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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

Cook's end
James Cook is killed on his third circumnavigation of the world by locals in the Sandwich Islands when he and his men try to take the king hostage.
David Garrick as Benedick in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing
British actor David Garrick dies.
Scene from Nathan the Wise: Recha greets her father, 1877 by Maurycy Gottlieb
Lessing's drama Nathan the Wise appears as a print.
1779 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1227/28 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1771/72 (turn of the year 11/12 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1184/85 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2322/23 (southern Buddhism); 2321/22 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 74th (75th) cycle

Year of the Earth-Pig己亥 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Dog戊戌)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1141/42 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4112/13 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1157/58 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1192/93 (January 18-19)
Jewish calendar 5539/40 (September 10-11)
Coptic calendar 1495/96 (September 11-12)
Malayalam calendar 954/955
Seleucid era Babylon: 2089/90 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2090/91 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1835/36 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Map of the Battle of Grenada


  • Charlotte von Hezel begins publishing her weekly paper for the fair sex , which appears in Ilmenau . Sis is the first woman to publish a magazine. In the magazine, Hezel not only deals with topics such as fashion and housekeeping, but also wants to contribute to women's education and publishes texts on art history and literature, medicine and other scientific articles. In the same year, Ernestine Hofmann from Hamburg publishes the paper For Hamburg's Daughters anonymously .

science and technology

In January 1779 two Prussian spies tried to spy on the functioning of the steam engine on the premises of James Watt's factory.


Cast iron bridge over the Severn


Galaxy Messier 61

Teaching and Research


Architecture and fine arts

The Fridericianum on a painting by Johann Heinrich Tischbein the Elder
  • The construction of the Fridericianum in Kassel, the first public museum on the European continent, is completed. Among other things, it houses the Hessian State Library founded in 1580 .


First print by Nathan the Wise

Music and theater



January to April

Friedrich Carl von Savigny

May to August

Jöns Jakob Berzelius

September to December

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

James Cook, 1776

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1779  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files