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Robert Rogers
Robert Rogers takes the surrender of the last French forts in the North American war against
George III  of Great Britain
George III becomes King of Great Britain and Ireland and Elector of Hanover .
Battle of Sainte-Foy
The Battle of Sainte-Foy turns
into one of the bloodiest battles on Canadian soil.
1760 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1208/09 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1752/53 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1165/66 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2303/04 (southern Buddhism); 2302/03 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 74th (75th) cycle

Year of the Metal Dragon庚辰 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Rabbit 己卯)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1122/23 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4093/94 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1138/39 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1173/74 (turn of the year 12/13 August)
Jewish calendar 5520/21 (September 10/11)
Coptic calendar 1476/77 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 935/936
Seleucid era Babylon: 2070/71 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2071/72 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1816/17 (turn of the year April)

In 1760 the war in North America between the two colonial powers France and Great Britain ended with a victory for the British. With the capitulation of Montréal and the fortress of Detroit, the French colonial era in North America ended de facto , the previous colony of New France was taken over by Great Britain. Although the Louisiana colony is formally still in French ownership, France can no longer hold it militarily.

Course of the war 1760

The war in Europe , on the other hand, continues unabated. Although Frederick the Great was able to achieve minor successes in individual battles, Prussia was increasingly pushed onto the defensive and increasingly constricted by the opposing powers Austria and Russia , with East Prussia, Saxony and Silesia in the hands of the enemy. Even Berlin is briefly occupied and looted.

George III follows in Great Britain . his grandfather George II on the throne and at the same time becomes Elector of Braunschweig-Lüneburg . He is the first monarch from the ruling house of Hanover , born in Great Britain and whose mother tongue is English.


Politics and world events

February 1st

Friedrich II becomes Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel .

20. February

Battle near Koßdorf

April 28

Battle of Sainte-Foy

23rd June

Battle of Landeshut

25th June

Tokugawa Ieharu becomes a Shogun in Japan .

8th of July

Skirmish on the Restigouche River

16th of July

Battle near Emsdorf

July 31

Battle of Warburg

15th of August

Battle of Liegnitz

20th of August

Battle at Oschatz

10. - 14. October

Siege of Wittenberg

15th October

Battle of Kampen Monastery

October 25

George III becomes King of Great Britain .

November 3rd

Battle of Torgau

Ongoing events
Third Carnatic War in India (since 1756)
Seven Years War in Europe (since 1756) as part of the Silesian Wars (since 1740)
Seven Years War in North America (since 1754) as part of the French and Indian Wars (since 1689)
Enlightened absolutism in Prussia and Austria (since 1740)
Courtly absolutism in France (since 1648)
Qing Dynasty in China (since 1644)
Edo period in Japan (since 1603)

Great Britain, Ireland, Electorate of Braunschweig-Lüneburg

British King's coat of arms

The British King George II. , At the same time in personal union elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg ( "electoral Hanover") dies after 33 years of government on Oct. 25 at a aortic dissection and as the last British monarch in Westminster Abbey buried. Since his son Friedrich Ludwig von Hannover has already died, his grandson George III follows him . on the throne. This is the third British monarch from the House of Hanover , but the first to be born in Great Britain and whose native language is English . A suitable wife is immediately sought in the various European ruling houses, who is found with 17-year-old Sophie Charlotte von Mecklenburg-Strelitz at the beginning of the following year.

George's inauguration is initially welcomed by politicians from all parties, but he prefers ministers from the ranks of the Tories . Since the crown's lands generate little income when the new king takes office, he cedes the Crown Estate to the HM Treasury and in return receives an annual payment, the civil list .

