Entrance to the Governor's Palace
|Location in Virginia|
|State :||United States|
|Time zone :||Eastern ( UTC − 5 / −4 )|
|Residents :||14,068 (as of 2010)|
|Population density :||636.6 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||22.5 km 2 (approx. 9 mi 2 ) of
which 22.1 km 2 (approx. 9 mi 2 ) is land
|Height :||15 m|
|Postcodes :||23186, 23187|
|Area code :||+1 757|
|GNIS ID :||1498551|
|Mayor :||Clyde Haulman|
Williamsburg is a city in the southeast of the US state Virginia with around 11,998 residents. It is the county seat of James City County , but does not belong to him. Part of the city has been restored as 18th-century Colonial Williamsburg , largely funded by John D. Rockefeller, Jr. , who, according to his son David, has invested about $ 60 million in the project over 30 years.
In 1633 the city was founded as part of Jamestown and named Middle Plantation . In 1699 it was named in honor of King Wilhelm III. from Orange around. From 1699 to 1776, Williamsburg served as the capital of the Royal British Colony of Virginia. From May / June 1776 the city became the capital of the newly independent Commonwealth of Virginia . In 1788 it was replaced as the capital of Richmond .
Large parts of Williamsburg stand since 1931 as Colonial Williamsburg under monument protection . For example the Capitol (1701/05), the Governor's Palace (1706/20, reconstructed 1927-34) and the College of William and Mary (1695/99). They represent the epoch of the creation of the nation.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the restoration and rebuilding of Colonial Williamsburg was one of the largest projects of its kind in the United States. It was v. a. accompanied by William Archer Rutherfoord Goodwin (1869–1939) and John D. Rockefeller, Jr. and his wife Abby Aldrich Rockefeller to celebrate the early history of the United States .
Many of the missing colonial structures were reconstructed in their original location in the 1930s. Much has been set back to the structural status of the 18th century. Most of the buildings are open to tourists and Colonial Williamsburg is visited by more than a million visitors from around the world each year. Today it is a living history museum, in which people in historical costumes interpret life in the 18th century.
The DeWitt Wallace Decorative Arts Museum has an extensive collection of American and British antiques. It includes furniture, metals, ceramics, glass, paintings, prints, firearms and textiles from the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries. Affiliated to the museum is the Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Museum , which is the nationwide leading center for the research, preservation and exhibition of American folk art and holds the extensive folk art collection of Abby Rockefeller.
- Institute for Early American History and Culture
- College of William and Mary ,the second oldest higher education institution in the United Statesafter Harvard in Boston
Born in Williamsburg
- Lemuel J. Bowden (1815–1864), US Senator
- John L. Hall, Jr. (1891-1988), Admiral
- Sean Hall (born 1967), rower
- Bruce Randall Hornsby (* 1954), pianist and singer-songwriter
- Peyton Randolph (1721–1775), first president of the Continental Congress
- Lawrence Taylor (* 1959), American football linebacker
- Martha Washington (1731–1802), first First Lady of the United States of America
- The historic Christiana Campbell Tavern is located in Williamsburg , where US President George Washington used to frequent.
- Near Williamsburg is Camp Peary , the training center of the Central Intelligence Agency , the United States' foreign intelligence service .
- That the Future May Learn from the Past - John D. Rockefeller Jr., a founder of Colonial Williamsburg (Engl.)
- DeWitt Wallace Decorative Arts Museum (Eng.)
- Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Museum (Eng.)
- Beatrix T. Rumford; Carolyn J.Weekley: Treasures of American Folk Art from the Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Center . Boston 1989
- Website of the Christiana Campbell Tavern ( Memento from November 25, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) (English)
- City of Williamsburg official home page
- Colonial Williamsburg home page
- College of William and Mary home page
- Williamsburg - James City County Public Schools home page
- Providence Classical School home page
- Welcome to James City County, Virginia
- Williamsburg Area Convention and Visitors Bureau - The Official Web Site