Ernst Gottlieb Baron

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ernst Gottlieb Baron

Ernst Gottlieb Baron (born February 17, 1696 in Breslau ; † April 12, 1760 in Berlin ) was a German composer , music theorist and lutenist .


From the age of 14, Baron learned to play the lute, probably from Jakob Carl Kohaut, Karl Kohaut's father . After visiting the Elisabethianum in Breslau, he began studying law and philosophy in Leipzig in 1715, and in 1720 he enrolled at the University of Jena, where he learned keyboard instruments and music theory from Johann Nikolaus Bach and Jakob Adlung . In 1728 he took over the post of lutenist at the Gothaischer Hof. In 1737 he came to the court of Crown Prince Friedrich in Rheinsberg . Immediately after his employment, he received permission to travel to Dresden to acquire a theorbo there, where he met Silvius Leopold Weiss , whom he greatly admired. After the crown prince was crowned king, the baron worked as a lutenist until his death in the significantly enlarged court chapel in Berlin.

His compositional work consists primarily of sonatas and instrumental works. In the “Investigation of the Instrument of Lutes” published by him in 1727, the handwriting of his friend Silvius Leopold Weiss is clearly visible.



  • Duet in G major for flute and lute
  • Sonata in G major for flute and lute
  • Concerto in D minor for recorder and lute
  • Concerto in C minor for oboe, lute and bass


  • Historical-theoretical and practical investigation of the instrument of the lute. Nuremberg 1727. ( digitized version )