|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Height :||94 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||67.95 km 2|
|Residents:||26,853 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||395 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||15344|
|Area code :||03341|
|License plate :||MOL, FRW, SEE, SRB|
|Community key :||12 0 64 472|
|LOCODE :||DE SB2|
|City structure:||Main town and 3 districts|
City administration address :
|Mayoress :||Elke Stadeler ( independent )|
|Location of the city of Strausberg in the Märkisch-Oderland district|
Strausberg is located 35 km east-north of Berlin on the plateau of Barnim , amidst picturesque lakes and wooded landscape formed by the Vistula Ice Age was coined. Two glacial gullies to the west of the city , which today form chains of lakes running from south to north, are particularly characteristic of the landscape . The city center lies on the east bank of the Straussee , the largest of the surrounding lakes, including the Bötz, Ihland and Fängersee lakes. Partial areas of the Hohenstein district are part of the Märkische Schweiz nature park .
Strausberg with the Straussee in the background
Strausberg from the opposite bank of the Straus Lake viewed from
The city of Strausberg borders
- to the west and north to the town of Altlandsberg
- in the northeast to the municipality of Oberbarnim
- in the east to the town of Buckow (Märkische Schweiz) and the municipality of Garzau-Garzin
- in the southeast to the municipality of Rehfelde
- in the south to the community of Rüdersdorf near Berlin
- in the southwest to the municipality of Petershagen / Eggersdorf
The city of Strausberg consists of the districts Strausberg, Hohenstein and Ruhlsdorf .
The district of Hohenstein with the residential areas Gladowshöhe and Ruhlsdorf belongs to the city . In addition, there are the following 16 places to live: Old Walkmühle , Fasanenpark , Friedrich-Schiller-Höhe , Gartenstadt , Hohensteiner Mühle , Beyond the Lake , Neue Mühle , Postbruch , Provincial Settlement , Roter Hof , Spitzmühle , Steuerhaus , Torfhaus , Treuenhof and Wilhelmshof .
The urban area of Strausberg is divided into nine areas: Gartenstadt, Schillerhöhe, Fasanenpark, Strausberg Nord, Strausberg Stadt, Hegermühle, Vorstadt, Postbruch and Neue Mühle. In addition to the historic city center east of the Straussee, the actual city of Strausberg includes the following parts:
- the suburbs created around the station with the construction of the Berlin – Küstrin railway line
- the Gartenstadt and Friedrich-Schiller-Höhe settlements north of the Straussee
- the Torfhaus district located on the southern city limits of the Hennickendorf district of the Rüdersdorf community near Berlin
- the living spaces Jenseits des See (west of Straussee) and Spitzmühle (between Bötzsee and Fängersee ).
This means that the city has a south-north extension of almost 15 kilometers, while the east-west extension is only about three kilometers.
Before the first mention
Traces of Bronze Age settlement (1200–700 BC) have been found in the urban area of Strausberg. Between 600 and 1200 AD there were Slavic settlements in the area around Strausberg.
Around 1225 a castle was built on Straussee and a market settlement on Lindenplatz was created during this time. The city of Strausberg was founded around 1240. In 1247 Strausberg is mentioned in a document under the name Struceberch . In 1254 the city was fortified and the city wall built, remains of which are still preserved today. The city wall was originally 1,600 meters long and made of field stones. She owned 24 Wikhäuser . The oldest building in the city also dates from this period. Parts of the Marienkirche in Strausberg are more than 750 years old.
The Protestant parish church of St. Marien is not only the oldest, but also the tallest building in the city. The church is an early Gothic pillar basilica built from field stones with three aisles. It was built around 1250 and is one of the largest preserved churches of the 13th century in the Mark Brandenburg . In addition, the Buchhorst was included in the city during this time, a street with this name shows how far the city reached back then. In addition, a Dominican monastery was founded, the Margrave Otto III. Founded in 1252 by and existed for almost 300 years. In 1267 the founder of the monastery was Margrave Otto III. solemnly buried in the monastery church.
