|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Height :||57 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||106.6 km 2|
|Residents:||9526 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||89 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||15345|
|Primaries :||033438; 033439; 03341|
|License plate :||MOL, FRW, SEE, SRB|
|Community key :||12 0 64 029|
|LOCODE :||DE ADR|
|City structure:||6 districts|
City administration address :
|Berliner Allee 6
|Mayor :||Arno Jaeschke (independent)|
|Location of the town of Altlandsberg in the Märkisch-Oderland district|
The city is located east of Berlin in the so-called “closer interdependence” of the federal capital.
Neighboring communities are:
- Neuenhagen near Berlin
- Werneuchen in the Barnim district
- Petershagen / Eggersdorf
The Neuenhagener Mühlenfließ flows through Altlandsberg . In the south lies the Röthsee.
There are also seven inhabited parts of the municipality without local self-government:
In addition, there are the residential areas Altlandsberg-Nord, Altlandsberg-West, Official Freedom, Chausseehaus, Forsthaus Radebrück, Friedrichslust, Johanneshof, Seeberg-Dorf, Seeberg-Siedlung, Spitzmühle, Steinau, Waldkante, Wesendahler Mühle and Wolfshagen .
Altlandsberg's origin was a first Slavic, then German castle town called Jabel , which was surrounded by water and swamp and was therefore naturally protected. It was on a trade route from the Spree to the lower Oder . The "Jabelwiesen" to the west of the Altlandsberger Fließ still remind us of this today. Altlandsberg was first mentioned in a document in 1300 with the personal name Johannes de Landesberg . The name of the city could have been transferred from the Wettin Landsberg near Halle. At the beginning of the 13th century, a German (perhaps Wettin) castle was built with suburbium around the current town church. Altlandsberg very likely belonged to the Wettin rule, which the Margrave of Meissen Henry the Illustrious wanted to build up around Hönow in the course of the German state expansion to the east against the interests of the Ascanian margraves of Brandenburg. In the Teltow War between 1239 and 1245, the ruling Ascanians Johann I and Otto III decided. the arguments for themselves. Since 1245 the entire Barnim (as well as the Teltow ) and thus also Altlandsberg belong permanently to the Mark Brandenburg or Brandenburg. To the south of the castle, the Ascanians built a regular city complex before 1257. In the 14th century the city complex was fortified with a city wall. In 1335, the Wittelsbach Margrave Ludwig founded a monastery for the mendicant order of the Servites , the only monastery foundation for this order in the march. Altlandsberg sank to a minority around 1400 . In 1409 the town came into the possession of the Knights of Krummensee . In 1421, Elector Friedrich von Brandenburg granted the citizens the right to hold annual markets. On April 24 or 25, 1432, the Hussites raided the city and burned it down. The coin treasure of almost 7,500 coins from Altlandsberg , which was discovered in the Schlossviertel in 2016, probably dates from this period . In 1537 a big fire destroyed the town hall and all the documents. The monastery was dissolved with the Reformation in 1540. In 1550, 1566 and 1598 plague epidemics raged in the city.
In the Thirty Years' War Altlandsberg burned down in 1632 and remained devastated. In 1654 the electoral minister, Count Otto von Schwerin, acquired the castle and the burned down town. He had it rebuilt and the baroque palace and the associated hall church built around 1670. The Prussian King Friedrich I spent his youth here. As a reformed landlord, Otto von Schwerin settled the first refugees ( Huguenots ) in Brandenburg here in 1670 , but they moved to Berlin in 1672 to the French colony there, which was privileged in 1661. In 1684 another city fire destroyed 90 percent of the city.
