|motto||Vox clamantis in deserto ("Calling voice in the desert")|
|place||Hanover , New Hampshire , USA|
|president||Philip J. Hanlon (since June 10, 2013)|
|Annual budget||approx. 775 million US $ (2013)|
|Foundation assets||US $ 3.5 billion (2013)|
|University sports||Ivy League|
The Dartmouth College was in 1769 in Hanover , New Hampshire established, making it the ninth-oldest university of the United States and the last university establishment of the American colonial period . Dartmouth College, also known as "Big Green" , is one of the eight universities in the Ivy League and is one of the oldest and most prestigious institutions in the USA. The motto of Dartmouth College is "Vox Clamantis in Deserto" ("A voice calls in the desert". Cf. Isaiah 40 : 3 ).
In 1769, the college was initially founded as a school for Indians by the Protestant clergyman Eleazar Wheelock and the physician, scientist and surgeon Nathan Smith (1762-1829).
The project was financially secured when one of the first students, Samson Occom , a native of the Mohegan tribe , was able to raise capital through donations. Thus, on December 13, 1769, the college could on a land donation from the royal governor of New Hampshire (then a British colony ), John Wentworth , by a charter from George III. to be founded. The college was named after William Legge , the second Earl of Dartmouth , a supporter of Wheelock. The college is committed to educating "the youth of the Indian tribes , English youth and others."
Dartmouth College v. William H. Woodward
In 1816 the independent college came under greater state influence. For this purpose, the charter from the colonial era was declared invalid and the college was converted into the state university "Dartmouth University". The then President Francis Brown (1815-1820), however, fought before the US Supreme Court for the independence of the college. Dartmouth was represented by Dartmouth alumnus and attorney Daniel Webster . Finally, Chief Justice John Marshall ruled in favor of “Big Green”, paving the way to secure independence from private institutions ( “thereby paving the way for all American private institutions to conduct their affairs in accordance with their charters and without interference from the state ". ). This case ensured independence from private universities and is known as the "Dartmouth College Case" .
The main focus of Dartmouth is the education of "undergraduates", i.e. students in their first university education. In 2013 around 4,200 “undergraduates” and 2,100 “graduates” were studying in Dartmouth, and 40 institutes and research projects were based there.
Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth
The Dartmouth Medical School was founded in 1797 and is the fourth oldest medical school in the US. In 2012 it was named after the American children's book author Theodor Seuss Geisel and his wife Audrey.
Thayer School of Engineering
The Thayer School of Engineering was founded in 1867 as the first engineering school in the USA. It is named after Sylvanus Thayer , who made the foundation possible with a donation of over $ 40,000.
Tuck School of Business
In 1900 the Tuck School of Business was founded under the name Amos Tuck School of Administration and Finance as the world's first graduate school for management.
Dartmouth College's sports teams are (unofficially) called The Big Green . Dartmouth College belongs to the so-called " Ivy League ", like several universities in the northeastern USA (such as Harvard , Yale , Princeton and others).
- Owen Chamberlain (1920–2006), American physicist and Nobel Prize winner
- Anthony M. Frank (* 1931), German-American savings bank manager and Postmaster General of the United States
- Robert Frost (1874–1963), American poet
- Theodor Seuss Geisel (1904–1991), American children's book author and cartoonist
- Timothy F. Geithner (born 1961), 75th Secretary of the Treasury of the United States
- Annette Gordon-Reed (* 1958), American historian, legal scholar and Pulitzer Prize winner for history
- Robert M. Groves (* 1948), American statistician and sociologist; acting head of the United States Census Bureau
- Henry Wolfe Gummer (* 1979), musician and actor; Son of Meryl Streep.
- Ed Healey (1894–1978), American football player and coach
- Jim Yong Kim (* 1959), 12th President of the World Bank
- Alexandra Kondracke , film director, television director, screenwriter and camerawoman
- Thomas E. Kurtz (* 1928), American computer scientist, co-inventor of the BASIC programming language
- Ben Lovejoy (* 1984), American ice hockey player
- Norman Maclean (1902–1990), American author and professor of English literature
- John McCarthy (1927–2011), American computer scientist, Turing Prize winner and initiator of the Dartmouth Conference , the 'hour of birth' of artificial intelligence as an academic subject.
- James Nachtwey (* 1948), American documentary photographer, war correspondent and photojournalist
- Shonda Rhimes (* 1970), American screenwriter and producer of television series; Creator of Grey's Anatomy hospital series
- Budd Schulberg (1914–2009), American writer and screenwriter
- David E. Scherman (1916–1997), American photojournalist and editor
- James Schiro (1946-2014), insurance manager
- Margaret Wilkerson Sexton (* 1982 or 1983), American writer
- Barry Sharpless (* 1941), American chemist and Nobel Prize winner
- George Davis Snell (1903–1996), American biologist and Nobel Prize winner
- Gus Sonnenberg (1898–1944), football player and wrestler
- Thaddeus Stevens (1792–1868), American abolitionist and politician
- Charles Stinson (1931–2012), American scholar of religion
- Daniel Webster (1782–1852), American politician, US Senator and Secretary of State
- Kai Wong (* 1980), American actor and producer.
- Half Zantop (1938–2001), German-American geologist and university professor
- Susanne Zantop (1945–2001), German-American political scientist and Germanist
- Baxter Perry Smith: The history of Dartmouth college . Publisher: Houghton, Osgood and company Boston, 1878
- Frederick Chase: A History Of Dartmouth College and the Town of Hanover, New Hampshire . Volume. I. Publisher: John Wilson And Son 1891
- Wilder Dwight Quint: The story of Dartmouth . With Illustrations by John Albert Seaford. Publisher: Little, Brown and Company, Boston 1914
- War record of Dartmouth college, 1917-1918 ; edited by Eugene Francis Clark, Secretary of the College. Published by authority of the Trustees. 1922
- Centennial Celebration at Dartmouth College, July 21, 1869
- Books and alumni magazines about Dartmouth College - Internet Archive - online
- Website of Dartmouth College (English)
- Site of the hostage School of Medicine (English)
- Website of the Thayer School of Engineering (English)
- Website of the Tuck School of Business (English)
- Robert A. Divine: America Past and Present . ISBN 0-321-18308-8
- Barbara I. Tshisuaka: Smith, Nathan. In: Werner E. Gerabek , Bernhard D. Haage, Gundolf Keil , Wolfgang Wegner (eds.): Enzyklopädie Medizingeschichte. De Gruyter, Berlin / New York 2005, ISBN 3-11-015714-4 , p. 1340.
- William Legge, 2nd earl of Dartmouth in: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.
- Dartmouth College case , formally Trustees of Dartmouth College v. Woodward (4 Wheat. 518 1819) in: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.
- University homepage
- Homepage of the Medical School
- Website of the Thayer School
- Website of the Tuck School
- Frank, Anthony M. In: Charles Moritz (editor): Current Biography Yearbook 1991 , Volume 52. New York 1991, p. 227.