The Nikolaikirche was located on today's Lindenplatz. In the spring of 2005, human graves were discovered and recovered during archaeological investigations on the Schulstrasse 1 site. These were the oldest burial place in the city, the Nikolai churchyard. Little is known about the Nikolaikirche. Presumably it fell into disrepair in the middle of the 16th century. Burials took place only occasionally during the Thirty Years' War. In 1787 the last remains of the church were removed. The 62 recovered skeletons date from the first half of the 13th to around the middle of the 16th century. They were examined by the anthropologist Bettina Jungklaus . 24.2% of those buried died in infancy up to the age of 7 and 22.6% between the ages of 20 and 39 years. The expected highest mortality around the age of 50 turns out to be rather low here at 17.7%. The mean life expectancy was rather low at just 27 years. Comparisons with other medieval towns in the Margraviate of Brandenburg showed that the residents of Strausberg died earlier on average, which indicates rather unfavorable living conditions. The high child mortality rate of almost 39% indicates a generally worse life situation. The examined section of the population showed a high surplus of men. Medieval cities were dependent on constant immigration from rural areas, as mortality was higher here than in the countryside. Above all, simple servants and farm workers hoped for a better livelihood and social advancement opportunities in the cities, which fits the proven surplus of men. 41% of all children show traces of hemorrhagic / inflammatory meningeal reactions .
In 1339 the first town hall of Strausberg was built. With the conquests and occupations of the city of Strausberg around 1348, the Black Death (probably the plague) came to Strausberg. The false Waldemar and the Pomoranen occupied the city, and Ludwig the Elder tried in vain over the next few years to regain Strausberg. With the occupation, Strausberg lost its legal confirmation (Strausberg law). It was not until 1354 that Strausberg received all of his rights and goods back from Ludwig the Roman .
South of the old town at today's Lustgarten tram stop was the St. Georgs Hospital, first mentioned in a document in 1367, an infirmary and hospital for plague sufferers . This included the George Chapel and a cemetery. In October 2004, burials were discovered during road construction work in the area between August-Bebel-Strasse and Walkmühlenstrasse. These could be assigned to the Georgenkirchhof, which is recorded in the city map from 1834. In 1633 the hospital was destroyed in the course of the Thirty Years War. Only the chapel remained. It stood desolate for about 100 years and was prepared for church services again from 1730. From the middle of the 19th century, the site was converted into a park and the chapel into a café. At the beginning of the 1970s, the chapel was in the way of redesigning the street and was demolished without further ado. A small section of the cemetery was the subject of archaeological research in 2004 in the run-up to earth attacks. 55 body graves were documented and recovered on an area of 34 m². Most of the graves lay in two layers on top of each other. Due to the ceramic finds and the burial customs, the burials were assigned to the early modern period with a focus on the 16th and 17th centuries. The skeletons were examined anthropologically . Most people died of advanced adulthood between the ages of 40 and 59. The proportion of people over 60 was also quite high. 78% of those buried were adults, which corresponds to the conception of a hospital population. Twice as many men as women were found. In 86% of the buried, abnormal changes in the bones could be seen. This percentage was comparatively high. Numerous deficiency diseases , degenerative and inflammatory changes in the vertebrae and diseases of the teeth such as caries with inflammatory apical processes were found. Some people had particularly serious illnesses, such as venereal syphilis . A suspected leprosy case was found. A 55 to 65 year old man shows massive bone growths that have been interpreted as the result of a serious injury from torture on a rack .
In the years 1393 to 1399 Strausberg concluded a protection and defiance alliance with other cities to protect themselves from the robber knights . In 1432 the city was stormed by the Hussites and partially destroyed.
The introduction of the Reformation led to the abolition of the Dominican monastery in 1541. His treasures were plundered by the sovereign and the land was assigned to an electoral council. Between 1549 and 1598 the plague raged several times in Strausberg. Hundreds of citizens of the city, including the pastor and Brandenburg chronicler Andreas Engel , died.
In 1626 and 1627, the imperial military leader Wallenstein visited Strausberg several times. In 1631 the Swedes made Strausberg a mustering point, and many citizens followed suit. On November 12, 1633, the city was attacked and plundered by imperial families, so that in 1638 only 32 bourgeois families lived in Strausberg. In 1643 the Great Elector asked the other cities to protect Strausberg from destruction. In 1714 the military history, which continues to this day, began with the stationing of a company, later up to three companies of the 23rd Infantry Regiment in Strausberg.
In 1772 the monastery was transformed into a city school. In 1787, the construction of the rural poor institution began on the foundations of the monastery and was opened in 1792.
