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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

Napoleon receives with Alexander (3rd from right) the Austrian ambassador in Erfurt, programmatic history painting by Nicolas Gosse
When Congress of Erfurt
meet Napoleon Bonaparte and Tsar Alexander I on each other.
Joachim Murat, painted by François Gérard
Joachim Murat becomes
King of Naples .
Frederick VI, King of Denmark
Friedrich VI. becomes king
of Denmark and Norway .
1808 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1256/57 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1800/01 (September 10-11)
Bengali solar calendar 1213/14 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2351/52 (southern Buddhism); 2350/51 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 75th (76th) cycle

Year of the Earth Dragon龙 辰 ( at the beginning of the year Fire Rabbit丁卯)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1170/71 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4141/42 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1186/87
Islamic calendar 1222/23 (turn of the year February 27-28)
Jewish calendar 5568/69 (September 21/22)
Coptic calendar 1524/25 (10/11 September)
Malayalam calendar 983/984
Seleucid era Babylon: 2118/19 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2119/20 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1864/65 (April)


Politics and world events

Northern and Eastern Europe

Central and Western Europe

Napoleonic Wars in the Iberian Peninsula

The surrender of Bailén

Ottoman Empire

Alemdar Mustafa Pasha
  • Alemdar Mustafa Pascha marches with an army to Constantinople to defeat Selim III, who was deposed in the previous year . to be liberated and reinstated as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire . Selim was then murdered on July 28 by his nephew and successor Mustafa IV . However, the rebels manage to conquer the sultan's palace on the same day and proclaim Mustafa's brother Mahmud II as the new ruler. Alemdar Mustafa Pascha, who holds the real power in his hands, becomes grand vizier .
  • November 14th : In an uprising by the Janissaries against his reign, Grand Vizier Alemdar Mustafa Pasha is killed in his palace, which is set on fire by the insurgents.
  • November 16 : Mahmud II has his brother Mustafa IV murdered. This means that there is only one male descendant of the Osman family and Mahmud can remain on the throne.




The catch me who can , depicted on a ticket
Trevithicks "Steam Circus"

science and technology


Visual arts


April edition

Music and theater

First print The Broken Jug
The Covent Garden Theater 1808


The Unspunnen Festival of 1808


January February

Carl Spitzweg, self-portrait, ca.1842

March April

Napoleon III, 1852

May June

Jefferson Davis

July August

September October

November December

Thomas Cook
Andrew Johnson, around 1865

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

King Christian's coffin in Roskilde Cathedral

Second half of the year

Date unknown

Web links

Commons : 1808  - Collection of Pictures, Videos and Audio Files