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Heads of State · necrology · Literature Year · Music Year

The Declaration of Independence is presented to the Continental Congress, painting by John Trumbull (c. 1816)
The delegates of the Thirteen Colonies sign at the Second Continental Congress, among others ...
The original document of the United States Declaration of Independence
... Thomas Jefferson drafted the United States Declaration of Independence .
Cover of Adam Smith's major work The Wealth of Nations
Adam Smith publishes An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations .
1776 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1224/25 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1768/69 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1181/82 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2319/20 (southern Buddhism); 2318/19 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 74th (75th) cycle

Year of the fire monkey丙申 ( at the beginning of the year wood sheep 乙未)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1138/39 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4109/10 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1154/55 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1189/90 (February 20-21)
Jewish calendar 5536/37 (September 13-14)
Coptic Calendar 1492/93 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 951/952
Seleucid era Babylon: 2086/87 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2087/88 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1832/33 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

American War of Independence

Title page of Thomas Paine's pamphlet Common Sense
Siege of Boston
Battle of Long Island
British troops land in Kip's Bay
Map of the Battle of Valcour
The surrender of the Hessian troops
  • December 25th: George Washington and his men cross the Delaware River and the next day in the Battle of Trenton , New Jersey, defeat Hessian regiments in British service and crush them. The extraordinary success of the relatively small engagement restores the fighting spirit and morale of the American side.
  • After their surprising victory, the Continental Army retreats to their camp in Pennsylvania. After evaluating the strategic situation, Washington and his staff make the decision to face the expected massive British counter-attack again in Trenton and the Continental Army moves to New Jersey again on December 30th. General Washington places his troops defensively on the southern side of Assunpink Creek in the south of the city and immediately starts digging work.
  • December 31st: The Continental Army threatens to dissolve itself, as most soldiers' service time ends on this day. With a patriotic address and a $ 10 per capita bonus, Washington finally succeeds in ensuring that most soldiers remain in the army for an additional month.

Other events around the world

James Cook, 1776, National Maritime Museum


science and technology

Edward Gibbon


Main articles : Year of Literature 1776  and Year of Music 1776



The Great Fire of New York
  • September 21: Around 500 buildings burned down in the Great Fire in New York City .


First quarter

ETA Hoffmann

Second quarter

Sophie Germain (1776-1831)

Third quarter

Amedeo Avogadro

Fourth Quarter

Johann Wilhelm Ritter

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Second half of the year

David Hume, 1766
  • August 25: David Hume , Scottish philosopher and historian (* 1711)
The execution of Nathan Hales
  • September 22: Nathan Hale , American officer, teacher and national hero (* 1755)

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1776  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files