|Robert Rogers takes the surrender of the last French forts in the North American war against||George III becomes King of Great Britain and Ireland and Elector of Hanover .|
Battle of Sainte-Foy turns
into one of the bloodiest battles on Canadian soil.
|1760 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1208/09 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1752/53 (turn of the year 10/11 September)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1165/66 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2303/04 (southern Buddhism); 2302/03 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||74th (75th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1122/23 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||4093/94 (October 2/3)|
|Iranian calendar||1138/39 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||1173/74 (turn of the year 12/13 August)|
|Jewish calendar||5520/21 (September 10/11)|
|Coptic calendar||1476/77 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 2070/71 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 2071/72 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1816/17 (turn of the year April)|
In 1760 the war in North America between the two colonial powers France and Great Britain ended with a victory for the British. With the capitulation of Montréal and the fortress of Detroit, the French colonial era in North America ended de facto , the previous colony of New France was taken over by Great Britain. Although the Louisiana colony is formally still in French ownership, France can no longer hold it militarily.
The war in Europe , on the other hand, continues unabated. Although Frederick the Great was able to achieve minor successes in individual battles, Prussia was increasingly pushed onto the defensive and increasingly constricted by the opposing powers Austria and Russia , with East Prussia, Saxony and Silesia in the hands of the enemy. Even Berlin is briefly occupied and looted.
George III follows in Great Britain . his grandfather George II on the throne and at the same time becomes Elector of Braunschweig-Lüneburg . He is the first monarch from the ruling house of Hanover , born in Great Britain and whose mother tongue is English.
Politics and world events
|8th of July|
|16th of July|
|15th of August|
|20th of August|
|10. - 14. October|
|Third Carnatic War in India (since 1756)|
|Seven Years War in Europe (since 1756) as part of the Silesian Wars (since 1740)|
|Seven Years War in North America (since 1754) as part of the French and Indian Wars (since 1689)|
|Enlightened absolutism in Prussia and Austria (since 1740)|
|Courtly absolutism in France (since 1648)|
|Qing Dynasty in China (since 1644)|
|Edo period in Japan (since 1603)|
Great Britain, Ireland, Electorate of Braunschweig-Lüneburg
The British King George II. , At the same time in personal union elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg ( "electoral Hanover") dies after 33 years of government on Oct. 25 at a aortic dissection and as the last British monarch in Westminster Abbey buried. Since his son Friedrich Ludwig von Hannover has already died, his grandson George III follows him . on the throne. This is the third British monarch from the House of Hanover , but the first to be born in Great Britain and whose native language is English . A suitable wife is immediately sought in the various European ruling houses, who is found with 17-year-old Sophie Charlotte von Mecklenburg-Strelitz at the beginning of the following year.
George's inauguration is initially welcomed by politicians from all parties, but he prefers ministers from the ranks of the Tories . Since the crown's lands generate little income when the new king takes office, he cedes the Crown Estate to the HM Treasury and in return receives an annual payment, the civil list .
Seven Years War in Europe
- February 20 : In the Seven Years' War near Koßdorf , a skirmish between Prussian and Austrian troops occurs , in which the Prussians retain the upper hand, but their general Ernst Heinrich von Czettritz is captured.
- February 28 : In a battle near the Isle of Man , a unit of the British Royal Navy defeats a French unit consisting of three frigates, which had previously landed troops in Ireland . The French commodore François Thurot , a well-known privateer captain, falls, the French ships surrender to the British.
- June 23 : The Battle of Landeshut ends with a heavy defeat of Prussian troops against the Austrian army under Gideon Ernst von Laudon . The Prussian military leader Heinrich August de la Motte Fouqué is the most prominent prisoner.
- 14th to 30th July : The Prussians bombard Dresden , which has been occupied by 13,000 Austrians since it was surrendered in autumn of the previous year. The Dresden city is heavily damaged during the unsuccessful siege.
- July 16 : In the battle near Emsdorf , the Allied troops, under the command of Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel , defeat a French corps .
