August Reichensperger (born March 22, 1808 in Koblenz , † July 16, 1895 in Cologne ) was a German lawyer and politician as well as a sponsor of Cologne Cathedral .
Reichensperger's father, who came from Simmern , was first a criminal judge, then a prefectural council in Koblenz, the capital of the then Département de Rhin-et-Moselle . After he died early (1812), the mother raised her four children alone and even enabled her two sons to study. After graduating from high school in 1827, Reichensperger studied law in Berlin , Bonn and Heidelberg . He was promoted to Dr. phil. doctorate before joining the civil service. He found his first job at the Trier Regional Court , where he worked from 1844 to 1848. Then he was from 1849 to 1879 appellate judge in Cologne, where his brother Peter worked for a time.
Since 1840 Reichensperger has been involved in the further construction of Cologne Cathedral, so he was a founding member of the Central Cathedral Building Association in Cologne .
In 1848 he was a member of the Frankfurt National Assembly and in 1850 of the Erfurt Union Parliament . In both cases he fought against the Prussian hegemony efforts and voted against the Prussian hereditary empire and the union plans. Reichensperger held a seat in the Prussian House of Representatives from 1850 to 1863 and was one of the leading figures in the Catholic parliamentary group . On September 6, 1858 he was President of the Catholic Day in Cologne. From 1871 to 1884 he was a member of the German Reichstag for the constituency of Krefeld and joined the newly founded faction of the Center Party . In addition to Ludwig Windthorst , Hermann von Mallinckrodt and his brother Peter, he was one of the leading figures in political Catholicism and a committed champion of the Catholic lay movement in Germany. In 1851 he was involved in founding the "Academic Reading Club" (now K.St.V. Askania-Burgundia Berlin ) in Berlin in the KV and in 1871 became its honorary member.
Reichensperger had a wide range of interests and, in addition to politics, dealt intensively with art, architecture and literature. He propagated the neo-Gothic in numerous publications and, in addition to the further construction of the Cologne Cathedral, campaigned for the restoration of medieval monuments. He called for later pieces of equipment or additions to be removed and for an “appropriate” addition in medieval forms. He gave expert opinions on numerous construction and restoration projects or expressed himself through publications, sometimes in quite polemical form.
In 1895 Reichensperger became an honorary citizen of the city of Cologne , before that he had been an honorary citizen of Oppenheim in 1889 and an honorary citizen of Koblenz in 1892 .
After his death, the city of Cologne renamed the square at the intersection of Merlostrasse and Weißenburgstrasse with Riehler Strasse in 1897 as Reichenspergerplatz . The judicial building for the Cologne Higher Regional Court and other courts was inaugurated here in 1911 . The underground station there also bears the name of the square.
Reichensperger is buried in an honorary grave in the Melaten cemetery.
- The 14 statues in the Cologne Cathedral Choir. 1842
- Christian-Germanic architecture, Trier. 1852
- Catholic interests in the 19th century. 1853
- Mixed scriptures on Christian art. 1856
- Parliamentary speeches 1848–57. 1858
- Phrases and Keywords. 1872
- All sorts of art. 1867
- William Shakespeare. 1871
- Augustus Pugin, the new founder of Christian art in England, Freiburg. 1877
- The construction huts of the Middle Ages. 1879
- On the recent history of the cathedral building in Cologne. 1881
- Friedrich Freiherr von Schmidt. To characterize the builder. 1891.
- Franz Bock : The writings of A. Reichensperger and their meaning for Christian art . Vienna 1860.
- Ludwig von Pastor : August Reichensperger 1808–1895. His life and work in the field of politics, art and science are shown using his unprinted estate . 2 volumes, Freiburg 1899 (cites extensively documents from Reichensperger's estate that are lost today).
- Bernhard Duhr : August Reichensperger. Germania, Berlin 1900, OCLC 252670311 .
- Georg Heinrich Kaufmann: Reichensperger, August . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 53, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1907, pp. 276-281.
- Michael Hochgeschwender : August Reichensperger . In: Siegfried Koß, Wolfgang Löhr (Hrsg.): Biographisches Lexikon des KV. 2nd part (= Revocatio historiae. Volume 3). SH-Verlag, Schernfeld 1993, ISBN 3-923621-98-1 , p. 103ff.
- Michael J. Lewis : The Politics of the German Gothic Revival: August Reichensperger , London 1993.
- Konrad Fuchs: Reichensperger, August. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 7, Bautz, Herzberg 1994, ISBN 3-88309-048-4 , Sp. 1504-1505.
- Ulrich von Hehl : Reichensperger, August. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 21, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-428-11202-4 , p. 309 f. ( Digitized version ).
- Mario Kramp , Rolf Lauer , Werner Schäfke (eds.): August Reichensperger. Koblenz - Cologne - Europe. Exhibition catalog. Koblenz 2005. (Middle Rhine Museum Koblenz, Small Series Volume 7).
- Wolfgang Cortjaens : Amis gothiques. The correspondence between August Reichensperger and Jean-Baptiste Bethune 1858-1891 , Ed .: Koninklijke Commissie voor Geschiedenis / Commission Royale d´Histoire (collection-in-8 °), Brussels 2011. ISBN 978-2-87044-005-6 .
- Alfons Friderichs (Ed.), Heinz-Günther Böse (Author): Reichensperger, August , In: “Personalities of the Cochem-Zell District” , Kliomedia, Trier 2004, ISBN 3-89890-084-3 , pp. 286–287.
- Literature by and about August Reichensperger in the catalog of the German National Library
- Biographical website of the city of Cologne, with picture
- Biography in the portal Rheinische Geschichte
- August Reichensperger in the database of members of the Reichstag
- Entry on August Reichensperger in the Rhineland-Palatinate personal database
- August Reichensperger's estate in the Bavarian State Library
- Estate in the state main archive Koblenz (LHA Ko Best. 700,138)
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German lawyer and politician, MdR and sponsor of Cologne Cathedral|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 22, 1808|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Koblenz|
|DATE OF DEATH||July 16, 1895|
|Place of death||Cologne|