Albany (New York)
View of downtown Albany
|Location in New York|
|State :||United States|
|State :||new York|
|County :||Albany County|
|Time zone :||Eastern ( UTC − 5 / −4 )|
- Metropolitan Area :
|98,111 (as of 2016)
881,839 (as of 2016)
|Population density :||1,767.8 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||56.6 km 2 (approx. 22 mi 2 ) of
which 55.5 km 2 (approx. 21 mi 2 ) is land
|Height :||60 m|
|Area code :||+1 518|
|GNIS ID :||0977310|
|Mayor :||Kathy Sheehan ( D )|
Albany [ ˈɔːlbəniː ] is the capital of the US state New York and the administrative seat of Albany County . According to the last census in 2010, the city had 97,840 inhabitants (2016 estimate: around 98,000, US Census Bureau).
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Albany, New York
European settlement of the area began in 1614 with the construction of the Dutch Fort Nassau, which was abandoned after four years. In 1624 it was replaced by Fort Oranje , which was west of today's Dunn Memorial Bridge and had the task of securing the fur trade. Fort Oranje was the first permanent settlement of the New Netherlands colony . Over time, Fort Oranje developed into a trading post for fur, and so in 1652 Pieter Stuyvesant founded the Beverwyck settlement . When the English conquered the New Netherlands colony in 1664, they changed the names of the settlements. In honor of the Duke of York and Albany , Nieuw Amsterdam became New York and Beverwyck became Albany. From 1685 the settlement belonged to the British Crown Colony of New York. With the Dongan Charter Albany received city rights in 1686 .
In 1754 the Albany Congress was held, which resulted in an emergency government to defend the city against the French.
When the British colonies broke away from the motherland in the American War of Independence in 1775, the area of the New York colony was initially occupied by British troops. The colony's capital, Kingston , was burned down. In 1786, five years after the war ended, the colony joined the United States. Albany became the capital of New York State in 1797 instead of the destroyed Kingston.
The railroad age began in Albany in 1831 with the opening of the first railroad line in New York State, connecting Albany and Schenectady . The DeWitt Clinton locomotive, also built in New York in 1831 , the first steam locomotive in the state, took 46 minutes to travel from Albany to Schenectady.
Culture and sights
- 600 Broadway
- This building housed the offices of the United Traction Company, the operator of Albany's trams. The building was completed in 1900. The architect Marcus T. Reynolds designed it in the Beaux Arts style .
- Academy Park
- Academy Park is named after the Albany Academy, the school that originally used the building in the center of the park. The building is now officially known as the Joseph Henry Memorial. It is named after the academy's best-known professor who, with the discovery of magnetic self-induction, pioneered the development of telegraphs, electric motors and telephones. Now the administration of the City School District of Albany resides in this building.
- City Hall Albany City Hall
- Albany's Town Hall was built between 1880 and 1883 to a design by Henry Hobson Richardson . The 1927 carillon is the first communal carillon in the United States and contains 60 bells. It is still played today. The statue in front of the town hall represents General Philip Schuyler , whose mansion is in Albany. Schuyler was Quartermaster General of the Northern Department of the Continental Army during the American Revolution .
- Albany County Courthouse
- The courthouse, completed in 1916, is a neoclassical building made of granite and limestone. Erected on a slope, it has four floors at the front of the building and six at the back.
- Albany Heritage Area Visitors Center
- The visitor center consists of two historic buildings: the former Albany pumping station that was built in the 1870s, and a former townhouse that was built in 1852. The water was pumped from the Hudson River into the pumping station, where it was filtered and pumped on to the Bleecker Reservoir. In the 1980s, this historic neighborhood and area known as Quackenbush Square was redeveloped. The former town house and part of the pumping station became home to the Albany Visitor Center.
- Clinton Square
- Clinton Square was named after Governor DeWitt Clinton , the financier of the Erie Canal. The canal connected the waters of Lake Erie in the west with the Hudson River in the east and thus further with the Atlantic. Today the New York canal system consists of the Erie, Champlain, Oswego and Cayuga-Seneca canals. To the east of Clinton Square is a row of houses built in 1832 in Federal-Style architecture. Herman Melville , author of the classic " Moby-Dick ", spent part of his youth between 1830 and 1838 in the house on the right .
- Hudson River Way
- The Hudson River Way is a pedestrian walkway that connects Albany's historic downtown area to the banks of the Hudson River. One of the main features on the bridge is the portrayal of Albany's history through a series of paintings.