- July 31 : In the Battle of Warburg , British troops and their German allies win against France and then open the city for sacking.
- August 15th : Frederick II of Prussia wins a victory at Liegnitz with the last of his strength thanks to his legendary rider general Hans Joachim von Zieten .
- August 20 : The Reichsheer can not stop a Prussian retreat to Torgau in the battle near Oschatz .
- October 9 : Under Gottlob Heinrich von Tottleben and Sachar Grigorjewitsch Tschernyschow (Field Marshal General) , Russian units move into Berlin . Tottleben moves into his quarters in the house of the businessman Johann Ernst Gotzkowsky . Austrian units under Franz Moritz von Lacy occupy the suburbs and the surrounding area. The Prussian capital is demanded a contribution of 500,000 Taler. Looting by the Austrians and Saxons led to a dispute with the Russian leadership and even to individual skirmishes between the allies. After the rumor that the main Prussian army was approaching, the conquerors withdrew by October 13th .
- October 10 : The siege of Wittenberg by the Imperial Army begins. The city , the castle and the castle church suffer severe damage in the bombing on October 13th . The “thesis door”, originally made of wood, is lost. On October 14th, city commander Konstantin Nathanael von Salenmon had to hand over the city.
- October 15 : French troops defeat allied units under the command of Duke Ferdinand von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel in the battle of Kampen monastery near Wesel .
- November 3 : In the Battle of Torgau , the last great battle of the Seven Years' War , the Prussian army under Frederick the Great defeated the Austrians under Field Marshal Leopold Joseph von Daun , but had to accept heavy losses.
- On behalf of Elector Georg III. the construction of the fortifications begins on the Klüt near Hameln .
The war in the colonies
- April 28 : The French under General François-Gaston de Lévis defeat the British garrison of Québec under General James Murray in the Battle of Sainte-Foy and then besieged Québec without success.
- July 8th : British warships destroy a French squadron with aid supplies for Montreal in battle on the Restigouche River ( Canada ) .
- September 8 : The Montreal garrison surrenders to the British under General Jeffrey Amherst . This de facto ends the French rule in Canada .
- September 29th : British Major Robert Rogers accepts the surrender of the French fort Detroit without a fight .
- January 22 : The vastly outnumbered British under Sir Eyre Coote defeat the French troops under Thomas Arthur de Lally-Tollendal in the Third Carnatic War at the Battle of Vandarachi and march towards the French city of Pondicherry , which they reach in March and by Siege at the end of the year.
Other events in Europe
- February 1 : After the death of Wilhelm III. becomes his Catholic son Friedrich II. Landgrave of Hessen-Kassel . He made several unsuccessful attempts to reunite the county of Hanau-Munzenberg with Hessen-Kassel, but this failed because of the resistance of Great Britain and the Protestant estates.
- The Danish King Friedrich V hires the Swiss Élie-Salomon-François Reverdil as tutor for his son Christian . Reverdil begins to interest the Crown Prince in the ideas of the Enlightenment .
Caribbean and South America
- February 5 : Agustín Ahumada y Villalón , Viceroy of New Spain , dies after a stroke. Until his successor Francisco Cajigal de la Vega arrives from Cuba, the Real Audiencia of Mexico will temporarily take over government affairs. Cajigal leaves Havana on March 28th and arrives in Mexico City on April 28th . During his brief tenure until October, he cut taxes to further stimulate the economy and lifted trade restrictions on iron and steel and Florida products. In October he hands over the viceroyalty to Joaquín de Montserrat and goes back to Havana as governor.
- May: Tacky's Rebellion , a slave revolt in Jamaica against the British colonial masters, begins in Port Maria . He is bloodily suppressed in July. Numerous survivors flee to the surrounding mountains and join the local Maroons .