In 1805 the town hall on the south side of the market was demolished except for the foundations and the cellar. The start of the new construction of the town hall was delayed due to the war against Napoleon . A Strausberg battalion went to war against Napoleon in 1806. The new town hall was not completed until 1825 in the classicism style.
In 1808 the city regulations were introduced in Strausberg. As a result, the citizens were allowed to elect city councilors for the first time in 1809 . These elected city councilors in turn elected the mayor and members of the magistrate.
In 1867 the first passenger train on the Berlin – Küstrin line stopped at Strausberg station . On October 1st, the Eastern Railway opened there. The connection between the city and the train station was established by private hauliers and the royal post office. The district court building was built in 1885 and the post office was built in 1890 . In 1893 the Strausberger Railway (then still Strausberger Kleinbahn ) was opened. The Straussee ferry has existed on the Straussee since 1894 and has been operated with low electrical voltage from an open overhead contact line since 1914.
In 1901 the school building for the boys' school was built, in 1902 the public library was built. In 1904 the elementary school building was built in Hegermühlenstraße, which today houses the Hegermühlen elementary school. The local history museum of the city of Strausberg was founded in 1908.
Immigration had increased the number of Catholics in the 1920s to around 1,100, so that a church was urgently needed. The St. Joseph Church in Weinbergstrasse was built by the diocesan master builder Carl Kühn and consecrated on October 21, 1928 by Auxiliary Bishop Josef Deitmer .
During the Nazi era , the synagogue in Jungfernstrasse near Müncheberger Tor was destroyed by the Nazis during the November pogroms in 1938, as was the Jewish cemetery on the Straussee promenade as an extension of Wallstrasse. In 1935 an ammunition factory was built in Hegermühlenstrasse under the name of Märkisches Walzwerk . A year later, the construction of a military airfield and air force barracks began. From 1940, forced laborers from all over Europe worked in the Märkisches Walzwerk. By 1944 there were around 1,500 forced laborers and prisoners of war . From 1941, the Sachsenhausen concentration camp external command managed the ammunition factory.
On April 19 and 20, 1945, most of the residents of Strausberg fled from the approaching Red Army . One day later, the 32nd Rifle Corps of the Red Army moved into Strausberg. By July 1945, most of the people who had fled had returned.
On October 31, 1948, the Berlin S-Bahn was extended to Strausberg station. In 1955, a newly built line to Strausberg Nord was put into operation, and from June 3, 1956 it was operated electrically as an S-Bahn.
In 1954 the main staff of the barracked People's Police was stationed in Strausberg Nord, in the former barracks of the Wehrmacht air base. It was transformed into the Ministry of National Defense (MfNV) in 1956 with the establishment of the National People's Army (NVA) . The reorganization was accompanied by the creation of a news operations department, which later became the main news center of the MfNV.
In 1957 the command of the air force / air defense was established in Strausberg in what is now the Barnim barracks near the Strausberg train station. In this barracks complex (from 1967: Lambert-Horn barracks ) was also the Hugo Eberlein NVA guard regiment .
In 1960 more residential construction began. In 1985 the Strausbergers celebrated the 750th birthday of their city. On November 12, 1989, 15,000 citizens demonstrated in Strausberg for more democracy .
Development after 1990
With the district reform in 1993, the Strausberg district became part of the new Märkisch-Oderland district with the district town of Seelow . Hohenstein, Ruhlsdorf and Gladowshöhe became districts of Strausberg in 1995.
In 1990 the MfNV was dissolved and units of the Bundeswehr began to be stationed . Strausberg temporarily became the seat of the Bundeswehr Command East . In 1994 the German Armed Forces moved their Academy for Information and Communication (AIK) from Waldbröl ( North Rhine-Westphalia ) to Strausberg. This was followed by Area 5 of the Center for Inner Guidance and in 1995 the Social Science Institute of the Bundeswehr . The GSSD garrison said goodbye to the townspeople after 49 years of stationing. In 1998 the AIK complex was expanded to include the building for the military library. In 2001 the Bundeswehr and the city of Strausberg signed a sponsorship agreement. Until the dissolution of the military area administration in 2013, Strausberg was the seat of the military area administration east of the Bundeswehr.
After a three-year construction period, the fundamental renovation of Große Straße in the old town was completed in 1999. The Strausberger Heimatmuseum also reopened its doors after a renovation. The classicist town house from 1820 was reopened after its renovation in 2001 and serves, among other things, as a registry office. The roof renovation of the Marienkirche began in 2003.
