|Nickname : River City, Cap City|
Richmond's skyline behind the James River
|Location in Virginia|
|State :||United States|
|County :||Independent city|
|Time zone :||Eastern ( UTC − 5 / −4 )|
- Metropolitan Area :
|223,170 (as of 2016)
1,281,708 (as of 2016)
|Population density :||1,434.3 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||162 km 2 (about 63 mi 2 ) of
which 155.6 km 2 (about 60 mi 2 ) is land
|Height :||45 m|
|Area code :||+1 804|
|GNIS ID :||1499957|
|Mayor :||Levar Stoney ( D )|
Virginia State Capitol (2017)
Richmond is the capital of the US state Virginia in the United States and is the seat of Virginia Commonwealth University . During the American Civil War from 1861 to 1865, Richmond was the capital of the Confederation .
Richmond lies on the James River , about 150 kilometers upstream from its confluence with Chesapeake Bay . The location of the city is characterized by the transition from the Atlantic lowlands to the Piedmont hill country , which lies in front of the Appalachians .
17th and 18th centuries
|growth of population|
Captain Christopher Newport dropped the first English reconnaissance force in 1607 in the area, which was later to be named after a suburb of London . Until then, the area was owned by Indians who belonged to the Powhatan Confederation.
After two unsuccessful attempts to establish a settlement in this natural and excellent place for trade and traffic, the settlers finally got better luck. Around 1644, the newly built Fort Charles attracted more settlers as a safety factor. The community soon prospered as a trading post for fur , animal hides and tobacco .
The actual city was only founded in 1737 by Colonel William Byrd II . He had inherited the two parcels on the sides of the James River from his father and thus became Richmond's founding father . His friend William Mayo mapped Richmond and the first properties found their buyers.
Richmond was populated by a mere 250 residents in 1742 when it received its city rights . The city was sacked twice during the War of Independence . In 1788 it became the capital of Virginia instead of Williamsburg .
On December 18, 1811, the actress Elizabeth Poe died in a Richmond hotel, leaving behind two other children the two-year-old Edgar Poe , who was taken into the family of the tobacco dealer John Allan as a foster child. Richmond thus became the actual hometown of the poet, who kept coming back here.
After the War of Independence, the city recovered quickly and grew to around 100,000 inhabitants by the middle of the 19th century. It was considered the metropolis of the south and therefore replaced Montgomery as the capital of the Confederation in 1861 . In addition, the Tredegar Iron Works, the most important iron-producing company in the south, was located here . Equally exposed in terms of military strategy as Washington was, Richmond was fiercely contested during the years of the Civil War . As a result, the southern troops under General Lee surrendered only a week after the fall of the city on April 3, 1865. Richmond was almost completely destroyed by a devastating fire in the course of the siege. Allegedly, Union Confederate soldiers did not want to leave intact stocks of tobacco and weapons and therefore set the warehouses on fire. Richmond, like all of Virginia, took decades to recover from the political and economic collapse.
In 1888, when the first electric tram was set up in Richmond , the power supply developed by Frank Sprague was used for the first time , which helped electric trams to achieve a worldwide breakthrough. Because of its pantographs , the people called the railway the Broomstick-Train (Besenstielzug).
In the USA, private transport began to expand on a massive scale earlier than in Europe in the 1920s. The tram in Richmond, as in many other cities in the United States, was increasingly neglected. In 1949 the last tram was replaced by a bus line. In 1958, the first highway stretch from Virginia, the Richmond-Petersburg Turnpike , was finally completed, which crosses Richmond near the city center and immediately next to the old main railway station, Main Street Station . In the course of the further expansion of the Interstate Highways , the route became a section of Interstate 95 .
In 2004 , after about three decades of dilapidation and vacancy, Main Street Station was renovated and is now used again for (local and regional) rail traffic. The building, whose fate was uncertain to the last, is one of the oldest surviving station buildings in the USA. The rail traffic with the long-distance trains of the Amtrak has been (and will be for the time being) since 1975 via the suburban Staples Mill Road Station .
The metropolitan area of Richmond generated an economic output of 80.7 billion US dollars in 2016, making it 42nd among the metropolitan areas of the United States. The unemployment rate in the metropolitan region was 3.0 percent and was thus below the national average of 3.8 percent (as of May 2018). The personal per capita income in 2016 was 51,685 dollars, which means that Richmond has an above-average income level.
Richmond is a major banking and financial center (seat of a Federal Reserve Bank ) and traditionally the seat of many law firms. The city is a reservoir for several companies in the US tobacco industry. These include the Altria Group and its subsidiary Philip Morris USA , as well as the raw tobacco dealer Universal Corporation . The US Smokeless Tobacco Company , now a subsidiary of Altria, is also based in Richmond.
- Belle Isle, a small island in the James River, serves as a city park and is a popular destination for walkers and cyclists. A prison camp was set up on the island during the Civil War .
- canals , which go back to a design by George Washington . In addition, the south bank (Old Manchester) can be reached from there via the repaired Tyler Potterfield Memorial Bridge.