The Dutch colonialists close on October 10 with the insurgent ndyuka people , a group of Maroons in Suriname a peace treaty. The first gaanman recognized by the colonial power , head of the Ndyuka tribes, was Fabi Labi Beyman from Dikan-lo. As an outward sign and symbol of their rulership and recognition of their independence from the Dutch, he was given a scepter, a staff with a silver knob. Peace negotiations are also started with the Saramaccans who settle on the upper reaches of Suriname and Saramacca .
European colonies in Asia
- When Hans Albrecht von Plüskow wanted to take possession of the town of Lifau , which had been bought last year by the governor of Portuguese Timor , Vicento Ferreira de Carvalho , for the Dutch East India Company , he was faced with a force of the Topasse, allied with the Portuguese . Plüskow is defeated and by Topasse ruler Francisco da Hornay III. murdered.
- The Dominican Father Jacinto da Conceição has the governor of Portuguese Timor , Sebastião de Azevedo e Brito , arrested and deported to Goa. Until the arrival of the new governor in 1763 , the colony was ruled by a Conselho Governativo under the leadership of the Dominicans .
- April: In the 22nd Siamese-Burmese War , the troops of the Burmese King Alaungpaya from the Konbaung dynasty quickly march on Ayutthaya and begin the siege of the capital of the kingdom of the same name . The completely overwhelmed Siamese King Ekathat then asks his younger brother Uthumphon to return from the monastery to take over the reign and in particular to organize the defense of the capital.
- May 11 : During the siege of Ayutthaya, the Burmese King Alaungpaya is so badly injured when firing a cannon at the royal palace of Wang Luang that he dies a little later. The Burmese then withdraw from Siam for the time being.
- June 25 : Tokugawa Ieshige resigns as Shogun of the Edo period in Japan in favor of his son Tokugawa Ieharu .
- June 9th : The Petite Poste for postal deliveries in Paris starts operations. In the same year, clearly legible messages, forerunners of the postcard , were introduced.
- Customers of the Edward Lloyd- founded coffeehouse on London's Lombard Street set up the Register Society and publish the first Register of Shipping to give merchants and insurers an idea of the condition of the vessels they are chartered or insured.
- The pharmacist George Dunhill added sugar to liquorice , which was previously only used medicinally, and sold it as a confectionery.
- Johann Christian Dieterich founded in Goettingen the Dieterich'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung .
- After the death of his father, Robert Bakewell takes over the lease from Dishley Grange. There he began to develop and implement his revolutionary breeding methods through systematic selection and thus became a central figure in the British agricultural revolution .
science and technology
- September 11th : Charles Messier discovers the globular cluster Messier 2 in the constellation Aquarius , an object that was discovered by Giovanni Domenico Maraldi as a "foggy star" exactly 14 years earlier to the day .
- The German botanist Joseph Gottlieb Kölreuter succeeds in proving the sexuality of plants at the Russian Imperial Academy of Sciences in St. Petersburg through pollination attempts.
The French chemist and pharmacist Louis Claude Cadet de Gassicourt is working on invisible inks based on cobalt salts. However, the cobalt minerals he uses are contaminated with arsenic . When the minerals are distilled together with potassium acetate , arsine, tetramethyldiarsine, is formed, an extremely disgusting, highly toxic compound. The compound is initially referred to as "Cadet's fuming liquid" . It is the first historically documented synthesis of an organometallic compound.
- The Venetian Giovanni Arduino was the first to use the terms primary , secondary , tertiary and quaternary for different geological layers and geological ages .
- On the initiative of the Jesuit priest Ignaz Weinhart the "start Bauernkartografen " Peter Anich and his student Blasius Hueber work on the Atlas Tyrolensis , the first map of the country Tyrol , a geodesic is surveying basis.
- Belgian designer Jean-Joseph Merlin invents the first historically documented roller skate . During the demonstration of his invention at a ball held by the English royal family, he was seriously injured because he drove into a large mirror due to a lack of suitable braking devices.
The French dancer and choreographer Jean Georges Noverre wrote the theoretical text Lettres sur la Danse et sur les Ballets ( Letters on the Art of Dance ), one of the most important works on ballet to this day . In the same year he was appointed to the Württemberg court in Stuttgart.
