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Martin van Meytens: Coronation meal of Joseph II in Frankfurt
Joseph II is crowned Roman-German king in Frankfurt am Main .
Angelika Kaufmann: Portrait of Johann Joachim Winckelmann
Angelika Kauffmann creates the portrait of Johann Joachim Winckelmann .
The Gévaudan beast ambushes a woman
The beast of Gévaudan makes its first raids.
1764 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1212/13 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1756/57 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1169/70 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2307/08 (southern Buddhism); 2306/07 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 74th (75th) cycle

Year of the wood monkey甲申 ( at the beginning of the year water sheep 癸未)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1126/27 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4097/98 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1142/43 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1177/78 (June 30th / July 1st)
Jewish calendar 5524/25 (September 26-27)
Coptic calendar 1480/81 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 939/940
Seleucid era Babylon: 2074/75 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2075/76 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1820/21 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

North American colonies

George Grenville, British Prime Minister from 1763 to 1765
  • The British Parliament passed the Sugar Act drafted by Prime Minister George Grenville on April 5th . This tariff law cuts the tariff on molasses by half, but on the other hand extends the scope of the law to other goods such as sugar, certain wines, coffee and allspice. As a further innovation, the Sugar Act also provides for stricter rules for the enforcement of customs regulations. The rules introduced by the Sugar Act lead to a collapse in trade with Madeira, the Azores, the Canary Islands and the French West Indies, and virtually bring the colonies' economies to a standstill. The Sugar Act encounters massive resistance from the colonists and is therefore one of the causes of the American independence movement .
  • May: Benjamin Franklin becomes Speaker of the Pennsylvania Assembly of Representatives . However, because of his proposal to convert the Penn family-owned Province of Pennsylvania into a crown colony directly under the British Crown in order to finally resolve the tax dispute with the descendants of William Penn , he lost his seat in the assembly in the November election.
  • Colonel John Bradstreet marches with 1,200 men from Albany to Fort Niagara during the Pontiac Uprising in June , where he signs a series of treaties at a major meeting with the Indians. Further contracts will be concluded by September with the Lenni Lenape and Shawnee , the Wyandot , Odawa and Miami , among others . Eventually Bradstreet returns to Oswego . However, some of the agreements he has concluded are not recognized by his superiors.
  • July 26 : During the Pontiac uprising four warriors of committing Lenni Lenape a massacre at a school in Pennsylvania, where the schoolmasters and ten children are killed. As a result of this incident, head bonuses for Indians are being introduced again.
  • Hugh Palliser replaces Thomas Graves, 1st Baron Graves , as governor of the British colony of Newfoundland, which was finally British after the Seven Years War . In this position, he promoted the young sailor and cartographer James Cook , whom he commissioned to measure and map his province.

Holy Roman Empire

The entry of Emperor Franz I Stephan with his son Joseph into Frankfurt am Main on March 29th
Martin van Meytens : The coronation of Joseph II as Roman-German King in the Imperial Cathedral of St. Bartholomew in Frankfurt


Poland / Russia

The election of Stanisław August Poniatowski in 1764
Stanislaus II August in coronation regalia, painting by Marcello Bacciarelli
  • On the basis of Tsarina Catherine the Great's invitation manifesto from the previous year, Russia accepted around 30,000 so-called Volga Germans by 1767 . Thousands do not survive the hardships, hunger and illnesses during the long journey. Even on arrival, most of them are disappointed by the barren landscape. Many do not survive the first few years. In addition to the climatic conditions, pests and epidemics, another problem turned out to be the strategic location, as there are repeated attacks by horsemen from the east who destroy entire settlements and kidnap and enslave their inhabitants.


Other events worldwide

Port Louis in East Falkland shortly after it was founded


Business start-ups


science and technology


Charles Messier

Technical achievements

Hargreaves' Spinning Jenny

Teaching and Research

Cesare Beccaria
  • The Milanese lawyer and legal philosopher Cesare Beccaria publishes his most famous work Dei delitti e delle pene ( On crimes and punishments ).



Visual arts

Pleißenburg in Leipzig, in its rooms was the art academy founded in 1764
Portrait of David Garrick
Johann Joachim Winckelmann: History of the art of antiquity

Music and theater


The "Beast of Gévaudan"

File entry for the first attack: “L'an 1764 et le 1 Juillet, a été enterrée, Jeane BOULET, sans sacremens, ayant été tuée par la bedte féroce, présans Joseph RIEU and Jean REBOUL. »

The so-called » Beast of Gévaudan « caused the first officially registered death on June 30th . 14-year-old Jeanne Boulet from the parish of Saint-Étienne-de-Lugdarès is found dead, cruelly disfigured. In the following three years around 100 children, young people and women are killed in Gévaudan , a sparsely populated region in the Massif Central in southern France , and in neighboring areas. The identity of the "beast" is never finally clarified.








Eclipse, portrait by George Stubbs

Historical maps and views

The Great Weser Bridge in Bremen 1764


January to April

May to August

Johann Gottfried Schadow

September to December

Dorothea Schlegel ( Anton Graff )

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Portrait of Madame de Pompadour 1763–64

Second half of the year

Jean-Philippe Rameau

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1764  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files