Seven Years War in Europe

Battle near Koßdorf
Battle of Landeshut
Battle of Warburg
Battle of Liegnitz
Bombing of Wittenberg, copper engraving from Georgis Wittenberg's lament story
Battle of Torgau

The war in the colonies

North America
View of Pondichéry before the British conquered

Other events in Europe

Caribbean and South America

Francisco Cajigal de la Vega
Saramacca village in Suriname, 1955

The Dutch colonialists close on October 10 with the insurgent ndyuka people , a group of Maroons in Suriname a peace treaty. The first gaanman recognized by the colonial power , head of the Ndyuka tribes, was Fabi Labi Beyman from Dikan-lo. As an outward sign and symbol of their rulership and recognition of their independence from the Dutch, he was given a scepter, a staff with a silver knob. Peace negotiations are also started with the Saramaccans who settle on the upper reaches of Suriname and Saramacca .

European colonies in Asia

Siamese-Burmese War


Tokugawa Ieharu in classic court dress


  • June 9th : The Petite Poste for postal deliveries in Paris starts operations. In the same year, clearly legible messages, forerunners of the postcard , were introduced.

science and technology



Joseph Gottlieb Kölreuter


The French chemist and pharmacist Louis Claude Cadet de Gassicourt is working on invisible inks based on cobalt salts. However, the cobalt minerals he uses are contaminated with arsenic . When the minerals are distilled together with potassium acetate , arsine, tetramethyldiarsine, is formed, an extremely disgusting, highly toxic compound. The compound is initially referred to as "Cadet's fuming liquid" . It is the first historically documented synthesis of an organometallic compound.



Peter Anich



  • Belgian designer Jean-Joseph Merlin invents the first historically documented roller skate . During the demonstration of his invention at a ball held by the English royal family, he was seriously injured because he drove into a large mirror due to a lack of suitable braking devices.




The French dancer and choreographer Jean Georges Noverre wrote the theoretical text Lettres sur la Danse et sur les Ballets ( Letters on the Art of Dance ), one of the most important works on ballet to this day . In the same year he was appointed to the Württemberg court in Stuttgart.

Visual arts

The Society of Artists of Great Britain is founded in London and organizes its first group exhibition in April.

The Austrian baroque sculptor Josef Stammel creates one of his main works, The Four Last Things that are in Admont Abbey today . They are among the best works of alpine baroque sculpture.

The Italian baroque painter Francesco Sozzi paints the fresco cycle The Four Seasons in Palazzo Isnello in Palermo.

Canaletto: Vienna, panorama from the Palais Kaunitz 1759/60

During his two-year stay in Vienna, Bernardo Bellotto , known as Canaletto , received news of the destruction of his house and the destruction of part of his works of art by the Prussian bombardment of Dresden from July 14th to 20th, 1760. His wife and daughters were unharmed, but the damage by destroying part of his works of art and printing plates amounts to 50,000 thalers.


First complete edition of the works of Ewald von Kleist

One year after the death of Ewald Christian von Kleist , a complete edition of his works is published for the first time in Berlin. The editor of the two-volume work is a longtime friend of Kleist, the poet and philosopher Karl Wilhelm Ramler .

Music and theater




The solemn entry of Isabella of Parma into Vienna

Social evenings

  • Autumn: The Italian opera singer and socialite Teresa Cornelys holds the first of her well-known social evenings in the Carlisle House she has rented in Soho Square in London, which is only allowed for noble and guaranteed people who have bought a ticket for five guineas. In addition to dancing, masquerades and refreshments, gambling is probably the main attraction.




Jesuit Church in Mannheim



  • February 15 : British ship of the line HMS Ramillies (90 guns) stranded at Bolt Head near Plymouth , England after a navigational error . Over 700 crew members die, only 26 men can save themselves. It is one of the worst non-war shipping accidents in English waters.
  • March 20 : The "Great Boston Fire " destroys 349 buildings, about a tenth of the city.

Historical maps and views


First quarter

Second quarter

Third quarter

Fourth Quarter

August Neidhardt von Gneisenau

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1760

* Tecumapease , leader of the Shawnee, older sister of the Shawnee chief Tecumseh


First half of the year

Second half of the year

George II

00.October: Girolamo Abos , Maltese composer (* 1715 )

Friederike Caroline Neubers grave in the Leuben cemetery in Dresden

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1760  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files