The new terminal building with tower was completed at the airfield in 2002. On June 19, 2008, the airfield museum was opened at Strausberg airfield. It documents the aviation history in Strausberg.
Strausberg had belonged to the Oberbarnim district in the province of Brandenburg since 1817 . In 1952 the city became the seat of the newly formed Strausberg district (until 1990 in the GDR district of Frankfurt (Oder) , 1990–1993 in the state of Brandenburg ). Since the district reform in 1993 , Strausberg has been in the Märkisch-Oderland district .
Territory of the respective year, number of inhabitants: as of December 31 (from 1991), from 2011 based on the 2011 census
The Strausberg city council consists of 32 city councilors and the full-time mayor. Their term of office is five years. According to the result of the local elections on May 26, 2019 , it is composed as follows:
|Party / group of voters||Seats|
|Independent and free voter community (UfW) Pro Strausberg||4th|
|Alliance 90 / The Greens||2|
|Your choice - citizens for a liveable city Strausberg||2|
|BVB / Free Voters Strausberg||1|
- 1990–2002: Jürgen Schmitz (SPD / independent)
- 2002–2010: Hans-Peter Thierfeld (independent)
- from 2010: Elke Stadeler (independent)
Stadeler was confirmed in the mayoral election on March 11, 2018 with 53.8% of the valid votes for a further term of eight years.
coat of arms
The city's coat of arms was approved on January 26, 1994.
It is believed that the shape of the Strausssee contributed to the naming of the city and its choice as a heraldic animal. The lake adjacent to the old town center has the elongated, narrow shape of a bean. The Slavic strutch ( dt ., Pod ') has a phonetic similarity to the German word Strauss. The definition of the heraldic animal is a folk etymology , a so-called " talking coat of arms ".
The ostrich coat of arms was also used in the association badge of the Strausberg-based IVth Battalion of the Air Force Training Regiment.
- Dębno (Neudamm) - Poland (since 1978)
- Frankenthal - Rhineland-Palatinate , Germany (since October 16, 1990)
- Terezín (Theresienstadt) - Czech Republic (since 1998)
Sights and culture
- St. Josef is a Roman Catholic church in the style of homeland security architecture , which was consecrated in 1928 . Inside is a modern facilities and a sour - organ .
- The Hohenstein village church is a square choir from the 13th century.
- Historical monuments
- Statue "Red Sailor", in memory of the Kiel sailors' uprising (1918) during the November Revolution .
- Installation of the 1967 memorial for the victims of fascism (OdF) on Pestalozziplatz (today in the courtyard of the Elisabeth Senior Center Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Wriezener Straße 1a), which was supplemented with a memorial wall in 1972 and a mural in 1980. The latter (painted by Josef Rogmann) is supposed to represent the connection between the anti-fascist resistance struggle and GDR society.
- Memorial plaque from 1988 on the stone wall of the former Jewish cemetery in memory of the victims of the Shoah
- Monument from 1992 in front of St. Mary's Church in the preacher road for the composer and church musician Hugo Distler , who before his call-up to the Wehrmacht in 1942 in the suicide went
- Dismantled “Stele of Solidarity” by Josef Rogmann in Strausberg North
- Ostrich as an object of art: you can see the artistically designed ostrich models over and over again. A reference to the Berlin bears or Ulm sparrows.
- Lenin stele: The stele with relief by Axel Schulz was inaugurated in April 1970. It shows Lenin as the main character in a meeting in preparation for the October Revolution.
"Red Sailor" ( Hans Kies )
Strausberg has two cemeteries, one urban in Strausberg Vorstadt and one of the Protestant parish in Berliner Straße.
The area of the cemetery of the Protestant parish was acquired in 1869 and is located on a former vineyard. There are also war cemeteries of the First and Second World Wars.
In 1974 the municipal forest cemetery was built on Eggersdorfer Weg in Strausberg Vorstadt on the site next to the old racetrack, on the local border with Petershagen / Eggersdorf , by resolution of the then council of the district . Funerals have been held there since 1978.
The Bundeswehr is the city's largest employer with around 2,200 jobs. The armed forces facilities are concentrated in the von Hardenberg barracks (formerly Liegenschaft Nord) and the Barnim barracks . The Bundeswehr Academy for Information and Communication with the largest military library in Germany resides in the former MfNV / MfAuV conference center in Strausberg Nord.
