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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

The only five year old Ludwig receives the homage after his proclamation as king
The five-year-old Louis XV. becomes King of France after the death of
his great-grandfather Louis XIV .
Friedrich of Hessen-Kassel
Landgrave Friedrich I
of Hessen-Kassel marries
the Swedish princess
Ulrika Eleonore .
Alexis Simon Belle: James Francis Edward Stuart, The Old Pretender
The first Jacobite Rebellion takes place in Scotland under James Francis Edward Stuart .
1715 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1163/64 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1707/08 (New Year 11/12 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1120/21 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2258/59 (southern Buddhism); 2257/58 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 73rd (74th) cycle

Year of the wood sheep乙未 ( at the beginning of the year wood horse 甲午)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1077/78 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4048/49 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1093/94
Islamic calendar 1126/ 1127 /28 (Year 6/7 January. // 26/27. December)
Jewish calendar 5475/76 (September 27-28)
Coptic calendar 1431/32 (September 11-12)
Malayalam calendar 890/891
Seleucid era Babylon: 2025/26 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2026/27 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1771/72 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Great Northern War

King Charles XII. around 1715
Sea battle near Fehmarn
View of Wismar around 1715
  • June 16 : A Danish-Prussian-Hanoverian army division under the command of Franz Joachim von Dewitz begins the siege of Wismar during the Pomeranian campaign . The siege of the city of Wismar, held by Swedish units, lasted until April 1716.
  • June 19 : A united Anglo-Dutch fleet under the command of the English Admiral John Norris with 100 ships of the merchant navy, reinforced by the navy against the Swedish privateers, arrives unharmed in Reval. Tsar Peter I receives Admiral Norris and offers him command of the Russian Navy. John Norris returns to England in October.
Contemporary map of the siege of Stralsund
Landing of the troops at Groß Stresow
  • November 15 : In the Battle of Stresow , the Allies achieve a victory and a decisive weakening of the Swedish units under Charles XII. on Rügen . The last remaining units of the Swedes on the island surrender on November 17th .
  • December 23 : Shortly before the imminent major attack on Stralsund , the Swedish King Karl XII flees . with three companions from the besieged fortress to avoid capture.
  • December 24th : The siege of Stralsund ends with the Prussian recapture of the city from the Swedes.


Venetian-Austrian Turkish War


Regent Philippe II. D'Orléans and King Louis XV.
Louis XV 1715
  • September 1 : With the death of the French King Louis XIV , the longest reign of a European monarch comes to an end. He was in power for 72 years. His five-year-old great-grandson Louis XV. becomes King of France under the reign of his great-uncle and guardian Philippe II. de Bourbon, duc d'Orléans . In comparison to his uncle, Philip of Orléans maintains a more open, but also weaker style of government: he promotes the parliaments , is against censorship and orders the new editions of books that were banned under his uncle's rule. He also promotes the visual arts. Since Philip did not move the center of his life from the Parisian Palais Royal to the Palace of Versailles , the aristocratic families who were close to Louis XIV but did not want to go to the court of Philip of Orleans, many of them retired to their country residences.
  • September 2nd : Philippe II. De Bourbon, duc d'Orléans , has the will of the late King Louis XIV annulled by the Paris Parliament . This has curtailed its powers by setting up a Regency Council. In return, Philippe lifts the restrictions on Parliament's right of remonstration .
  • December: Philip of Orléans replaces ministers and state secretaries with council bodies made up of several people. In contrast to the rule of Louis XIV, court and high nobility and members of the clergy are again appointed to higher government positions. Cardinal Guillaume Dubois becomes State Councilor. Louis XV moves to Paris in the Palais des Tuileries .

Jacobite uprising in Scotland and England

George I around 1715
The Old Pretender lands in Scotland
  • December 22nd : James Francis Edward Stuart, the Old Pretender , lands at Peterhead in Scotland. At this point, however, the Jacobite army had already melted to a total of 5,000 men. The hoped-for support from France is also missing.

Holy Roman Empire


  • December: A poison attack is carried out on Yostos , the negus of Ethiopia . He then remains paralyzed.


Outline map of the Yamasee War


science and technology

  • May 3rd : A total solar eclipse is observed in England and Northern Europe, precisely predicted by Edmund Halley and therefore known as Halley's eclipse .
  • Autumn: The Naval Academy is founded in St. Petersburg.



Music and theater

Nicolo Grimaldi, called Nicolini




First half of the year

Second half of the year

the birth of Peter II

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Louis XIV, 1701

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1715  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files