|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Height :||59 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||328.22 km 2|
|Residents:||8007 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||24 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postcodes :||16818 (Basdorf, Braunsberg) ,
16831 (Großzerlang, Heinrichsdorf, Kleinzerlang, Linow, Rheinsberg, Schwanow, Zechlinerhütte, Zechow, Zühlen) ,
16835 (Dierberg) ,
16837 (Alt Lutterow, Dorf Zechlin, Flecken Zechlin, Kagar, Luhme, Neu Lutterow , Wallitz)
|Primaries :||033931 (Rheinsberg) , 033921 (Kleinzerlang)|
|License plate :||OPR, KY, NP, WK|
|Community key :||12 0 68 353|
|LOCODE :||DE RRG|
|City structure:||17 districts|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Frank-Rudi Schwochow (BVB / Free Voters)|
|Location of the city of Rheinsberg in the Ostprignitz-Ruppin district|
Rheinsberg is a town in the Ostprignitz-Ruppin district in Brandenburg am Rhin . The core city with the districts of Kleinzerlang and Flecken Zechlin has the title of state-approved resort . Rheinsberg is one of the largest municipalities in Germany in terms of area.
The history of the place is mainly related to Rheinsberg Castle . Rheinsberg became known through the book Rheinsberg: A picture book for lovers by Kurt Tucholsky and by the mention in the walks through the Mark Brandenburg by Theodor Fontane . It is located in the Neustrelitzer Kleinseenland holiday area in the Mecklenburg Lake District .
Rheinsberg belongs to the Ruppiner Land . It is located in the Rheinsberg Lake District , the southwestern part of the Neustrelitz Kleinseenland , between many large and small lakes (the main town on the Grienericksee ) and in a varied, hilly forest landscape. To the south of Rheinsberg is the Ruppiner Schweiz , in the west extends the rest of the Wittstock-Ruppiner Heide , which was partly used as a military training area for Wittstock .
The city of Rheinsberg consists of 17 districts, plus a number of other districts and residential areas:
Inhabited parts of the community
Adamswalde , Alt Lutterow, Beckersmühle, Beerenbusch, Charlottenau, Feldgrieben , Heimland , Heinrichsfelde , Hohenelse, Kolonie, Köpernitz, Köpernitzer Mühle , Linowsee, Lotharhof, Möckern, Neu Lutterow, Neuköpernitz, Neumühl, Paulshorst, Prebelow , Repente, Rheornins , Warenthin , Wittwien
Berkholzofen, Boberow, Green Hut, Parisian Oak, Possluch, Wolfsbruch lock
According to popular opinion, Rheinsberg got its name from settlers from the Lower Rhine region during the eastern colonization in the 12th century. An independent Germanic education from the same root word for "rinnen, flow" cannot be ruled out. Although the area around the river was inhabited by Slavs for several centuries , a Slavic name has not survived.
The area around Rheinsberg was settled very early. Settlement remains were found on the island of Remus in the Rheinsberger See . In 1524 Rheinsberg came to the Mark Brandenburg with the rule of Ruppin . Rheinsberg is inextricably linked with Rheinsberg Castle and the ruling family of the Hohenzollern . Since the acquisition of Rheinsberg by the Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm I and after the city burned in 1740, the city and palace (originally a Renaissance building from 1566) have been rebuilt by the builders Johann Gottfried Kemmeter and Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff . The residential palace of Frederick the Great is considered a model building of the Frederician Rococo and served as a template for Potsdam - Sanssouci . In the local crown prince chapel, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach worked as chamber harpsichordist for Frederick II. Through the renovation and expansion of the palace, Rheinsberg developed into a small baroque residential town.
After Friedrich II became king, he ceded the property to his brother Heinrich , who lived in the castle until his death (1802) and had it expanded and rebuilt.
