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State Street in June 2005
The State Street in June 2005
Location in Massachusetts
Newburyport, Massachusetts
Basic data
Foundation : 1635
State : United States
State : Massachusetts
County : Essex County
Coordinates : 42 ° 49 ′  N , 70 ° 53 ′  W Coordinates: 42 ° 49 ′  N , 70 ° 53 ′  W
Time zone : Eastern ( UTC − 5 / −4 )
Residents : 20,416 (as of 2010)
Population density : 940.8 inhabitants per km 2
Area : 27.4 km 2  (approx. 11 mi 2 ) of
which 21.7 km 2  (approx. 8 mi 2 ) is land
Height : 11 m
Postal code : 01950
Area code : +1 978, 465
FIPS : 25-45245
GNIS ID : 0614293
Website :
Mayor : Donna D. Holaday

Newburyport is a small port city in Essex County in the US state of Massachusetts . It is located about 61 km northeast of Boston at the mouth of the Merrimack River in the Atlantic .


The first European settlement dates back to 1635 when immigrants founded the city of Newbury . The first shipyards were built in 1655. While the port developed into a fishing and trading center, the town remained agricultural, which is why the port separated from Newbury in 1764 and formed its own township as Newburyport. As a result, Newburyport developed into a prosperous trading town. In the run-up to the War of Independence , the first Tea Party riots against the British tea tax took place here (see also Boston Tea Party ). In the war of 1812 against Great Britain , the port was a center for privateers , who captured hundreds of British ships, but also suffered heavy losses themselves. A major city fire in 1811, the economic fallout from the British blockade in the War of 1812, and a nationwide financial crisis in 1816 sparked an economic crisis for the city. From the end of the 18th century to the end of the 19th century, Newburyport was a center of shipbuilding. a. the first clippers were built. The city is also considered the birthplace of the US Coast Guard ( coast guard ).

In 1851, the town incorporated parts of Newbury and experienced a second heyday in the course of industrialization , which ended in the early 20th century. In the 1970s, a major renovation program led to a major redevelopment of the historic city center that made Newburyport a thriving tourist destination.


  • Cushing House Museum , a 19th century building containing the Museum of the Historical Society of Old Newbury .
  • Custom House Maritime Museum , an 1835 building that houses a museum of Newburyport's maritime history.
  • Coffin House , a wooden colonial house built around 1678.
  • The Little Farm , also a colonial country estate around 1690.
  • Lowell's Boat Shop , a historic boat building company founded in 1793 and operated by the Newburyport Maritime Society . Boats are built here in the traditional way to this day.


sons and daughters of the town

Personalities related to the city

  • John Phillips Marquand (1893-1960), journalist and writer, 1938 Pulitzer Prize winner for his novel The late Mr. Apley ( The Late George Apley ), spent most of his life in Newburyport.
  • Andre Dubus III (* 1959), writer; has lived in Newburyport for a long time. In the absence of a suitable study in his house, he wrote his bestselling House of Sand and Fog in his old Toyota station wagon in the city's Oak Hill Cemetery.

Web links

Commons : Newburyport, Massachusetts  - Collection of pictures, videos, and audio files

Individual evidence