- James T. Foley US Courthouse
- The James T. Foley Courthouse opened in 1934 and originally served as a post office, courthouse, and customs house. The premises are still used today by authorities and as a courthouse. The building is an excellent example of Art Deco design that incorporates modern design with ornate decorative details. Almost eight feet tall eagles, carved from a 17-ton block of Vermont marble, stand high above the two main entrances. A frieze surrounds the building, which shows the activities of the post office, customs and courts.
- Kenmore Hotel
- The Kenmore Hotel was built between 1876 and 1878 and was one of the finest in Albany. The hotel's nightclub, The Rainbow Room, featured big bands on their performance tours and was a popular place to stay for gangster and smuggler Legs Diamond. The Kenmore was renovated and converted into offices in the 1980s.
- Constructed between 1867 and 1899, the building is the seat of the New York State Parliament.
- Quackenbush House
- The Quackenbush house is named after the family whose home it was for almost 150 years. Peter Quackenbush, a successful brick manufacturer, was the first family member to come to the area from Holland. The Quackenbush House is the second oldest building in Dutch architectural style that still stands in Albany today. The original portion of the building facing Broadway Street, constructed in the 1730s, may have been made from bricks from a brick factory on that side of the building. The rear of the building is Federal-style architecture from the late 18th century.
- St. Mary's Church
- The current building is the third St. Mary's Church. It was consecrated in 1869. When St. Marys Congregation was organized in 1796, it was the second oldest Roman Catholic parish in New York State after St. Peter's Church in Lower Manhattan. The weather vane at the top of the bell tower shows the Archangel Gabriel . Inside the church there are frescoes by Italian artists from the period 1891 to 1895.
- St. Peter's Church
- Anglican church services have been held in Albany since 1708, initially mainly for British soldiers. The construction of today's St. Peter's Church was completed in 1860. Of particular note are three gargoyles on the outside of the bell tower, each weighing three tons, each protruding 2.4 meters above the tower's walls. The interior of the church is decorated with works by leading artists of the time, including the Tiffany-designed rose window above the State Street entrance.
- State Street Banks
- The growth of the banks in Albany in the early 19th century was due to the city's boom in trade and transportation and the location of state government. Banks lined State Street in their splendid architecture on both sides. Albany is still an important regional financial center. Of particular note is 69 State Street, the original seat of the New York State Bank. The facade of the original building was erected in 1803. This building is the oldest bank building in the city of Albany and the oldest building in the United States to be constructed and continuously used as a banking house.
- State University of New York (SUNY)
- The former Delaware and Hudson Railroad administration offices are now used by the State University of New York . The neo-Gothic building was built between 1914 and 1918 at a time when Albany was a busy inland port and a major railroad hub. The copper weather vane at the top of the central tower is a replica of Henry Hudson's ship, Half Moon . To the right of the SUNY building is the former ticket office of the Hudson River Day Line, one of America's most successful passenger steamer lines, which operated regular services between Albany and New York City.
- Steuben Street
- The street was named after the German-American general Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben . On the corner of Steubenstrasse and North Pearl Street is the Steuben Athletic Club, formerly the seat of the YMCA . The architects of this building, Fuller and Wheeler from Albany, were known nationally as specialists in structures of this type and were asked for advice on the construction of the YMCA headquarters in the French capital Paris . The white line at the beginning of Steubenstrasse marks the course of the protective palisade ring that once surrounded Albany. The cobblestones of Steubenstrasse are made of stones that were brought into the port of Albany on ships as ballast in the 19th century .
- The Court of Appeals
- The Court of Appeal is the highest court in New York State and was completed in 1842 in the Greek Renaissance style. The courtroom, designed by architect Henry Hobson Richardson, is carved oak and has been moved into the building from its original location in the New York State Capitol.
- The Empire State Plaza
- The Empire Plaza was the vision of Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller . It replaced 40 previous blocks. Outside there are three parking levels and a meeting point with shops and cafeterias. All buildings on the plaza, except for the circular performing arts center in the middle of the plaza , also affectionately known as The Egg, are clad in marble. Corning Tower is a 42-story building and the tallest in the square. It is named after Albany's longtime mayor, Erastus Corning . There is a viewing area on the 42nd floor. A modern art collection, the New York State Museum , library and archive, and a convention center are also housed in the Empire State Plaza.