The municipalities of Basdorf, Braunsberg, Dierberg , Dorf Zechlin , Flecken Zechlin, Großzerlang, Heinrichsdorf, Kagar, Kleinzerlang, Linow, Luhme (with the town of Repente, which was incorporated on July 1, 1950), Schwanow, Wallitz, Zechlinerhütte, Zechow and Zühlen were joined on 26 October 2003 incorporated.
Rheinsberg has been a state-approved resort since 1968 . Later, Kleinzerlang (since 2004) and Flecken Zechlin (since 2011) were included in this rating without the districts being adjacent to one another.
Territory of the respective year, number of inhabitants: as of December 31 (from 1991), from 2011 based on the 2011 census
In addition to the full-time mayor, the city council has 18 members. After the local elections on May 26, 2019, these are divided between the parties and groups as follows:
|BVB / Free Voters||23.9%||45.1%||4th||8th|
|Zechliner Land (ZL)||5.7%||-||1||-|
Schwochow was elected in the mayoral election on October 15, 2017 with 50.5% of the valid votes for a term of eight years.
coat of arms
Blazon : "In the red and silver split shield an eagle in confused colors, covered with a silver and black quartered heart shield."
The coat of arms was approved on August 11, 1994 and again on March 4, 2004.
Rheinsberg has had partnerships with Ascheberg in North Rhine-Westphalia since 1991, Fangasso in Mali since 1994, Huber Heights in the USA since 1995, Mariefred in Sweden since 1994 and Toftlund in Denmark since 1995.
Sights and culture
- Rheinsberg Castle
- Evangelical Church of St. Laurentius from the 13th century with Renaissance furnishings
- Former Kavalierhaus, since 1991 the Federal and State Music Academy has been housed here, which runs the palace theater
- Alfred Wegener Memorial ( polar research ) in Zechlinerhütte , 5 km north of Rheinsberg.
- Post mileage pillar from the 18th century
- Watchtower from the 18th century; built at the time of Prince Heinrich
- Death march plaque from 1976 in the center of Flecken Zechlin in memory of the prisoners of Sachsenhausen concentration camp who perished in April 1945
- Memorial stone for seven victims of concentration camp prisoners in the cemetery in the Flecken Zechlin district on Hugo-von Graevenitz-Strasse
- Gravestone on the southern edge of the cemetery in the Linow district in memory of the 15 concentration camp prisoners who did not survive the death march in April 1945
- Honorary grave at the Rheinsberg municipal cemetery on Schlossstrasse for prisoners who died on the death march
- Memorial stone for the dead of the wars in the Rheinsberg municipal cemetery
- Rheinsberg (Mark) train station and railway facilities
- Rheinsberg Castle , rebuilt from 1734 to 1739 by Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff , from 1736 to 1740 the residence of Crown Prince Friedrich (later King Friedrich II of Prussia ) and his brother Heinrich Prince of Prussia (1726–1802), during the GDR era Diabetic Clinic, now a museum and Kurt Tucholsky Literature Museum
- Kurt Tucholsky Literature Museum , documents the literary work of the writer Kurt Tucholsky. The archive is supplemented by constantly changing exhibitions, lectures and readings. The Kurt Tucholsky Literature Museum was included in the “Blue Book” of the Federal Government as a “cultural place of remembrance” of national importance.
- Ceramics Museum Rheinsberg , shows the historical development of the decor and shape of Rheinsberg ceramics since 1762
- Railway Museum in the former engine shed at a train station , from the Association Rheinberger station operated
Music and theater
Rheinsberg has a long cultural tradition. It goes back to the then Crown Prince Friedrich, who gathered around himself artists and musicians.
- Rheinsberger Musiktage , since 1948 - with a few years interruption - held annually at Whitsun
- Kammeroper Schloss Rheinsberg , aninternational opera festival initiated and directedby the composer Siegfried Matthus , in which, as a result of an audition competition, young up-and-coming artists are given the opportunity to rehearse and perform opera roles under the guidance of important mentors. The festival has been held annually in July and August since 1991. The open-air venues are the hedge theater in the castle park and the castle courtyard.
