Salem, Massachusetts

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nickname : The Witch City
Salem mass.jpg
Flag of Salem
Location in Massachusetts
Location of Salem in Massachusetts
Basic data
Foundation : 1626
State : United States
State : Massachusetts
County : Essex County
Coordinates : 42 ° 31 ′  N , 70 ° 54 ′  W Coordinates: 42 ° 31 ′  N , 70 ° 54 ′  W
Time zone : Eastern ( UTC − 5 / −4 )
Residents : 40,407 (as of: 2000)
Population density : 1,924.1 inhabitants per km 2
Area : 46.8 km 2  (approx. 18 mi 2 ) of
which 21 km 2  (approx. 8 mi 2 ) are land
Height : 3 m
Postal code : 01970
Area code : +1 351,978
FIPS : 25-59105
GNIS ID : 0614337
Website :
Mayor : Kimberley Driscoll

The city of Salem [ ˈseɪləm ] in the US state of Massachusetts is located about 16 miles north of Boston on the east coast of the United States .


Salem was founded in 1626 by a group of Puritan fishermen around Roger Conant as the first permanent settlement on Massachusetts Bay (see Dorchester Company ). The place was originally named after the Naumkeag Indian tribe who settled there ; For a while, this term competed with the term Salem , derived from the Bible and prevailing in the 17th century.

In 1683, 83 percent of the taxpayers in Salem were without church affiliation.

The city also became famous for the Salem witch trials , which took place in 1692. This earned her the nickname The Witch City (German: "Die Hexen-Stadt"). In the Salem witch trials the pastor and writer John Wise stood up for the accused and attacked the role of the church in the British colonies, which had been valid until then . Numerous museums in the city commemorate this time. With Arthur Miller's play Witch Hunt from 1953, Salem became known around the world.


The witch museum in Salem

Salem is a popular travel destination for its history and well-preserved architecture. In addition to the Salem witch museum, the Haunted Happenings for Halloween are also an attraction. Around a million international guests visit the city every year.

Salem is home to the Peabody Essex Museum with an important art collection.

Another popular tourist destination is the house with the seven gables . In the 19th century it was inhabited by Susannah Ingersoll, a cousin of the writer Nathaniel Hawthorne . The story of the house, which Hawthorne learned while visiting his cousin, was the inspiration for his novel The House with the Seven Gables , which later gave the house its name. Today the house is a museum.

sons and daughters of the town

Samuel McIntire

Artistic processing

Salem is the model for the city of Arkham , the setting of several short stories by the American horror writer HP Lovecraft . In addition, Robert Craven, the main character of the Lovecraft-inspired Witcher of Salem book series, is said to be descended from the Witches of Salem.

Nathaniel Hawthorne has processed the witch trials in the short story The Young Neighbor Brown and the novel The House with the Seven Gables .

Furthermore, the computer game Murdered: Soul Suspect takes place in Salem and tells stories of the burning of witches, such as B. that of the witch hunt by Abigail Williams .

See also


  • Dane Anthony Morrison, Nancy Lusignan Schultz (Eds.): Salem. Place, Myth, and Memory. With an Updated Preface. Northeastern University Press, Boston 2015 (first 2004), preview .

Web links

Commons : Salem (Massachusetts)  - Collection of images, videos, and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Emerson W. Baker: Salem as Frontier Outpost. In: Dane Anthony Morrison, Nancy Lusignan Schultz (eds.): Salem. Place, Myth, and Memory. With an Updated Preface. Northeastern University Press, Boston 2015 (first 2004), pp. 21–42, here pp. 21 f.
  2. ^ Marcia Pally: The New Evangelicals. Berlin University Press, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-940432-93-3 , p. 70.
  3. ^ Peabody Essex Museum
  4. Enders A Robinson (1992). Salem Witchcraft and Hawthorne's House of the Seven Gables. Heritage Books: Bowie, MD. ISBN 1-55613-515-7