Carolina Province

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Carolina Province and North and South Carolina Provinces.

The Province of Carolina was an English colony in North America that existed from 1663 to 1729. In 1729 it was divided and the provinces of North Carolina and South Carolina emerged from it.

On March 24, 1663, King Charles II of England gave the territories in North America to eight people, the Lords Proprietor , who had helped him to ascend the English throne. The province was named Carolina (Latin Carolus ) in honor of his father, King Charles I of England .

The Lords Proprietors were Henry Hyde, 2nd Earl of Clarendon , George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle , William Craven , John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton , Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury , Sir George Carteret , Sir William Berkeley (the brother of John Berkeley) and Sir John Colleton . Of these, Lord Shaftesbury showed the most active interest in Carolina, and his secretary, the philosopher John Locke , is said to have drafted a constitution that was never ratified.

The area had been permanently settled for the first time ten years earlier, mainly by immigrants from the colonies of Virginia , New England and Bermuda . In the years 1708 to 1710 those responsible could not agree on elected representatives because of a dispute over the attempt to install an Anglican state church and the province was therefore without a recognized and legal government. In addition, war broke out with the Tuscarora . The inability of the Lords Proprietors to make necessary decisions led to the establishment of separate governments for the north and south. Officially separated in North and South Carolina in 1712 , the two entities became crown colonies in 1729 when the Lords Proprietor sold their property rights to the crown.

See also

Individual evidence

  1. ^ A b c Province of Carolina. Retrieved January 14, 2017 .
  2. ^ Founding of North and South Carolina. Retrieved January 14, 2017 .