- Rheinsberg Music Academy , founded in 1991 on the initiative of Siegfried Matthus as a project of the Rheinsberg Art and Culture Association, continues to exist as a federal and state academy. It is recognized as a work, training and meeting place for professional and amateur musicians in accordance with the Brandenburg Continuing Education Act, a member of the working group of musical educational institutions in Germany and is eligible for funding as a provider of free youth welfare in accordance with Section 75 of Book VIII of the Social Code Year in the premises of the Kavalierhaus and give concerts in the mirror hall of the castle and since 2000 also in the castle theater.
- Brandenburg summer concerts take place annually in Rheinsberg, mostly in the Laurentiuskirche
- Once a year the Germany-wide and international dance tournaments , the International German Classics / the German Championships / the Germany Cup in wheelchair dance , organized by the National Paralympic Committee Germany , take place.
- The competitions for the German Cup in wheelchair table tennis and competitions in wheelchair rugby take place regularly .
- Since 1994, international ceramic artists have been exhibiting their wares every year on the second weekend in October at the “Rheinsberg Pottery Market”. Since 2007 the “handicraft market” has been held in spring, at which not only ceramic goods but also other handicraft products are presented.
- On the 100th anniversary of the station in 1999, the first Rheinsberg Railway Station Festival took place, which has been held annually since then.
Rheinsberg Art and Culture Association
The art and culture association Rheinsberg e. V. (KuK) wants to preserve the baroque residence town and the palace complex including the palace theater, cavalier house and palace park as a cultural monument of historical importance and develop it further as an artistic and cultural center in the Mark Brandenburg.
The association promotes the Rheinsberg Castle Chamber Opera and the Rheinsberg Music Academy, is a partner in both GmbH and works on these bodies.
Further work objectives are to support the castle museum and the park, the Kurt Tucholsky literature museum and the gallery for fine arts, the library, the “Long Night of the Arts” and the implementation of the “Friderician Symposium”. The Friderician Symposium was founded by Jürgen Ziechmann in 1991 and takes place annually on the second weekend in May.
Town clerk for Rheinsberg
Since 1995, in memory of Kurt Tucholsky, the city has been awarding two five-month scholarships of 5,000 euros annually for its city clerks . It is connected with the free accommodation in the Rheinsberg town clerk's apartment in the stables of the castle. Just as the city of Rheinsberg has "committed itself in a special way to the work of the great humanist", the town clerks are expected "that they too [feel] committed to Tucholsky's democratic legacy" ( guidelines for awarding the scholarship "Stadtschreiber zu Rheinsberg" ). "Non-German authors who live in exile in Germany" should also be expressly funded.
- Giwi Margwelaschwili , Barbara Köhler (1995)
- Bert Papenfuß , Wolfgang Hilbig (1996)
- Judith Kuckart , Rajvinder Singh (1997)
- Peter Brasch , Inka Bach (1998)
- Annett Gröschner , Stefan Tontic (1999)
- Tilo Köhler , Thomas Hartwig (2000)
- Katja Lange-Müller , Jürgen Israel (2001)
- Michael Wildenhain , Christina Mansfeld (2002)
- Eberhard Häfner , Gerhard Falkner (2003)
- Martin Hoffmann , Brigitte Struzyk (2004)
- Thorsten Becker , Uwe Kolbe (2005)
- Tom Wolf , Apti Bisultanov (2006)
- Julia Schoch , Lothar Trolle (2007)
- Gregor Laschen , Richard Pietraß (2008)
- Wiglaf Droste , Ulrich Enzensberger (2009)
- Marion Poschmann , Volker Braun (2010)
- Regina Scheer , Christina Koenig (2011)
- Tom Schulz , Ralph Hammerthaler (2012)
- Marc Kayser , Peggy Mädler (2013).
