrus collection and a large number of incunabula . The university also includes the Yale University Art Gallery , the oldest university art museum in the western hemisphere.

The Yale School of Architecture has been run as a separate Yale architecture school since 1972. Its director has been the renowned architect Robert AM Stern since 1998 .

In August 2020, an investigation by the Department of Justice (DOJ) concluded that Yale was using illegal discriminatory practices in the application process for students based on skin color and origin. The practices violate Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, according to the DOJ .

Head of Collegiate School, Yale College, and Yale University

Yale College principals Born died Years as rector
1 The Rev. Abraham Pierson (1646–1707) (1701-1707)
2 The Rev. Samuel Andrew (1656-1738) (1707–1719) ( per tempore )
3 The Rev. Timothy Cutler (1684–1765) (1719–1726)
4th The Rev. Elisha William (s) (1694–1755) (1726–1739)
5 The Rev. Thomas Clap (1703-1767) (1740–1745)
President of Yale College Born died Years as president
1 The Rev. Thomas Clap (1703-1767) (1745–1766)
2 The Rev. Naphtali Daggett (1727–1780) (1766–1777) ( pro tempore )
3 The Rev. Ezra Stiles (1727–1795) (1778–1795)
4th Timothy Dwight IV. (1752-1817) (1795-1817)
5 Jeremiah Day (1773-1867) (1817-1846)
6th Theodore Dwight Woolsey (1801-1899) (1846–1871)
7th Noah Porter III (1811-1892) (1871-1886)
8th Timothy Dwight V (1828-1916) (1886-1899)
9 Arthur Twining Hadley (1856–1930) (1899–1921)
10 James Rowland Angell (1869–1949) (1921–1937)
11 Charles Seymour (1885–1963) (1937–1951)
12 Alfred Whitney Griswold (1906–1963) (1951–1963)
13 Kingman Brewster, Jr. (1919–1988) (1963–1977)
14th Hanna Holborn Gray (1930–) (1977–1977)
15th A. Bartlett Giamatti (1938–1989) (1977-1986)
16 Benno C. Schmidt, Jr. (1942–) (1986-1992)
17th Howard R. Lamar (1923–) (1992-1993)
18th Richard C. Levin (1947–) (1993-2013)
19th Peter Salovey (1958–) (2013–)

Student associations

Yale University has a number of well-known student associations. These include Skull and Bones , Scroll and Key , Wolf's Head , Book and Snake, and Berzelius .


The football stadium holds around 66,000 spectators.

The Yale College sports teams are known as the Yale Bulldogs . They mostly play in the Ivy League , whose eight members, unlike the majority of US universities, do not award sports scholarships. The American football duel against the Harvard Crimson is one of the most famous college rivalries in US sport and is known for short as The Game .


The university regularly achieves top positions in various ratings for academic institutions. As with the other top universities, the exact ranking varies slightly from year to year, with the top international universities always sharing the top 10 to 15 places. For example, Yale ranks third in the US News & World Report 2016 university ranking and fifth according to Forbes 2015 among the best US universities - as it has done every year for the past 16 years. The university is under the prestigious Philosophical Gourmet Report (2014-2015) specialized in philosophy as one of the top five in the US and especially in the fields of ethics and philosophy of the modern period (17th and 18th centuries) as one of the world's best.

Nobel Prize Winner

Important alumni

Due to the international importance of Yale University, the institution counts alumni from all over the world:

science and technology

Literature and journalism

Art and media

Politics and administration


Partner universities

Yale University maintains partnerships with the following German universities as part of the Connecticut Baden-Württemberg state program: Eberhard Karls University Tübingen , Ruprecht Karls University Heidelberg , Albert Ludwigs University Freiburg , Hohenheim University , Karlsruhe Institute of Technology , University of Konstanz , University of Mannheim , University of Stuttgart and University of Ulm . The theological faculty of Yale University (Yale Divinity School) with the three oldest of the universities in Baden-Württemberg has special exchange programs : Tübingen (including the Tübinger Stift ), Heidelberg and Freiburg. There are also exchange agreements between Yale and Freie Universität Berlin .

See also

Web links

Commons : Yale University  - album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Yale Facts | Yale . Yale.edu. Retrieved September 16, 2009.
  2. Investment return of 12.3% brings Yale endowment value to $ 29.4 billion | Yale News . Yale.edu. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
  3. Le Monde diplomatique - The candidate makers ; see. Times Higher Education: World Reputation Rankings 2012
  4. ^ Yale University Library: Libraries & Collections AZ . Library.yale.edu. July 10, 2006. Retrieved September 16, 2009.
  5. 2009 Raw Data Law School Rankings: Acceptance Rate (Ascending) . Internet Legal Research Group. Retrieved April 29, 2012.
  6. Property Overview ( Memento from August 30, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
  7. ^ Yale School of Architecture: "Building history." ( Memento of April 4, 2007 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on April 10, 2007.
  8. The United States Department of Justice : [1] . August 13, 2020, accessed on August 14, 2020
  9. ^ US News National Universities Rankings
  10. ^ Forbes America's Top Colleges
  11. The Philosophical Gourmet Report - Ranking Of Top 50 Faculties In The English-Speaking World / Ranking Of Faculties In The United States ( Memento of August 13, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
  12. The Philosophical Gourmet Report - Summary Of Rankings By Department ( Memento of November 29, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
  13. Study Abroad: Connecticut Baden-Württemberg Exchange Program , Participating BW Universities ( Memento from January 16, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
  14. ^ Student Exchange Opportunities - Baden-Württemberg Exchange (Heidelberg, Freiburg, Tübingen in Germany) ( Memento from October 25, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
  15. ^ The Fox International Fellowships - Free University of Berlin

Coordinates: 41 ° 18 ′ 38 "  N , 72 ° 57 ′ 37"  W.