In autumn 2007, during construction work south of the old town, archaeological structures and a previously unknown cemetery were uncovered. A total of 79 graves were found in the area of the construction project. The burials are safe in the 17th and 18th centuries due to the remains of broken fragments, costumes and furnishings as well as the wooden coffins used. Date to the 16th century. This cemetery was laid out before 1625 and was given up again with the construction of the new cemetery in 1817. The traditional name “poor cemetery” shows that while the cemetery next to the parish church was still occupied in the 17th century, there must have been a certain social gradient within the city's population. Epidemics and war as a trigger for poverty were an important topic in Altlandsberg at this time. Large parts of the population were impoverished, especially in the course of and as a result of the Thirty Years' War. 61 skeletons were examined by the anthropologist Bettina Jungklaus and the medieval archaeologist Blandine Wittkopp . Among the buried there was a small proportion of children of 18% and a high proportion of people over 50 years of age. That was a low child mortality rate for a pre-industrial population. As a sign of advanced age, toothless teeth, the so-called old jaws, were found in some individuals. Widows, the sick and the crippled were particularly at risk of poverty. Accordingly, almost twice as many women as men were found. Overall, traces of deficiency diseases were not very common. The exposure to dental caries was very high with 83% of affected teeth. That indicated a predominantly vegetable diet. Inflammatory and degenerative diseases in around three-quarters of the vertebrae and hip joints indicate a high level of physical strain.
In 1708, King Friedrich I bought the Altlandsberg estate, converted it into a royal office and expanded the palace as a three-wing baroque building into a secondary residence. After the death of Friedrich I, his son Friedrich Wilhelm I gave up the palace as a residence in 1713 and had the furnishings removed. It burned down in 1757 and was demolished except for the hall church, which was rebuilt between 1765 and 1768. In 1854 the last major fire raged in the city.
For centuries, the city's economic life was shaped by agriculture, forestry and handicrafts. In the guilds founded around 400 years ago, the cloth makers, shoemakers / tanners, bakers, butchers / bone-makers and wheelwright / cooper were the most important trades. Only with the expansion of the Chaussee Berlin - Strausberg - Prötzel in 1850 and the connection to the Altlandsberger Kleinbahn in 1898 did the city experience a small economic boom.
On April 21, 1945, leading Red Army units under Nikolai Bersarin, coming from Strausberg , reached the Berlin city limits via Altlandsberg, which lay behind the outer barrier ring around the Reich capital Berlin . The Ulbricht group was based in what is now the Bruchmühle district from May 1 to 8, 1945. Altlandsberg was largely spared from war damage.
The 1999 Altlandsberg bus accident resulted in five deaths.
Altlandsberg has belonged to the Niederbarnim district in the province of Brandenburg since 1817 and to the Strausberg district from 1952 (until 1990 in the GDR district of Frankfurt (Oder) , 1990–1993 in the state of Brandenburg ). Since the district reform in 1993 , the city has been in the Märkisch-Oderland district .
On December 31, 1997 Wegendorf was incorporated into Altlandsberg. On December 31, 2002, as part of a further regional reform in the state of Brandenburg, the municipalities of Buchholz, Bruchmühle, Gielsdorf and Wesendahl were incorporated as districts after Altlandsberg.
Territory of the respective year, number of inhabitants: as of December 31 (from 1991), from 2011 based on the 2011 census
The city council of Altlandsberg consists of 18 city councilors and the full-time mayor. As a result of the local elections on May 26, 2019, the city parliament is composed as follows:
|Party / group of voters||Seats|
|Citizens for town and country||4th|
|Active & Open (voter group for Altlandsberg & districts)||1|
|Single applicant Mirko Prinz||1|
- 1993-2003: Ravindra Gujjula
- 2003–2007: Manfred Andruleit
- since 2007: Arno Jaeschke (independent, for the CDU)
In 1993, the Indian doctor Ravindra Gujjula was elected as the first dark-skinned mayor of Germany.
Arno Jaeschke was confirmed in the mayoral election on June 14, 2015 with 56.8 percent of the valid votes for another eight years.
coat of arms
The coat of arms was approved on November 16, 1992.