- Virginia Museum of History & Culture in the Museum District
- The Science Museum of Virginia close by
- Robert E. Lee Monument on Monument Avenue, which is also very worth seeing
- Virginia State Capitol (seat of government since 1788, designed by Thomas Jefferson, the third President of the United States)
- Museum of the Confederacy including the White House of the Confederacy (seat of the Southern President during the Civil War)
- Valentine Museum (local history museum)
- Tredegar Iron Works (modern industrial museum)
- Edgar Allan Poe Museum (Poe spent much of his life in Richmond)
- St. Johns Church (1741)
- Monument Avenue (boulevard) with elaborate villas from the end of the 19th century
- Cathedral of the Sacred Heart (1903-1906)
- Statue of tennis player Arthur Ashe on Monument Avenue
- Virginia Holocaust Museum , site of the Austrian Memorial Service
- Virginia Museum of Fine Arts (including important Impressionist collection)
- The Science Museum of Virginia in the old train station, an interactive science museum
The National Park Service identifies 17 National Historic Landmarks for Richmond as of December 2016, including the Virginia State Capitol , the Egyptian Building , the Governor's Mansion and the James Monroe Tomb . 220 buildings and sites in the city are listed in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) (as of November 13, 2018). In addition, Richmond has a long history of wall painting . Murals on various (historical, social, political) topics can be found throughout the city center.
- Olsztyn ( Poland )
- Richmond, London ( Great Britain )
- Saitama ( Japan )
- Uijeongbu ( South Korea )
- Windhoek ( Namibia )
- Zhengzhou ( China )
sons and daughters of the town
- Caroline Aaron (* 1952), actress
- Birt Acres (1854–1918), photographer and film pioneer
- Arthur Ashe (1943-1993), tennis player
- Jennifer Aspen (born 1973), actress
- David Baldacci (* 1960), bestselling author
- Warren Beatty (born 1937), actor, director, screenwriter, producer
- Dan Blankinship (* ≈1980), jazz musician
- Wes Borland (* 1975), musician and guitarist with the rock band Limp Bizkit
- James Plunky Branch (born 1947), musician
- Alan Campbell (1904–1963), screenwriter
- Eric Cantor (* 1963), politician
- Henry Creamer (1879-1930), songwriter
- Walter Davis junior (1932–1990), jazz pianist, composer and arranger
- Karen Lynne Deal (* 1957), conductor
- Carroll Thomas Dozier (1911–1985), Bishop of Memphis
- Tommy Ellis (* 1947), racing driver
- Mordecai Ezekiel (1899–1974), agricultural economist
- Elinor Fair (1903–1957), actress
- Julia Faye (1892–1966), actress
- Al Foster (* 1943), jazz drummer
- Paul Freeman (1936–2015), conductor
- Vince Gilligan (* 1967), screenwriter, film producer and director
- Major Harris (1947–2012), soul singer
- Ray Hendrick (1929–1990), racing car driver
- Charles A. Holt (* 1948), economist
- Sofia Hublitz (* 1999), actress
- Andre Ingram (* 1985), basketball player
- Mickie Laree James (born 1979), wrestler
- Cornelius Johnson (born 1943), American football player
- Eddie Johnson (1919–1974), racing car driver
- Domonic Jones (born 1981), basketball player
- Butch Lacy (1947–2018), jazz musician and composer
- Arto Lindsay (* 1953), guitarist, singer, music producer and sound artist
- Shirley MacLaine (born 1934), actress
- Frank McCarthy (1912–1986), film producer
- Harden M. McConnell (1927-2014), chemist
- Aimee Mann (* 1960), singer, songwriter, guitarist, bassist
- Perry Moore (1971–2011), film producer and director
- Hunter Parrish (born 1987), actor
- James Spriggs Payne (1819–1882), President of Liberia
- Carter Phillips (born 1988), poker player
- Lloyd Phillips (1905-1970), jazz musician
- George Edward Pickett (1825–1875), major-general in the Confederate Army
- John Powell (1882–1963), pianist and composer
- John Rahm (1854-1935), golfer
- John James Robertson Croes (1834–1906), civil engineer
- Bill Robinson (1877-1949), tap dancer
- Michael Robinson (born 1983), American football player
- Max Schnur (* 1993), tennis player
- Mabel Scott (1915-2000), R&B singer
- Meghann Shaughnessy (* 1979), tennis player
- Donald Smith , jazz musician
- Taylor St. Claire (born 1969), porn actress
- Elizabeth van Lew (1818–1900), spy for the Union Army
- Edward Cary Walthall (1831–1898), Confederate General and US Senator for Mississippi
- Leonard Ware (1909–1974), jazz guitarist and composer
- Douglas Wilder (* 1931), first elected African-American governor of a US state
- Stan Winston (1946–2008), makeup artist, film director and producer
- Tom Wolfe (1930–2018), writer, journalist, art and architecture critic and illustrator
- Constance Wu (* 1982), actress
- Avail , HC / punk rock band
- Lamb of God , metal band
- Municipal Waste , thrash metal band
- Iron Reagan , thrash metal band
Monthly average temperatures and rainfall for Richmond, Virginia
- Gregg D. Kimball: American City, Southern Place: A Cultural History of Antebellum Richmond. University of Georgia Press, Atlanta 2003, ISBN 978-0-8203-2546-0 .
- US Decennial Census . Retrieved October 7, 2012
- US Department of Commerce, BEA, Bureau of Economic Analysis: Bureau of Economic Analysis. Retrieved July 4, 2018 (American English).
- Richmond, VA Economy at a Glance. Retrieved July 5, 2018 .
- US Department of Commerce, BEA, Bureau of Economic Analysis: Bureau of Economic Analysis. Retrieved July 5, 2018 (American English).
- List of NHL by State . National Park Service , accessed November 13, 2018.
- Search mask database in the National Register Information System. National Park Service , accessed November 13, 2018.