The Society of Artists of Great Britain is founded in London and organizes its first group exhibition in April.
During his two-year stay in Vienna, Bernardo Bellotto , known as Canaletto , received news of the destruction of his house and the destruction of part of his works of art by the Prussian bombardment of Dresden from July 14th to 20th, 1760. His wife and daughters were unharmed, but the damage by destroying part of his works of art and printing plates amounts to 50,000 thalers.
One year after the death of Ewald Christian von Kleist , a complete edition of his works is published for the first time in Berlin. The editor of the two-volume work is a longtime friend of Kleist, the poet and philosopher Karl Wilhelm Ramler .
Music and theater
- After the great success of the first part of 1756 , the German baroque composer Georg Philipp Telemann composed a second part of his Donner-Ode , TWV 6: 3b .
- The beginning of a new fashion trend in Great Britain: The macaroni are based on the fashion of the Ancien Régime in France.
- October 6 : The 19-year-old later Emperor Joseph II marries the 18-year-old Spanish princess Isabella of Bourbon-Parma in Vienna , after a procurationem wedding was performed in the Cathedral of Padua on September 5 .
- Maria Francisca Isabel Josefa Antónia Gertrudes Rita Joana de Bragança , eldest daughter of King Joseph I of Portugal , marries her uncle Pedro Clemente Francisco José António de Bragança , who is almost 20 years older . With this, the Portuguese court solves the problem that Joseph I does not have a male successor, but female succession is still uncommon in Portugal.
- Autumn: The Italian opera singer and socialite Teresa Cornelys holds the first of her well-known social evenings in the Carlisle House she has rented in Soho Square in London, which is only allowed for noble and guaranteed people who have bought a ticket for five guineas. In addition to dancing, masquerades and refreshments, gambling is probably the main attraction.
- The Buddhist monastery Amchog Ganden Chökhorling is founded in Tibet by the 2nd Jamyang Shepa , Könchog Jigme Wangpo .
- May 18th : After 27 years of construction, the Jesuit Church in Mannheim is consecrated to Saints Ignatius von Loyola and Franz Xaver by the Augsburg Prince-Bishop Joseph Ignaz Philipp von Hessen-Darmstadt on behalf of Worms Bishop Johann Friedrich Karl von Ostein .
- August 21 : Louis-Joseph de Montmorency-Laval becomes Prince-Bishop of Metz .
- September 14th : Heinrich von Bibra , who had already been elected last year, will be named after Pope Clement XIII consecrated bishop of Fulda in Fulda Cathedral .
- December 15 : József Batthyány , the previous Bishop of Transylvania , becomes Archbishop of Kalocsa .
- The Board of Deputies of British Jews , today the most important representative body of British Jewry, is founded as a joint body of Sephardic (Spanish and Portuguese) and Ashkenazi (Central and Eastern European) Jewish communities in London.
- February 15 : British ship of the line HMS Ramillies (90 guns) stranded at Bolt Head near Plymouth , England after a navigational error . Over 700 crew members die, only 26 men can save themselves. It is one of the worst non-war shipping accidents in English waters.
- March 20 : The "Great Boston Fire " destroys 349 buildings, about a tenth of the city.
