Province of North Carolina
The Province of North Carolina ( 1710 - 1776 ) was one of the Thirteen Colonies in North America , which in 1776 in the United States Declaration of Independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain renounced.
The province of Carolina , named after his father by Charles II of England , was founded in 1663 and handed over by him to eight people (the so-called Lords Proprietor ) who had helped him ascend the English throne. In fact, the administration for North Carolina and South Carolina was separated in 1710/12 . The two Carolinas only became their own royal colonies in 1729, when the Lords Proprietor sold their interests to the Crown.
In the late 1760s, tensions arose between the lower-class farmers of the Piedmont and the wealthy plantation owners of the coastal region. The apparent waste of public money by Governor William Tryon building a new seat of government, Tryon Palace in New Bern , broke the barrel. The farmers rose in the revolt of the regulators . Tryon won the Battle of Alamance on May 17, 1771 , ending the seven-year conflict.
North Carolina declared its independence from Great Britain on April 12, 1776 and became the first state to ratify the Articles of Confederation , the first constitution of the United States , on February 5, 1778 . North Carolina was largely spared acts of war in the early years of the War of Independence, but became a major theater of war in 1780 and 1781. The Americans achieved a major victory on October 7, 1780, in the Battle of Kings Mountain . North Carolina did not ratify the United States Constitution until November 21, 1789 as the twelfth and penultimate of the earlier 13 colonies . In 1790, North Carolina placed the western lands under the federal government; these areas were designated as the Tennessee Territory between 1790 and 1796 . In 1796 it was finally formed into Tennessee , the 16th state in the union.
The Governors of the Province of North Carolina
Between 1712 and 1776, the following persons held the office of governor of the Province of North Carolina:
- Edward Hyde (January 24, 1712 - September 8, 1712)
- Thomas Pollock (September 12, 1712 - May 28, 1714), first term
- Charles Eden (May 28, 1714 - March 26, 1722)
- Thomas Pollock (March 30, 1722 - August 30, 1722), second term
- William Reed (September 7, 1722 - January 15, 1724)
- George Burrington (January 15, 1724 - July 17, 1725), first term
- Sir Richard Everard (July 17, 1725 - February 25, 1731)
- George Burrington (February 25, 1731 - April 17, 1734), second term
- Nathaniel Rice (April 17, 1734 - November 2, 1734), first term
- Gabriel Johnston (November 2, 1734 - July 17, 1752)
- Nathaniel Rice (July 17, 1752 - January 28, 1753), second term
- Matthew Rowan (February 1, 1753 - November 1, 1754)
- Arthur Dobbs (November 1, 1754 - October 27, 1764)
- William Tryon (October 27, 1764 - June 30, 1771)
- James Hasell (July 1, 1771 - August 12, 1771)
- Josiah Martin (August 12, 1771 - July 4, 1776)
- Dominik Nagl: No Part of the Mother Country, but Distinct Dominions - Legal Transfer, State Building and Governance in England, Massachusetts and South Carolina, 1630–1769. Lit, Berlin 2013, pp. 175–252 ( free digitized version from Scribd ).
- Milton Ready: The Tar Heel State: A History of North Carolina. University of South Carolina Press, 2005. ISBN 1-57003-591-1
- American-History.de (German)