Strausberg is the location of authorities and public institutions of the state, the district and the municipality ( e.g. tax office , district court , building regulations office of the district of Märkisch-Oderland, employment agency Frankfurt (Oder) branch Strausberg, advice center of the German pension insurance Berlin-Brandenburg , offices of several Health insurances , city administration Strausberg).
The city is a traditional location for handicrafts, trade and the service industry. Furthermore, the Strausberg airfield and the Stemme aircraft yard, which produces motor gliders , are located in the city .
Strausberg is connected to the Berliner Ring ( Bundesautobahn 10 ) in a westerly direction via the state road L 33 and the Berlin-Marzahn junction. The federal highway 168 runs east of the city between Eberswalde and Cottbus .
The Strausberg Station is located on the railway line Berlin-Kostrzyn . The Strausberg – Strausberg Nord railway branches off here . The Berlin S-Bahn line 5 serves four stations in the city: Strausberg, Hegermühle, Strausberg Stadt and Strausberg Nord .
The tram line 89 of the Strausberger Eisenbahn runs between the city center and Strausberg train station.
To the east of the city is the Strausberg airfield .
In addition, the Straussee ferry runs across the Straussee, the only electric cable ferry in Germany, which is particularly popular with day trippers.
The city's best- known football club is FC Strausberg , which has been playing in the NOFV Oberliga Staffel Nord since the 2013/14 season . In addition, the fanfare procession of the KSC Strausberg is one of the largest orchestras of its kind with around 200 members.
The center for sporting activities is in Strausberg Vorstadt: the Sport and Recreation Park (SEP). This is located on the site of a former gallop racetrack that served the Army Sports Club (ASK) after 1945 and was operated by the Kultur- und Sport-Club eV (KSC) after 1990 until the SEP was founded on July 1, 1993.
sons and daughters of the town
- Andreas Engel (1561–1598), pastor, chronicler of the history of the Mark Brandenburg
- Johann Friedrich Krüger (1770–1836), master builder in Quedlinburg and author
- Karl Alexander Ferdinand Kluge (1782–1844), surgeon (and son of a Strausberg town surgeon), obstetrician and mesmerist
- August von Pfuhl (1794–1874), Prussian major general
- Aron Hirsch Heymann (1803–1880), banker and wool merchant; Head of the Jewish community in Berlin
- Paul Max Bertschy (1840-1911), an architect in Latvia working
- Georg Kurtze (1872–1945), City Councilor of the City of Strausberg from 1924 to 1929, sent to the Oranienburg concentration camp in 1933 , hoisted the white flag on April 20, 1945 to protect the city from further destruction. He was found shot dead in early May.
- Oskar Ehrhardt (1873–1950), surgeon in Königsberg
- Paul Deegener (1875–1949), zoologist and entomologist
- Martin Zindler (1920–2020), physician and anesthesiologist
- Peter Eisenberg (* 1940), linguist
- Michael Gartenschläger (1944–1976), political prisoner in the GDR and escape helper . He was shot by a special command of the GDR State Security while attempting to dismantle self- firing systems at the border.
- Jonas Kern (* 1946), writer
- Frank Schmökel (* 1962), rapist and murderer
- Birgit Monteiro (* 1969), politician (SPD)
- Sebastian Schmidtke (* 1985), politician ( NPD )
- Robert Maaser (* 1990), actor
- Robert Herrmann (* 1993), football player
- Martin Schindler (* 1996), darts player
Personalities associated with Strausberg
- Johannes Haw (1871–1949), Catholic clergyman and founder of the order, lived in Strausberg during the Second World War
- Georg Vollerthun (1876–1945), composer, lived in Strausberg since 1922
- Gertrud Rossner (1903–1984), pediatrician in Strausberg and the surrounding area in the 1950s, since 1976 honorary citizen of the city
- Kurt Wagner (1904–1989), General, spent his twilight years in Strausberg
- Hugo Distler (1908–1942), composer and church musician, his last place of residence was 1940–1942 in Strausberg
- Lilo Hardel (1914–1999), children's book author, lived in Strausberg since the 1950s
- Sigmund Jähn (1937–2019), first German in space, lived in Strausberg, since 2012 an honorary citizen of the city
- Barbara Henniger (* 1938), caricaturist and book author, has lived in Strausberg since 1967
- Alexander Seidel (* 1976), conductor, countertenor and organist, spent a few years of his childhood in Strausberg
- Rolf Barthel, Michael Haddenhorst: Cities in Germany - Strausberg. Nicolaische Verlagsbuchhandlung, Beuermann GmbH, Berlin 1993, ISBN 3-87584-483-1 .
