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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

Siege of Belgrade, copper engraving, 1717
Prince Eugene of Savoy and his army
conquer the Ottoman fortress of Belgrade .
Depiction of the Christmas flood of 1717
The Christmas flood in 1717 claimed 11,500 lives.
1717 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1165/66 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1709/10 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1122/23 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2260/61 (southern Buddhism); 2259/60 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 73rd (74th) cycle

Year of the Fire Rooster丁酉 ( at the beginning of the year Fire Monkey 丙申)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1079/80 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4050/51 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1095/96
Islamic calendar 1129/30 (turn of the year 4th / 5th December)
Jewish calendar 5477/78 (September 5-6)
Coptic calendar 1433/34 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 892/893
Seleucid era Babylon: 2027/28 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2028/29 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1773/74 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Great Northern War

Danish attack on Nya Elfsborg
  • After complaints from the Mecklenburg estates because of continued violations of the law by their duke, Emperor Karl VI. a Reich execution order against Karl Leopold von Mecklenburg-Schwerin , which provided around 40,000 Russian soldiers with quarters in the Reich and thus gave Peter the Great increasing influence in the Reich. The director of the Lower Saxony Reich Circle, Elector Georg Ludwig von Hanover , is charged with carrying out the execution of the Reich . This enabled his chancellor Andreas Gottlieb von Bernstorff to combine the interests of the Mecklenburg knighthood with the influence of a foreign power.

Other events in Eastern Europe

  • February 1 : The Mute Sejm of 1717 , chaired by Stanisław Ledóchowski, confirms the Peace of Warsaw concluded the previous year between the Confederation of Tarnogród and King August II of Poland-Lithuania . As a mediator and guarantor of peace, the Russian Tsar Peter I got even greater influence on Polish domestic politics.
  • December: Since 1712 and 1715, Tsar Peter I has been preparing a restructuring of the entire state administration and the establishment of central authorities based on foreign models. (cf. Petrine reforms ) In December 1717 nine colleges , each headed by a president and a vice-president, and a corresponding number of councils, assessors and secretaries, who should be predominantly Russians, are established: College for Foreign Affairs, Chamber, Judicial, auditing, war, mining and manufacturing council, state office, admiralty council. The work of the new colleges is to begin in 1719.

Venetian-Austrian Turkish War

King John V in the sea battle near Matapan
  • July 19 : One of the last naval battles takes place off Cape Matapan in the Mediterranean using galleys . The battle between an Ottoman-Egyptian and a Venetian- French-Maltese fleet remains undecided for a long time. Only the intervention of the Portuguese contingent under the leadership of King John V on the flagship Nossa Senhora de Conceição decides the battle in favor of the papal coalition.
  • July 28th : An Ottoman relief army arrives at Belgrade and begins to besiege the besiegers.
Prinz Eugen in the battle of Belgrade

Quadruple Alliance War



South America

North America / Caribbean

Queen Anne's Revenge
  • August: Edward Thatch is first mentioned in writing when he takes over the Sloop Revenge under the command of pirate Benjamin Hornigold , which was previously commanded by Stede Bonnet . In October he attacks the Chesapeake Bay, Philadelphia and New York within three weeks. During this time he captured at least 15 ships, making him suddenly the most feared pirate on the American east coast.
  • November 17th : Edward Thatch, nicknamed Blackbeard, brings down the French slave ship La Concorde . He rebuilds the ship and makes it his flagship under the name Queen Anne's Revenge .


science and technology



Hercules on the octagon in the Bergpark Wilhelmshöhe Kassel, 2004
Fürstenried Castle as seen from the gate around 1720

Music and theater

Handel (in the middle) with George I during the boat trip on the Thames, on the left in the background the musicians on another boat
  • July 17th : The second Suite of Water Music by George Frideric Handel is performed for the first time on a pleasure trip by the British King George I on the Thames . The king is so enthusiastic about the music that he has some parts played several times. The performance of the other two suites cannot be precisely dated.
Title page of the libretto


Royal decree introducing compulsory schooling in Prussia



Colored copper engraved map of the Christmas flood of 1717
  • December 24th / 25th : A severe storm surge , the so-called Christmas flood on the German North Sea coast, kills around 11,500. The direct consequence of the catastrophe is a famine , which, despite state and private aid, dragged on for several years, since both stocks and seeds were destroyed and the saline soil also resulted in reduced yields for years. Diseases like marsh fever are spreading.

Historical maps and views

Bucharest 1717


First half of the year

Maria Theresa at the age of three

Second half of the year

Johann Joachim Winckelmann, 1764

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1717


First half of the year

Maria Sibylla Merian, around 1700

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1717

  • Nazo Tokhi , Afghan warrior and poet from the Pashtun people (* around 1651 )

Web links

Commons : 1717  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files