Blazon : “In red over a green shield base with a silver beam, a pointed silver tower with a black window and four open niches; on the top of the tower a square tower (a stylized stork's nest). "
Partnership and friendship between cities
A partnership with the municipality of Krzeszyce in Poland has existed since August 2002 .
After the fall of the Berlin Wall, there was a lively exchange between the cities of Stadtlohn (North Rhine-Westphalia) and Altlandsberg, which resulted in a friendship between the cities .
Altlandsberg is a member of the “Cities with Historic Town Centers” working group of the state of Brandenburg. The city center is made up of ramparts and ditches as well as a largely preserved field stone city wall 1.3 kilometers in length with the Berlin gate tower and the Strausberger gate tower (stork tower ) from the 14th / 15th centuries. Century. It is dominated by buildings from the 18th and 19th centuries, including many former arable houses, and has been extensively renovated since 1991.
- The town church of St. Marien was built from field stones as a three-aisled basilica in the late Romanesque style in the 13th century, rebuilt in late Gothic around 1500 and changed in the 19th century.
- The former castle church, the head building of the south-west wing of the three-wing baroque castle that burned down in 1757, was rebuilt from 1765 to 1768 as its only component and was used by the Protestant-Reformed community until 1971. The tower above the southern extension dates from 1802. The building, which was restored in 2013/2014, now serves cultural purposes and is used for events. From the castle itself, only secured remains of the foundation walls and the cellar are left. After extensive reconstruction work, the castle's brewing and distillery was restored .
- The manor house, built around 1880 in the style of historicism , serves as a socio-cultural center after its restoration.
- On the market square there is a grove of honor for fallen Soviet soldiers, a memorial for Friedrich Ludwig Jahn and a market fountain by the graphic artist Johannes KG Niedlich .
- The town hall was built from 1910 to 1912 as a district court and has been used for the city administration since 1956.
- Outside the old town is the Scheunenviertel , an ensemble of brick barns built in the mid-19th century.
- Historic village churches are located in the districts of Buchholz, Gielsdorf, Seeberg, Wegendorf , Wesendahl and Wilkendorf, for example the village church Buchholz (Altlandsberg) and the village church Wesendahl
Economy and Infrastructure
- Distribution center (food) of the MGL ( Metro ) with 75,000 m² for 14,000 articles
- An der Mühle industrial park
- Bruchmühle industrial park
- two nationally important fruit producers
- important location for horse breeding and horse training
- Altlandsberg lies on the national roads L 30 between Bernau and fredersdorf-vogelsdorf and L 33 between the Berlin border and Strausberg . The closest motorway junction is Berlin-Marzahn on the A 10 (eastern Berlin ring).
- Altlandsberg station was on the Hoppegarten – Altlandsberg railway line , which was in operation from 1898 to 1965.
- The city is connected to the surrounding communities by public transport bus routes .
sons and daughters of the town
- Nikolaus Leutinger (1554–1612), parish priest and historian
- Ludwig von Pfuel (1718–1789), Prussian general, born in Gielsdorf
- Ludwig Wilhelm von Regulator (1726–1792), Prussian general and engineer
- Franz Wilhelm von Pfuel (1733–1808), Prussian general, born in Gielsdorf
- Friedrich Wilhelm Langerhans (1780–1851), architect and Berlin city planner
- Fritz Kunert (1850–1931), member of the Reichstag (SPD)
- Rose Veldtkirch (1891–1971), actress
- Jochen von Lang (1925–2003), journalist and author
- Erasmus Schöfer (* 1931), writer
- Wolfgang Gedat (1940–2019), biologist and author, born in Gielsdorf
- Klaus Häcker (* 1941), handball player and coach
- Herbert Graedtke (* 1941), theater actor and director
- Carola L. Gottzmann (* 1943), Germanist
- Peter Kupsch (* 1943), economist
- Kersten Radzimanowski (* 1948), politician (Eastern CDU)
- Dagmar Enkelmann (* 1956), politician (Die Linke)
- Carry Sass (* 1966), singer and entertainer
Personalities associated with Altlandsberg
- Otto von Schwerin (1616–1679), Brandenburg Minister, owner of the city and the castle
- Friedrich I (1657–1713), first king in Prussia, was educated in Altlandsberg by Otto von Schwerin
- Harald Metzkes (* 1929) lives in the Wegendorf district
- Ravindra Gujjula (* 1954), politician (SPD), 1993–2003 honorary mayor of Altlandsberg
- Gerd Heinrich : Alt-Landsberg . In the S. (Ed.): Handbook of the historical sites of Germany . Volume 10: Berlin and Brandenburg (= Kröner's pocket edition . Volume 311). Kröner, Stuttgart 1973, ISBN 3-520-31101-1 , p. 3 f.