- Johannes Groschupf , Michael Wüstefeld (2014)
- Thomas Rosenlöcher , Marion Brasch (2015)
- Antje Rávic Strubel , Christoph Klimke (2016)
- Kathrin Schmidt , Ahne (2017)
- Grit Poppe , Jan Faktor (2018)
Economy and Infrastructure
- Disposal plants for nuclear facilities , have been demolishing the Rheinsberg nuclear power plant since 1995
- Rheinsberger Preussenquelle , has been promoting mineral water in Rheinsberg since 2007 and marketing it nationwide. The Preussenquelle was the first company in Brandenburg to receive the seal of approval as organic mineral water .
Rheinsberg has had a train station on the Löwenberg-Lindow-Rheinsberger Railway since 1899 . On the regional train line RB 54 of the Niederbarnimer Eisenbahn to Löwenberg (Mark) five pairs of trains run in the winter half-year and six in the summer half-year. Individual journeys start or end in Berlin at the Lichtenberg and Gesundbrunnen train stations . Between 1928 and 1945 there was also a continuation of the line to Flecken Zechlin and from 1958 to 1996 to the nuclear power plant on the Großer Stechlinsee.
Rheinsberg is located on the federal road 122 from Alt Ruppin to Wesenberg and on the L15 state road between Wittstock and Fürstenberg / Havel . Wittstock and Neuruppin are the closest motorway junctions to the federal motorway 24 .
Because of the castle and the charming surroundings, tourism plays a major role , especially as a local recreation area in the catchment area of Berlin . The "Hafendorf Rheinsberg" with water hikers' resting place on the Rheinsberger See and the barrier-free Hotel Seehotel Rheinsberg of the non-profit Fürst Donnersmarck Foundation (Berlin) on the Grienericksee contribute to the development.
- School center educational campus Rheinsberg (primary and upper level)
- Primary school Flecken Zechlin
- Professional association educational institution "Linowsee" in the Linow district
- DGB youth education center Flecken Zechlin
- Martin Henning (1875–1955), doctor
- Hellmut Ambrosius (1904–1992), palace gardener
- 1984: Siegfried Matthus (* 1934), composer, director of the Rheinsberg Castle Chamber Opera
- 1986: Detlef Karg (* 1945), garden architect
- 1996: Jürgen Graf (1927–2007), radio journalist, city sponsor
- 2003: Hans-Joachim Giersberg (1938–2014), General Director of the Prussian Palaces and Gardens Foundation Berlin-Brandenburg
- 2003: Christian Carstens, ceramics entrepreneur and local politician
- 2011: Siegfried Schweitzer (* 1941), chairman of the Rheinsberger Carneval Club (RCC) and the workers' choir Forward
sons and daughters of the town
- Wilhelm von Nathusius (1893–1952), mayor of Wiesbaden and high official in the federal government
- Reinhart Berger (1910–1994), administrative lawyer
- Gad Granach (1915–2011), Jewish emigrant
- Erhard Egidi (1929–2014), church musician
- Hermann Burde (* 1943), athlete
- Lothar Baumgarten (1944–2018), installation artist
- Eike Schönfeld (* 1949), English studies and translator
- Norbert Pewestorff (* 1952), politician (Die Linke)
Personalities associated with Rheinsberg
- Friedrich II. (1712–1786), lived in Rheinsberg Castle as Crown Prince Friedrich 1736–1740
- Johann Samuel Sello (1724–1787), court gardener in Rheinsberg
- Prince Heinrich of Prussia (1726–1802), lived in Rheinsberg Castle from 1752–1802
- Karl Wilhelm Hennert (1739–1800), forester, palace construction inspector in Rheinsberg
- Wilhelm Barth (1779–1852), architecture and landscape painter, lived in Rheinsberg
- Gottfried Forck (1923–1996), Protestant bishop, lived in Rheinsberg
- Siegfried Matthus (* 1934), composer, director of the Rheinsberg Castle Chamber Opera
- Peter Böthig (* 1958), literary scholar, director of the Kurt Tucholsky Literature Museum in Rheinsberg Castle
- Ulrike Liedtke (* 1958), musicologist, 1991–2014 director of the Rheinsberg Music Academy
- Frederik Over (* 1967), politician ( PDS / Die Linke ) and small business owner, lives in Rheinsberg
- Peter Böthig , Stefanie Ostwald: Jews in Rheinsberg. A search for clues . Edition Rieger, 2005, ISBN 3-935231-71-7 .
