The USS George Washington (CVN 73) on the Elizabeth River which flows into the Atlantic Ocean through Norfolk
|Location in Virginia|
|State :||United States|
|Time zone :||Eastern ( UTC − 5 / −4 )|
- Metropolitan Area :
|242,803 (status: 2010)
1,569,541 (status: 2000)
|Population density :||1,744.3 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||249.4 km 2 (approx. 96 mi 2 ) of
which 139.2 km 2 (approx. 54 mi 2 ) are land
|Height :||2.13 m|
|Postcodes :||23501-23515, 23517-23521, 23523, 23529, 23541, 23551|
|Area code :||+1 757|
|GNIS ID :||1497051|
|Mayor :||Kenneth C. Alexander|
Norfolk is a city in the US state of Virginia . Norfolk is located in southeast Virginia on the Elizabeth River in the Hampton Roads region . She does not belong to County , but is a county-level city (independent city) .
In 2010, Norfolk had 242,803 residents. The city extends over a land area of around 140 km² and around 100 km² of water. Norfolk is home to Naval Station Norfolk, the largest naval base in the world used by the US Navy .
The Chesipean Indian community of Skicoak originally stood on the site of today's city . These were driven out by the Powhatan Indians when the first settlers arrived .
After the first English settlers settled in Jamestown at the beginning of the 17th century , the areas on the Elizabeth River and the adjacent waters were settled. There are ferries furnished and tobacco grown.
Norfolk was founded in 1682. The first church was built in 1698 and the first public school in 1761.
During the War of Independence , Norfolk became the last base of the British Crown. However, following the Battle of Great Bridge (1775), it came under the control of the American patriots . When the retreating British commander Lord Dunmore had them bombarded from his ships in 1776, large parts of the city were destroyed. After the end of the British blockade, the rebuilding of the village began in 1783.
In 1801 the navy established a first base . Norfolk was granted city status in 1845.
The Civil War reached Norfolk in 1861. Virginia sided with the Confederation and demanded Confederation or surrender of soldiers at the Norfolk Naval Shipyard . The commander of the site, Charles Stewart McCauley, was loyal to the USA and, since he could not defend Norfolk, ordered the destruction of ships and military equipment. Nevertheless, when the Confederate conquered the site, military equipment fell into their hands. In 1862, at the Battle of Hampton Roads, a sea battle between two ironclad ships took place. Norfolk fell to the Northern States .
The city of Norfolk has been twinning with Wilhelmshaven ( Lower Saxony ) since 1976 and with Toulon (France) since 1988 . All three cities each have the largest naval base in their country and are therefore similar.
Further city partnerships
- Kitakyushu , Fukuoka Prefecture , Japan (1963)
- Kaliningrad , Russia (1992)
- Halifax , Nova Scotia , Canada (2006)
The private school Norfolk Academy has had a school partnership with the Copernicus-Gymnasium Löningen in Lower Saxony since 1973 . Every year around 15-21 pupils in grades 10, 11 and 12 take part in the popular exchange. This makes this exchange program the longest running active exchange program between a German and an American school.
The Naval Station Norfolk is the largest base of the US Navy in the United States and also includes a marine airport. Several aircraft carriers , submarines and other warships are stationed in Norfolk. In the Shipyard Norfolk Naval Shipyard to Navy ships maintained and modernized. The large Nimitz-class aircraft carriers are built in the Newport News Shipbuilding yard further north .
Culture and sights
In the metropolitan area of Hampton Roads are the cities of Virginia Beach , Chesapeake , Newport News , Hampton , Portsmouth , Suffolk , Williamsburg and Poquoson , as well as the transport hub of Norfolk International Airport .
sons and daughters of the town
Personalities related to the city
- John Stratton (1769-1804), politician; died in Norfolk
- Littleton Waller Tazewell (1774-1860), politician; died in Norfolk
- James Johnson († 1825), politician; headed customs in Norfolk
- Francis Mallory (1807-1860), politician; worked as a doctor in Norfolk
- John Blake Rice (1809–1874), politician; died in Norfolk
- Asa Biggs (1811–1878), lawyer and politician; lived in Norfolk
- George Edward Pickett (1825–1875), Major General in the Army of the Confederate States of America
- John Goode (1829-1909), lawyer and politician; lived and died in Norfolk
- John F. Dezendorf (1834-1894), politician; worked as a surveyor and tax assessor in Norfolk
- Joseph Henry Sweney (1845–1918), politician; died in Norfolk
- George E. Bowden (1852-1908), politician; Headed Customs in Norfolk Harbor
- Joseph T. Deal (1860-1942), politician; lived and died in Norfolk
- Charles R. Thomas (1861-1931), politician; died in Norfolk
- Harry Marcy Coudrey (1867-1930), politician; died in Norfolk
- Norman R. Hamilton (1877–1964), politician; worked as a newspaper reporter in Norfolk
- Andrew James Louis Brennan (1877–1956), Roman Catholic Bishop of Richmond; died in Norfolk
- Menalcus Lankford (1883-1937), politician; worked as a lawyer in Norfolk
- Ralph Hunter Daughton (1885-1958), politician; practiced as a private lawyer in Norfolk
- Marc Andrew Mitscher (1887–1947), naval aviator and admiral; took command of the 8th US fleet in Norfolk in 1946
- Colgate Darden (1897-1981), politician; practiced as a lawyer in Norfolk
- Albert Leroy David (1902–1945), naval officer
- Arnold Strauss (1902–1965), German-American pathologist and art collector; worked in Norfolk
- Walter Percy Chrysler, Jr. (1909–1988), entrepreneur and art collector; died in Norfolk
- Walter B. Jones senior (1913–1992), politician; died in Norfolk
- Ted Reinhardt († 2015), drummer; died in a plane crash in the Norfolk Botanic Gardens in 2015
- Lewis S. Ford (* 1933), philosopher and theologian; Professor at Old Dominion University in Norfolk
- Moses Malone (1955-2015), basketball player; died in Norfolk
- Andrey Kasparov (* 1966), Russian-Armenian pianist and composer; Professor of Music at Old Dominion University in Norfolk
Monthly average temperatures and rainfall for Norfolk, Virginia
- Eastern Virginia Medical School. Retrieved September 9, 2016 .
- Tidewater Community College. Retrieved September 9, 2016 .
- Census results 1790–2010 . Retrieved October 7, 2012
- Website of Norfolk (English)