- The First Church
- The First Church in Albany, part of the Reformed Church of America, was organized in 1642. It is the second oldest parish in New York State. The current building, the fourth in this square, was built in 1798 to a design by the renowned New York architect Philip Hooker. The hourglass pulpit inside the church chancel is the oldest pulpit in the United States and was imported from Holland in 1656. Also on display are the Charter of Incorporation charter from 1720, the weathercock of the previous “log cabin” church and the Sarah Faye Sumners memorial window, which is the work of Louis Comfort Tiffany .
- The Palace Theater
- The Palace Theater opened in 1931 as one of the jewels of the RKO cinema chain , with a stage for live stage shows between the feature films. After surviving the rise of talkies, it became the city's premier cinema until after World War II. The theater is now a performing arts venue and is home to the Albany Symphony Orchestra .
- Tricentennial Park
- The Tricentennial Park was inaugurated in 1986 to mark the city's three hundredth anniversary. The statue in the center of the park represents the town seal of Albany and the history of trade and commerce. The word "Assiduity" in the center of the statue means "diligence" and "diligence" and is supposed to reflect the characteristics of the town's original colonists over the years characterized almost 400-year history of Albany. Tricentennial Park is also home to a memorial to former Albany Mayor Thomas M. Whalen III.
- Union Station
- Union Station originally served as the station for the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad , the Boston and Albany Railroad , and the Delaware and Hudson Railway . In 1900, 96 trains per day came to the station, compared to 121 per day during World War II . With the cessation of passenger traffic, the station was closed in 1968.
National Register of Historic Places
Several structures and historic districts in Albany are listed on the National Register of Historic Places :
|Ref. Number||designation||address||Name of the MPS||Date of entry|
|80002577||Abrams Building||55-57 S. Pearl St.||February 14, 1980|
|71000515||Albany Academy||Academy Park||18th February 1971|
|72000812||Albany City Hall||Eagle St. on Maiden Lane||4th September 1972|
|76001202||Albany Institute of History and Art||135 Washington Ave.||July 12, 1976|
|71000516||Albany Union Station||East side of Broadway between Columbia and Steuben St.||18th February 1971|
|79001564||Arbor Hill Historic District-Ten Broeck Triangle||irregular area along Ten Broeck St. between Clinton Ave. and Livingston Ave.||January 25, 1979|
|84003865||Arbor Hill Historic District-Ten Broeck Triangle (Extension)||around Ten Broeck Pl., 1st, 2nd and Swan St.||September 29, 1984|
|82003342||Benjamin Walworth Arnold House and Carriage House||465 State St. and 307 Washington Ave.||July 26, 1982|
|87002300||Broadway – Livingston Avenue Historic District||Broadway and Livingston Ave.||January 7, 1988|
|87002180||Buildings at 744-750 Broadway||744-750 Broadway||17th December 1987|
|08000094||Calvary Methodist Episcopal Church||715 Morris St.||February 28, 2008|
|74001213||Cathedral of All Saints||S. Swan St.||July 25, 1974|
|76001203||Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception||125 Eagle St.||June 8, 1976|
|80002578||Center Square / Hudson Park Historic District||roughly bounded by Park Ave., State, Lark, and S. Swan St.||March 18, 1980|
|71000517||Cherry Hill||S. Pearl St. between 1st and McCarthy Ave.||18th February 1971|
|78001836||Church of the Holy Innocents||275 N. Pearl St.||January 31, 1978|
|88001445||Clinton Avenue Historic District||along Clinton Ave. between Quail and N. Pearl St.||September 1, 1988|
|72000813||Delaware and Hudson Railroad Company Building||The Plaza on State St.||March 16, 1972|
|80002579||Downtown Albany Historic District||Broadway, State, Pine, Lodge, and Columbia St.||January 31, 1980|
|74001214||First Reformed Church||56 orange St.||January 21, 1974|
|73001156||First Trust Company Building||35 State St.||18th January 1973|
|93001620||Fort Orange Archeological Site||Intersection of Interstate 787 , US 9 and US 20||4th November 1993|
|76001204||James Hall Office||Lincoln Park||December 8, 1976|
|96000559||Harmanus Bleecker Library||161 Washington Ave.||May 16, 1996|
