August from Werder
Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Leopold August Graf von Werder (born September 12, 1808 in Schloßberg, Norkitten , East Prussia ; † September 12, 1887 at Gut Grüssow , Pomerania ) was a Prussian infantry general .
August comes from the Brandenburg noble family von Werder . He was the son of the Prussian Lieutenant General Hans Ernst Christoph von Werder (1771–1837) and his wife Johanna Marie Friederike, née Wedde (1783–1864).
Werder joined the Prussian Army's Gardes du Corps regiment on June 14, 1825 with the 6th Company and was transferred to the 1st Guards Regiment on foot in 1826 as a second lieutenant . In 1839 he became a teacher in the cadet corps and later in the topographic office . As a prime lieutenant in 1842/43 he voluntarily took part in the Russian campaign in the Caucasus . After his return in 1846 he was transferred to the General Staff as a captain , and later as a major in the 33rd Infantry Regiment . In 1853 he became commander of the Landwehr Battalion in the 40th Infantry Regiment , in 1856 of the 4th Jäger Battalion , then Lieutenant Colonel in the 2nd Guards Regiment on foot and at the same time with the management of the business of the inspection of the hunters and riflemen as well as the command of the Mounted Feldjägerkorps commissioned.
In 1859 he was appointed Colonel and Inspector of the Jäger und Schützen and the Reitende Feldjägerkorps, in 1863 Major General and in 1866 Lieutenant General. During the war against Austria in 1866 Werder commanded the 3rd division near Gitschin and Königgrätz . In the war against France in 1870 he was given the command of the siege corps in front of Strasbourg . After the latter's surrender, he was appointed General of the Infantry and commanded the newly formed XIV Army Corps , with which he penetrated Franche-Comté in October , occupied Dijon and kept the Garibaldians in check. When he heard of Bourbaki's approach, he backed off to Belfort in January 1871 , was able to retreat without major losses in the battle near Villersexel (January 9th), thus gaining some time and the attack of the superior French Eastern Army in the three-day battle at the Lisaine (January 15-17) withstand and reject him. The subsequent persecution of the Eastern Army forced them to transition and internment in Switzerland .
This act of arms gave him great popularity, mainly in southern Germany. The victory monument was erected in his honor in Freiburg im Breisgau and he received an honorary doctorate from the university. In addition, there - from 1875 to 2007 - a street was named after him , as in many other cities in Baden, but also in Cologne (Belgian quarter). After the peace treaty, Werder received the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross and a grant of 200,000 thalers; also in 1871 he was appointed chief of the 4th Rhenish Infantry Regiment No. 30 . In 1875 he celebrated his 50th anniversary with a big ovation and received the requested farewell on April 1, 1879, when he was raised to the rank of count . He died on September 12, 1887 at Grüssow Castle.
Werder married Hedwig Bertha Ottilie von Borcke (1823–1854) from the Stargordt house on February 7, 1848. His son Hans Karl Nikolaus (1850-1896) was married to Magarethe Adele Viktoria von Kameke (1866-1919), daughter of the Minister Georg von Kameke . His daughter Eugenie (1853–1879) married the later Prussian Lieutenant General Karl Roeder von Diersburg (1840–1916) on October 29, 1873 in Karlsruhe .
Orders and decorations
- Order of the black eagle with the chain
- Grand Cross of the Red Eagle Order with oak leaves and swords on January 22, 1871
- Grand Commander with star of the Royal House Order of Hohenzollern on September 22, 1877
Pour le Mérite with oak leaves
- Pour le Mérite on September 20, 1866
- Oak leaves on January 18, 1871
- Knight of Honor of the Order of St. John
- Prussian service award cross
- Cross of Honor 1st Class of the Princely Hohenzollern House Order with Swords
- Order of Loyalty
- Grand Cross of the Military Karl Friedrich Order of Merit on April 6, 1871
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Zähringer Lion with swords and the golden crown with diamonds on October 14, 1875
- Grand Cross of the Bavarian Order of Military Merit on April 4, 1871
- Grand Cross of the Hessian Order of Ludwig
- Mecklenburg Military Merit Cross 1st Class on December 4, 1866
- Cross of Honor from Schwarzburg 1st class
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Württemberg Crown
- Grand Cross of the Württemberg Military Merit Order on February 1, 1871
- Commander II class of the Order of Merit of Adolph von Nassau with swords on April 16, 1861
- Commander of the Austro-Hungarian Empire Leopold Order on December 19, 1863
- Alexander Nevsky Order on June 20, 1871
- Order of the White Eagle
- Russian Order of Saint Anne I. Class
- Order of Saint Stanislaus 1st class on June 11, 1864
- Russian medal for the end of the campaign in the Caucasus on September 16, 1864
- Russian Order of Saint George III. Class on October 30, 1870
- Order of St. Vladimir IV Class
- The Bundeswehr barracks in Saarlouis is called Graf-Werder-Kaserne.
- Streets in Saarlouis , Berlin , Heidelberg , Dillingen / Saar , Herne (Horsthausen district), Müllheim (Baden) , Mannheim and Solingen , in Augsburg's Bismarck district and the central square of Karlsruhe's Südstadt are also named after him.
- The then independent town of Gräfrath (today Solingen-Gräfrath) granted him honorary citizenship .
- Kurt von Priesdorff : Soldier leadership . Volume 7. Hanseatische Verlagsanstalt Hamburg, [Hamburg] , , pp. 297-305, no. 2308.
- Wolfgang von Werder: History of the Brandenburg-Magdeburguischen family of Werder. Volume 3, Verlag für Kippenforschung U. Starke, 1937
- Bernhard von Poten : Werder, August Graf von . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 41, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1896, pp. 762-766.
- August from Werder . In: Meyers Konversations-Lexikon . 4th edition. Volume 16, Verlag des Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig / Vienna 1885–1892, p. 535.
- Emil von Conrady : The life of Count August von Werder, royal Prussian general of the infantry. ES Mittler & Sohn, Berlin 1889, archive.org
- Oskar Höcker : General von Werder, the defender of southern Germany: from his life. 1874, books.google.de
- Ewald v. Wald-Zedtwitz: General von Werder . In: The Gazebo . Volume 41, 1887, pp. 685 ( full text [ Wikisource ] obituary).
- Matthias Blazek: T he polygon near Strasbourg was an important parade ground between 1720 and 1920 . MyHeimat.de
- August Graf von Werder at schlossarchiv.de
- Hans Schadek: Freiburg then, yesterday, today: The city in the course of the last 100 years. Freiburg im Breisgau 2004, ISBN 3-7984-0771-1 , p. 83. - Werder
- Joachim Scheck: The career of Werthmannstrasse as a four-lane city bypass did not last long. Badische Zeitung, January 29, 2018, accessed on June 27, 2019 .
- Freiburg: The Organizer of Charity. In: badische-zeitung.de. Retrieved June 11, 2015 .
- Information from: Rank and Quarters List of the Royal Prussian Army for 1884. Ernst Mittler and Son, Berlin 1885.
|SURNAME||Werder, August of|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Werder, Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Leopold August Graf von|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Prussian general of the infantry|
|DATE OF BIRTH||September 12, 1808|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Schloßberg, Norkitten , East Prussia|
|DATE OF DEATH||September 12, 1887|
|Place of death||Gut Grüssow, Pomerania|