Historical maps and views
Canaletto , Vienna around 1760
The University of Wroclaw 1760
Weekly Heilbronn news and customer sheet
- January 8 : Michael Leib , American politician († 1822 )
- January 10 : Johann Rudolf Zumsteeg , German composer and Kapellmeister († 1802 )
- January 24th : Friederike Bethmann-Unzelmann , German actress and singer († 1815 )
- January 28 : David Leonard Barnes , American lawyer († 1812 )
- January 30th : Jonas Rein , Norwegian poet († 1821 )
- February 12 : Johann Ladislaus Dussek , Bohemian piano player and composer († 1812 )
- February 13 : Samuel W. Dana , American politician († 1830 )
- February 13 : Salomon Friedrich Merkel , German lawyer († 1823 )
- February 14 : Richard Allen , African American religious leader and founder of the African Methodist Episcopal Church († 1831 )
- February 14 : Ferdinand von Meggenhofen , Austrian civil servant and member of the Illuminati Order († 1790 )
- February 15 : Jean-François Lesueur , French church musician and composer († 1837 )
- February 22nd : Sophie von Sachsen-Hildburghausen , Duchess of Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld († 1776 )
- March 1 : François-Nicolas-Léonard Buzot , French revolutionary († 1794 )
- March 2 : Camille Desmoulins , French revolutionary leader († 1794 )
- March 4 : Nahum Parker , American politician († 1839 )
- March 5 : Urs Jakob Tschan , Swiss Jesuit and aviation pioneer († 1824 )
- March 20 : Joseph Christian Lillie , Danish architect and interior designer († 1827 )
- March 22 : Johann Heinrich Freytag , German lawyer and mayor of Frankfurt (Oder) († 1840 )
- March 28 : Georg Adlersparre , Swedish general, politician and writer († 1835 )
- March 28 : Dietrich Joachim Theodor Cunze , German Protestant clergyman pedagogue and historian († 1822 )
- April 4 : Juan Manuel Olivares , Venezuelan composer († 1797 )
- April 12 : Franz Bühler , German Benedictine monk, musician and composer († 1823 )
- April 12 : Jean-François Thomas de Thomon , French-Russian architect († 1813 )
- April 14 : Sigismund Friedrich Hermbstädt , German pharmacist, chemist, technical writer († 1833 )
- April 29 : Heinrich Ernst von Schönburg-Rochsburg , German farmer and sheep farmer († 1825 )
- April 30 : Johann Gottlob Nathusius , German businessman and industrialist († 1835 )
- May 1 : Friedrich Albrecht Carl Gren , German chemist († 1798 )
- May 5 : Sophie Charlotte Elisabeth Ursinus , German serial killer († 1836 )
- May 7 : Johann Gottlob Worbs , German theologian and historian († 1833 )
- May 9 : Johannes Walch , German clergyman and teacher († 1829 )
- May 10 : Charles de Bonchamps , French leader of the Vendéer († 1793 )
- May 10 : Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle , French composer, poet and officer († 1836 )
- May 10 : Johann Peter Hebel , German poet († 1826 )
- May 11 : Ádam Pálóczi Horváth , Hungarian writer, folk song collector and composer († 1820 )
- May 28 : Alexandre de Beauharnais , French President of the National Assembly († 1794 )
- May 29 : Louis-Michel Le Peletier de Saint-Fargeau , politician during the French Revolution († 1793 )
- June 4 : Christian August Günther , German painter, draftsman and engraver († 1824 )
- June 5 : Johan Gadolin , Finnish chemist († 1852 )
- June 12 : Jean-Baptiste Louvet de Couvray , French politician († 1797 )
- June 20 : Richard Colley-Wellesley , British statesman († 1842 )
- June 22nd : Joseph Ludwig Colmar , Alsatian Bishop of Mainz († 1818 )
- June 26 : Johann I. Josef , Austrian field marshal († 1836 )
- July 8 : Christian Kramp , Alsatian doctor, mathematician and physicist († 1826 )
- July 12 : Muhammad ibn ʿAlī asch-Shaukānī , Yemeni scholar († 1834 )
