United States Census 1790

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The 1790 United States Census was the first census in the United States . As a result of the census, a population of 3,929,326 inhabitants was determined for the USA on August 2, 1790, of which 697,681 were slaves . The largest cities at the time were New York City with 33,000 inhabitants, Philadelphia with 28,000, Boston with 18,000, Charleston with 16,000 and Baltimore with 13,000.

The data includes information about the head of the family, the number of free white persons (men and women), number of free persons, number of slaves, city or district, and occasionally place of residence or residential district.

Delaware , Georgia , Kentucky , New Jersey , Tennessee, and Virginia census data from 1790 to 1830 has been lost.

The state population figures from the 10-year United States censuses are key to determining the number of representatives from those states in the United States House of Representatives . The adjustment is usually made in the next but one Congress after a census.

Most populous cities

Most populous cities in the United States by population in 1790.

rank city State population
1 New York City new York 33.131
2 Philadelphia Pennsylvania 28,522
3 Boston Massachusetts 18,320
4th Charleston South carolina 16,359
5 Baltimore Maryland 13,503
6th Northern Liberties Pennsylvania 9,913
7th Salem Massachusetts 7,921
8th Newport Rhode Island 6,716
9 Providence Rhode Island 6,380
10 Marblehead Massachusetts 5,661
10 Southwark Pennsylvania 5,661
12 Gloucester Massachusetts 5,317
13 Newburyport Massachusetts 4,837
14th Portsmouth New Hampshire 4,720
15th Sherburne Massachusetts 4,620
16 Middleborough Massachusetts 4,526
17th New Haven Connecticut 4,487
18th Richmond Virginia 3,761
19th Albany new York 3,498
20th Norfolk Virginia 2,959
21st Petersburg Virginia 2,828
22nd Alexandria Virginia 2,748
23 Hartford Connecticut 2,683
24 Hudson new York 2,584

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. First Census of the United States (PDF; 13.9 MB) United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
  2. William Dollarhide: The Census Book: A Guide to Federal Census Genealogists Facts, schedules and Indexes . HeritageQuest, North Salt Lake, Utah 2001, p. 7 (Accessed November 5, 2009).