- Historical guide, sites and monuments of history in the districts of Potsdam, Frankfurt (Oder), Urania-Verlag Leipzig-Jena-Berlin, 1st edition 1987, ISBN 3-332-00089-6
- Festschrift of the town of Altlandsberg on the 775th birthday of the town, 2005
- Irina Barke, Schlossgut Altlandsberg (= Palaces and Gardens of the Mark, H. 150), Berlin 2016. ISBN 978-3-941675-81-0 Website Freundeskreis Palaces and Gardens of the Mark
- The official website of the town of Altlandsberg
- The 3D reconstruction of the Altlandsberg Castle
- Web presence of the district Burchmühle
- Wesendahl in the RBB program Landschleicher on October 7, 2007
- Population in the State of Brandenburg according to municipalities, offices and municipalities not subject to official registration on December 31, 2019 (XLSX file; 223 KB) (updated official population figures) ( help on this ).
- Service the state administration Brandenburg. City of Altlandsberg
- Reinhard E. Fischer : The place names of the states of Brandenburg and Berlin , Volume 13 of the Brandenburg Historical Studies on behalf of the Brandenburg Historical Commission, be.bra Wissenschaft verlag, Berlin-Brandenburg 2005 ISBN 3-937233-30-X , P. 100.
- Heinrich Gottfried Gengler: Regesta and documents on the constitutional and legal history of German cities in the Middle Ages ; Erlangen 1963, p. 30 .
- Project Altlandsberg, poor cemetery. In: anthropologie-jungklaus.de. Retrieved June 4, 2017 .
- Bettina Jungklaus , Blandine Wittkopp : Crowns of the dead also with arms. Unknown cemetery in Altlandsberg, district of Märkisch-Oderland . In: Archeology in Berlin and Brandenburg 2008 . Konrad Theiss Verlag , Stuttgart 2010, p. 133-136 .
- http Konstruktionen.de/galerie/videos/residenzschloss/
- StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 1997
- StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2002
- Historical municipality register of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. Landkreis Märkisch-Oderland . Pp. 18-21
- Population in the state of Brandenburg from 1991 to 2015 according to independent cities, districts and municipalities , Table 7
- Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg (Ed.): Statistical report AI 7, A II 3, A III 3. Population development and population status in the state of Brandenburg (respective editions of the month of December)
- Result of the local election on May 26, 2019
- Local elections October 26, 2003. Mayoral elections , p. 25
- Result of the mayoral election on July 1, 2007
- Brandenburg Local Election Act, Section 74
- Result of the mayoral election on June 14, 2015
- Coat of arms information on the service portal of the state administration of Brandenburg
- Altlandsberg in the urban renewal process , accessed on July 18, 2016.
- Ministry of Infrastructure and Regional Planning: Castle Church opens as a multifunctional center , press release of April 30, 2015, accessed on July 18, 2016.
- Monument of the month: brewery and distillery of the Altlandsberg estate . In: Monumente , vol. 26 (2016), issue 3, p. 19.