- August 1 : Wilhelm Anton von Klewiz , Prussian politician and administrative officer († 1838 )
- 22nd August : Annibale Francesco Clemente Melchiore Girolamo Nicola Sermattei della Genga, as Leo XII. Pope († 1829 )
- August 31 : Georg Ludwig von Anns , German politician († 1837 )
- August 31 : Aristide Aubert Dupetit-Thouars , French admiral and seafarer († 1798 )
- August 31 : Peter Joseph Triest , canon and founder of the order († 1836 )
- September 1 : Frederik Sneedorff , Danish historian. († 1792 )
- September 8 : Georg Friedrich Baumgärtel , German educator († 1840 )
- September 11th : Johann Friedrich Brandis , German lawyer and university professor († 1790 )
- September 14 : Luigi Cherubini , Italian composer († 1842 )
- September 15 : Bogislav Friedrich Emanuel von Tauentzien , Prussian infantry general († 1824 )
- September 20 : Christoph Wilhelm Mitscherlich , German classical philologist († 1854 )
- September 20 : Clement Storer , American politician († 1830 )
- October 16 : Jonathan Dayton , American politician († 1824 )
- October 17 : Henri de Saint-Simon , French aristocrat, officer and journalist († 1825 )
- October 20 : Alexandre de Lameth , French soldier and politician († 1829 )
- October 27 : August Neidhardt von Gneisenau , Prussian field marshal and army reformer († 1831 )
- October 31 : Katsushika Hokusai , Japanese representative of Ukiyo-e († 1849 )
- November 11 : Landolin Ohmacht , German sculptor († 1834 )
- November 13 : Jiaqing , Chinese emperor († 1820 )
- November 14 : Joachim Bernhard Nicolaus Hacker , German theologian, poet and writer († 1817 )
- November 19 : Johann Paul Pöhlmann , German Protestant clergyman and educator († 1848 )
- November 23 : Christian Wilhelm Ahlwardt , German professor († 1830 )
- November 23 : Isaac Anderson , American politician († 1838 )
- November 23 : François Noël Babeuf , French agitator and journalist († 1797 )
- November 25 : Antal Amadé de Várkonyi , Hungarian count († 1835 )
- November 30th : Hanaoka Seishū , Japanese surgeon († 1835 )
- December 2 : John Breckinridge , American politician († 1806 )
- December 2 : Joseph Graetz , German organist and composer († 1826 )
- December 6 : Charles Carnan Ridgely , American politician († 1829 )
- December 9 : Johann Melchior Möller , German Protestant clergyman († 1824 )
- December 12 : Thomas Dolliner , Austrian lawyer and university professor († 1839 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Abu Abdullah Muhammad al-Arabi ad-Darqawi , Moroccan Sufi and writer († 1823 )
- Jager Afrikaner , captain of Orlam († 1823 )
- William Jones , American politician († 1831 )
- Thomas Kirker , American politician († 1837 )
- Humphrey Marshall , American politician († 1841 )
- Bernard Václav Štiasný , Czech cellist and composer († 1835 )
Born around 1760
* Tecumapease , leader of the Shawnee, older sister of the Shawnee chief Tecumseh
First half of the year
- January 4th : Johann Jakob Späth , German organ builder (* 1672 )
- January 5th : Reinhold Rücker Angerstein , Swedish metallurgist, civil servant and entrepreneur (* 1718 )
- January 15 : Michael Engler the Younger , German organ builder (* 1688 )
- January 18 : Claudio Casciolini , Italian composer (* 1697 )
- January 19 : Giuseppe Belli , Italian soprano castrato (* before 1752)
- January 20 : Johann Ludwig Alefeld , German philosopher and physicist (* 1695 )
- January 23 : Giovanni Antonio Guardi , Italian painter (* 1699 )
- February 1 : Wilhelm VIII of Hessen-Kassel , Landgrave of Hessen-Kassel (* 1682 )
- February 5 : Agustín Ahumada y Villalón , Spanish officer and colonial administrator, viceroy of New Spain (* around 1710 )
- February 14 : François Collin de Blamont , French composer (* 1690 )