|01000247||Hook and Ladder No. 4th||Delaware Ave.||March 12, 2001|
|94001542||Jamestown Armory||34 Porter Ave.||Army National Guard Armories in New York State MPS||January 12, 1995|
|08000138||Knox Street Historic District||Knox St. between Madison Ave. and Morris St.||March 5, 2008|
|78001837||Lafayette Park Historic||roughly bounded by State, Swan, Elk, Spruce, Chapel and Eagle St.||November 15, 1978|
|00001278||Lil's Diner||893 Broadway||November 6, 2000|
|82003343||Mansion Historic District||roughly bounded by Park Ave., Pearl, Eagle, and Hamilton St.||September 30, 1982|
|03000021||A. Mendelson and Son Company Building||40 Broadway||June 6, 2003|
|02000137||Walter Merchant House||188 Washington Ave.||March 6, 2002|
|04000999||Stephen and Harriet Myers House||194 Livingston Ave.||November 30, 2004|
|93001536||New Scotland Avenue (Troop B) Armory||130 New Scotland Ave.||Army National Guard Armories in New York State MPS||January 28, 1994|
|71000518||New York Executive Mansion||138 Eagle St.||18th February 1971|
|71000519||New York State Capitol||Capitol Park||18th February 1971|
|71000520||New York State Court of Appeals Building||Eagle St. between Pine and Columbia St.||18th February 1971|
|71000521||New York State Department of Education Building||Washington Ave. between Hawk and Swan St.||March 18, 1971|
|74001215||Nut Grove||McCarty Ave.||July 30, 1974|
|72000814||Old Post Office||Northeast corner of Broadway and State St.||20th January 1972|
|74001216||Onesquethaw Valley Historic District||about 15 km southwest of Albany off NY 43||17th January 1974|
|79003235||Palace Theater||19 Clinton Ave.||Movie Palaces of the Tri-Cities TR||4th October 1979|
|72000815||Pastures Historic District||bounded to the north by Madison Ave., to the east by Green St., to the south by South Ferry St. and to the west by S. Pearl St.||March 16, 1972|
|72000816||Quackenbush House||683 Broadway||June 19, 1972|
|83001634||Quackenbush Pumping Station, Albany Water Works||Quackenbush Sq.||June 30, 1983|
|02001620||Rapp Road Community Historic District||Rapp Rd.||December 27, 2002|
|66000569||Saratoga National Historical Park||45 km north of Albany on US 4 and NY 32||October 15, 1966|
|67000008||Philip Schuyler Mansion||Clinton and Schuyler St.||December 24, 1967|
|84002062||South End-Groesbeckville Historic District||roughly bounded by Elizabeth, 2nd and Morton Aves., Pearl and Franklin St.||September 13, 1984|
|04001447||St. Andrew's Episcopal Church||10 N. Main Ave.||January 7, 2005|
|77000933||St. Mary's Church||10 Lodge St.||July 14, 1977|
|72000817||St. Peter's Church||107 State St.||March 16, 1972|
|71000522||Ten Broeck Mansion||9 Ten Broeck Pl.||August 12, 1971|
|76001205||United Traction Company Building||598 Broadway||May 24, 1976|
|98000393||USS Slater (Destroyer Escort)||Port of Albany||May 7, 1998|
|07000291||Van Ostrande-Radliff House||48 Hudson Ave.||January 10, 2008|
|95000077||Washington Avenue (Tenth Battalion) Armory||195 Washington Ave.||Army National Guard Armories in New York State MPS||March 2, 1995|
|72000818||Washington Park Historic District||Washington Park and surrounding properties||June 19, 1972|
|71000523||Whipple Cast and Wrought Iron Bowstring Truss Bridge||1000 Delaware Ave.||March 18, 1971|
|78001838||Young Men's Christian Association Building||60-64 N. Pearl St.||November 2nd 1978|
The National Park Service identifies seven National Historic Landmarks for Albany , including the New York State Capitol, the Erie Canal, the destroyer escort USS Slater and the Schuyler Mansion . 63 buildings and sites in the city are listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) (as of November 8, 2018).
According to the 2010 census, Albany had around 98,000 inhabitants. The population was made up of 63 percent white, 28 percent black, 5.6 percent Latinos and 3.3 percent Asians. Of the population, 17 percent were Irish, 12 percent Italian and 11 percent German.
Economy and Infrastructure
The I-87 freeway connects Albany south with New York City and north with Montreal in Canada. The I-90 freeway connects the city east with Springfield , Massachusetts and west with Syracuse . Albany International Airport is northwest of the city . There are Amtrak rail links south (New York City), north (Montreal), Rutland in Vermont, west to Niagara Falls, Toronto and Chicago, and east to Boston.
