Syracuse (New York)
|Nickname : Salt City, (derogatory :) Drearycuse|
|Location in New York|
|State :||United States|
|State :||new York|
|County :||Onondaga County|
|Coordinates :||43 ° 2 ′ N , 76 ° 9 ′ W|
|Time zone :||Eastern ( UTC − 5 / −4 )|
- Metropolitan Area :
|143,378 (as of 2016)
662,577 (as of 2010)
|Population density :||2,209.2 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||66.3 km 2 (approx. 26 mi 2 ) of
which 64.9 km 2 (approx. 25 mi 2 ) is land
|Height :||122 m|
|Area code :||+1 315|
|GNIS ID :||979539|
|Mayor :||Ben Walsh|
Syracuse [ ˈsɪɹəkjuːs ] is a city in the US state of New York in the USA with 145,196 inhabitants (according to the last census in 2010, estimate 2016: around 143,000).
Syracuse is located south of Lake Ontario in the northeast of the Finger Lakes region on Onondaga Lake and is an industrial and commercial city.
The city is named after the ancient Greek city of Syracuse in Sicily .
In the area of today's Syracuse - after the native Indians - French missionaries settled from the 17th century . After the War of Independence , more white people came to the region, mostly to trade with the Onondaga tribe . After commercial salt extraction had started in some of Syracuse's salt marshes, further settlers moved to the region. The salt gave the city the nickname "Salt City".
The original settlement has been renamed several times. Originally it was called Salt Point (1780), then Webster's Landing (1786), Bogardus Corners (1796), Milan (1809), South Salina (1812), Cossits' Corners (1814) and Corinth (1817). When Corinth applied to set up a post office, however, the postal administration refused the name because a post office of that name already existed in New York State. Eventually, the name was chosen Syracuse and the village ( village ) formally established the 1825th In the same year the Erie Canal was opened, which ran through what was then the village. With the incorporation of the nearby village of Salina , Syracuse became a city in 1839.
In addition to the prosperous salt industry, Syracuse also became an important point of contact for the growing anti-slavery movement. On October 1, 1851, a released slave , known only as "Jerry", was arrested on the basis of the "Fugitive Slaves Act". When the arrest of this former slave became known, hundreds of slavery opponents stormed the city jail and freed Jerry. During the American Civil War , Syracuse was also a "stop" on the " Underground Railroad ", the most important escape route for slaves from the southern states .
The economic importance of the salt industry declined after the American Civil War, but a new manufacturing industry emerged in its place. Many industrial products were manufactured in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, such as air-cooled motors by the HH Franklin Manufacturing Company . In 1920 Syracuse reached a population of more than 210,000 people.
The population fell again after the Second World War , as more and more residents moved to the suburbs. Many of Syracuse's historic buildings fell into disrepair and were demolished in the 1950s and 1960s. As a result, some new museums and authorities with new government buildings settled in the city in order to revive the center. Funded by foundation programs, many immigrants from Africa and Central America moved to Syracuse in the 1980s .
Syracuse industrial productivity slumped again in the 1990s. Many small businesses had to close during this time, which contributed to a further increase in the already rising unemployment rate . Another major setback in 2003 was Carrier Corporation's announcement that it would close its Syracuse manufacturing facility the following year.
¹ 1980–2010: census results; 2016: US Census Bureau estimate
Syracuse has been the seat of the Roman Catholic diocese of Syracuse since 1886 . The main church of the diocese is the Cathedral Immaculate Conception ( Immaculate Conception ) from 1874, which was consecrated a second time as a cathedral in 1910 after renovations and additions (tower).
Economy and Infrastructure
- Syracuse primarily manufactures chemicals , aircraft engines , machinery, electronic equipment, and metal goods. The armaments company Lockheed Martin is one of the city's largest employers . A production and cleaning facility for Cintas uniforms has been located in Syracuse since 2004 .
- Syracuse International Airport is located six kilometers northeast of the city.
- There are Amtrak trains to Toronto and New York.
- Syracuse has a large university , Syracuse University , a location for the State University of New York and an art museum .
The local ice hockey club Syracuse Crunch plays in the AHL and has been the Tampa Bay Lightning farm team since the 2012/13 season . The Syracuse Mets baseball team plays at NBT Bank Stadium and is a New York Mets farm team in the International League . The Syracuse University Lacrosse Team is the most successful team in the NCAA with eleven championships .
- The historic Babcock-Shattuck House is located in Syracuse .
- In the Tipperary Hill district there is a traffic light with the lights in reverse order (green above, red below). When the first traffic lights were installed in 1920, young people who were bothered by the fact that the “British” red was above the “Irish” green threw stones at the traffic light. After the traffic light was repaired, it was destroyed again and again, so that the city, which considered a traffic light to be necessary at this point, decided to turn the traffic light around. The traffic light still exists in this reverse order.
Sister cities of Syracuse are
sons and daughters of the town
- Dylan Baker (born 1959), actor
- Samuel Bayer (* 1962), director
- Tim Berne (* 1954), alto saxophonist
- Thérèse Bonney (1894–1978), photographer and writer
- Erskine Butterfield (1913–1961), jazz pianist, arranger and songwriter
- Eric Carle (* 1929), children's author
- Dominic Catalano (* 1956), children's book illustrator and author
- Rory Cochrane (born 1972), actor
- Michael Cole (* 1968), journalist and television commentator
- Tom Cruise (* 1962), actor and producer
- Nora Marks Dauenhauer (1927–2017), author
- Robert De Niro, Sr. (1922–1993), painter
- Robert F. Engle (* 1942), economist
- Walter Farley (1915–1989), writer
- Noel Francisco (* 1969), lawyer and United States Solicitor General
- Bobcat Goldthwait (* 1962), comedian and actor
- Boris Andrij Gudziak (* 1960), Ukrainian Catholic Archbishop of Philadelphia
- Louise Henry (1911–1967), actress
- Theodore Hesburgh (1917–2015), Roman Catholic priest and university professor
- Kim Hill (born 1972), soul singer
- Megyn Kelly (* 1970), journalist and television presenter
- Eugene Kennedy (1928–2015), psychologist, priest and author
- Tom Kenny (born 1962), actor
- Florence Elizabeth Knapp (* around 1875–1949), politician
- Edward H. Kraus (1875–1973), mineralogist, crystallographer and university professor
- Mark Lombardi (1951-2000), artist
- Gary Lucas (* 1952), guitarist and songwriter
- Donald Alexander Lutz (* 1940), mathematician and university professor
- Dasve MacKay (1932-2020), jazz musician
- Dan Maffei (* 1968), US Congressman
- Joe Magnarelli (* 1960), jazz musician
- Mary Mara (born 1960), actress
- Louis Menand (* 1952), English studies, literary critic and cultural historian
- Nicole Mitchell (* 1967), composer and jazz flutist
- Audrey Munson (1891–1996), model and actress
- Mark Murphy (1932-2015), jazz singer
- James Nachtwey (* 1948), documentary photographer, war correspondent and photojournalist
- Post Malone (born 1995), rapper
- Mike Rotunda (* 1958), professional wrestler
- Danny Schayes (born 1959), basketball player
- Rod Serling (1924–1975), screenwriter and producer
- Breanna Stewart (born 1994), basketball player
- Steven Ray Swanson (born 1960), NASA astronaut
- Alex Tuch (* 1996), ice hockey player
- Joel Weiskopf (* 1962), jazz pianist and composer
- Carl Woese (1928-2012), microbiologist
|Syracuse, New York|
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Syracuse, New York