- February 20 : Diane-Adélaïde de Mailly-Nesle , French nobleman and mistress of Louis XV. (* 1713 )
- February 27 : Anna Magdalena Bach , German soprano, wife of Johann Sebastian Bach (* 1701 )
- February 28 : François Thurot , French privateer and naval officer (* 1727 )
- March 4 : Friedrich Wilhelm Culemann , German civil servant
- before March 14: Anton Fils , German composer (* 1733 )
- March 28 : Peg Woffington , Irish actress (* 18th century)
- April 11th : Moritz von Anhalt-Dessau , Prussian military leader (* 1712 )
- April 11th : Louis de Silvestre , French painter, court painter in Saxony (* 1675 )
- April 12 : Ernst Gottlieb Baron , German composer and lutenist (* 1696 )
- April 17 : Wilhelm Ernst von Buddenbrock , Prussian major and commander of the 1st Standing Grenadier Battalion (* 1715 )
- April 22nd : Agostino Maria Neuroni , Bishop of Como (* 1690 )
- April 24 : Michele Mascitti , Italian violinist and composer (* 1664 )
- May 1st : Christiana Mariana von Ziegler , Saxon writer (* 1695 )
- May 9 : Nikolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf , Saxon Lutheran-Pietist autodidactic theologian, imperial count, and founder and bishop of the Moravian Brethren (* 1700 )
- May 10 : Christoph Graupner , German composer (* 1683 )
- May 11th : Alaungpaya , ruler of the Third Burmese Empire (* 1714 )
- May 21 : Anna Nitschmann , Moravian song poet, member of the Moravian Brethren (* 1715 )
- May 22 : Israel ben Eliezer , known as the Baal Shem Tov , Polish rabbi, founder of Hasidism in Judaism (* around 1700 )
- May 25 : Engelbert von Syrgenstein , Prince Abbot of Kempten (* 1694 )
- June 13 : Antoine Court , French preacher and witness of faith (* 1696 )
- June 15 : Emo Lucius Vriemoet , German Reformed theologian and orientalist (* 1699 )
- June 30th : Teresa Albuzzi-Todeschini , Italian opera singer (* 1723 )
Second half of the year
- July 5 : Germann August Ellrod , German Protestant clergyman and university professor (* 1709 )
- July 18 : Philippe Mercier , French-German painter (* 1689 )
- July 22nd : Charles de Bourbon , Count of Charolais, libertine (* 1700 )
- August 12 : Nicolaus Ephraim Bach , German composer and organist (* 1690 )
- August 12 : Karl Gotthelf Müller , German rhetorician, poet and Lutheran theologian (* 1717 )
- August 15 : Heinrich August Schumacher , German historian and educator (* 1683 )
- August 28 : Marie Gabrielle Éléonore de Bourbon-Condé , Abbess of Saint-Antoine-des-Champs (* 1690 )
- September 14 : Caspar Jakob Huth , German Protestant theologian and university professor (* 1711 )
- September 16 : Louis-Charles Fougeret de Monbron , French man of letters and writer (* 1706 )
- October 12 : Johann Friedrich Stoy , German Protestant theologian (* 1700 )
- October 25 : George II , King of Great Britain and Ireland and Elector of Braunschweig-Lüneburg (Hanover) (* 1683 )
- October 27 : Antonín Koniáš , Bohemian Jesuit priest, missionary and religious writer (* 1691 )
- October 28 : Andrea Adolfati , Italian opera composer (* 1711 , 1721 or 1722 )
- October 30 : Christian Ludwig Liscow , German satirist (* 1701 )
- November 11th : Frederik Winter , German medic (* 1712 )
- November 22nd : Charles Alston , Scottish medic and botanist (* 1685 )
- November 28 : Pietro Paolo Vasta , Italian painter (* 1697 )
- December 6th : Roque Ceruti , Peruvian composer (* around 1683)
- December 9 : Josef Ferdinand Fromiller , Austrian painter (* 1693 )
- December 11th : Johann Wilhelm Gloger , German organ builder (* 1702 )
- December 14 : Georg Peter Zenckel , German Protestant theologian and university lecturer (* 1717 )
- December 22nd : Giuseppe Besozzi , Italian oboist (* 1686 )
- December 24th : Philipp Jacob Borel , German physician and university professor (* 1715 )