- Strausberg. Then and now. Culturcon / Märkische Oderzeitung, 2010, ISBN 978-3-941092-38-9 .
- Population in the State of Brandenburg according to municipalities, offices and municipalities not subject to official registration on December 31, 2019 (XLSX file; 223 KB) (updated official population figures) ( help on this ).
- Offices and municipalities in the district of Märkisch-Oderland. In: service.brandenburg.de. Ministry of the Interior and Local Affairs of the State of Brandenburg, accessed on September 11, 2016 .
- BrandenburgViewer of the state survey and geographic base information Brandenburg (LGB)
- City of Strausberg - districts according to § 45 municipal constitution - living spaces. In: service.brandenburg.de. Ministry of the Interior and Local Affairs of the State of Brandenburg, accessed on September 11, 2016 .
- Project Strausberg, Nikolai-Kirchhof. In: anthropologie-jungklaus.de. Retrieved June 4, 2017 .
- Bettina Jungklaus : The medieval Nikolai churchyard in Strausberg. Results of the anthropological investigation on the skeletons found . In: Märkisch-Oderland Yearbook 2007 . 14th year, 2007, p. 14-16 .
- Project Strausberg, Georgenhospital. In: anthropologie-jungklaus.de. Retrieved June 4, 2017 .
- Bettina Jungklaus : Excerpts examined - The cemetery of the Georgen Hospital in Strausberg, district of Märkisch-Oderland . In: Archaeological Society in Brandenburg (Ed.): Archeology in Berlin and Brandenburg 2005 . Konrad Theiss Verlag, 2006, ISBN 978-3-8062-2094-0 , p. 149-151 .
- Bettina Jungklaus: From fractures to traces of torture - anthropological research results on the modern hospital cemetery St. Georgen in Strausberg, district of Märkisch-Oderland (Brandenburg) . In: Jürgen Piek, Thomas Terberger (Hrsg.): Traumatological and pathological changes to prehistoric and historical skeletal remains - diagnosis, causes and context. Interdisciplinary workshop in Rostock-Warnemünde, 17.-18. November 2006 . Rahden 2008, ISBN 978-3-89646-463-7 , pp. 125-136 .
- Facebook entry
- Historical municipality register of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. Landkreis Märkisch-Oderland . Pp. 34-37
- Population in the state of Brandenburg from 1991 to 2015 according to independent cities, districts and municipalities , Table 7
- Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg (Ed.): Statistical report AI 7, A II 3, A III 3. Population development and population status in the state of Brandenburg (respective editions of the month of December)
- Result of the local election on May 26, 2019
- Stadtwiki Strausberg
- Section 74 of the Brandenburg Local Election Act
- Result of the mayoral election on March 11, 2018
- Coat of arms information on the service portal of the state administration of Brandenburg
- Lenin and the twelve disciples of the October Revolution. In: leninisstillaround.com
- The history of the Strausberg cemeteries. In: www.strausberg-live.de. Retrieved December 24, 2014 .
- The cemetery. In: www.st-marien-strausberg.de. 2013, accessed December 24, 2014 .
- Forest cemetery. In: www.stadt-strausberg.de. 2014, accessed December 24, 2014 .
- The Strausberger Rennbahn. www.strausberg-live.de, accessed on February 21, 2016 .
- About us. www.strausbergersep.de, accessed on September 5, 2015 .
- 20 years of SEP - festive event. On the evening of August 26th, on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the Sport- und Erholungspark Strausberg GmbH, representatives of sports, the city administration and of course the SEP team, including committees and guests, met in the park canteen. www.strausbergersep.de, August 26, 2013, accessed on September 5, 2015 .
- Werner E. Gerabek : Kluge, Karl Alexander Ferdinand. In: Werner E. Gerabek u. a. (Ed.): Encyclopedia of medical history. De Gruyter, Berlin / New York 2005, ISBN 3-11-015714-4 , p. 764.