- Christian Graf von Krockow : Rheinsberg: a Prussian dream. 1st edition. Seemann, Leipzig 1992, ISBN 3-363-00554-7 .
- Hans-Günter Kupsch: Rheinsberg ( art history city books ). Leipzig 1960, OCLC 17176046 .
- Rolf Schneider : Rheinsberg. A Prussian legend. be.bra-Verlag, Berlin 2011, ISBN 978-3-86124-652-7 .
- Ulrike Schwarz, Matthias Metzler: Monument topography Federal Republic of Germany . Monuments in Brandenburg. District Ostprignitz-Ruppin 13.2 = community Fehrbellin, Amt Lindow (Mark) and city Rheinsberg . Wernersche Verlagsgesellschaft , Worms 2003, ISBN 3-88462-191-2 .
- Robert Rauh : Rheinsberg . In: Fontanes Ruppiner Land. New walks through the Mark Brandenburg. Berlin 2019, ISBN 978-3-86124-723-4 .
- Population in the State of Brandenburg according to municipalities, offices and municipalities not subject to official registration on December 31, 2019 (XLSX file; 223 KB) (updated official population figures) ( help on this ).
- Service the state administration
- 1994 and their changes since January 1, 1948 in the new states. Metzler-Poeschel publishing house, Stuttgart, 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 , publisher: Federal Statistical Office
- StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2003
- Historical municipality register of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. Landkreis Ostprignitz-Ruppin , pp. 22-25.
- Population in the state of Brandenburg from 1991 to 2017 according to independent cities, districts and municipalities , Table 7
- Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg (Ed.): Statistical report AI 7, A II 3, A III 3. Population development and population status in the state of Brandenburg (respective editions of the month of December)
- Result of the local election on May 25, 2014. Accessed on July 13, 2019 .
- Result of the local elections on May 26, 2019. Accessed on July 13, 2019 .
- Mayor of Rheinsberg ( Memento of the original from August 19, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Retrieved August 15, 2014.
- Brandenburg Local Election Act, Section 74
- Result of the mayoral election on October 15, 2017
- Coat of arms information on the service portal of the state administration of Brandenburg
- International German Classics with Finals in Latin American Dances , accessed on December 4, 2011.
- rheinsberger-tt-pokal , accessed on January 22, 2012.
- Wheelchair rugby , accessed February 9, 2012.
- fairs in Germany: Rheinsberg pottery market (old town festival) .
- The town clerks on the pages of the Tucholsky Museum in Rheinsberg
- Jens Blankennagel: Tasteless, but good. Berliner Zeitung, March 17, 2012, accessed on November 25, 2015 .
- Bio-water in the Rheinsberger Preussenquelle. February 2, 2016, accessed February 2, 2016 .
- HausRheinsberg ( Memento from September 3, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) on wheelmap.org , accessed on January 22, 2012 /
- Honorable memories - With stone paintings of leveled graves, the City History Association reminds citizens of Rheinsberg. on stadtgeschichte.rheinsberg.de
- Lost a friend. Rheinsberg mourns his honorary citizen Jürgen Graf. on stadtgeschichte.rheinsberg.de
- Rheinsberg chronological table from 1990
- New names for the core city and Linow. In: Märkische Allgemeine , April 14, 2018
- Never Tired becomes an honorary citizen. In: Märkische Oderzeitung , September 30, 2011