The Freihofer's Run for Women has been held in Albany since 1979 , one of the most important women's street races in the world.
sons and daughters of the town
- Philip Livingston (1716–1778), merchant, politician, and signatory of the United States Declaration of Independence
- William Livingston (1723–1790), first governor of New Jersey and a signatory to the United States Constitution
- Philip Schuyler (1733–1804), General of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War and representative of New York in the US Senate
- Peter Gansevoort (1749–1812), Colonel in the Continental Army in the American War of Independence 1775–1781
- Henry S. Thibodaux (1769–1827), politician
- Joseph Henry (1797–1878), physicist, named for the physical unit " Henry "
- Jane Stanford (1828–1905), philanthropist, co-founder of Stanford University
- Daniel Manning (1831–1887), journalist, businessman and politician
- Philip Sheridan (1831–1888), General in the Union Army in the Civil War of 1861–1865
- Bret Harte (1836–1902), writer
- Charles Dwight Sigsbee (1845–1923), US Navy officer , commanding officer of the USS Maine
- Charles Warren Eaton (1857–1937), visual artist
- William C. Redfield (1858–1932), United States Secretary of Commerce
- John Rathbone Oliver (1872–1943), psychiatrist, medical historian and clergyman
- Charles Fort (1874-1932), author
- Sanford A. Moeller (1879–1961), drummer and music teacher
- Alice Morgan Wright (1881–1975), sculptor, women's and animal rights activist
- Lemuel Whittington Gorham (1885-1968), internist
- Leslie R. Groves (1896–1970), Lieutenant General in the US Army and military director for the development of the first atomic bomb
- Kay Sage (1898–1963), surrealist artist and writer
- Mort Stulmaker (1906–1988), jazz musician
- John Joseph Thomas Ryan (1913–2000), Archbishop of Anchorage and Military Bishop
- John Rodgers (1914-2004), geologist
- Andy Rooney (1919–2011), radio and TV journalist and author
- Allen Mandelbaum (1926–2011), professor of Italian literature
- William Joseph Kennedy (born 1928), writer
- Marion Zimmer Bradley (1930–1999), writer
- John Furlong (1933-2008), actor
- Stanley Falkow (1934-2018), microbiologist
- Pete Turner (1934-2017), photographer
- Thomas Michael Whalen III (1934–2002), politician
- Robert Chazan (* 1936), historian
- William Devane (born 1939), actor
- Kent Mitchell (born 1939), rower
- John Hilton (1942-2017), American football player
- Martin Seligman (* 1942), psychologist
- Robert Langer (* 1948), chemical engineer and professor at MIT
- Bert Sommer (1949–1990), musician, songwriter and actor
- John McTiernan (* 1951), film director and producer of action films
- Paul Krugman (* 1953), economist and Nobel laureate in economics
- Jan Kerouac (1952–1996), writer
- Gregory Maguire (born 1954), writer
- Carolee Carmello (born 1962), actress
- Scott Pladel (* 1962), bobsledder
- Nicole Passonno Stott (* 1962), astronaut
- Kirsten Gillibrand (* 1966), politician and senator
- Stefon Harris (* 1973), jazz vibraphonist
- Clancy Newman (* 1977), cellist and composer
- Ashton Holmes (born 1978), actor
- Marc Cavosie (* 1981), ice hockey player
- Christopher Beckmann (* 1986), ski racer
- Dion Lewis (born 1990), American football player
- Kevin Huerter (* 1998), basketball player
Personalities who have worked on site
- Christian Heinrich Friedrich Peters (1813–1890), German-American astronomer, discovered a total of 48 asteroids, worked at times at the Albany observatory.
- Herman Melville (1819-1891), writer ( Moby-Dick ) , lived in Albany between 1830 and 1838.
- Isaac Mayer Wise (1819–1900), Czech-American rabbi , worked as a rabbi in the Jewish community of Albany.
- Albert Uffenheimer (1876–1941), German doctor, expelled from Germany in 1938, was a lecturer at Siena College from 1940 .
- Nick Brignola (1936–2002), musician, died in Albany.
- Israel Tsvaygenbaum (* 1961), Russian-American artist, lives in the city.
Albany has as twin cities :
A Martian crater is named after Albany .
- 1980–2010: census results; 2016: US Census Bureau estimate
- List of NHL by State . National Park Service , accessed November 8, 2018.
- Search mask database in the National Register Information System. National Park Service , accessed November 8, 2018.
- Sister Cities International - Albany, New York. Archived from the original on July 31, 2016 ; accessed on July 31, 2016 .
- Comune di Verona - Grandi Eventi - Gemellaggi e Patti d'Amicizia. Retrieved April 24, 2018 .